B D T Kishilik Hoquq Kéngishining 4 – Nöwetlik Yighini Axirlashti
Muxbirimiz Ekrem
2009-02-13

B d t kishilik hoquq kéngishining 4 – Nöwetlik omumi yighini bügün, 2 – Ayning 13 – Küni axirlashqan.


RFA Photo

D u q ning bash sékrétari Dolqun Eysa ependimning gérmaniyidiki namayishlardin biride söz qiliwatqan körünüshliridin biri.

D u q ning uzundin buyan élip barghan paaliyetlirining netijiside, toqquz dölet bu qétim yighinda 190 din artuq dölet hem yüzligen xelqaraliq teshkilatlar wekillirining aldida uyghurlarning kishilik hoquq mesilisini otturigha qoyghan.

Yighinning xulasisi bu yil 6 – Ayda chiqirilidighan bolup, xitayni eyiblesh hem uyghurlarning kishilik hoquqini nezerge alghan muhim qararlar élan qilinishi mumkin iken.

Bu munasiwet bilen bu qétimqi yighingha ishtirak qilghan d u q bash katipi dolqun eysa ependi bilen bu heqte söhbet élip barduq.

Yuqiriqi awaz ulinishidin, dolqun eysa bilen élip barghan söhbitimizning tepsilatini anglaysiler.

Chef-Folterer der Roten Khmer vor Gericht


Phnom Penh (dpa) – 30 Jahre nach dem Ende der Schreckensherrschaft der Roten Khmer hat in Kambodscha der erste Prozess vor dem eigens eingerichteten Völkermord-Tribunal begonnen. Angeklagt ist Kaing Guek Eav (66) alias Duch, der damals das Foltergefängnis Tuol Sleng, berüchtigt als «S 21», leitete.

Dort kamen zwischen 1975 und 1979 mehr als 16 000 Menschen ums Leben. Er ist wegen Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit angeklagt und wird bei einem Schuldspruch mit lebenslanger Haft bestraft.

Sein Verteidiger Francois Roux forderte zum Prozessauftakt Respekt für die Menschenrechte seines Mandanten. Er legte Einspruch gegen den Antrag ein, einen neuen Nebenkläger zuzulassen, der sich erst nach Ablauf der gesetzten Frist gemeldet hatte. Das verstoße gegen die Regeln des Gerichts, das nach langen Verhandlungen zwischen Kambodscha und den UN außerhalb der Hauptstadt Phnom Penh eingerichtet worden war. «Der Angeklagte hat seine Verantwortung für S 21 schon öffentlich eingeräumt”, sagte Roux. «Wir verteidigen jemand, dem die schlimmsten Verbrechen vorgeworfen werden. Aber er hat das Recht auf einen fairen Prozess. Die Rechte, die die Opfer einfordern, gelten auch für den Angeklagten: die Menschenrechte.”

Der Prozess gegen Duch ist der Auftakt für mehrere geplante Verfahren. Angeklagt und inhaftiert sind auch vier heute betagte politische Würdenträger des damaligen Regimes, darunter der Chefideologe Nuon Chea. Ihnen soll der Prozess voraussichtlich nächstes Jahr gemacht werden. Die Gräueltaten der Roten Khmer blieben 30 Jahre ungesühnt, weil das Land nach der Befreiung erst in einen Bürgerkrieg verfiel und später jahrelang Spielball der Mächte des Kalten Krieges wurde.

Der kanadische Co-Ankläger Robert Petit erinnerte daran, dass das Gericht nicht nur Schuld und Unschuld festzustellen habe. «Es ist die Verantwortung und die Pflicht des Gerichts, den Menschen zu vermitteln, was in diesem Land passiert ist», sagte er. Anders als Verteidiger Roux unterstützte Petit deshalb den Antrag von Anwälten, Norng Chan Phai als Nebenkläger zuzulassen. Er hatte das Foltergefängnis als Kind überlebt. Der Mann hatte sich im Februar aber erst zwei Tage nach Ablauf der vom Gericht gesetzten Frist für die Anträge auf Teilnahme gemeldet. Er habe von der Frist nichts gewusst, sagten die Anwälte.

Duch saß bei der Prozesseröffnung in blauem Hemd mit offenem Kragen hinter seinem Verteidiger und verfolgte die Verhandlung aufmerksam mit versteinertem Blick. Der ehemalige Mathematiklehrer hat im Vorfeld bereits Reue geäußert und seine Verbrechen eingestanden. Er lebte jahrelang als konvertierter Christ in der Provinz und war 1999 von Journalisten aufgespürt worden. Seitdem sitzt er im Gefängnis. Angesichts der langen Untersuchungshaft kündigte sein Anwalt unter Verweis auf kambodschanisches Recht einen Antrag auf Haftentlassung an. Duch beriet sich mehrfach im Flüsterton mit Roux. Beim Verlassen des Gerichts zur Mittagspause hob er die Hände in einer Demutsbezeugung in Richtung Richter, Ankläger und Anwälte der Nebenkläger.

In der ersten Phase des Prozesses geht es nur um die Zulassung von Zeugen und den weiteren Prozessfahrplan. Duch wird zunächst nicht aussagen. Zeugenaussagen werden erst in der nächsten Phase nicht vor Ende März erwartet.
Von:http://news.de.msn.com/politik/Article.aspx?cp-documentid=14274655

New Son for Uyghur Woman
2009-02-13

A Uyghur woman in China whose pregnancy drew international attention has given birth to a son.

HONG KONG—An ethnic Uyghur woman in China’s northwestern Xinjiang region who avoided a forced abortion after her case drew international attention has given birth to a son, according to her father.

Hasan Tursunjan said his daughter, Arzigul Tursun, gave birth Feb. 9 to a healthy son weighing three kg at Dadamtu Village Hospital in Gulja [in Chinese, Yining].

But Tursunjan said the child was taken shortly after delivery to the Women and Children’s Welfare Hospital in Ili prefecture, the same hospital where Arzigul was held when scheduled by family planning officials for a forced abortion in November.

“The second day after the baby was born, the prefectural hospital took our child and only returned him after three days,” Tursunjan said.

“The prefectural hospital ordered the village hospital to bring the child. They said he didn’t have enough sustenance because Arzigul’s stomach was empty when she gave birth,” he said.

“When I heard this, I got into an argument with my son-in-law. ‘Why should you give your child to the prefectural hospital?’ I asked him. Now I’m not sure if this was some kind of trick or not. Why would the hospital take him, especially without either of the parents along?” he said.

Police intervention

Tursunjan said local police have kept the family under surveillance, even forbidding them from naming the child according to their wishes.

“Originally we tried to name him Koresh [struggle], but the village police bureau told my son-in-law that he could not name him that. That’s why we named him Umid [hope],” he said.

Police have been wary of the family since Tursun’s planned abortion, scheduled because her pregnancy was in violation of China’s aggressive population-control policy, prompted intervention from two members of the U.S. Congress and the U.S. ambassador in Beijing, he said.

Police tracked down Arzigul Tursun, six months pregnant with her third child, in November at a private home after she fled Gulja’s municipal Water Gate Hospital.

She had been held there by family planning authorities who planned to force her to abort the child. She was released after her case drew international attention.

China’s one-child-per-family policy applies mainly to majority Han Chinese and allows ethnic minorities, including Uyghurs, to have additional children.

Detailed policy

According to China’s official Xinhua news agency, Uyghurs in the countryside are permitted three children while city-dwellers may have two.

Under “special circumstances,” rural families are permitted one more child, although what constitutes special circumstances was unclear.

And while Tursun is a rural peasant, her husband is from the city of Gulja, so their status is ambiguous.

The government also uses financial incentives and disincentives to keep the birthrate low.

Couples can pay steep fines to have more children, though the fines are beyond most people’s means.

The official Web site China Xinjiang Web reports that in Kashgar, Hotan, and Kizilsu—areas populated almost entirely by Uyghurs—women over 49 with only one child are entitled to a one-time payment of 3,000 yuan (U.S. $440), with the couple receiving 600 yuan (U.S. $88) yearly afterward.

China’s official Tianshan Net reported that population control policies in Xinjiang have prevented the births of some 3.7 million people over the last 30 years.

The one-child policy is enforced more strictly in cities, but penalties for exceeding a family’s quota can be severe, including job loss, demotion, or expulsion from the Party, experts say.

Officials at all levels are subject to rewards or penalties based on whether they meet population targets set by their administrative region.

Citizens are legally entitled to sue officials who they believe have overstepped their authority in enforcing the policy.

Tense relations

Relations between Chinese authorities and the predominantly Muslim Uyghur population in Xinjiang have a long and tense history, with many Uyghurs objecting in particular to the mass immigration of Han Chinese to the region and to Beijing’s population-control policy.

Uyghurs formed two short-lived East Turkestan republics in the 1930s and 40s during the Chinese civil war and the Japanese invasion.

But China subsequently took control of the region, and Beijing has in recent years launched a campaign against Uyghur separatism, which it calls a war on Islamic terrorism.

Beijing has also accused “hostile forces” in the West of fomenting unrest in the strategically important and resource-rich region, which borders several countries in Central Asia.

Original reporting in Uyghur by Shohret Hoshur. Uyghur service director: Dolkun Kamberi. Translated by Dolkun Kamberi. Written and produced in English by Joshua Lipes. Edited by Sarah Jackson-Han.

Benbe:http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/uyghurbirth-02132009165136.html

Xitay, BDT Kishilik Hoquq Kéngishining Yighinida Nahayiti Keskin Soal – Soraqlargha Duch Keldi

B DT kishilik hoquq kéngishining xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini qerellik közdin kechürüsh yighini Düshenbe küni Jenwede échildi. Yighinda bir qisim döletler xitayning kishilik hoquq xatirisi, Uyghur we Tibetlerge munasiwetlik bezi keskin mesililerni otturigha qoyghan.

Lékin 3 ‏ – Dunyadiki yene bir qisim döletler xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini mueyyenleshtürgen. Xitay wekiller ömiki Uyghur we Tibetlerni basturuwatqanliqini ret qilip, xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini aqlighan.

Xitay wekiller ömiki Düshenbe küni BDT kishilik hoquq kéngishining xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini qerellik közdin kechürüsh munasiwiti bilen échilghan Jenwe yighinida kishilik hoquq kéngishige eza döletlerning diniy erkinlik, siyasi erkinlik, Uyghur we Tibetlerning hoquqigha munasiwetlik keskin soal – Soraqlirigha duch kelgen.

Xitay yighingha zor kölemlik bir wekiller ömiki ewetken bolup, yighinda Gherb ellirini asas qilghan bir qisim döletler xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisidiki ten jazasi, ölüm jazasi, tutqun qilish, Uyghur we Tibetlerning hoquqi, axbarat erkinliki, puqralar we adwokatlar hoquqi, diniy erkinlik qatarliq mesililerde xitay wekillirige nahayiti keskin soallarni qoyghan shundaqla xitayni 1998 ‏ – Yili imzalighan “puqralar hoquqi we siyasi erkinlik xelqara ehdinamisi” ni emeliyleshtürüshke ündigen.

Yighinda Chéxiye, Awstiraliye, Yaponiye, Kanada qatarliq döletler wekilliri pikir bildürgende Uyghur mesilisini tilgha alghan bolup, bu BDT gha eza döletlerning Uyghur mesilisini BDT resmiy munbiride 1 ‏ – qétim tilgha élishi idi. Merkizi Gérmaniyidiki Dunya Uyghur Qurultiyi bash katipi Dolqun Eysa ependi bu qétimqi yighingha qatnashqan Uyghur rehberlirining biridur. U yighin toghrisida toxtaldi.

Jenwediki yighinda pikir bayan qilghanda Uyghur mesilisini tilgha alghan döletlerning biri Kanada. Yighinda Kanada wekili Luis Martin Awméys, xitayning siyasi mehbuslargha tutqan muamilisini shundaqla ten jazasi astida alghan iqrarnamini pakit ornida ishlitidighanliqini otturigha qoyup, Uyghur, Tibet we Mongghullarning tutqun qiliniwatqanliqigha dair xewerlerning kanadani biaram qiliwatqanliqini tekitligen. U, “Kanada, Tibet, Uyghur we Mongghullarni öz ichige alghan az sanliqlarning xalighanche tutqun qiliniwatqanliqi, shuning bilen birge falungong muritlirini öz ichige alghan dindarlarning jazalinish ehwali, solanghan jayi we tutqunlarning ehwaligha ait uchurlarning élan qilinmaywatqanliqigha dair xewerlerdin biaram bolmaqta,” dégen.

3 saet dawamlashqan yighinda xitayning kishilik hoquq xatirisige tenqidi pozitsiye tutqan döletler asasen Awstiraliye, Kanada, Engiliye, Fransiye, Gérmaniye, Gollandiye, Shwétsiye, Shwétsariye, Chéxiye we Yaponiyini öz ichige alghan gherb döletliri we latin amérikisidiki bir qisim döletler bolup, Italiye bilen Awstiriye xitayning ölüm jazasi siyasitige xatime bérishini, ten jazasini toxtitishni tekitligen. Jenwediki BDT binasida ötküzülgen “xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini omumi yüzlik qerellik tekshürüsh” namidiki bu yighin, xitayning 1‏ – qétim kishilik hoquq ehwalidin xelqara jemiyet aldida “hésab bérishke”mejbur bolghan yighinlarning biri .

Bu qétimqi yighinda Uyghur mesilisining 1 ‏ – qétim BDT ning resmiy munbiride otturigha qoyulghanliqini muyeyyenleshtürgen Dolqun Eysa, BDT kishilik hoquq kéngishining nurghun yitersiz tereplirining barliqini, döletlerning buni öz menpeeti üchün qollinidighanliqini bildürdi.

Uyghur, Tibet we xitay öktichilirini öz ichige alghan birer yüz kishilik namayishchi yighin échiliwatqan BDT xizmet binasining sirtida xitaygha qarshi namayish qilip, xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini eyibligen. Uyghur namayishchilarning bir qisimi gérmaniyide yashaydighan uyghurlar bolup, ular jenwediki yighinda xitaygha qarshiliq körsitishke kelgenler idi.

Yighinda xitay wekiller ömiki gherb ellirining Uyghur, Tibet we xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisige dair gumanlirini ret qilish bilen birge, Sirilanka, Pakistan, Zimbabuwi, Iran, Misir, Hindistan qatarliq 3 ‏ – Dunyadiki bir qisim döletler xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisini aqlap, gherb döletlirining xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisige dair gumanlirini kishilik hoquqni siyasilashturghaniqtur, dep eyibligen. Yighinda xitayning BDT diki bash elchisi Li Bawdung gherb ellirining gumanini ret qilip, xitayning milliy siyasitini aqlighan shundaqla xitay hökümiti yolgha qoyuwatqan “her qaysi milletlerning barawerlik siyasiti” “her millet xelqini menpeetdar qiliwatidu”, dégen.

Xitay wekiller ömikining terkipidiki xitay aliy sot mehkimisining emeldari Wu Yüntung xitay edliye séstimisidiki adalet mesilisi we ölüm jazasigha dair soallargha jawab bergende, xitayda ölüm jazasini bikar qilish shert – sharaitining hazirlanmighanliqini ilgiri sürgen. U “junggoning nöwettiki ehwalida ölüm jazasini bikar qilish shert sharaiti hazirlanmidi. Lékin ölüm jazasi éhtiyat bilen qattiq kontrol astida élip bériliwatidu. Ölüm jazaasini öz ichige alghan barliq jazalar ashkara yolgha qoyulmaqta. Bezi döletler ölüm jazasini azaytish, bolupmu zorawanliq qollanmighan jinayetlerde ölüm jazasini azaytish teklipi berdi. Biz buni jiddiy oylishiwatimiz. Junggo asasiy qanunida sot öz hoquqini musteqil yürgüzidu. Memuri we ammiwi guruhlar yaki shexslerning ighwagerchilikige uchrimaydu” dep tekitligen.

Lékin merkizi Nyuyorktiki kishilik hoquqni közitish teshkilati xitay edliye séstimisida adalet mesilisi mewjüt, dep qaraydighan xelqara teshkilatlarning biridur. Kishilik hoquqni közitish teshkilatining asiya ishlar mesuli Sofiye Richardson xanim mundaq deydu”: méningche 30 yil mabeynidiki islahat we échiwétish bir türlük iqtisadi tereqqiyatni berpa qilip, bezi kishilerning shexsi hayatigha melum erkinlik ata qildi. Elwette biz yene hoquqni qoghdash toghrisidiki qanun belgilimilerning qeghez yüzide bolsimu kéngeygenlikini bayqiduq. Lékin bu, emeliyette awam xelqning adaletke érishishige tosalghu bar shundaqla iqtisadi tereqqiyatning bezi sahelerde jümlidin muhit weyranchiliqi, xiyanetchilik, yer mülük toqunushi, ijtimaiy ensizlik saheliride yaman tesir yaratti. Iqtisadi tereqqiyat xitayda kishilik hoquqni yaxshilimay, belki melum jehetlerde uning yamanlishishigha törtke boldi.”

Xitay kishilik hoquq xatirisi we xitayning BDT kishilik hoquq kéngishidiki ipadisini tenqid qilghan teshkilatlar yalghuz kishilik hoquqni közitish teshkilati emes.

Yéqinda merkizi Londondiki xelqara kechürüm teshkilati xitay dairilirining BDT kishilik hoquq yighinigha sunghan doklatida xitayning kishilik hoquq weziyiti heqiqiy eks ettürülmigenlikini, Tibet we Sherqi turkistanda yüz bériwatqan basturush shundaqla öktichi zatlar we diniy mötiwerlerni basturush heriketlirining tilgha élinmighanliqini tenqidligen idi. Xitay wekiller ömiki bügünki yighinda soal qoyghan we teklip bergen döletlerning teklip we soallirigha charshenbe küni jawab bermekchi

Dunya Uyghur Qurultiyi Neshiryat Teshwiqat Merkizi

2009- yili 2- ayning 10 küni

Frankfurt Sheheride „5-Féwral Ghulja Weqesi“ Xatirlinip Namayish Élip Bérildi

Sherqitürkistan Birliki Teshkilati mushu ayning 7-küni, „Ghulja 5-Féwral weqesi“,ni xatirlesh munasiwéti bilen, yérim esirdin artuq waqittin béri milliy kimliki we milliy téritoriyesi ret qilinip, insaniyet tarixida körülüp baqmighan shekilde érqiy we kultural qirghinchiliqqa uchrawatqan, Sherqitürkistan xelqining erkinlikke, hörlükke, démokoratiyege we milliy musteqilliqqa bolghan ottek intilishini ipadilep teshwiqat paaliyiti élip bardi.

Sherqiturkistan xelqi buningdin 12 yil awal yeni 1997-yili 5-Féwralda wetinimiz sherqitürkistanning Ghulja Sheheride, Xitayning wetinimizde yürgüziwatqan milliy zulumigha qarshi qozghulup, qanliq basturulghanidi. Teshkilatimiz 5-Féwral weqesi munasiwiti bilen weten-milletning bizdin kütken ümüdini aqlash, Xitay hakimiyitidin kéliwatqan milliy xorluqqa qarshi jasaritimizni ipadilesh, shu herikette qurban bolghan shéhidlarni yad étish, xatirlesh we Xitayning wehshiylikini erkin dunyagha anglitish üchün, Frankfurt Sheheride paaliyet élip bardi.

Sherqitürkistanda Ikkinchi Jumhuriyitimiz qurulghan Ghulja Sheheride yüz bergen „5-Féwral weqesi“, weten-millet üchün barliqini atighan Abduxélil Abdumijit, Édrisxan Mexsum qatarliq minglighan ezimetlirimizning issiq qanliri bilen milliy küresh tariximizda parlap turidighan yéngi sehipilerni achqanidi.
Uningdin bashqa bu weqe sewebidin, Uyghur millitining siyasiy teqdiri xelqara sehnilerde hazirghiche bes-munazire qozghap, milliy azatliq kürishimizge daghdam yol échildi.

„5-Féwral Ghulja weqesi“ ikkinchi Jumhuriyitimiz Xitay tajawuzchilliri teripidin munqeriz qilinghandin kéyin yüz bergen, qarshiliq körsütüsh herketliri ichidiki wekil xaraktérgha ige weqelerning biri bolup, hazirghiche pütün dunya miqyasida tillarda dastan bolup kelmekte.U heriket On ikki yildin kéyinmu Milliy zulumgha qarshi Insanlarning, jümlidin Sherqitürkistan xelqining qelbide qehrimanliq we baturluqning namayendisi süpitide medihiyilinip kelmekte.

Teshkilat ezaliri 10 minglighan kishining „5-Fewral Ghulja weqesi“ sewebididin Xitay pashist hakimiyitining her türlük jazalirigha uchrighanliqi, türmilerge tashlinip ölüm jazasigha buyrulghanliqi, ömürlük siyasiy hoquqidin mehrum qilinghanliqi, Ailisi xaniweyran qilinghanliqi, dada balidin, perzentler ailidin ayrilip, yurt-makanlirini tashlap dunyaning her tereplirige topidek sorulup ketkenlikini Gérman xelqige anglatti. Xitaylarning bu weqe munasiwiti bilen millitimizning béshigha keltürgen balayi apetler, xelqimizning qelbide untup ketkili bolmaydighan öchmenliklerni we saqaytqili bolmaydighan yarilarni peyda qilghanliqini teshwiq qilidighan bérishur we teshwiqat matériyallirini tarqatti.

Bu paaliyet bir qisim teshkilat ezalirimizning qatnishishi bilen Saet 12:00 de bashlinip 15:00 giche dawamlashti. Bashtin axir qizghin we keskin bir shekilde élip bérilip ghelbilik axirlashti.

Sherqitürkistan Birliki Teshkilati Teshwiqat Merkizi

07.02.2009 Frankfurt

Frankfurt Sheheride „5-Féwral Ghulja Weqesi“ Xatirlinip Namayish Élip Bérildi

Sherqitürkistan Birliki Teshkilati mushu ayning 7-küni, „Ghulja 5-Féwral weqesi“,ni xatirlesh munasiwéti bilen, yérim esirdin artuq waqittin béri milliy kimliki we milliy téritoriyesi ret qilinip, insaniyet tarixida körülüp baqmighan shekilde érqiy we kultural qirghinchiliqqa uchrawatqan, Sherqitürkistan xelqining erkinlikke, hörlükke, démokoratiyege we milliy musteqilliqqa bolghan ottek intilishini ipadilep teshwiqat paaliyiti élip bardi.

Sherqiturkistan xelqi buningdin 12 yil awal yeni 1997-yili 5-Féwralda wetinimiz sherqitürkistanning Ghulja Sheheride, Xitayning wetinimizde yürgüziwatqan milliy zulumigha qarshi qozghulup, qanliq basturulghanidi. Teshkilatimiz 5-Féwral weqesi munasiwiti bilen weten-milletning bizdin kütken ümüdini aqlash, Xitay hakimiyitidin kéliwatqan milliy xorluqqa qarshi jasaritimizni ipadilesh, shu herikette qurban bolghan shéhidlarni yad étish, xatirlesh we Xitayning wehshiylikini erkin dunyagha anglitish üchün, Frankfurt Sheheride paaliyet élip bardi.

Sherqitürkistanda Ikkinchi Jumhuriyitimiz qurulghan Ghulja Sheheride yüz bergen „5-Féwral weqesi“, weten-millet üchün barliqini atighan Abduxélil Abdumijit, Édrisxan Mexsum qatarliq minglighan ezimetlirimizning issiq qanliri bilen milliy küresh tariximizda parlap turidighan yéngi sehipilerni achqanidi.
Uningdin bashqa bu weqe sewebidin, Uyghur millitining siyasiy teqdiri xelqara sehnilerde hazirghiche bes-munazire qozghap, milliy azatliq kürishimizge daghdam yol échildi.

„5-Féwral Ghulja weqesi“ ikkinchi Jumhuriyitimiz Xitay tajawuzchilliri teripidin munqeriz qilinghandin kéyin yüz bergen, qarshiliq körsütüsh herketliri ichidiki wekil xaraktérgha ige weqelerning biri bolup, hazirghiche pütün dunya miqyasida tillarda dastan bolup kelmekte.U heriket On ikki yildin kéyinmu Milliy zulumgha qarshi Insanlarning, jümlidin Sherqitürkistan xelqining qelbide qehrimanliq we baturluqning namayendisi süpitide medihiyilinip kelmekte.

Teshkilat ezaliri 10 minglighan kishining „5-Fewral Ghulja weqesi“ sewebididin Xitay pashist hakimiyitining her türlük jazalirigha uchrighanliqi, türmilerge tashlinip ölüm jazasigha buyrulghanliqi, ömürlük siyasiy hoquqidin mehrum qilinghanliqi, Ailisi xaniweyran qilinghanliqi, dada balidin, perzentler ailidin ayrilip, yurt-makanlirini tashlap dunyaning her tereplirige topidek sorulup ketkenlikini Gérman xelqige anglatti. Xitaylarning bu weqe munasiwiti bilen millitimizning béshigha keltürgen balayi apetler, xelqimizning qelbide untup ketkili bolmaydighan öchmenliklerni we saqaytqili bolmaydighan yarilarni peyda qilghanliqini teshwiq qilidighan bérishur we teshwiqat matériyallirini tarqatti.

Bu paaliyet bir qisim teshkilat ezalirimizning qatnishishi bilen Saet 12:00 de bashlinip 15:00 giche dawamlashti. Bashtin axir qizghin we keskin bir shekilde élip bérilip ghelbilik axirlashti.

Sherqitürkistan Birliki Teshkilati Teshwiqat Merkizi

07.02.2009 Frankfurt

Uyghur Farmers Appeal, To No Avail
2009-01-30


A Uyghur farmer talks about his struggle against forced crop production in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Autonomous Region.

A farmer from China’s impoverished northwestern Xinjiang region was turned away by authorities in Beijing after he went there demanding compensation for a failed compulsory crop plan.

Hakim Siyit, a farmer from Yengisar county, in Xinjiang’s western Kashgar prefecture, blamed the secretary of the communist party’s county branch for the plan’s failure, which called for all farmers in the county to grow the same crop and did not anticipate oversupply.

According to China’s law on the Popularization of Agricultural Technology, any entity causing loss to farmers through the forced adoption of technology is required to repay total damages.

Siyit made his way to China’s State Council in Beijing last September to lobby on behalf of his fellow farmers. When he arrived, hundreds of other petitioners waiting to file their grievances were registering with the Council according to their home region.

In an attempt to draw Beijing’s attention, Siyit shot a long video of the farmers telling their tale. A brief excerpt.

“There were eleven people from Xinjiang out of nearly 700 people in total. I was the only Uyghur there. I did not know what to do. I only speak a little Chinese. I was worried that they might take me somewhere and no one would know about it,” Siyit, a member of the mostly Muslim Uyghur ethnic group, said.

“A Chinese man came and asked why I was there. I tried to explain what had happened in our county, but the man said he could not understand what I was saying and took me to the Public Affairs Office of Xinjiang in Beijing so that he could talk to me through a Uyghur translator…After taking me there, they locked me up in a hotel room,” he said.

Siyit said that he was not allowed to leave the hotel and was refused an explanation as to why he was being held.

Promised an investigation

Later, two Uyghurs from the Kashgar Public Affairs Office took him with them and installed him in a guard’s room with another man.

“They told me not to leave. I said ‘We are not animals and we have the right to file complaints and report problems.’ I told them that they could not just detain me, as I had come all the way [from Xinjiang] on behalf of my people,” Siyit said.

Eventually, police officers from Yengisar county came to take Siyit home.

“I took my bag and tried to escape, but they dragged me back and told me to return with them. They said that I had spent so much [money] to go to Beijing, and promised me that the prefecture-level government would investigate the problem,” he said.

Siyit told the police officers that he had spent nearly 2,000 Yuan (U.S. $290) during his 23 day journey to Beijing. He was told that all of his expenses would be paid if he would agree to return.

“They gave me 100 Yuan (U.S. $15) before I took the train. I asked them about the rest and they said it would be handled when we returned. But that never happened. That was the end of it,” Siyit said.

‘They will weep’

Siyit claims that a compulsory “long bean” production plan was put into effect in 2007 for Yengisar county in Xinjiang’s western Kashgar prefecture, resulting in heavy financial losses for farmers when harvest supply grossly overshot demand.

Later that year the plan was repeated with similar results. In all, Siyit says, the farmers of Yengisar county suffered nearly $50 million Yuan (U.S. $7.3 million) in lost profit, loans that they could not repay, and equipment they could no longer use.

“You can dial any random number [in Yengisar] and ask about long beans…they will weep if you ask them about it,” Siyit said.

Siyit said that the 12 villages in Yengisar county have a combined population of 240,000 and that Yin should have expected that forcing everyone to grow the same crop would lead to oversupply.

“Being the secretary, he should have known that the supply would be much higher than the demand, and there would a lot of waste,” he said.

“If only the secretary had organized it so that one village would grow long beans, another would grow tomatoes, another peppers, and another eggplants…” he said.

Asked whether Li or the party branch of Kashgar prefecture was ultimately responsible for the failed crop policy, Siyit replied “Is it not true that what children do depends on the parents?”

Several attempts

Siyit said that he and several other farmers have been trying for over two years to file a complaint about the planning policies of Yin Xiaoliang, secretary of the communist party’s Yengisar County Branch.

In those two years, he was detained by county authorities for 15 days in Yengisar and, after vowing to continue his fight, has since been bounced around to several departments at the county, prefectural, regional, and national level.

“There are few places left that I haven’t been to for this. I went to the Xinjiang regional government in Urumqi five times. I went to Beijing once. To Kashgar, I made 13 or 14 trips in total,” Siyit said.

Siyit created a film documenting the reaction of the farmers to news that they would be forced to plant long beans again not long after the failure of the first crop plan, but officials weren’t interested.

“Over the last year and half, no one at the meetings of the disciplinary inspection committees was interested at looking at the video. Not even at the autonomous region’s government level. I literally had to thrust the video into their hands for them to take it,” Siyit said.

“They did not investigate, only saying that such things happen. Around the time of Eid [the holiday marking the end of Muslim Ramadan] the police came and warned me, telling me to be quiet or I might become a victim,” he said.

“Even here, in our county, the traffic police detained me three or four times…I escaped towards Urumqi and that is the situation now.”

Official reaction

A government official with the Disciplinary Inspection Committee of Kashgar prefecture, who did not provide his name, said he was aware of the farmers’ petition.

“Originally we considered going to Yengisar country together with an agricultural business management group to investigate the case, but when we asked permission [from deputy secretary of the prefecture’s party committee Zhang Jian], he stopped us. We were told ‘You shouldn’t go, let the county leader investigate first,’” the official said.

When asked if it was correct procedure to have the county’s party secretary investigate a complaint brought against him, the official replied “I know it doesn’t sound right, but perhaps the prefectural officials have their own considerations…To manage a whole county is not that easy.”

“Of course [the prefectural officials] will protect him. The county and prefecture should have same viewpoint and the county will carry out the prefecture’s order. If the higher-level officials don’t protect the lower-level officials, how would they expect them to follow orders later on?” the official said.

No regrets

Siyit said that he plans to continue his fight, despite the hardships he has faced, so that he can bring justice to the farmers of Yengisar county.

“I have no regrets for what I have done. When I was at the police station, I told them that I would continue to seek compensation for the 50 million yuan loss as soon as I was free,” Siyit said.

“I just wanted to go [to Beijing] for the benefit of people, hoping to get a good answer. The fact that I did not know Chinese cost me a lot…It was as if I could not speak and I could only weep for my complaints,” he said.

Original reporting in Uyghur by Shohrat. Uyghur service director: Dolkun Kamberi. Written for the Web in English by Joshua Lipes.

Menbe:http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/longbean-farmer-01302009234055.html