China Casts Veil Over Executions

The country is believed to be the world’s leading executioner.


Graphic showing number of known executions around the world following report by Amnesty International condemning widescale capital punishment in China.
(enlarge image)

HONG KONG—China’s ruling Communist Party has declined in recent years to make public the number of people it executes every year, in spite of challenges from international human rights groups.

According to Harry Wu, founder of the U.S.-based Laogai Foundation, which produced evidence of extensive organ harvesting from executed prisoners, recent years have seen executions transformed from a spectator sport into a state secret, carried out behind closed doors.

“The Chinese Communist Party in the past always regarded executions as positive news,” Wu said. “The suppression of evil elements was regarded as a cause for celebration.”

Overview of the death penalty for 2009
© Amnesty International

Amnesty International on Tuesday called on Beijing to reveal how many people they execute and sentence to death, as the organization published its world overview of the death penalty for 2009.

It said thousands of executions “were likely to have taken place” in China, where information on the death penalty remains a state secret.

The group said that estimates based on publicly available information grossly under-represented the actual number of people killed by the state or sentenced to death.

“The death penalty is cruel and degrading, and an affront to human dignity,” Claudio Cordone, Amnesty International’s Interim Secretary General, said in a statement on the group’s Web site.

“The Chinese authorities claim that fewer executions are taking place. If this is true, why won’t they tell the world how many people the state put to death?”

Slow reforms

Hospital employees in the southern province of Guangdong indicated a roaring trade in organs for transplant in interviews in 2005, boasting that a liver could be available in as short a time as a week, with one nurse saying that “most” were taken from executed prisoners.

“They would always execute a bunch of people on the eve of a major festival as a public spectacle,” Wu said. “This was seen as something the ordinary people like to see, and as a basic method of keeping down the number of criminal offences and counterrevolutionary acts.”

Chinese courts then moved to putting up a notice for a single day, following new guidelines in 2002, Wu said.

“Then they stopped even putting those up. They don’t even inform the relatives now,” he said. “And now they no longer announce the numbers of those who have been killed.”

Deputy director of Amnesty International’s Asia Pacific division, Roseann Rife, said it should be remembered that China’s officially published execution figures may be less than the true number of executions carried out.

But she said China had reported fewer executions since new guidelines on the use of the death penalty were issued by the country’s Supreme Court. She also called on Beijing to make its execution figures public.

‘Miscarriages of justice’

Beijing-based rights lawyer Jiang Tianyong, who attended the United Nations’ Fourth World Congress Against the Death Penalty in Geneva in February, said the fact that China’s judicial system still lacks political independence is a cause for grave concern.

“When judges and courts handle cases, they are unable to proceed according to their own understanding of the law,” Jiang said.

“What’s more, China engages in proactive law-enforcement tactics, which means that if something happens, they will go on a campaign to ‘strike hard’ [at such crimes].”

“It’s very easy for miscarriages of justice to occur under wave after wave of campaign-style law-enforcement,” Jiang said.

He said China would be unlikely to abolish the death penalty while it is still under single-party rule, since moves to abolish the death penalty are linked to respect for human rights and democracy.

A spokesman for the Hong Kong-based Joint Committee for the Abolition of the Death Penalty, whose members include Amnesty International Hong Kong, Community of Sant’Egidio, and the Justice and Peace Commission of the Hong Kong Catholic Diocese, said nearly 130 Hong Kong citizens had been executed in mainland China in the past decade, all for nonviolent crimes.

“Out of these, more than 80 were executed for drug-trafficking offenses,” Ke Enen said.

“We call on China at least to reform its use of the death penalty, even if it is unable to abolish it yet, and to abolish the use of the death penalty for economic and nonviolent crimes.”

Amnesty International’s report, Death Sentences and Executions in 2009, reveals that at least 714 people were executed in 18 countries and at least 2,001 people were sentenced to death in 56 countries last year.

Original reporting in Cantonese by Grace Kei Lai-see, and in Mandarin by Xi Wang. Mandarin service director: Jennifer Chou. Cantonese service director: Shiny Li. Translated and written for the Web in English by Luisetta Mudie. Edited by Sarah Jackson-Han.
Copyright © 1998-2010 Radio Free Asia. All rights reserved.

Amnesty says: China Executed Thousands in 2009

Amnesty International has released its annual death penalty report, which shows the number of countries that use capital punishment is declining. But the report estimates that China executed several thousand people in 2009.

Arthur Judah Angel was sentenced to death in Nigeria in 1986 for a crime he says he didn’t commit.

“Being on death row was like being in hell. You understand? In fact, it’s very horrible. I don’t have enough language – in English or my own – to explain it,” said Angel.

He was 21 years old when he was arrested and spent the next 16 years in prison. Every night he was there, he says, he had nightmares.

He says inside the cell he wasn’t even able to stretch his legs.

“The size of the cell measured exactly seven feet by eight. We have the toilet bucket occupying about two feet square in there. And we sleep sometimes 13 of us to a room,” he adds.

He says he thought each day might be his last.

“I witnessed the execution of nothing less than 450 – I can still remember their names. From Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. to noon, it would be anybody, “Angel said.

Today over 800 people are on death row in Nigeria – but in 2009 no-one was executed.

Across Sub-Saharan Africa only two countries carried out executions, Sudan and Botswana.

In Kenya, more than 4,000 prisoners had their death sentences commuted to imprisonment.

And, says Philip Luther from Amnesty International, two sub-Saharan countries abolished the penalty.

“Burundi and Togo abolished the death penalty for all crimes in 2009 and that was certainly a further sign of the world continuing its move towards abolishment,” said Luther.

But he says in some countries the number of executions remains high. Amnesty estimates several thousand people were executed in China in 2009, but Luther says an exact figure is impossible to gauge.

“There is sort of a shroud of secrecy that hangs over the death penalty in China and we are challenging China in this report to lift that shroud of secrecy,” adds Luther. “China, in fact, has said that it has decreased the use of the death penalty in the country, but frankly it needs to make those statistics public to show this is really the case.”

Beijing says details of its executions are a state secret. But it says the number of executions has gone down since 2007, after it became mandatory for death sentences to be reviewed by a higher court.

Outside of China, Amnesty says 714 people were executed in 18 countries in 2009. The countries that carried out the highest number of executions were Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and the United States.

Amnesty warned that some countries are using capital punishment to send political messages, silence opponents or promote political agendas – this is especially the case, it says, in China, Sudan, and Iran.

“What we do see and this is a reflection of some of the wider trends is that if you take Iran, the use of the death penalty to send political messages or to silence opponents was very clear I think,” said Luther. “That pattern was particularly acute in the period, the two months following the presidential election in June 2009.”

In Iran 388 people were executed in 2009. Luther says 112 of those took place in the eight weeks following the presidential election.

Amnesty says for the first time since it began keeping records there were no executions in Europe.

Uyghur’s Release Sought

Friends call for China to free a journalist widely seen as pro-Beijing.

Gheyret Niyaz in a screen grab from on March 25, 2010 HONG KONG—Supporters of a jailed ethnic Uyghur journalist have organized an online campaign for his release, nearly six months after his detention for talking to foreign media about the deadly July 2009 ethnic riots in far-northwestern China.

Gheyret Niyaz, 50, a former deputy director of the official Xinjiang Legal Daily, was employed at the official Xinjiang Economic Daily as a journalist at the time of his detention on Oct. 4, 2009. His family received a warrant for his arrest four days later, relatives said.

He is now being held at the Heavenly Mountain District [Tianshan Chu] detention center in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), according to friends.

Police said in detaining Gheyret Niyaz that “he did too many interviews with foreign media about the July 5 Urumqi riots,” one source said.

Uyghur activists in exile have expressed shock at his arrest because he was widely regarded as pro-government, even warning XUAR officials in July that ethnic riots could be imminent, although the exact content of his warning is unknown.

After the riots, Gheyret Niyaz gave interviews to several foreign publications in which criticized the unequal distribution of wealth in Xinjiang and accused authorities of heavy-handedness in their campaign to fight Uyghur “separatism.”

“Who has really endangered China’s state security?” one Internet statement asked.

“The Chinese Constitution guarantees freedom of speech for its citizens; Gheyret has spoken for the interests of the people and the State ….”

“Gheyret was following the law and tried to carry out his duty to the state; at the same time, he has not forgotten his people, the Uyghurs … Is that a crime?”

‘So naïve’

Hussein Hasan, a Uyghur activist in Australia, called Gheyret Niyaz “so naïve about China’s politics.”

“We’ve said many time that it’s impossible for Uyghur intellectuals to be pro-government and pro-Uyghur at the same time in China,” he said. “The Chinese government has declared war on our people.”

Ilham Tohti, an outspoken economics professor at Beijing’s Central University for Nationalities, defended Gheyret Niyaz.

“Gheyret has followed [one of the few paths] available to his people. I don’t believe he would have any regrets,” Ilham Tohti said.

Statements calling for his release appeared both on blogs and on, a multilingual site managed by Ilham Tohti.

“Gheyret Niyaz probably has been tortured or confessed; he needs special attention from the international community, because he has faced a double attack from [the central government] state and the regional authorities,” one statement said.

Millions of Uyghurs—a distinct, Turkic minority who are predominantly Muslim—populate Central Asia and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of northwestern China.

Ethnic tensions between Uyghurs and majority Han Chinese settlers have simmered for years, and erupted in July 2009 in rioting that left some 200 people dead, according to the Chinese government’s tally.

Uyghurs say they have long suffered ethnic discrimination, oppressive religious controls, and continued poverty and joblessness despite China’s ambitious plans to develop its vast northwestern frontier.

Chinese authorities blame Uyghur separatists for a series of deadly attacks in recent years and accuse one group in particular of maintaining links to the al-Qaeda terrorist network.

Reported and translated by Shoret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur service. Service director: Dolkun Kamberi. Written for the Web by Sarah Jackson-Han.
Copyright © 1998-2010 Radio Free Asia. All rights reserved.

Sherqiy Türkistan Sürgündiki Hökümiti Wekili Yawropa Türk Kultur Teshkilatliri Birligi Yighinigha Qatnashti

Yawropa Türk Kultur Teshkilatliri Birligi Türkiye Büyük Birlik partiyesige mensup bolghan Yawropadiki Aliperen Ochaklari, Nizamul alem jamaetliri qatarliq bir qatar qurulushlarning merkizi bolup, Büyük Birlik Partiyesi we bu teshkilatlarning qurghuchisi Türk milletining meshhur Ledirliridin biri Muhsin Yazghuchi Oghli( 1954-2009)dur.Muhsin Yazghuchi Oghli Türkiyede tonulghan siyasiyonlirining biri bolup, u Türk Ölkü Ochaklirida piship yétilgen we Türkiye Milliy Herket Partiyeside muhim wezipilerde bolghan.

Muhsin Yazghuchi Oghli 2009-yili saylam paaliyiti üchün Tikuchar Ayripilanda kétiwatqanda kütülmigen bir hadisige uchrap qaza qilghan.Bu qétimqi paaliyet Muhsin Yazghichi Oghlining wapat bolghanliqining bir yilliqi munasiwiti bilen Yawropada ötküzilgen muhim paaliyetlerning biri bolup, yighingha Büyük Birlik Partiyesining muawin reyisi Tuna Koch ependi Reyis Yalchin Topchigha wakaliten ishtirak qildi.Yighingha yene uning Türkiyedin kelgen hemraliri, Yawropadiki Türk konsulxanillirining xadimliri, Yawropa Türk Kultur Dernekliri Birliki Teshkilatining reyisi Rejep Yildirim ependi we Yawropada paaliyet qiliwatqan herqaysi Türk Teshkilatlirining munasiwetlik wekilliri qatarliq 2 mingdin artuq kishi qatnashqan bolup, Yighingha Sherqiy Türkistan Sürgündiki Hökümiti Medeniyet Ministirligining mesuli Korash Atahanmu alahiyde teklip bilen qatnashti.

Yighinda Büyük Birlik Partiyesining muwin reyisi Tuna Koch ependi qatarliqlar muhim söz qilip, Sherqiy Türkistan Xelqining sadiq dosti, Türk dunyasining dangliq lediri Merhum Mühsin Yazghuchi Oghlini eslep ötti. U yene Büyük birlik partiyesining tarixi, bésip ötken shanliq kechürmishi we Büyük Birlik partiyesi shundaqla Aliperenler teshkilatliri, we Nizamul Alemchiler jamaetining Türk dunyasi jümlidin Sherqiy Türkistan milliy herkitige qoshqan töhpilliri we bundin kéyin bu sahiyede qilidighan xizmetliri heqqide pikir bayan qildi.

Yighinda S.T.S.H. Medeniyet we Teshwiqat ménistirliki mesuli Korash Atahan qimmetlik mihmanlar qataridin orun aldi we qisqiche söz qilip, Mühsin Yazghuchi Oghlining wapatining barliq Türkistan xelqi üchün bolupmu Sherqiy Türkistan Milliy herkiti üchün zor yoqutush bolghanliqini, Sherqiy Türkistanliqlarning uning namini menggü unutmaydighanliqini tilgha aldi. U yene Büyük birlik partiyesining we Yawropa Türk Kultur Dernekliri birlikining Sherqiy Türkistandiki éghir dölet térori astida iziliwatqan qérindashlirigha yéqin turiwatqanliqini teqdirlidi we Sherqiy Türkistan xelqige qilinidighan yardemni bundin kéyinmu toxtatmasliqini murajet qildi. U sözining axirida yene Sherqiy Türkistan Kultur Merkizi bilen Türk teshkilatliri birlikte hazirlighan 2010-yili 3-Ayning 21-küni Gérmaniyening Manhayim dégen sheheride otturgha chiqidighan Programmining Yawropa we Asiyadiki chong sheherlerdemu arqa-arqidin körsütilishige yéqindin yardemde bolishini ümid qildi.

Korash Atahan yighin axirda Tuna Koch ependi we Rejep Yildirim ependiler bilen ayrim-ayrim uchrashti we uninggha Sherqiy Türkistanning nöwettiki weziyitini anglatti we bizning Türk-islam alimidin kütidighanlirimizni alahiyde tekitlidi.

Yighinda yene Frankfurtta paaliyet qiliwatqan Sherqiy Türkistan Kultur Merkizi alahiyide tizga qurup Sherqiy Türkistanning tarixi, siyasiy teqdiri we nöwettiki weziyiti ekis ettürilgen Kitap, Bérishur, VCD we teshwiqat waraqlirini tizip, yighin qatnashquchillirigha Mezlum Sherqiy Türkistan Xelqining mung-zarini anglatti.

Bu yighin 2010-yili 3-Ayning 20-küni Mörfelden-Walldorf Sheherining yighin zalida saet Gérmaniye waqti 17:000 de bashlinip, 22:00 giche dawamlashti.Yighin intayin utuqluq we muwapiqqiyetlik boldi.

S.T.S.H Medeniyet we Teshwiqat Ménistirligi

22-Mart 2010 Gérmaniye/Frankfurt a/Main


18 Mart 2010

Merkezi İstanbul’da bulunan, kısaca İHH olarak bilinen İnsan Hak ve Hürriyetleri Yardım Vakfı tarafından 22 Mart 2010 tarihinde düzenlenen “Hür Doğu Türkistan Sempozyumu” katılımcıları arasında, Doğu Türkistan’ın özgürlük ve bağımsızlığını talep edemeyen kurumların temsilcilerinin konuşmacı olarak yer almasından ve konuşmacılar arasında “bağımsız ve hür Doğu Türkistan” fikrine karşı olan bir Çinlinin bulunuyor olmasından dolayı Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti olarak toplantıya katılmama kararı alınmıştır.

Ayrıca Doğu Türkistan’daki Kazak, Kırgız ve Özbek kardeşlerimizin milli kurtuluş mücadelesinde rolleri yokmuş gibi bir görüntünün verilmesinden dolayı rahatsızlık duyulmaktadır. Sergilenen bu tavrın, Milli kahramanlarımızdan Osman Batur ve silah arkadaşlarının özgürlük ve bağımsızlık mücadelesini hiçe saymak olarak değerlendirilecektir.

Bu nedenlerden dolayı Doğu Türkistan Göçmenler Derneği, Doğu Türkistan Gençlik ve Kültür Derneği ile Doğu Türkistan Dayanışma Derneği ve Avrasya Türk Dernekleri Federasyonu’nun bu toplantıya katılmayacakları öğrenilmiş olup, bu hassasiyetlerinden dolayı dernek başkanlarına ve Doğu Türkistan Vakfı Başkan Vekili Prof. Dr. Sultan Mahmud Kaşgarlı’ya teşekkür edilmiştir.

Bahsi geçen derneklerimiz 20 Mart 2010 günü Eyüp Belediyesi ile Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı’nın düzenlediği Nevruz etkinliklerine katılma kararı almışlardır.

Eyüp Belediyesi’nin düzenlediği etkinlik 20 Mart Cumartesi günü saat 10.00’da Eyüp Stadı’nda gerçekleştirilecek olup, Türkistan Uygur ve Kazak folklor ekiplerinin gösterileri sergilenecektir. Etkinlik için Zeytinburnu, Bahçelievler ve Merter’den otobüsler kaldırılacaktır.
Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı’nın düzenlediği etkinlik 20 Mart Cumartesi günü saat 14.00’de Süleymaniye Kültür Merkezi’nde başlayacak olup, DTSH Başbakanı’nın da katılacağı etkinlikte, çeşitli müzik ve dans gösterileri yapılacaktır.
Doğu Türkistan Gençlik ve Kültür Derneği Onursal Başkanı ve Avrasya Türk Dernekleri Federasyonu Gen. Bşk. Yrd. Arslan Alptekin 20-22 Mart 2010 tarihleri arasında Almanya’da düzenlenecek etkinliklere katılacaktır.

D.T.S.H Kültür ve Propaganda Bakanı


Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti Başbakanı İsmail CENGİZ, Amerika Türk-İslam Ülkü Ocakları’nın düzenlediği “Bin Yıllık Birlik Gecesi” etkinliği dolayısıyla toplantıyı düzenleyenlere aşağıdaki mesajı göndermiştir:


Amerika Türk-İslam Ülkü Ocakları
Genel Başkanlığına

Sayın Başkanım,
Düzenlediğiniz “Bin Yıllık Birlik Gecesi”ne davetinizden dolayı Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti adına minnet ve şükranlarımı sunmak istiyorum. Hükümetimizi, Doğu Türkistan cemaatini temsilen Sürgündeki Hükümetimizin Başkan Yardımcısı sayın Maynur Yusuf hanımefendi ile milletvekilimiz Nurife Hanım (Amerika’daki diğer Hükümet üyeleri arkadaşlarımızla beraber ) sizlerle birlikte olacaklardır.

Malumunuz 1949 yılından bu yana Çin’in işgali altında bulunan Türklerin anayurdu Doğu Türkistan’da yaklaşık 30 milyon soydaşımız, dindaşımız kelimenin tam anlamıyla kendi topraklarında cehennem hayatı yaşamaya zorlanmaktadırlar. Yargısız infazlar, keyfi gözaltına almalar, her alanda eşitsizlik ve adaletsizlikler, nükleer denemeler, çevre kirliliği, zorunlu kürtaj, doğum yasağı, inançlara getirilen yasaklar, seyahat özgürlüğüne getirilen kısıtlamalar, planlı Çinli göçmen iskânı gibi benzeri yoğun insan hakları ihlallerine maruz kalan halkımızın tek arzusu; kendi topraklarında, kendi bayrakları altında özgür ve bağımsız yaşamaktır…

Başkalarının söylediği gibi; sadece demokrasi talebi, sadece kişisel haklar talebi gibi istekler gerekli olmakla birlikte bizim için yeterli değildir… Bizler; Bağımsızlığın olmadığı yerde kişisel haklar ve demokrasi taleplerinin de bir anlamı olmadığına inanıyoruz…

Ayrıca şu hususu da sizlerle paylaşmak isteriz ki, Sürgün Hükümet olarak bizler; Doğu Türkistan’ın birlik ve bütünlüğüne inanıyoruz… Ayrımcılığa karşıyız… Uyguruyla, Kazakıyla, Kırgızıyla, Tatarıyla, Özbekiyle Doğu Türkistan’ın bütünlüğünü savunduğumuzu bilmenizi istiyoruz…
Bilmenizi istediğimiz üçüncü önemli husus ise; biz mensubu olduğumuz milletimizin değerleriyle gurur duyuyoruz. Dolayısıyla işgalci Çin’e karşı hür dünyada sürdürülen milli mücadelemizde dini ve milli değerlerimizi esas alıyoruz… Milletimizin ve inançlarımızın çıkarlarına uygun olmayan her türlü tavrı, her türlü maddi ve manevi desteği reddettiğimizi ve kabul etmeyeceğimizi de vurgulamak istiyoruz… Ve bu çerçevede Türklüğün yegane istinatgâhı, hür dünyadaki sığınağımız “Ankara”yı zor durumda bırakan her türlü girişimin karşısında olduğumuzu ve olacağımızı da siz değerli katılımcılarla paylaşmak istiyoruz…
Bu vesile ile; bin yıldır devam ede gelen birliğimizin ebediyete kadar devam etmesi dileğiyle değerli katılımcılara, sayın Başkonsolosumuza, sayın Türkeş’e Doğu Türkistan halkının saygı, sevgi ve selamlarını sunuyoruz… 13 Mart 2010

Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti Başbakanı

İletişim : Kuresh Atahan

Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti Kültür ve Propaganda Bakanı

Doğu Türkistan Milli Merkezi / Doğu Türkistan Göçmenler Derneği/Doğu Türkistan Dayanışma Derneği/Doğu Türkistan Kültür Merkizi / Avustralya Doğu Türkistan Cemaati


Doğu Türkistan Sürgündiki Hükümetinin Basın Açıklaması:


Doğu Türkistan Sürgün Hükümeti Başbakanı İsmail Cengiz, 7 Mart 2010 tarihinde Irak’ta yapılacak seçimler dolayısıyla yaptığı açıklamada; önümüzdeki Pazar günü yapılacak seçimlerde “bölgede yaşayan Türkmenlerin yasal haklarının korunması noktasında, gereken uluslar arası hassasiyetin gösterileceğine inandığını vurguladı. Ankara’nın da bu konuda Türkmen kuruluşlara yardımcı olacağına, Barzani yönetiminin de Türkmenlerin yasal haklarını uygulamada zorluk çıkarmayacaklarına inandıklarını” belirten DTSH Başbakanı CENGİZ şunları söyledi:

“Irak’ta Pazar günü yapılacak olan seçimlerde Türkmeneli’nin ve Türkmen Kardeşlerimizin yegâne temsilcisi durumundaki Irak Türkmen Cephesi’ni (ITC) ve Türkmen kuruluşlarının tüm yasal haklarının dikkate alınmasını diliyoruz.

Özellikle 2003 ve sonrasında Irak’ta yaşanan trajik ve kaygı verici gelişmelerin faturasını en ağır şekilde ödemiş olan Türkmen kardeşlerimizin pazar günkü seçimlerde bölünmelere yol açmadan; birlik ve beraberlik içerisinde hareket etmelerini gönülden diliyoruz.

7 Mart 2010 Irak Genel Seçimleri’nin başta Türkmen kardeşlerimiz olmak üzere, bütün Irak halkına hayırlara vesile olmasını temenni ediyoruz.”… dedi.


D.T.S. H. Kültür ve Propaganda Bakanı