Turkiya va O’zbekiston harbiy hamkorlikni kuchaytiradi


2016-yil 18-noyabrda Turkiya Prezidenti Rajab Toyyib Erdog'an (o'ngda) O'zbekistonga tashrif buyurgan edi.

2016-yil 18-noyabrda Turkiya Prezidenti Rajab Toyyib Erdog’an (o’ngda) O’zbekistonga tashrif buyurgan edi.

O’zbekiston-Turkiya aloqalarida navbatdagi siljish kuzatilmoqda, ammo munosabatlar rivoji hozircha oliy tashrif darajasiga ko’tarilgani yo’q.

Toshkentga safar qilgan Turkiya Milliy mudofaa vaziri Nuriddin Janikli Prezident Shavkat Mirziyoyev tomonidan qabul qilingan, munosabatlarni rivojlantirish masalasi gaplashilgan.

O’zbekiston Turkiya bilan hamkorlikda harbiy texnikalar ishlab chiqarishni yo’lga qo’yishi mumkin. Mamlakatda harbiy sanoatga asos solish Mirziyoyevning saylov dasturida belgilangan vazifalardan biri edi.

Turkiya O’zbekistonda harbiy sanoatni rivojlantirish uchun hamkor sifatida tanlanishi ehtimoli bor. Mudofaa vaziri Nuriddin Janiklining O’zbekistonga safari natijalari shunday xulosalarga asos beradi.

Toshkentda Mudofaa vaziri Qobul Berdiyev tomonidan tantanali kutib olingan Nuriddin Janikli o’z hamkasbi bilan o’tkazilgan keng qamrovli muzokaralardan tashqari prezident Mirziyoyev tomonidan ham qabul qilindi, harbiy va xavfsizlik sohadagi hamkorlikni kuchaytirish masalasi gaplashildi.

Harbiy hamkorlikka oid tarqatilgan ma’lumotga ko’ra, Turkiyadan 10 dona zirxli harbiy texnika xarid qilish rejalangan. Mintaqa sharoitida sinovdan o’tkazilgan bu texnikani O’zbekistonda ishlab chiqarish loyihasi muhokama qilinmoqda.

Turkiya tomoni moliyalashtirishi kutilayotgan mazkur loyiha amalga oshsa, bu Mirziyoyevning harbiy sanoatga asos solish rejasidagi dastlabki qadamlardan bo’ladi.

Turkiya dunyo miqyosida harbiy salohiyat bo’yicha sakkizinchi o’rinda turadi. O’zbekistonning bu boradagi imkoniyati ancha past, ammo Markaziy Osiyodagi eng kuchli armiya sifatida qayd etilgan.

Harbiy hamkorlik o’zbek armiyasini isloh qilishni ham maqsad qilayotgani aytilmoqda.

“Hozir o’zbek armiyasi foydalanayotgan Rossiya harbiy texnikasining Turkiyadagi muqobillari ancha ustunroq, jumladan, xarid qilinishi rejalangan zirxli mashinalar ham yuqori texnologiya bilan jihozlangani, sputnik aloqalarga ixtisoslashgani bilan ajralib turadi. Turkiya AQSh, Yevropa, boshqa rivojlangan davlatlar tajribasidan kelib chiqib o’z harbiy texnologiyasini yaratdi, ayniqsa, yirik bo’lmagan qurol-yarog’ ishlab chiqarishda. Bu texnika Rossiyanikiga nisbatan ham ancha ilg’or, O’zbekiston bundan faqat yutadi. Mendagi ma’lumotlarga ko’ra, gap nafaqat Turkiya bilan harbiy texnik hamkorlikni rivojlantirish, balki o’zbek armiyasini isloh qilish, son ustunligidan sifat ustunligiga o’tishni ham maqsad qilmoqda”, – deydi bir qancha vaqt Turkiyada yashagan sharhlovchi Safar Bekjon.

Turkiya-O’zbekiston munosabatlari Karimov davridagi ziddiyatlarni unutib, yangi bosqichga chiqishni maqsad qilmoqda. Karimov o’limidan so’ng O’zbekistonga kelgan yetakchilardan biri Turkiya Prezidenti Rajab Toyib Erdog’an edi. Munosabatlarda yangi sahifa ochilishi shu safar davomida Erdag’on va Mirziyoyev tomonidan e’lon qilindi, saylov arafasida turgan Mirziyoyev Turkiyaga taklif qilindi.

Mirziyoyev prezidentlikka kirishgach, dastlabki delegatsiyalaridan birini Turkiyaga jo’natdi, iqtisodiy hamkorlik, Turkiya sarmoyasini jalb qilishga doir muzokaralar o’tdi.

Toshkentdagi manbalardan biriga ko’ra, turk biznesi O’zbekistonda konvertatsiya ochilishini kutib turibdi.

“Konvertatsiya masalasi uzil-kesil hal etilganidan so’ng Turkiyadagi juda ko’p tadbirkorlar O’zbekistonga pul tikishi, biznesini yuritishi mumkin, bunga qiziqish bildirayotgan turk ishbilarmon doiralari juda ko’p. Jumladan, Angren iqtisodiy zonasida katta zavod qurilishiga qiziqish bor. Shuningdek, turklar Urgut iqtisodiy zonasiga ham taklif qilinmoqda. Hozircha lekin aniq raqamlar haqida gapirish qiyin”, – deydi Bekjon.

Unga ko’ra, ziddiyatlardan so’ng qayta jonlanayotgan Toshkent-Anqara munosabatlari hali muzokaralar jarayonida, bu narsa ikki o’rtada hamon prezidentlarning oliy tashrif bo’yicha bir to’xtamga kelinmaganida ham ko’rinadi.

“O’zbekistonda yangi hokimiyat ish boshlashidan so’ng Turkiyadan 10 milliardga yaqin sarmoyaviy yordam kutilayotgan edi, ammo Turkiyaning o’zini ahvoli ham unchalik yaxshi emas, shuning uchun ham bu yordamni ko’rsata olmadi. Nazarimda, Mirziyoyev aynan shuning uchun Turkiyaga borishning foydasi yo’q deb topdi, o’z navbatida bunday imkoniyatni taqdim eta olmagan Erdog`an ham tashrif masalasini ko’tarayotgani yo’q. O’rtada bir milliardlik yordam kelishuvi bor, zirxli mashinalar xaridi ham shu mablag’ hisobiga amalga oshsa kerak. Xullas, hozirgi mavjud hamkorlik shartnomalari davlat rahbarlari tashrifi saviyasiga javob bermaydi”, – deydi Safar Bekjon.

Turkiya Mudofaa vaziri Janiklining O’zbekistondagi muzokaralari natijasida o’zbek harbiylarining Turkiyadagi o’quv mashg’ulotlarida qatnashishlari bo’yicha ham kelishuvga erishilgan.

 

Xoten Maarip Dairiliri Maarip Sistémisida Uyghur Tilining Cheklinidighanliqini Étirap Qildi

Xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisi bu yil 6-Ayning 28-Küni chiqarghan bashlanghuch-Ottura mekteplerde uyghur tilini cheklesh heqqidiki höjjet.

Xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisi bu yil 6-Ayning 28-Küni chiqarghan bashlanghuch-Ottura mekteplerde uyghur tilini cheklesh heqqidiki höjjet.

 Social Media

Aldinqi küni ijtimaiy taratqularda xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisi tarqatqan bir höjjet ashkara bolghan idi.

Uningda bu yil 9-Aydin bashlap, xoten wilayitidiki bashlanghuch we ottura mekteplerde barliq derslerning birdek xitay tilida ötülidighanliqi, bundin kéyin maarip sistémisida uyghur tilini ishlitishning birdek cheklinidighanliqi alahide tekitlengen.

Biz mezkur höjjet heqqide uchur igilesh üchün xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisi bilen xoten wilayitige qarashliq xoten nahiyesi, lop nahiyesi, chira nahiyesi we qaraqash nahiyelirining maarip idarilirigha téléfon qilduq.

Radiyomiz ziyaritini qobul qilghan xotendiki 4 nahiyening maarip idariliri mezkur höjjetning rastliqini delillidi.

Xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisidiki bir neper xitay ayal xadim munularni bildürdi: «shundaq, bu xoten wilayetlik maarip idarisi. Siz wilayetlik maarip idarisi chiqarghan ‹qosh tilliq oqutushtiki 5 türlük belgilime› ni bilmekchimusiz? bu höjjet 6-Ayning axiri chiqirilghan. Ilgiri wilayitimizning qosh til oqutushida ‹8 türlük belgilime› chiqirilghan idi. Bu qétim yéngilandi. Buning konkrét mezmunlirini bilmekchi bolsingiz, eng yaxshisi wilayetlik maarip idarisi qarmiqidiki qosh tilliq maarip ishxanisigha téléfon qiling. Ular tepsilatini yaxshi bilidu.»

Xoten nahiyelik maarip idarisining bir neper xitay mesul xadimi ziyaritimiz jeryanida munularni ilgiri sürdi: «bu höjjetni wilayetlik maarip idarisi bu yil 6-Ayda chiqarghan idi. Hazirdin bashlap wilayet teweside ijra qilinishqa bashlidi. Toghra, höjjette siz tilgha alghandek, bundin kéyin maarip sistémisida uyghur tilini ishletmeslik heqqide maddilar bar. Chünki hazir hemme jayda dölet tilini omumlashturush we dölet tilini ishlitish teshebbus qilinmaqta. Az sanliq milletlerge dölet tilini öginishte yaxshi muhit yaritish üchün, mektep we maarip sistémisida bundin kéyin uyghur tilini ishletmeslik qarar qilinghan. Bu emeliyette uyghurlarning dölet tilini yaxshi öginishige paydiliq.»

«Bu höjjetni wilayetlik maarip idarisi chiqarghan. Biz nahiyelik maarip idarisi bolghachqa, peqetla mezkur höjjetning rohini ijra qilimiz. Bu höjjetni chüshendürüsh, höjjet heqqide muxbirlarning soaligha jawab bérish hoquqi wilayetlik maarip idarisining ilikide. Bizning chüshendürüsh hoquqimiz yoq. Kechürüng, bu heqte men chüshenche bérelmeymen.»

«Maarip we mektep sistémisida uyghur oqughuchilar dawamliq uyghurche til-Yéziqtiki matériyallarnila körse dölet tilini öginelmeydu. Shunga ular choqum künde xenzu til-Yéziqidiki élan, teshwiqat, wiwiska we matériyallar bilen uchriship turushi kérek. Shunga maarip sistémisida uyghur tilini ishletmeslik dégen madda bar bolsimu, emma uningdin uyghur tilini cheklesh dégen uqum chiqmaydu. Bu peqetla dölet tilini omumlashturushtiki bir chare. Buningdin kéyin maarip we mektep sistémisidiki herqandaq yighin we kolléktip paaliyetler peqetla dölet tilida élip bérilidu. Men peqet mushunchilik déyeleymen. Konkrét ishlarni wilayetlik maarip idarisidin sorang.»

Chira nahiyelik kadirlar idariside xizmet qilidighan bir neper uyghur qizmu bu höjjetning tarqitilghanliqi heqqide anglighanlirini mundaq bayan qildi: «shundaq, bu höjjetning chiqirilghanliqini anglidim, lékin konkrét mezmunidin toluq xewirim yoq. Anglishimche, bu yil 9-Aydin bashlap xotendiki barliq bashlanghuch we ottura mekteplerde pütünley xenzu tilida ders ötülidiken. Bundin kéyin uyghurche ishlitilmeydiken. Men téxi toy qilmighan, balammu yoq. Baliliri mektepte oquydighan ata-Anilargha mekteptin bu heqte qandaq uqturush chüshkenlikidin xewirim yoq. Buni maarip idarisidin sorap körüng!»(Qutlan)

(Dawami bar)

China Bans Uyghur Language in Uyghuristan Schools

2017-07-28
kasgarli_mahmut

A Uyghur woman is shown with her children in Kashgar, Xinjiang, in a file photo.

 PHOTONONSTOP

Authorities in northwest China’s Xinjiang region have issued a directive completely banning the use of the Uyghur language at all education levels up to and including secondary school, according to official sources, and those found in violation of the order will face “severe punishment.”

The new ban marks one of the strongest measures yet from Beijing aimed at assimilating ethnic Uyghurs, who complain of pervasive ethnic discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression by the China’s ruling Communist Party in Xinjiang.

In late June, the Education Department in Xinjiang’s Hotan (in Chinese, Hetian) prefecture issued a five-point directive outlawing the use of Uyghur at schools in favor of Mandarin Chinese “in order to strengthen elementary and middle/high school bilingual education.”

Under the directive—a copy of which was obtained by RFA’s Uyghur Service—schools must “insist on fully popularizing the national common language and writing system according to law, and add the education of ethnic language under the bilingual education basic principle.”

Beginning in the fall semester this year, Mandarin Chinese “must be resolutely and fully implemented” for the three years of preschool, and “promoted” from the first years of elementary and middle school “in order to realize the full coverage of the common language and writing system education.”

The directive instructs schools to “resolutely correct the flawed method of providing Uyghur language training to Chinese language teachers” and “prohibit the use of Uyghur language, writing, signs and pictures in the educational system and on campuses.”

Additionally, the order bans the use of Uyghur language in “collective activities, public activities and management work of the education system.”

Any school or individual that fails to enforce the new policy, that “plays politics, pretends to implement, or acts one way and does another,” will be designated “two-faced” and “severely punished,” it said, using a term regularly applied by the government to Uyghurs who do not willingly follow such directives.

uyghur-language-directive-june-2017-400.jpg
A screen shot shows a copy of the Hotan Prefectural Education Department’s directive on bilingual education. Credit: RFA

‘Encouraging’ Mandarin

Four different officials anonymously confirmed the directive to RFA and said their local county governments were preparing to implement it ahead of the fall semester.

A Han Chinese official at Hotan’s Qaraqash (Moyu) county Education Bureau said that the directive was issued on June 28 and distributed to all county education bureaus two days later.

“I can give you the contents of this directive, but only the Prefectural Educational Department has the right to explain them,” he said, referring further questions to the department.

A Uyghur official with Hotan’s Chira (Cele) county government said she had heard about the directive, but was not fully aware of its contents.

“I heard that all teaching in elementary and middle/high schools will be done in the Chinese language, beginning in September, and Uyghur language will not be used,” she said.

A Uyghur official at the same county’s Education Bureau was able to provide more information about the new policy, which he said his bureau was “urgently discussing the implementation of.”

“All teachings will be conducted in the Chinese, not Uyghur, language in the upcoming semester,” he said.

“Even the Uyghur textbooks will be replaced with Chinese textbooks from inland China. All teachers and students are required to speak the Chinese language only in the school and education system,” he added.

The Uyghur official said that while Hotan prefecture had repeatedly tried to implement a bilingual education policy over the past 10 years, “the national language hasn’t become popularized.”

“As a result, the Prefectural Education Department issued this directive to deal with this situation,” he said.

A Han Chinese official from the Education Bureau for the seat of Hotan prefecture told RFA that the directive is being implemented throughout the prefecture to “encourage” the learning of the national language.

“Education authorities decided to ban the use of the Uyghur language in order to create a favorable environment for minorities to study the national language,” he said.

“This is, in fact, good for Uyghurs to study the national language. Uyghur students will not study Mandarin if they learn from Uyghur language materials in the school system. That is why they should immerse themselves daily in Chinese language announcements, propaganda, signs and other materials.”

“All meetings and collective activities” in the school system will be held in Mandarin in the future, the official added.

Illegal policy

While Beijing has attempted to implement a “bilingual” system in Xinjiang’s schools over the past decade, Uyghurs say the system is monolingual and reject it as part of a bid to eliminate their mother tongue and increase their assimilation into Han Chinese culture.

Additionally, the bilingual education policy is in violation of both China’s constitution and regional ethnic autonomy laws.

Article 4 of the first chapter of China’s constitution states that “the people of all nationalities have the freedom to use and develop their own spoken and written languages, and to preserve or reform their own ways and customs.”

Article 121 of the charter’s sixth section states that in performing their function, the organs of self-government in China’s autonomous regions should “employ the spoken and written language or languages in common use in the locality.”

Additionally, Article 10 of the first chapter of China’s Regional Ethnic Autonomy Law on Language states that agencies in ethnic autonomous areas “guarantee the freedom of the nationalities in these areas to use and develop their own spoken and written languages and their freedom to preserve or reform their own folkways and customs.”

Article 37 of the law’s third chapter states that “schools (classes) and other educational organizations recruiting mostly ethnic minority students should, whenever possible, use textbooks in their own languages and use these languages as the media of instruction.”

Ilshat Hassan, president of the Washington-based Uyghur American Association, told RFA that Beijing is attempting to skirt its own laws by labeling the new policy part of a bilingual education, while it works to “eradicate one of the most ancient Turkic languages in the world.”

“In fact, by enforcing this new policy at the preschool level, the Chinese government intends to kill the Uyghur language at the cradle,” he said.

“It is nothing short of cultural genocide. The international community must not allow China to destroy our beautiful language and culture, which has thrived for several millennia.”

Reported by Eset Sulaiman for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by Alim Seytoff. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Xitaylarning Uyghur Til-yéziqini Pütünley Cheklimekchi Bolghanliqigha Qarshi Naraziliq Herketige Ötüsh Heqqide Jiddiy Murajet !!! 

aaaaaaaaaaa

Essalamu eleykum eziz Uyghuristan xelqi! Xitaylar ishghal astidiki wetinimizde Uyghur we qérindash xelqlerning til-yéziq, medeniyet we diniy etiqadini qoghdash heqqide yüzligen xelqara qanunlargha imza atqan bolup hazir uninggha éghir xilapliq qilishqa bashlidi. Xitaylar özini niqaplap körsütüp, milliy mawjutluqimiz, milliy medeniyitimiz we diniy étiqadimizni yoqulush girdawigha ittirip keldi. Lékin biz uning sürüshtisini yaxshi qilalmighachqa, baridighan yerge bérip, deydighan gepni qamlashturup qilalmay beshimizni qapaqtek gildingshitip yüriwergechke ishlar barghanche yamanliship ketti we eng axirqi milliy qediriyetlirimizdinmu ayrilip qélish aldida turiwatimiz!
Eger biz nöwette duch kelgen til-yéziq, medeniyet we diniy etiqat meseliside toghra bir qedem tashliyalmisaq xelqara jemiyet bizni kelidighan bir qanche yil ichide milliy mawjutluqini yoqatqan yeni ölgen millet dep muamile qilidighan bolidu.
Biz tirik turup ölüklerning arisida yashashni xalimaymiz! Biz hür turup qullarning hayatini yashimaqni istimeymiz! Biz bilip turup ilghar bir medeniyetni peskesh chüprende bir medeniyetning astida tunjuqturup qoyushni xalimaymiz!
Xitay ishghaliyet rayoni hesaplanghan wetinimizdiki Uyghur tili, medeniyiti we diniy étiqadi meselisini herqandaq bir dewlettiki herqandaq bir bashqa etnik topluqlarning til-yéziq, medeniyet we diniy etiqat meselisige selishturghili bolmaydu! Xitaylarning milliy dewletlerni dorap Uyghurlarning til, medeniyet we ittiqat meselilerige chek qoyushi xelqrada urush jinayitidinmu eghir xataliq bolup, Uyghurlar naraziliq bildürse sürüshtisi bolidu, bildürmise xitaylar qandaq pilanlisa shundaq bolidu!
Uyghurlar özlirining kishlik qedri-qimmiti, medeniyiti, til-yéziqi we dinisiz yashiyalmaydu! Uningdinmu ayrilip yashighandin kolliktip qirilip ketkinimiz teximu ewzel!
Biz hür dunyadiki barliq wetendashlarni xitaylarning milliy mawjutliqimizni xeter astigha ittiriwatqan qebih jinayettin tosush üchün élip bérilidighan tinchliq shekildeki dunyawiy heriketke dewet qilimiz!
Xitaylar nopusi 20 milyondin ashidighan bir milletning yeni Uyghur xelqining til-yéziqini tamamen cheklesh aldida turidu! Melum bolishiche Xitay hökümiti wetinimizde 2017-yildin bashlap 2020-yilighiche bolghan ariliqta milliyiche til-yéziqtiki derisliklerning hemmini xitay til-yéziqigha aylanduruwétish heqqide resmiy qararlarni alghan bolup, eger biz buninggha hichqandaq naraziliq bildürmisek xelqara qanunlarning rohigha asasen tinch shekildiki assillimatsiye, dep qarilip jinayet hésaplanmaydu yaki sürüshtisi bolmaydu! Eger biz til-yéziqimiz, medeniyitimiz we diniy étiqadimizni qoghdash üchün paal herketke kelsek, u halda xitay dewliti xelqarada bu meselide özi berdashliq bérelmeydighan qiyin meselige duch kélidu we milliy qediriyetlirimizge bundaq ochuq-ashikare qarshi turalmaydu!

20258136_2065914870100761_6110038489765350168_n
Hey pütün dunyadiki wijdanliq Uyghurlar, Xitay tajawuzchillirining bu wehshiy qilmishigha qarshi qaysi shekilde bolmisun pütün dunya boyiche qattiq naraziliqimizni bildüreyli!
Ilgiri bundaq ishlarni wetendikiler qilatti, hazir ular chingraq nepesmu alalmaydu. Biz hür dunyada turup yene jim tursaq animizdin emgen süt haram bolidu, imandin chiqip kapir bolup ketimiz! Millitimiz aldida yüz kelelmeymiz!
Wetenni azat qilish mana mushundaq jiddiy peyitlerde bir ishni birlik-barawerlik ichide qilalaydighan we qilalmaydighanliqimizni sinaydighan nazuk bir köwrüktin ötidu!
Hazirdin bashlap Didarkatip/Facebook, Skype, SMS massanger, Tiwitter, Watsep, Ündidar, linkedelin, instagram, e-mail we yene bashqa alaqelishish wasteleridin paydilinip Xitaylarning Uyghur tili qatarliq tillarni tamamen cheklesh hazirliqigha qarshi yekke we kolliktip halda xeliq herketige öteyli!
Engilizchem, Gérmanchem we Türükchem… yoq dep qalmang! Biz millitimizning awazini yetküzüshni meqset qiliwatqan orunlar Uyghur tili arqiliq bir jümle u yaqta tursun hetta peqet bir dane söz yazsingizmu udulluq terjime qilip yollaydighan yerge ewertip turidu! Tildin hergiz bash qaturmay hetta teshkilatlardin emir-merup saqlap olturmay derhal herketke ötüng we Xitaylarning milliy maaripimizdin Uyghur Uyghur Til-yéziqini pütünley cheklesh üchün élip beriwatqan dewlet térorigha qarshi naraziliqingizni toxtimay dawamlashturung!
Tilimiz, dinimiz we milliy medeniyitimiz yoqalsa biz yoqulimiz!
Xitayning tilimiz, dinimiz we örpi-adetlirimizge qarshi élip bériwatqan qebih qilmishi xelqara qanunlarda nahayiti éghir jinayet bolup, biz eriz qilmisaq hichkim soriqini sorimaydu.
Hey ghorurluq, nomusluq we wijdanliq Uyghurlirim xitaylarning millitimizni yer yüzidin yoq qilishtin ibaret wehshiy pilanigha pütün dunya boyiche her xil shekilde naraziliqimizni bildüreyli!

Uyghuristan Kultur Merkizi

25.07.2017

China Detains 12-Year-Old Uyghur Boy on Return to Xinjiang From Egypt

File photo of a mosque at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt, from which Uyghur students have been rounded up at China's behest.

File photo of a mosque at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt, from which Uyghur students have been rounded up at China’s behest.

 AFP

Authorities in China’s northwest Xinjiang region forced a 12-year-old ethnic Uyghur boy to undergo political reeducation and have detained him since arresting his parents, who returned home from Egypt to “register” themselves with the government nearly five months ago, according to official sources.

Thousands of Uyghurs, many of whom are students studying at Cairo’s prestigious Al-Azhar Islamic University, have voluntarily traveled to Xinjiang from Egypt since the beginning of the year when Chinese authorities detained many of their relatives and threatened them with “severe punishment” if they did not return.

In February, Memet Abla, 39, and his wife Buzorigul Rishit, 36, took their 12-year-old son Hezritieli Memet home from Egypt to Yopurgha county, in Xinjiang’s Kashgar (in Chinese, Kashi) prefecture, where they were promptly arrested by local authorities, two officials from the county’s Yekshenbe Bazaar recently told RFA’s Uyghur Service.

With his parents in detention, Memet was placed in the custody of the local government for surveillance, according to Abduqadir Abdureyim, a police officer at the Yekshenbe Bazaar station.

“There are many from our village who have returned from Egypt, but I only remember one clearly—a 12-year-old boy named Hezritieli Memet,” Abdureyim said.

“He came back with his parents in February. His father’s name is Memet Ablet. This family is from the 8thneighborhood of the No. 3 township in our village.”

According to Abdureyim, Abla used to run a business in the Xinjiang capital Urumqi, but had relocated to Egypt late last year to undergo religious education.

“They stayed there for only three months and voluntarily returned following our government’s call [for Uyghurs in Egypt] to return home and report themselves,” he said.

“I do not know where Memet Ablet and his wife are at the moment, but I know their son Hezritieli Memet had gone through political reeducation at the county Education Center. Then, he was turned over to the custody of the village authorities for detention.”

The official reason for Abla and Rishit’s arrests was not immediately clear.

Hesen Basit, party secretary of Yekshenbe Bazaar’s No. 6 township, told RFA he couldn’t confirm that Memet was being held, but said that the boy had been politically reeducated.

“If he is detained, it is probably to prevent him from talking about his overseas experiences or to find out what he saw in Egypt, in case he didn’t disclose it to the authorities,” he said.

Punished on return

Last week, an activist told RFA that more than 200 Uyghurs detained in Egypt for deportation to China are being held by the country’s national intelligence service, and London-based rights group Amnesty International said the agency’s involvement was a clear indication that Beijing had ordered the roundup.

The Uyghurs, many of them religious students at Al-Azhar, have been detained since July 4, rounded up in restaurants or at their homes, with others seized at airports as they tried to flee to safer countries, sources told RFA in earlier reports.

Dozens of Uyghurs are believed to have already been deported home to China, where rights groups say they face a serious risk of arbitrary detention and torture.

Media reports have quoted officials as denying that Egyptian authorities were targeting Uyghurs and saying that those arrested were brought in for “alleged irregularities in their residency papers,” but Uyghur exile groups and students say the detentions were ordered by China on allegations that they had “joined extremist organizations.”

In March, sources told RFA that 17 Uyghurs had been blacklisted and punished after returning to Kashgar’s Yopurgha county from Egypt.

Chinese authorities detained the father and brother of one student who had yet to return to Yopurgha—22-year-old Ibrahim Memet—in February as part of a bid to force him to return, his mother said at the time.

“Police told us to convince our son to return from Egypt, but we couldn’t contact him,” she said.

“As a result, my husband [Memet Naway] was detained in early February and, 20 days later, my older son [Turghun Memet] was as well. Currently, they are undergoing political reeducation at the county Education Center.”

The ruling Chinese Communist Party blames some Uyghurs for a string of violent attacks and clashes in China in recent years, but critics say the government has exaggerated the threat from the ethnic group, and that repressive domestic policies are responsible for violence that has left hundreds dead since 2009.

China regularly conducts “strike hard” campaigns in Xinjiang, including police raids on Uyghur households, restrictions on Islamic practices, and curbs on the culture and language of the Uyghur people, including videos and other material.

Reported by Shohret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by Alim Seytoff. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Gülmirening Qismiti Uyghurlarning Nöwettiki Ehwalining Inkasi!

Gülmire imin amérika dölet mejlisige qarashliq xitay ishliri komitétining «xitaydiki qehrimanlargha erkinlik!» tizimlikige kirdi.

Gülmire imin amérika dölet mejlisige qarashliq xitay ishliri komitétining «xitaydiki qehrimanlargha erkinlik!» tizimlikige kirdi.

 ppdcecc.gov

Uyghur wijdan mehbusi gülmire iminning menggülük qamaqqa höküm qilinghanliqigha sekkiz yil tolush munasiwiti bilen, amérika diniy étiqad erkinliki komitétining muawin mudiri sandra jolléy xanim özining ochuq xétini élan qildi hemde türmidiki gülmirege medet tilidi. Shuning bilen bille, u ziyaritimiz jeryanida «gülmire imin duch kelgen qismet ayrim bir shexsning ehwali emes, belki pütkül uyghurlarning béshigha kéliwatqan simwolluq halet» dédi.

Uyghur hazirqi zaman tarixidiki zor weqelerdin bolghan ürümchi «5-Iyul weqesi» ge alliqachan sekkiz yil bolghan bolsimu, xitay hökümiti buningdiki nurghun mesililerni tashqi dunyagha ashkarilighini yoq. Ene shu ishlarning biri, shu qétim «zorawanliq heriketlirige qatnashqan» dégen nam bilen türmilerge tashlanghan uyghur siyasiy mehbuslirining kéyinki ehwalidur. «5-Iyul weqesi» din kéyin shu qétimliq namayishni teshkilligüchilerning biri, dégen guman bilen qolgha élinghan hemde muddetsiz qamaqqa höküm qilinghan uyghur qizi gülmire shu qatardiki wijdan mehbuslirining ichide tipik shexslerdin hésablinidu.

Gülmire imin muddetsiz qamaqqa höküm qilinghandin kéyin, alaqidar insan heqliri teshkilatliri we jemiyetliri xitay hökümitige bésim ishlitip, uning türmidiki ehwalini sürüshte qilghan hemde alaqidar mesililer heqqide delil-Ispat körsitishni telep qilghan idi. Shu qatardiki tirishchanliqlarning biri qatarida, bu yil aprélda amérika dölet mejliside ötküzülgen guwahliq bérish yighinida gülmire imin resmiy «wijdan mehbusi» dep élan qilindi. 14-Iyul küni bolsa amérika dölet mejlisige qarashliq xelqara diniy étiqad erkinliki komitétining muawin mudiri sandra jolléy xanim gülmire qolgha élinghanliqining sekkiz yilliq xatire künide ochuq xet yézip uninggha medet tiligen idi.

Bu munasiwet bilen, biz sandra jolléy xanimni bu heqte qisqiche söhbetke teklip qilghinimizda, u aldi bilen meyli gülmire imin bolsun yaki bashqa uyghur siyasiy mehbusliri bolsun, buningda herqachan qanuniy ölchem mesilisining éniq emeslikini tilgha aldi. Uning qarishiche, buningda eng roshen bolghan misallarning biri, téxi yéqinqi ramizan éyi mezgilide uyghurlarning diniy étiqadigha munasiwetlik bir qatar ehwallarning birdinla uyghurlargha «jinayet» békitidighan ölchem bolup qalghanliqini tilgha aldi. U bu heqte mundaq dédi: «men wekillik qiliwatqan wijdan mehbusi gülmire iminning ehwali sizge melumluq: uning ‹jinayiti›ni delilleydighan héchqandaq delil-Ispat bolmighan ehwalda uninggha muddetsiz qamaq jazasi bérildi. Shuning üchün amérika xelqara diniy étiqad erkinliki komitéti bu mesililerni intayin ochuq-Ashkara muzakire qilip kelmekte. Biz sel ilgiriraq mexsus uyghurlarning diniy étiqad erkinliki muzakire qilinghan bir yazma doklat élan qilduq hemde xitay hökümitini uyghurlarning öz öyliridiki xususiy paaliyetlirige arilishiwalmasliqqa chaqirduq. Chünki, ötüp ketken ramizan éyi mezgilide xitay hökümitining yerlik uyghurlargha bésim ishletkenliki, mushu mezgilde herqaysi uyghur aililirige hökümet tereptin belgilep bérilgen ‹tughqanliri› ni méhman qilish wezipisi tapshurulghanliqi, mushu arqiliq ashu aililerning diniy étiqad ehwalini tekshürmekchi bolghanliqi melum boldi. Shuning üchün xitay hökümiti mushundaq kishilerni ‹térrorchi› dep atighanda buning peqet kontrolluq üchün bahane ikenlikini özlirimu yaxshi bilidu. Hazir bu ehwalning barghanséri éghirlap méngiwatqanliqi bizning diqqitimizni tartmaqta. Shuning üchün bu shunchilik éniq bolghan bir hadisidur. Madamiki, bir xelq zulumgha we ézilishke uchraydiken, u halda bu yerde térrorluq mewjut bolmaydu. Eksiche bu peqet xitay dairiliri yolgha qoyuwatqan hakimiyetke yölinip zorluq qilishtin bashqa nerse emes.»

Eyni waqittiki «5-Iyul weqesi» de namayishqa chiqqanlar arisida köp sanda oqughuchilar bar bolup, eyni waqitta gülmire iminge oxshash éghir jazagha muptilar bolghuchilarning ichidimu oqughuchilar mueyyen sanni teshkil qilghanliqi melum. Ene shu xildiki oqughuchilargha eyni waqitta «zorawanliq» qa qatnashqan dégen jinayetler artilghan bolsa, mana emdilikte chetelde oquwatqan uyghur oqughuchilar, bolupmu misirdiki uyghur oqughuchilarni xitay hökümitining «térrorluq» yaki «esebiylik» ke baghlashqa urunuwatqanliqini, uyghur oqughuchilargha artiliwatqan bu xil «jinayetler» ge qandaq qaraydighanliqini sorighinimizda, sandra xanim keskin qilip bu eyibleshlerni qobul qilishqa bolmaydu, dédi. U bu toghriliq mundaq dédi«biz ulargha artilghan eyibleshlerni pütünley ret qilimiz. Chünki, bu eyibleshler pütünley qanunsizdur. Xitay hökümiti hazir izchil halda uyghurlargha yalghan-Yawidaq töhmetlerni chaplawatidu. Ularning özige xas xususiy boshluqida öz diniy étiqadini dawam ettürüshi hazir addiyla qilip ‹térrorluq› bilen eyibliniwatidu. Hazir mesile shuki, nurghun döletler bighubar étiqadqa egeshken yaki mushundaq étiqadlardin behrimen bolghan kishilerni ‹jinayetchi› qilip körsitish üchün térrorluqning sherhisini özgertiwitishke kiriship kétiwatidu. Uyghur musulmanliri del mushuning bir misali. Xitay hökümitining qiliwatqanliri hazir taza uchigha chiqqili turdi. Ular hazir bar eqlini ishqa sélip uyghurlarni kontrol qilishqa hemde ulargha ziyankeshlik qilishqa tutush qiliwatidu.»

Amérika xelqara diniy étiqad erkinliki komitétining siyasiy analizchisi tina mafford yillardin buyan sherqiy asiya rayonidiki siyasiy weziyetni közitip kéliwatqan mutexessis. U yéqinqi mezgilde uyghurlar diyarida yolgha qoyuluwatqan qattiq qolluq siyasetning qurbanliri boluwatqan uyghur wijdan mehbuslirining herqachan xitay hökümitining zulum siyasetlirige qayturulghan inkas süpitide otturigha chiqiwatqanliqini tekitlidi. Shuning üchün u, bu kishilerning qandaq «jinayiti» barliqini tekshürüshtin burun, xitay hökümitining zulum siyasetlirining qaysi teriqide uyghurlarni qarshiliq körsitishke mejbur qilip qoyghanliqini chüshinish lazimliqini tilgha aldi. U bu heqte mundaq dédi: «sizningmu xewiringiz bar. Hazir xitay hökümiti mushu yosunda özlirini atalmish ‹térrorluq› we ‹esebiylik› ke qarshi küreshke atlanduq, dep jakarlawatidu. Emma méningche, töwendiki ikki nuqtidin buni ashu közlengen nishangha yétishtiki toghra usul, déyishke bolmaydu. Birinchi, xitay hökümiti izchil halda özlirining zulum peyda qilish rolini oynawatqanliqini, buning bilen uyghur musulmanlirida ganggirash hemde ghezep peyda qiliwatqanliqini étirap qilmaywatidu. Ikkinchidin, xitay hökümiti yillardin buyan shexslerning xususiy erkinlikige yatidighan nersilernimu ‹térrorluq› qa baghlap kéliwatidu. Mesilen, yéqinqi mezgilde bashlanghan saqal qoyush yaki yaghliq chigish dégendek ishlar, shuningdek diniy ipadige yatidighan bashqa xil amillar mushundaq boluwatidu. Tebiiyki, mushundaq sharaitta ganggirashning köplükidin néme qilishini bilelmey qalghan bezi shexslerning bu ehwallargha zorluq küchi arqiliq inkas qayturushi royapqa chiqip qalidu. Emma bu peqet xitay hökümiti ijad qilghan zulum siyasetlirige qayturulghan inkas, xalas. Shuning üchün bu ishlarning hemmisige xitay hökümitining ‹ijadiyet› liri jawabkar bolushi lazim.»

Wijdan mehbusi gülmire iminning xalisane adwokatliqini qiliwatqan sandra jolléy xanim bu heqtiki mesililerge toluqlima süpitide bizge ewetken tékistlik uchurida munu nuqtini tekitleydu:«gülmire shu tapta köz aldimda peyda bolsidi, men shadiyaniliqqa tolghan köz yashlirimni tutalmighan halda uni quchaqlighan bolattim. U men üchün bekmu heqiqiy menidiki insandur. Téximu muhimi u xitay hökümitining zulum iskenjiside ingrawatqan bir xelqning simwolluq obrazidur!»

 Eziz

Liyu Shawbo Ölmidi, 1,35 Milyard Xitayning Wijdani Öldi

 

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Autori: Mehmetimin Hezret

Liyushawbo ölmidi, 1,35 milyard xitayning wijdani öldi

Liyushawbo xitayning lyawning ölkisi panjing turmisida jismani we meniwiy azab tartiwatqan künlerning biride nobil mukapatigha layiq körüldi. Mukapat murasimida a’ilidin mukapatni alidighan héchkim yoq idi. Chünki, liyushawboning ayali liyusha béyjingdiki öyidin élinip bilinmigen bir yerde polis nazariti astida tutuliwatatti. Dunya medyasi liyushawbo we liyusha toghruluq uzun bir mezgil héchqandaq melumatqa érishelmidi. 2017.yili 6.ayning 26. Küni liyawning ölkilik turma idarisi torida,liyushaoboning jiger raki bilen aghrighanliqi seweplik doxturxanida dawalinishigha ruxset bérilgenliki xewer qilindi. Shinyang tip uniwérsitét doxturxanisida dawaliniwatqanlighi bildürülgen liyushawboni körgen her qandaq bir yéqini weyaki jornalist bolmidi. Chünki, doxturxana etirapida yüzligen resmi, minglighan puxrache kiyin’gen xitay saqchilar bar idi

Amérika we girmaniyedin mutexessis doxturlar keldi. Liyushawboning amérikidiki awdukati, uni chet’elge élip kélish üchün ambulans ayrupilan hazir halette kütüp turuwatqanliqini bildürdi. Pütün dunyaning diqqiti liyushawbogha merkezleshken bolsimu xitayning perwayi pelek idi. 2017.yili 7. Ayning 13. Küni liyushawboning wapat bolghanlighi doxturxana torida xewer qilindi. Ayali liyusha, liyushawboning jesitini tonglitip birishni telep qilghan bolsimu, xitay hökümiti aldirap, saldirap jesetni köydürüp külini liyushagha tutquzup qoydi.61 yashliq liyushawboning ölümi dunyani zilzilge keltürgen bolsimu, xitayda ölüm xewirimu bérilmidi.xitay jemiyitining perwayi pelek idi

Liyushagha yoldishi liyushawboning köydürülgen jesidining küli birildi

Liyushawbo hayatini xitay millitining erkinliki we xitay dölitining démokratiyilishishi üchün atighan bir uniwérsitét mu’ellimi we meshhur jama’et erbabi idi. Ömrining yérimidin köprekini saqchi nazariti we turmilarda ötküzgen liyushawbo pütün dunya rehberliri we medyaning tirishchanliq körsitishige qarimay eng axirqi nepsigiche erkinlikke érishelmey bu dünya bilen widalashti. Ayali liyushaning yalwirishlirigha qarimay jinaze murasimi ötküzüshke ruxset qilinmidi. Liyushawboning ölügidinmu qorqqan xitay hökümiti, uning külini mejburi déngizge töktürüwetti. Liyushawbo tunji qétim nobil mukapatigha érishken xitay puxrasi idi. Bu pütün xitay milliti iptixarlinidighan bir sherep idi. Biraq nobil mukapati xitay sharayitida liyushawboning téximu köp we éghir azap tartishigha, téximu burun ölüp kétishige sewep bolushtin bashqa ishqa yarimidi

Liyushawbo xitaydiki diktaturluq tüzümni özgertish üchün küresh qilatti.amma, zorawanliq ishlitishke qet’i qarshi idi. Tinich yol bilen mesilini hel qilish terepdari idi. Xitay kommunistik partiyisi bolsa zorawanliq yoli bilen hakimiyet béshigha kelgen we zorawanliq wastisi bilen hakimiyet yürgüzüwatqan bir partiye idi
Liyushawboning ”méning düshminim yoqtur“ deydighan meshhur bir maqalisi bar bolup, xitay kommonistik partiyisini düshmen süpitide körmeytti. Biraq xitay dölitining eng qorqunuchluq ichki düshmini liyushawbo idi. Xitay dunyaning 2. Büyük ixtisadi küchige aylandi. Qolida atom, wodorod bombiliri bar. Xoshna döletlerge wehime sélip turiwatidu. Biraq liyushawbo wehimisidin ölgidek qorqti. Nimishke? Chünki, xitay dölitide kuch bar, amma heqiqet yoq. Liyushawboda bolsa kuch yoq,amma heqiqet bar idi. Axiri uni öltürüp, jesidini köydürüp, külini kökke soriwétip xatirjem boldi. Xitay koministik partiyisi ”iraq-sham islam döliti“ térror teshkilatining dölet sheklini alghan bir yüzidur. ”iraq-sham islam döliti“ térror teshkilati jinayetni ashkare qilidu. Xitay kommonistik partiyisi oxshash jinayetni mexpi qilidu. Perqi buningdin ibaret

Liyushawbo eyni zamanda bir uyghur dostidur. U, 2000. Yili 11. Ayda ”öz teqdirini özi belgileshning huquqi“ selewhilik qisqa bir maqalisini élan qilghan idi. Maqalida, uyghur we tibetliklerge wede qilghan heqiqi aptonomiyeni birish kérekligini, buning üchün hökümetning uyghur we tibetlikler bilen teng- barawerlik sherti astida tekrar muzakire üstilige olturup kélishim hasil qilish kérekliki tekitlen’gen. Liyushawbo ilham toxtiningmu yéqin dosti idi. Liyushawbo 2009.yili eng axirqi qétim qolgha élinip 11 yilliq qamaq jazasi birilgen sotta sotlan’ghanda, uninggha artilghan jinayetliridin birsi ”bölgünchilerni wetenni parchilashqa quturtush jinayiti“ idi ömrining axirqi 8 yilini turmida jismani azab ichide ötküzgen liyushawbo, uyghurlar üchün heq gep qilghanliqi üchün téximu köp azab chékishke mejbur qalghan xitay ziyalisidur

Xitay kommunistik partiyisi hakimiyiti, dölet kuchini xelqni ézish üchün ishlitishini bashqurush mahariti dep sanaydighan, kibirlik we shepqetsizligi ispatlan’ghan qanxor hakimiyettur. Bu hakimiyetning liyushawbogha bolghan shepqetsiz mu’amilisi xitay kommonistik partiyisining xaraktérining eks étishidur. Biraq bir milyard 350 milyon xitay xelqi héchbir zaman, héchbir yerde liyushawbogha bolghan hésdashliqini körsetmesliki ejeblinerlik hadise. 2009.yili 12.ayning 25.küni liyushawbo béyjing 1.ottura sot mehkimiside 11 yilliq qamaq jazasigha hüküm qilin’ghan jeryanni tor arqiliq sa’etmu, sa’et küzitip turghan idim. Shu küni sot binasi aldigha 100 dek adem toplan’ghan bolup, 70 etrapidiki kishi gherb döletlirining bash elchilik xadimliri we jornalistliri idi. Liyushawboni qollighuchi xitaylardin 30 dek aktiwist bar idi. Kuch aldida tiz pükiydighan xitay xelqining heqiqetni himaye qilish tuyghusining tamamen ölgenlikige intayin échin’ghan idim. Xitay millitining erkinliki üchün hayatini pida qilghan bu yolbashchisi turmida süyiqest bilen ölümge yollan’ghanliqigha qarshi milyonlighan xitay puxrasi sheher, sheherde namayishqa chiqidu, dep oylighan idim. Biraq, xitay sheherlirining migh, migh adem bilen tolghan kochilirida pul üchün ölüp tirilishige qarimay chépip yürgen xitay milliti mensuplirining xiyalida liyushawboning yoqlighi körüldi. Birmunchilighan xitay puxrasi liyushawboning kim ikenlikidin xewersiz idi. Xitayda ölgen liyushawbo emes, belki 1 milyart 350 milyon nupsqa ige xitay xelqining wijdani idi

Xitaylar özlirining 3 ming yilliq yazma tarixi barliqini ilgiri sürüp kelmekte. Tarixtin biri xitay hakimiyetliri xelqni ézip kelgen zor bir zulum wasitisidur. Dölet xelqni qanchilik qattiq ezse, xelq döletni shunche qabiliyetlik dep hisaplighan we shunche hörmet körsitip kelgen.2 ming yilliq tarixi ötmüshi bolghan kungzi pelsepisining nigizide ”maslishish“ sözi yatidu. Maslishish, döletke maslishishni meqset qilidu. Xitay xelqi tarixtin beri ”maslishish“ni, buyunduriqigha ashiq öküz bolush, dep chüshünüp kelgen

Kéyinki 500 yil ichide medeniy dunya 838 keshpiyatini ijat qildi we insaniyetning tereqqiyatigha ghayet zor töhpe qoshti. Biraq bu 838 keshpiyatning birsimu xitay millitige mensup emes. Néme üchün? Chünki, xitayda erkin insan bolghan emes. Keshpiyat yaritish üchün aldi bilen insanning rohi erkin bolishi shert. Rohi erkin insan qorqumsiz erkin tepekkur qilalaydu. Erkin herket qilalaydu. Insan rohi qullashturulghan héchbir dölette keshpiyat yaritalaydighan alimlar chiqmidi we chiqishimu mumkin emes. Xitaylar, gherp döletliri 300 yilda ijat qilghan keshpiyatlirini 30 yilda köchürüp özleshtürüp bolghanlighi bilen nahayiti pexirlinip maxtinidu. (eslide maxtinish emes, xijilliq hés qilishi kérek idi) xitay milliti erkinlikni emes, bayashatliqi tallap ilgirlewatidu. Shunglashqa xitay millitining meniwiy éhtiyaji bolghan erkinliki üchün hayatini pida qilghan we dunyada hörmetke sazawer bolup nobil mukapatigha érishken liyushawboning xitay xelqi neziride héchqandaq qimmitining bolmighanliqigha heyran bolushqa kérek yoqtur

Men, uyghurlarning xitaylar bilen bille yashiyalmaydighanlighini ispatlaydighan ming maddiliq sewebni otturigha qoyalaymen. Liyushawboning tiradigiyelik hayati we paji’elik ölümi biz uyghurlarning xitaylar bilen bille yashiyalmaydighanliqimizning bashqa bir delilidur
Sherqi türkistanda xitay hökümiti milliy qirghinchiliq siyasitini ashkare yürgüziwatidu. Wetinimizge köchürüp kélin’gen xitay köchmenler, xitay dölitining medetkarliqi bilen uyghurlarni yüreklik halda bolang- talang qilmaqta. Uyghurlarni büzek qilishtin numus his qilghan xitay yoq diyerlik. Ürümchide jangxeytaw isimliq bir xitay yash, xitay hakimiyitining uyghurlargha qaratqan milliy ayrimchiliq siyasitini tenqit qilip yazghan maqalisini chet’eldiki ijtima’iy taratqularda élan qilghanliqi üchün 2016.yili 1. Ayda ürümchi ottura sot mehkimisiteripidin ”bölgünchilerni wetenni bölüshke qutratquluq qilish jinayiti“ bilen eyiblep 19 yilliq qamaq jazasigha höküm qildi. Öyini tartiwélip ayali li eyji’eni 6 ayliq balisi bilen kochigha heydep chiqardi. Li eyji’ege heqsiz öy bergen we uninggha pul yardem qilghan uyghurlar bugün turmida. Yurtimizdiki köchmen xitaylar jangxeytawni ijtima’iy taratqularda ”xitay millitining xa’ini, milliy munapiq“ dep haqaretlep minglighan yazmilar yazdi. Xitay dölitining resmi istatikisida sherqi türkistandiki xitay nopusi 10 milyon dep körsitilmekte. Eger kün kéilip yurtimizda acharchiliq apiti yüz berse, xitay hökümiti, uyghurlarni öltürüp yésenglar bolidu, dise, xitay köchmenliri arisidin ”bularmu insan. Nimishke öltürup yeyluq?“ deydighanlar bek az chiqishi mumkin we köpchiliki qollirigha qural élip uyghurlarni yawayi haywanlarni öwlighandek owlash üchün hujum qilishi mumkin. Zadi, xitayning klassis esiri “su boyida” dégen romanda adem göshining qanchilik lezzetlik ikenliki toghrisida tepsili teswirler mewjut. Xitayda adem göshi yéyish 1960. Yillarghiche dawam qilip kelgen. 2014.yili guwangjuda adem göshide kawap ,manta qilip satqan bir guruh qolgha chüshürülgenlikini xitay medyasi ashkarilidi

Biz uyghurlar, liyushawbogha oxshash nami dunyagha meshhur bir ziyaliy we yol bashchisining béshini yégen xitay dölitini qollighan, heqiqet terepte emes, kuchluqlar teripide turidighan, heqqaniyet tuyghusidin mehrum bir millet bilen bir dölette yashiyalmaymiz. Chünki, ölgen nobil mukapatigha érishken liyu shawbo emes, belki bir milyard 350 milyon nopusluq xitay xelqining wijdandur. Wijdanni yoqatqan jem’iyet insanliq süpitini yoqatqan jemiyettur. Insanliq xususiyiti yoqitilghan xelqler insaniyet medeniyitini weyran qilghuchi apettur. Gétlér fashistliri medeniyetlerni yoq qilish üchün yolgha chiqmighanmidi? Bügün sherqtin kötürülgen xitay kommunist fashistliri biz uyghurlarning parlaq medeniyitini yuqutush üchün pütün dolet küchini seperwer qiliwatmamdu? Barliq uyghur ewladliri shuni isidin chiqarmasliqi lazim,; Xitay boyunturuqidin qutulmay turup uyghur millitining milliy mewjudiyiti kapaletke ige bolmaydu. Bügün bizning öz özimizdin soraydighan so’alimiz, qachan qutulimiz? Emes, qutulush üchün özimizni qandaq hazirlaymiz? Bolishi kérek

Turkchidin terjime qilghichi: bextiyar nijat

Menbeler

中国著名异见人士、诺贝尔和平奖得主刘晓波于2017年7月13日因病去世,终年61岁。

刘晓波:中国无法抹走的人物

刘晓波:自治的权利

刘晓波最后的陈述:我没有敌人

新疆异议人士张海涛二审再延期

1949年后中国的人吃人事件(一)

1949年后中国的人吃人事件(二)

1949年后中国的人吃人事件(三)

1949年后中国的人吃人事件(四)

1949年后中国的人吃人事件(五)

 

http://www.uyghurnet.org/ug

 

Uyghuristan we Sherqiy Türkistan Atalghusi Heqqide!

Mana bu töwendikisi Uyghur Qeshqeriye dewlitining xeritisi! Mana bu Uyghuristan xelqige xuda teripidin irade qilinghan qutsal tupraqlardur!

Büyük Uyghuristan
Metbuatlarda we xeliq arisida qolluniliwatqan Uyghuristan we Sherqiy Türkistan dégen atalghularning her ikkisi birla menani bildüridighan isimlardur. Menisi Uyghurlarning Ata miras wetini, dégenliktur.
Bu ikki isimni qachandin tartip, kimlerning qollanghanliqini bilishtin awal, bu isimlarning nime üchün qollunilghanliqini bilish intayin muhim.
Bu isimlarni kishiler Uyghurlarning ejdatliridin tartip yashap kelgen ata miras qutsal tupraqlirini ipadilesh üchün qollunup kelgen.Her ikkisi Uyghurlarning wetini degenni bidüridu.
Birinchi dunya Urushidin ilgiri dunyani padishahlar hakimiyet ewlattin ewlatqa miras qalidighan manarxist tüzümler bilen idare qilip kelgen. Padishahliq tüzümning tereqqiyatigha egiship az sandiki baylar bilen köp sandiki namratlarning, az sandiki küchlük milletler bilen köp sandiki ajiz milletlerning ottursidiki periq chonguyup ketkechke hel qilghili bolmaydighan ziddiyetler ortigha chiqip, insanlar kirzis ichige patqanidi.
Shu dewirning serxilliri bolupmu ilghar milletler we ézilgen milletlerning munewerlri insanlarning béshigha kelgen kirzislarni hel qilishning yolliri heqqide izdinip, bezi nezeriyelerni otturgha qoyushqan.
Ilghar pikirlik milletler we shexisler:
Yüje rabbimizning qutsal iradisini yer sharigha hakim qilish;
ilim-penni tebiyetlerni, milletlerni we jemiyetlerni ilmiy rewishte pilanlashqa xizmet qildurush;
Ériqlarning, milletlerning, medeniyetlerning, dinlarning we köp xil tillarning ortaq güllinishige kapaletlik qilish;
Din we diniy jemiyetlering hemde peodalliq sistem teripidin himaye astigha élinghan aq söngeklerning tarixtin kelgen hakim mutleqliqige chek qoyush;
Yer sharidiki maddiy we meniwiy bayliqlardin teng behrimen bolup, ézish-ézilish bolmighan, bay bilen kembigheller ottursidiki periq eng zor derijide azayghan dunya berpa qilish;
Milletler ara hemkarliq, medeniyetler ara dostluq we dinlar ara diyalogni yolgha qoyup, urush qaynap ketken, milletler ara düshmenlik sewebidin qan kölige aylinip ketken dunyada tinchliqni emelge ashurush;
Qatarliq aily ghayiler asasida bir qatar pilanlarni tüzüp chiqqan.
Tüzüp chiqilghan pilanlarda ériqchiliq we Émperiyalizimgha qarshi turup, hoquqning yerlik milletlerge yaki yerlik milletlerge temsilchilik qilalaydighan milletlerge ötüshini tizlitish, peodalliq sistimini axirlashturup, jumhuriyetchilik tüzülmisige qanun arqiliq kapaletlik qilidighan kapitalistik yaki sotsiyalistik tüzümni tiklesh, diniy islahatlarni élip bérip, özini tengrining wekili, dunyaning igisi dewatqanlarning qolidiki hakimiyetni xeliqning yeni milletning démokrattik ussulda saylap chiqqan temsilchillirining qoligha tutquzush qatarliqlar yer alghan.
Wetinimizde islam sheriyiti bilen bashqurulidighan Uyghur Qeshqeriye Dewliti qurulghan dewirde xelqarada alla burun uninggha oxshaydighan sistimidiki chong-kichik dewletlerge keng-kölemde hojum bashlanghan alahiyde bir zaman idi. Yer sharida yéngidin yolgha qoyulghan bu sistémni Engilizlar, Gérmanlar we Gérman Jehudilliri (Ashkinazileri) qurup chiqqan. Bu dunyaning yéngi kün tertiwini belgüleydighan sistem Quyash Patmas émperiye dep atalghan Büyük Bértaniye émperiyesining bayriqi astida yolgha qoyulghan bolup, axirda hetta özliriningmu esirlep dawam qilghan jahangirlik enenisini yoqutiwétishnimu büyük meqsetlirining biri qilip qoyushqan idi.
Xelqaradiki insanperwerlikni, teng-barawerlikni, iqtisadiy tereqiyatni we ilim-penning tereqqiyatini ilgiri sürüp yer shari xaraktérliq yéngi tertip ornutushtin ibaret bu ulughwar pilanning türtkiside Babur émaratorluqi, Menching émperaturliqi, Charrusiye émperatorliqi, Fransiye Émparatorluqi, Osmaniye Émparatorliqi, Ispanie émparatorluqi qatarliq yüzligen munarxist tüzümler -Elbette özini Osmaniye émparatorluqining Sheriqtiki Parchisi dep atighan – Sherqiy Türkistan Qeshqeriye dewlitimu shu qatarda – aghdurulup ketti! Bu sistem dunyadiki melum bir dingha étiqat qilidighanlarning birliship bir dewlet qurushinila emes belki bir-biridn uzaq bolsimu bir tilda sözlishidighan milletlerningmu bir dewlet qurushini chetke qaqatti.
Shundaq bir xelqaraliq teqezza sewebidin pütün dunyaning eng serxil küchliri alla burunla yene qanche esir ilgirila dunyani bir yaki birqanche qutup arqiliq emes belki birqanche yüz hetta birqanche ming qutup arqiliq bashqurushni riyalliqqa aylandurushtin ibaret yéngi dunya tertiwi üchün küresh qiliwatidu!
Bu pilan yeni dunyawiy yéngi tertipni ishqa ashurush üchün qolluniliwatqan charilerni biz yipidin-yingnisighiche eynen éytip bérelmeymiz. Emma biz Uyghuristanliqlarningmu dunyawiy yéngi tertip ornitiwatqanlarning qatarida rol éliwatqanliqimizni unutmasliqimiz lazim!
Hemmidin échinishliq we tiragédiyelik bolghini bu yéngi dunyawiy sistémda yéngi Türükler, Yéngi Xitaylar,Yéngi Erepler we yéngi Yaponlar dunyagha keldi, emma yéngi Uyghurlar dunyagha kélelmidi.
Biz bezide bu chong sinariyede ijabiy personajning rolini alsaq, bezide selbiy personajning rolini éliwatimiz!Biz ularning ghayisi terepdari bolsaq alidighan rolimiz ijabiy, eger ularning yer shari xaraktérliq ghayisige qarshi tereptin chiqsaq rolimiz selbiy terepte bolidu. Hazirghiche ulargha qarshi turup ayaqata qalghan bir küch yoq! Büyük Bértaniye émparatorluqi, Charrussiye émparaturliqi, Menching émparaturliqi hetta shu dewletlerni yoq qiliwétish üchün özliri qurup chiqqan Sowetlar hakimiyitinimu öz ghayisige uyghun halda 20din artuq dewletke parchilap özi yiqitti!
Uyghur xelqimu eshu Rusche ittipaq we Xitayche ittipaqning rol alidighan sehnilerge yerleshtürülgen bolup, xelqara tertipke uyghun herket qilsa teqdiri Qazaq we Qirghizlarningkidek, xelqara tertipke qarshi herket qilsa teqdiri Mungghul yaki manjularningkidek bir terep qilinidu, dep qarap kélindi.
Menbelerge qarighanda Sherqiy Türkistan digen söz, Osmaniye émparatorliqining Sherqiy Girwiki, dégenni bildüridu. Bu isim ikki esirdin béri peqet chellide at chapturiwatqan Anadolu türüklirini xushal qilghanni hésapqa almighanda pütün dunya xelqini yetküche biaram qilghanni az dep kéyinki yérim esirde milliy musteqilliqini ming teste qolgha alghan Qazaq, Qirghiz, Üzbek, Türükmen we Tajikistan qatarliq türükiy qewimlernimu yetküdek sarasimge salmaqta!
Dunyadiki Uyghurlardin bashqa hemme milletler dunyawiy yéngi tertipte, xelqara éqimgha masliship özilirining yerlik milliy salahiyetliri arqiliq rol éliwatidu we menggü shundaq bolushni xalawatidu! Uyghurlar bolsa weziyet we dewirning arqisida qalghan muziy milletlirining qatarida din we ériq bayriqini kötüriwalghachqa, qeyerge barsa burnigha yep tarixta tikligen shanliq namini bir pulgha alghusiz qiliwaldi.
Ilim-pen sahemizde érqiy, diniy we milliy meselilerni xelqara sewiyede pilanliyalaydighan bir qoshunni téxiche berpa qilalmighanliqimizdin milliy inqilawimizning kursi chüshüp, bizni hichkim himaye qilmaydighan düshmen milletke aylinip qalduq!
Hazirqi dewletler milliy kimliki, medeniyiti, til-yéziqi we qanuniy heq-hoquqliri tehditke uchrighan, ang sewiyesi yoquri, érqiy, diniy, kultural we siyasiy meselilerde özini-özi idare qilalaydighan, bashqa milletlerni, dinlarni, medeniyetlerni we xelqara nazuk munasiwetlerni xelqara qanunlarning yol qoyghan dairiside bir terep qilalaydighan xeliqlerge uyghun körüliwatidu!
Bizdek tikishi bilen söküshining perqi yoq, ang sewiye jehette bekla dunyaning arqisida qalghan yüriki érqiy öchmenlik, diniy kemsitish we medeniyet jehettiki yeklimichilik bilen tolghanlar yoq qiliwétilish obyekti qilinghan milletler qatarigha kirgüzüp qoyulghandur! Shu seweptin bizning milliy inqilawimiz dunyawiy tinichliq, milletler ara dostluq we dinlar ara diyalogqa qarshi dep qaralghachqa qollashqa érishelmeywatidu.Bizge oxshash milliy édiologiyside ottura esirdiki diniy we érqiy belgülerni asasiy pelesepe qilghan peodalliq késilidin 21-yüz yildimu qutulalmighan orta esir milletlirining teqdiri bashqiche pilanlanghan bolup, zorawan millet teripidin qattiq basturup milliy, diniy we medeniyet alahiydilikini tüptin özgertip mejburiy shekilde assimilatsiyege ittiriwétishtur!
Biz atalirimizdin miras qalghan qutsal tupraqlirimizni jasaret bilen Uyghuristan, dep atayalmisaq milliy inqilap meghlup bolidu.Türük-Islam dunyasi eng köp bolghandimu kélgüsi 50 yil ichide texminen 2 milyon kuwadirat kélométir kilidighan zimindin we 30 milyonluq nopusidin quruq qalidu.Biz elbette bashqa milletlerning we arimizdin chiqqan pen alimlirining wetinimizni siyasiy, ilmiy we jughrapiylik éhtiyaj sewebidin Sherqiy Türkistan, Doghu Türkistan, East Türkistan we Osttürkistan dep atishighimu qarshi emes! Démekchi bolghinimiz wetinimizning mubarek ismini mumkin bolghan barliq imkanlar bilen Uyghur we Uyghuristandiki qérindash milletlerning tilida Uyghuristan, dep élishni offitsiyel shekilde talash-tartish we muressesiz halda békitiwitishimiz lazim!
Qazaqlar, Özbekler we bashqa milletler bizning wetinimizni qaysi nam bilen atishimizgha resmiy arlishalmaydu. Xeliq arisida ziddiyetlik pikirler otturgha chiqqini bilen waqitning ötüshi bilen heqiqet hemme kishi teripidin ortaq qobul qilinidu! Wetinimizdiki qérindash xeliqlerning qilidighan ikki milliy mejburiyiti bar: 1- Uyghuristanda Uyghurlarning jamaet pikirige boy sunush, 2- Özlirining étnik namida qurulghan qérindash jumhuriyetlerde shu yerdiki qérindashlirining rayigha masliship yashash.
Biz Uyghurlar tarixtin béri qérindash xeliqlerge öz xelqimizdek muamile qilip kelduq. Biz Uyghurlar tarixtin buyan köp xil milletler, dinlar we medeniyetlerning birlik we barawerlikini qoghdap kelduq! Bundin kéyinmu shundaq bolidu. Wetinimzdiki qan-qérindashlirimizning uxlimay chüsh körmeslikini, jiddiy siyasiy meselilerde Uyghuristanni Uyghur xelqidek pidakarliq bilen qoghdishini, nazuk xelqara meselilerde hésiyat, oy-pikir we ijtimayi jehetlerde özini xuddi qérindash Türkiy jumhuriyettiki uyghurlardek Uyghuristanning heqiqi temsilchilliri kimlikide yeni Uyghur dep étirap qilishini semimiy iltimas qilimiz!
Dunyada ikki Türkiye, Ikki Qazaqistan, ikki Üzbekistan bolmaydu. Uyghurlar barliq musteqil dewliti bar bolghan étnik topluqlardin periqliq bolghan étnik, kultural, diniy we érqiy alahiydiliklerge ige xeliq bolup ne xitaylar dewatqandek xitaylarning , ne arimizdiki ayrim sandiki diwenglik késilige giriptar bolghan bayqushlar dewatqandek türük millitimu emes!
Uyghurlar étnik, érqiy, diniy, til-yéziq we kultural tereptin bashqa herqandaq xeliqlerdin alahiyde periqlinip turidighan bir türkiy xeliq. Bizning siyasiy tereptin Xitaylar bilen, Étnik tereptin Türükler bilen, Din Tereptin Erepler bilen ayrim dewlet bolushimizgha tosqunluq qilghudek alahiyde bir alaqimiz yoq!
Uyghurlar milliy herkitide emel qiliwatqan pirinsipalliq meseliler uyghurlarning milliy mawjutluqi, étnik menpeetliri, til-yéziqi we medeniyitidin halqip ketken xelqaraliq meseliler bolghachqa, bu ishlarni Qazaq we Qirghizlarningkidek bir terep qilishta Uyghuristan xelqining arisida we xelqara jemiyette put tirep turghudek ammiwiy asasimiz yoq!
Biz ang-sewiye tereptin dunyawiy yéngi tertipke masliship mangalmighachqa birinchi we ikkinchi jumhuriyitimiz xitaylarning qoli arqiliq xuddi eshu bexitsiz Uyghur Qeshqeriye Dewlitidekla böshügide ojuqtiriwétildi.
Meselen ikkinchi jahan urushidin kéyin qurulghan dewletlerning hemmisi melum bir milletning meheliwiy til-yéziqi, medeniyti, örpi-aditi, milliy xaraktérni alghan-milliy medeniyiti bilen chirmiship ketken-diniy étiqadi we insaniy qanuniy hoquqlirini qoghdash üchün boldi.
Bizning milliy inqilawimizda Uyghurizimchiliq aldinqi pilan qilinip, qalghan itnik topluqlargha barawer muamile qilidighanliqimiz ekis etken weten ismi, bayraq we jumhuriyet sheklini alghan dewletchilik iddiysi ortaq étirap qilinmighachqa, dunyada téxi bizni mukemmel bir millet süpitide étirap qilidighanlarning sani anche köp emes! Biz addiysi hazirghiche dewlet belgüsi yeni giribi süpitide allaqachan yerlikige qoyulup kelmeske ketken Osmaniye Émparatorluqining dewlet armasini ishlitiwatimiz!
Biz wetinimizni Uyghuristan, milletning ismini Uyghur, dewlet tilini Uyghur tili, dewletni jumhuriyet , tüzümni barliq millet, din we kulturlarni qoghdaydighan démokirattik dep ochuq békitmigiche, erkinlik we hüriyetimizge asanliqche érishelmeymiz! Hermmidin muhimi xelqaradiki izzet-nepsimizni, wijdan-ghururimizni we shan-sheripimizni eng töwen derijide bolsimu qoghdiyalmaymiz!
Meselen: Anglashlargha qarighanda mekkidiki Uyghur Qeshqeriye Dewliti wexpisige Özbekler bilen Türkistanliqlar kirsun dep yézip qoyushuptudek. Bu yerde Uyghur Qeshqeriye Dewlitini issiq qanliri bilen qurghan Uyghurlarni hichnimige ige qilishmaydiken! Mana bu intayin yaxshi bir selbiy deris boluptu.Buningdin milliy kimlikini ochuq bekitelmigenlerning izzet-hürmitiningmu éniq békitilmeydighanliqi éniq körünüp turuptu.
Moshundaq qilishqanliri yaxshi boptu!
Uyghurlar közini achmisa rastinla bolmaydu! Beziler biz Sherqiy Türkistan dégen isimni özgertiwetsek Qazaqlar, Qirghizlar, Tajiklar we Munghullar nime deydu,-deydiken. Bizche biz Xinjang we Sherqiy Türkistan dégen düshmenler bizge tangghan bu isimlarni Uyghuristangha özgertiwetsek milletchi xitaylar, milletchi Qazaqlar, milletchi Qirghizlar, Milletchi Mungghullar, milletchi Tajiklar buningdin xushal bolidu! Eger xushal bolmisa Xtay dewlitidiki bashqa milletler qandaq qilghan bolsa shundaq qilidu…Qazaqistandiki Uyghurlar qandaq qilghan bolsa shundaq qilidu, Üzbekistandiki Uyghurlar qandaq qilghan bolsa shundaq qilidu!
Biz Sherqiy Türkistan digen isim üchün küresh qilamduq yaki wetinimizde özimizni özimiz idare qilidighan igilik hoquqluq bir dewlet üchün küresh qilamduq!?
Eger xitay mustemlikisidin azat bir dewlet qurulidighanla ish bolsa qandaq isimda bolishi muhim emes. Lékin dunyada herqandaq bir millet özining siyasiy, iqtisadiy we memuriy teqdirini özi yalghuzla belgüliyelmeydu.Dunyaning yéngi tertiwide Qazaqlarning, Qirghiz we Üzbeklerning meselisi qandaq bir terep qilinghan bolsa- Eger biz érqiy, étnik, diniy we kultural tereplerdin xataliship ketmigen teqdirde-Bizning teqdirimizmu shundaq békitilgen. Dimekchi bolghinimiz Uyghurlarning 10,000 yilliq qutsal tupraqlirida xitayistlar dewatandek xitay bilen qandash 14 millet, Pantürkistler dewatandek peqet Uyghurlarla emes belki yene….Pan islamistlar dewatqandek peqet Uyghurlam emes musulman uyghur yaki kapirlar….hetta Uyghurdin bashqa 100 millet bolup ketken…yene neler….bolghan teqdirdimu, bu yerde axirqi qararni bergüchi biz Uyghurlar bolimiz! Bizning sewebimizdin bu qutsal tupraqlarda bir dewlet qurulidu yaki bir millet yaki birqanche millet halak bolidu!
Eger Uyghurlar bu qutsal tupraqlarni Uyghuristan deyishke bugün jüret qilalmisa, undaq bir purset ikkinchi qétim hergiz kelmeydu.
Türük tupraqlirida yéngiche milliy namlar bilen qurulghan dewletler dunyaning bizge qilghan isharitidur!
Tengri biz uyghurlargha wede qilghan eshu eziz tupraqlarni Uyghuristan, digenlik beziler dégendek türüklikimizdin tanghanliq emes, beliki heqiqi ige chiqqanliq bolidu!
Uyghur digen söz bilgen ademler üchün yene bir shekildiki türük digen sözdur! Her ikkisining menisi bir. Emma Uyghurlar ejdadimiz Oghuz Kahanning bayriqi astigha toplanghan sheherleshken Türük qebililerlerning siyasiy ittipaqini körsütidu!
Uyghur Qeshqeriye Dewliti ornigha kelgüside bir künler kélip, Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti qurulghan teqdirdimu Uyghurning düshmenliri Uyghurlarni ushbu dewletke yenila ige qilishmaydu!
Bashqa yene bir achchiq heqiqet hem shuki Uyghurlar xeritidiki eshu eziz wetinini Uyghuristan nami bilen atimighan muddetche, ushbu Jughrapiyede Sherqiy Türkistan dep bir dewlet hem qettiy qurulmaydu!
Chünki Uyghurlarning 10 ming yilliq qutsal tupraqlirida eshu Sherqiy Türkistan namdiki bir dewlet qurulup qalmisun, dep arzu qilghan emperiyalist küchler wetinimiz Uyghuristanni bilip turup Sherqiy Türkistan, dep atighan we xelqimiz shu asasta qobul qilishqa mejbur bolghan!
Beziler millitim türük, dinim islam wetinim Sherqiy Türkistan degen shuarni yene küchep towlighili turdi. Ular Sherqiy Türkistan milliy kimliki dégen waqti ötken bir nersini bazargha séliwatidu. Sherqiy Türkistan milliy kimliki dep bir kimlik yoq! Uyghur dawasi digenlik nahayiti chong bir xataliq bolupla qalmay belki milliy dawamizgha qilinghan bir xiyanettur…Sherqiy Türkistan dawasi digenlikmu oxshashla xata bolup, bu Uyghur wetinide qurulidighan dewletni édiologiye tereptin xitylargha paydiliq shekilde yoqqa chiqiridu! Bizning dawayimiz Uyghuristandiki xitay milliy mustemlikisidin qutulushni xalaydighan barliq xeliqlerning yeni Uyghurlarni merkez qilghan Uyghuristan millitige ortaq bolghan xeliqlerning ortaq bolghan milliy herkitidur!Biz peqet Uyghurlar üchünla emes, özlirini Uyghuristan milliti deydighan yéngi bir millet üchün küresh qilimiz! Bu yéngi milletning terkiwide wetinimizge sadiq bolghan, Uyghuristanliq bolghanliqidin pexirlinidighan, xitaylarning milliy zulumigha chish tirniqighiche qarshi bolghan Uyghur we Türkiy bolmighan xeliqlermu bar bolishi mumkin…Hetta biz bilen hayat-mamatta birge bolushqa emeliy herkiti bilen qesem ichken we emeliy sinaqlardin ötken xitaylarmu shuning ichde…
Xitay tajawuzchilliri teripidin eziz wetinimiz Uyghuristangha bérilgen Xinjang digen isim milliy inqilawimiz üchün qanchilik ziyanliq bolghan bolsa, Sherqiy Türkistan degen isimmu shuninggha yete qopa derijide milliy inqilawimiz üchün paydisiz bolup keldi!
Dunyadiki milletlerning bir-biri bilen her xil munasiwetliri bar, bezilliri qan tereptin bezilliri din tereptin, bezilliri medeniyet tereptin tuqqan. Bezilliri yéqin bezilliri uzaq degendek….Uyghurlar Türkiy xeliqlerning ichide Iraniy xeliqler bilenmu qerindashliq béghi bolghan birdinbir xeliqtur… Iraniy xeliqler bilen bolghan til ortaqliqimiz bizning ulardin emes ularning bizdin alghanliqi tereptin teximu küchlük ipadilinidu. Bu munasiwetlerni tilgha élishimdiki sewep istan sözini parische deydighanlargha rediye berish üchündur. Istan sözi pak-pakiz Uyghurchedur….Parischida istan sözi Uyghurchdikidek keng türde qollunulmaydu….Qollunilghan bolsa dewlitini Iran demestin Iranistan deyti….Parischidiki istan degen söz Uyghur tilidiki istan digen sözning yiltizidin Irandiki Türüklerning wastisi bilen kelgen. Istan Uyghur tilidiki Astan, Astane, ast+ana, yiltiz, turghan jay…dégen sözlerdin kelgen…Wetinimizni keypi hésiyatlargha berilip emes özimizning tarixi, qan alahiyidiliki we medeniyet arqa körünishi tereptin etrepliq oylunup, layiq bir isim yeni Uyghuristan degen nam bilen atishimiz lazim! Sherqiy Türkistan, Uyghuriye, dogu turkistan Uyghur Eli, Uyghur diyari we uyghurland, xinjang, gherbiy diyar, xitay türkistani we wahakazalarni kishiler qollansa uning bizge alaqisi bolmighan bir sewebi bar ….Emma wijdanliq, eqilliq, bilimlik we aldin körer xelqimizning Uyghuristan digen isimni offitsiyel qollunishini we teshebbus qilishini terghip qilishimiz lazim!
Mana bu töwendikisi Uyghur Qeshqeriye dewlitining xeritisi! Mana bu Uyghuristan xelqige xuda teripidin irade qilinghan qutsal tupraqlardur!(K.Atahan)

Uyghuristan Kultur Merkizi
13.07.2017

 

Uyghuristan we Sherqiy Türkistan Atalghusi Heqqide!

Allah, Milliy Munapiqlarni Xitayning Qoli Bilen jazalawatidu

mehmet-emin-.-1-217x300

 

Mehmetimin hezret

Allah, milliy munapiqlarni xitayning qoli bilen qandaq jazalawatqanlighigha qarang

Aptonum rayunning re’isidin bashlap, nahiyilerning hakimlirighiche, uniwérsitét proféssordin, bashlan’ghuch mektep mudirlirigha qeder, ataqliq yazghuchilardin, yézilardiki qoshaqchilarghiche pursetni ghenimet bilgen milliy munapiqlar ”xitay kommunistik partiyige köngül iz’hari“ ipadilen’gen maqalilarni, shi’ér, qoshaqlarni élan qilmaqta. Milliy ippet – numusimizning ayaq – asti qilinishi bashlan’ghan asaret astidiki tariximizdin bügün’giche, her qétimliq siyasi herket weyaki milliy qirghinchiliq dewrliride uyghur milli qehrimanlirining jesetlirini, yuqiri örleshtiki pelempey süpitide paydilan’ghan uyghur munapiqlar bu qétimmu, uyghur millitining eng qedirdan kishiliri, muqeddes islam dini, islam dini bilen gösh we tirnaqqa oxshash birliship ketken uyghur medeniyiti, örp – aditi, xitay hakimiyiti teripidin umumiy yüzlük we tarixta héch körülmigen shiddet bilen hujum we bombardıman’gha uchrawatqanda, uyghur milliti ichidin chiqqan milliy munapiqlar xuddi qan hidi alghan itlargha oxshash toshmu toshtin qawap chiqishqa bashlidi. Bular öz jénini saqlap qélish üchün xojayinliri aldida quyruq shippangshitip, put – qoli baghlinip aldigha tashlap bérilgen oljining qénigha teshna ikki putluq, gep qilalaydighan haywan türliridur. Boyni baghlan’ghan bu itlargha öz neslini chishlitish üchün xitay qanda istiratégiye ishletti?

Men sizge qiziqarliq birla hékaye anglitay; Bu yil 4. Ayda uyghur qatili chin chuen’go, kommunistik partiye we xitay millitige eng sadiq bolghan bir qanche uyghur emeldarni ”ikki yüzlimichi“ jinayiti bilen eyiblep tuyuqsiz tutupla turmigha atti. Bularning birsi xoten wilayiti lop nahiyisining hakimi, partkomning mu’awin sékritari, nahiyilik saqchi idarisining bashliqi memtimin abdulla idi. Memtimin abdulla 7 yildin béri lop nahiyilik saqchi idarisining bashliqliq wezipisini ötesh jeryanida, nahiye tewesidin 10,000 din artuq uyghurni tutup turmigha solighan we 100 din artuq uyghurni turmilarda qiynap öltürüwetken bir jallat idi.u, bu xizmetliri üchün mukapatlinip östürülgen. Lop nahiyisi teweside tilemchilik qilip jan béqishqa mejbur bolghan yétim balilar, tul ayallarni doqmush – doqmushta körüp chidash mumkin emes idi. Lop xelqi ”allah memtimin abdulladin intiqamimizni kapirlarning qoli bilen élip berdi.“ déyiship xoshal bolushmaqta

Chin chewen’goning könglidiki hésab bolsa bashqa idi.u, birni qurban qilip, minggha ibret qilish taktikisini yaxshi biletti.uning meqsiti, munapiq uyghur kadirlarning qelbide zerrichilikmu milliy héssiyat qaldurmasliq, hetta öz millitidin nepret qilidighan halgha keltürüsh idi. Allahtin qorqmaydighan, öz xelqidin eymenmeydighan, peqetla xitay bashliqliri aldida “xosh, xosh” dep turushqa adetlen’gen bu toshqandinmu qorqaq munapiqlarning put – qolida jan qalmidi. Mushundaq bir waqitta xitay xojayinliri bularni partiyige, xitay millitige bolghan sadaqitini gézit we tiliwizorlarda ipadileshke chaqirdi. Qorqup ishtanni höl qiliwetken xotenning qorchaq waliysi éziz musa 5.ayning 27. Küni xotenning 7 nahiyiside 100 ming kishilik qesemyad yéghini échip ”ikki yüzxlimichilerge qarshi qesemyad yéghini“ achti. Bashqilar uninggha egeshti. Éziz musa 2 ay ichide 3 qétim xitayche, uyghurche töwwenamisini élan qildi. Bugün (7.ayning 12.küni) tengritagh torda élan qilghan ”dinni destek qiliwalghanlarning aldam xaltisigha chüshmeyli“ serlewhilik maqalisida “din insaniyet jem’iyiti tereqqiy qilip mu’eyyen basquchqa barghandiki tarixiy hadise, uning peyda bolush, tereqqiy qilish we yoqilish jeryani bolidu.” dep yazghan. Bu munapiqning ”din yoqilidu“ déyishi, xitayning dinni yoqutush iradisini uchuq ipadiligen. Xitaylar shuni tonup yettiki, islam dinini yoqatmay turup uyghurlarni yoq qilish mumkin emes. Biraq allaning dinni qoghdaydighanlighi toghrisida wedisi barliqini bu munapiq bilmeydu yaki aqiwiti memtimin abdulladek bolup qélishidin qorqidu

Xitay kommonistik partiyisige sadaqet bildürüshke, pinissiyege chiqqan, bir puti görge sanggilighan uyghur emeldarlarmu mejburlanmaqta. ”tengritagh tori“ tünügün isma’il ehmetning ”wetenperwerlik rohini ewj aldurup, wetenning birlikini qet’iy tewrenmey qoghdayli“ dégen maqalisini élan qildi. Maqalini chidap axirghiche oqup chiqtim. ”ittipaqliq“ dégen söz 21 yerde tekrarlan’ghan. Amma ”teng – barawerlik“ dégen söz héchbir yerde tilgha élinmighan. Isma’il ehmet mundaq dep yazidu ”méningdek bir kembeghel a’ilidin chiqqan ademning dölet kadiri bolup yétiship chiqishim partiye we xelqning terbiyesidin boldi. Hélimu ésimde, 1960 – yili merkiziy aliy partiye mektipining shinjang sinipigha ishtin ayrilip ikki yérim yilliq oqushqa bardim, partiye mektipi sinipimizgha intayin köngül bölüp, bizge mexsus terjiman, mashinist, ashpez qatarliqlarni seplep berdi. Asasliq derslerni intayin dangliq mutexessisler ötti, buning bilen méning nezeriye, bilim sewiyem sistémiliq östi.“ ismayil ehmetning eqlige “ nimishqa kompartiye unwérsitét püttürgen, bilimlik uyghur yashlirini béyjingdiki partiye mektipide oqutmay, nimishke xoten chirining chet yézisida bashlan’ghuch mektepnimu püttürüp bolalmighan men ismayil ehmetni tallap béyjinggha apirip terbiyilidi we aptonom rayonning eng ali hoquqigha qeder kötürdi? Sewep néme idi?dep oylap baqtimu? Isma’il ehmetning rahet körüwatqanlighi rast. Amma xoten xelqi, bolupmu chira xelqi nimishqa yoqsulluqtin qutulalmaywatidu? Néme üchün 2017. Yilining aldinqi yérim yilida chiridida ishsiz qalghan 1000 neper ishsiz uyghur qiz- yigit yallanma ishchiliq üchün toghulghan yurtliridin ayrilip xitay ölkilirige ewetildi? Nimishqa chira nahiyisining anar, chilan baghliri xitay köchmenliri teripidin igelliwélindi? Ismayil ehmetning buni oylighuchilik eqli yoqmu? Bar. Ismayil ehmet we uning izidin kéliwatqanlarda bir nerse yoq. Yoq nerse wijdan

Allah bezi munapiqlarni xitayning qoli bilen jazalighan bolsa, bezi munapiqlarni, uyghur millitidin chek – chégra ayrilghanliqi toghrisidiki bayanatliri arqiliq xelqimizning neziridin chüshürüp jazalawatidu. Uyghur munapiqlar, özlirining musulman emeslikini arqa- arqidin élan qiliwatidu.bekli xitaylar, partiye ezasi uyghurlar ölgende mazargha kömüshke bolmaydu. Xitaylargha oxshash jesidi köydürülüp küli a’ilisige bérilidu, dep höjjet chiqirishi éhtimalgha nahayiti yéqin. Allah belki xitaylarning qoli bilen ”biz musulman emes“ dep besliship bayanat élan qilghan munapiqlardin xelqning intiqamini ularning jesetlirini köydürüsh arqiliq élip bérishi mumkin. Weziyetning tereqqiyatidin qarighanda bu künlermu uzaq emes

Bugünki dewirde chet’elde kompyotér aldida olturup xitayning torlirini oquyalaydighan, igisiz qalghan uyghur millitini sétip xejlewatqan, ularning köz yashlirini chay ornida ichiwatqan milliy munapiqlarning isim familisini we qilmishlirini tarixqa xatire qilip yézip qoyalaydighan yüz minglighan wijdanliq uyghur ewladi mewjut. Belki, xitay kompartiyisining ömri isma’il ehmetning ömridin qisqa bolishi mumkin. U künlerde bu munapiqlar öz xelqining ghezep otida külge aylinip kétishini oylap baqtimu?

 

http://www.uyghurnet.org

 

 

How will the CPEC Affect the Uyghur Conflict and Terrorism in China?

BY GAYATHREE DEVI K. T.

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) Initiative helmed by the People’s Republic of China proposes an array of infrastructure projects that connect the territory of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in China to Pakistan. The move came as a surprise for two reasons. First, the XUAR is home to a protracted conflict between two ethnic groups in the region – the Uyghur Muslims and the Han Chinese. Experts on the conflict attribute the deepening friction between the two communities to the Chinese government’s systematic repression of the religious, cultural, and linguistic rights of the Uyghurs, which they allege continues to date, contrary to the Chinese government’s claims that the region has been stable as a result of its economic development. However, it is clear that tensions have not worn off despite the region being designated as “autonomous,” with secessionists calling for the creation of an independent nation called “East Turkestan”.

Second, the XUAR has been a soft target for terrorists since the 1990s even by the Chinese government’s own admission. The CPEC links the XUAR to Balochistan in Pakistan, a country that continues to face difficulties in foiling terrorist training camps within its borders and is fighting its own battle against extremism for years. As early as in 2001, the Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of China to the United Nations reported intelligence that extremist and violent “East Turkestan forces” were operating both from within and outside Chinese territory. What is striking about this statement is China’s open acknowledgement of the link between its “all-weather friend” Pakistan and the violence brewing at home. The statement identifies at least eight secessionist organizations as advocating violence, including the Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM) in Afghanistan and the Turkistan Islamic Party (TIP) in Pakistan.1 It is well documented that many ETIM cadres receive shelter in Pakistan from local terrorist groups like the Lashkar-e-Taiba.2

The only other time China was forthcoming in recognizing the Pakistani link to the East Turkestan movement was in 2011, after a series of knife and bomb attacks shook the city of Kashgar in the XUAR and the ETIM claimed responsibility for the attacks. XUAR authorities claimed that the ETIM terrorists were trained in Pakistan, encouraging experts to believe that this unconventional yet specific accusation hinted at China’s growing impatience with Pakistan’s inability to control fundamentalists operating within its borders. But, notably, the statement came from authorities within the XUAR, and not from Beijing, giving little evidence of a change in Beijing’s diplomatic relations with Pakistan. In fact, a recent report suggests that China is going to great lengths to conceal Pakistan-related terror in the XUAR.3Therefore, if anything, East Turkestan-related terror has only improved existing ties between the two countries and intensified their counter-terrorism cooperation.4

The CPEC, in a sense, may also be regarded as a move in the direction of resolving the Uyghur conflict.

As Abner Cohen sums up succinctly in his essay Two-Dimensional Man:

“Men may and do certainly joke about or ridicule the strange and bizarre customs of men from other ethnic groups, because these customs are different from their own. But they do not fight over such differences alone. When men do, on the other hand, fight across ethnic lines it is nearly always the case that they fight over some fundamental issues concerning the distribution and exercise of power, whether economic, political, or both.”5

As history would show, the schism between the Uyghurs and the Han Chinese in the XUAR formed in response to state-sponsored migration of the Han into a region otherwise dominated by the Uyghurs and a systematic transfer of economic benefits to the Han. The establishment of the state-run Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps (XPCC), for instance, set off a mass influx of the Han into the XUAR, because the XPCC listed Han ethnicity as an occupational requirement in hiring advertisements.6 Similarly, by the 1990s, the Han constituted about 95% of the technical workers in the Taklamakan Desert oil exploration program.7 This economic inequality is often touted as the root cause of Uyghur resentment, therefore, encouraging Beijing to regard economic development of the XUAR as the panacea for ethnic tensions there.

China’s obsession with the economic development of the region may also have been spurred by its strategic interest in the abundant natural resources and minerals of the XUAR and its proximity to Central and South Asian commerce and trade. Therefore, Beijing has been investing heavily in developing infrastructure in the XUAR since the 1990s, and the CPEC is yet another project in the same vein. The original documents of the CPEC project also reportedly reveal that the underlying purpose of the project is to integrate Pakistan’s economy and supply chain with the “Kashgar Prefecture in the XUAR, which suffers from a poverty incidence of 50 per cent, and large distances that make it difficult to connect to larger markets in order to promote development.”8

But, the fundamental question is whether economic development in a silo is sufficient to dispel ethnic tensions and work as a counter-terrorism strategy in the XUAR. On both counts, this isolated approach of the Chinese government fails. While Beijing claims that economic benefits have trickled down to the Uyghurs and stabilized the region in recent times, Uyghur activists and conflict analysts claim that economic inequalities persist in the region. For instance, even today, it is estimated that of the 2.6 million people employed in the XPCC, almost all are Han Chinese.9

Further, the counter-terrorism and security strategy adopted by the Chinese government (dubbed the “strike-hard policy”) in response to extremist violence that began in the 1990s has drawn much ire for its lack of regard for human rights. Over the years, the Communist Party of China reportedly censored mosques, banned fasting during Ramadan, and banned veils and beards. The “strike hard” policy triggered an unprecedented rise in incidents of police violence and arrests. Apart from encouraging regular raids of the homes of Uyghurs, Beijing also seems to maintain a system of mass surveillance and profiling, daily patrols in villages, cultural standardization, and verification of the identity of worshipers at mosques in the XUAR. These policies have only sustained Uyghur resentment, despite improvements in the Uyghurs’ economic status, if any. This has created a terrorist threat of greater proportions, with at least 3000 Uyghurs fighting in the ranks of jihadi organizations in the war in Syria.10Since the conflict has deflected from its ethno-economic leanings to take on a fundamentalist character, mere emphasis on economic benefits through the CPEC project is an inadequate solution.

Interestingly, the fact that the CPEC links Balochistan — another disturbed territory — to the XUAR does not seem to concern Beijing. While this was odd, as more information emerged from the original documents of the CPEC project, it is clear that China has, in fact, doubled its counter-terrorism efforts through extensive surveillance even within the borders of Pakistan. A full system of monitoring and surveillance is proposed to be built in cities from Peshawar to Karachi, with 24 hour video recordings on roads and busy marketplaces, which will subsequently be extended to major cities such as Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi.11 Yet, early in August 2016, it was reported that terrorists attempted to sabotage the CPEC in a bomb blast in Quetta, Pakistan.12 Therefore, the Chinese government still has reason to be wary of potential spillovers of terrorism.

All in all, the CPEC in isolation is inadequate to resolve the Uyghur conflict, unless Beijing is able to create more economic opportunities for the unemployed Uyghur through the project and also revisits its “strike hard” policy in the XUAR.

Image source: wikimedia.org

About the Author 

Gayathree Devi K. T. is an intern with the Armed Conflicts Project at the ERA Institute. 

DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in the article are solely those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the ERA Institute.

 

http://www.erainstitute.org/how-will-the-cpec-affect-the-xinjiang-conflict-and-terrorism-in-china/

 

China Detains ‘More Than 100’ Uyghur Muslims Returning From Overseas Pilgrimage

A Chinese Muslim pilgrim is assisted by airport staff in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, as he prepares to travel to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Sept. 25, 2012.

A Chinese Muslim pilgrim is assisted by airport staff in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, as he prepares to travel to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Sept. 25, 2012.

 AFP

Chinese authorities in the northwestern region of Xinjiang are holding hundreds of ethnic minority Uyghur Muslims after they returned from overseas pilgrimage, sources in the region told RFA.

A rights lawyer in the region who asked not to be named said courts across the region are being ordered by the ruling Chinese Communist Party to “deal with” anyone engaging in any form of illegal religious activity.

“There is a huge crackdown in Xinjiang,” the lawyer said. “In March, I went to lodge appeal proceedings, and I came across a detention center—the Changji Detention Center—where there were 200-300 Uyghurs who were being held after coming back from pilgrimage in the Middle East.”

“They were all being held for investigation and screening,” he said.

Article 21 of the “26 Forms of Illegal Religious Activity” leaked to RFA in February forbids anyone from traveling overseas on pilgrimage, including the annual Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, with companies not endorsed by China’s religious affairs authorities.

But the lawyer said the authorities appear to be pro-actively prosecuting anyone who breaks any of the rules on the newly emerged list.

“The judge told us [lawyers] that there has already been a case involving a Uyghur who held a gathering in his home,” the lawyer said. “It was winter, just after Chinese New Year, and there was nothing happening, so he held a religious gathering for Muslims.”

“The judge said the trial has already taken place, and they are waiting to sentence him,” the lawyer added.

Article 4 of the rules forbids “Any preaching, Quranic interpretation or gathering run by religious figures or religious believers, without prior approval, outside the place of worship pertaining to that religion.”

And Article 3 bans “any religious activity organized by persons not in possession of the relevant permits for a religious personage or who have not undergone patriotic education.”

Middle East study

Dilxat Raxit, spokesman for the exile World Uyghur Congress group, said Uyghurs who have studied in the Middle East are also being detained on their return.

“There are currently more than 100 Uyghurs being held in Changji, and also some [Han Chinese] Hui Muslims,” Raxit told RFA on Tuesday. “The authorities are charging them with illegal pilgrimage, and for taking part in illegal religious activities.”

“Some of them are also facing charges of religious extremism or terrorism,” he said.

Raxit said the Xinjiang authorities have stepped up their crackdown on “illegal religious activities” in recent months, based on the rules.

The anonymous lawyer said that none of those held for religious activities will likely be able to find employment once they have a criminal record.

He said even those who already have migrant labor jobs in the north of the region are constantly under the eye of local police.

“The Uyghurs who find jobs as migrant workers in the north of Xinjiang have to be investigated once every three months by the local police station, it’s that strict,” the lawyer said.

“They told me that southern Xinjiang is very poor, and that people there can’t get migrant jobs because bosses won’t hire them,” he said.

Last month, authorities in Xinjiang began ordering residents to hand in all digital devices for “checking” at local police stations by Aug. 1, as part of an operation targeting “terrorist videos.”

Anyone who fails to submit the above devices and content by the stated time will be “dealt with according to the relevant national laws, according to leaked local community notices seen by RFA.

Reported by Qiao Long for RFA’s Mandarin Service. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

Egypt: Don’t Deport Uyghurs to China

hrw-photo

Muslim Minority Face Jail, Torture if Forcibly Returned

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CHINA: USCIRF Condemns Ramadan Restrictions in Uighur Autonomous Region

  JUL 5, 2017

CREDIT VICE CHAIR SANDRA JOLLEY SPEAKS OUT IN SUPPORT OF RELIGIOUS PRISONER OF CONSCIENCE, GULMIRA IMIN.

Commentary– Muslims around the world recently marked the end of the holy month of Ramadan.  The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) strongly condemns the Chinese government’s restrictions on Uighur Muslims’ religious practice during Ramadan in the autonomous region of Xinjiang.

“The Chinese government has taken unprecedented steps to trample on the religious freedom of Uighur Muslims particularly during Ramadan,” said USCIRF Chairman Daniel Mark. “Chinese Communist Party officials were assigned to live in the homes of Uighur families in Xinjiang to prevent them from fasting and praying. This new level of control is yet another example of the Chinese government’s unacceptable repression of Uighur Muslims.  We call on Beijing to abide by its international human rights commitments and cease its harassment of religious communities.”

The Chinese government continues to suppress Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang, often under the guise of countering what it alleges to be religious and other violent extremism. Other recent alarming developments include: new regulations prohibiting face-covering veils and beards; a ban on “extreme” Islamic baby names; and the confiscation of Uighur Muslims’ passports and Qur’ans.

Uighur Muslims also continue to receive unfair trails and are harshly treated in prison. USCIRF Vice Chair, Sandra Jolley, is advocating on behalf of Uighur Muslim Gulmira Imin, as part of USCIRF’s Religious Prisoners of Conscience Project. Ms. Imin, a website administrator and Uighur advocate, was sentenced in May 2010 to life imprisonment on charges of splittism (undermining the unity of the state), organizing an illegal demonstration, and leaking state secrets.

“Eight years ago today, July 5, 2009, Uighurs gathered in Urumqi to peacefully protest the Chinese government’s treatment of their people.  The protests were met with police violence and a number of arrests and deaths occurred.  Gulmira Imin was arrested in connection with these riots and her harsh sentence is yet another example of the government’s persistent targeting of Uighur Muslims,” said Vice Chair Jolley. “The Chinese government should immediately release Gulmira Imin,prominent Uighur scholar Ilham Tohti, and all other prisoners of conscience.”

USCIRF again recommended in 2017 that China be designated as a “country of particular concern,” or CPC, for systematic, ongoing, and egregious violations of religious freedom. The State Department has designated China as a CPC since 1999, most recently in 2016. For more information, please see USCIRF’s China chapter in the 2017 Annual Report (in English and Chinese).

The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom is an independent, bipartisan U.S. federal government commission, the first of its kind in the world. USCIRF reviews the facts and circumstances of religious freedom violations abroad and makes policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and Congress. USCIRF Commissioners are appointed by the President and the Congressional leadership of both political parties. To interview a Commissioner, please contact USCIRF at Media@USCIRF.gov or John D. Lawrence, Director of Communications (JLawrence@USCIRF.gov/+1-202-786-0611).

 

http://krwg.org/post/china-uscirf-condemns-ramadan-restrictions-xinjiang-uighur-autonomous-region

URGENT ACTION: UIGHUR STUDENTS AT RISK OF FORCIBLE RETURN TO CHINA (EGYPT: UA 168.17)


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According to media reports, around 150 Uighurs have been detained in Egypt and have either already been, or are currently at imminent risk of, being forcibly returned to China. If returned, they are at real risk of serious human rights violations.

1) TAKE ACTION

Write a letter, send an email, call, fax or tweet:

  • Expressing serious concern that 12 Uighurs have already reportedly been returned to China, where they might be at real risk of torture and other other-ill-treatment, arbitrary detention, persecution and unfair trials;
  • Urging authorities to ensure that any Uighurs who have been detained have the effective opportunity to seek asylum, a review of their individual cases and judicial oversight over their detention and intended forced removal;
  • Asking what assurances the Egyptian authorities have received from their Chinese counterparts that the Uighurs will not be subjected to arbitrary detention or other human rights violations after return, and how the Egyptian authorities will fulfil their obligations to ensure ongoing information and independent and effective monitoring of the situation of the individuals after their return.

Contact these two officials by 18 August, 2017:

Interior Minister
Magdy Abdel Ghaffar
Ministry of Interior
Fifth Settlement, New Cairo, Egypt
Fax: +202 2794 5529
Email: center@moi.gov.eg or E.HumanRightsSector@moi.gov.eg
Twitter: @moiegy
Salutation: Your Excellency

Ambassador Yasser Reda
Embassy of Egypt
3521 International Ct NW
Washington DC 20008
Fax: 202 244 4319 -OR- 202 244 5131
Phone: 202 895 5400
Email: embassy@egyptembassy.net
Salutation: Dear Ambassador

2) LET US KNOW YOU TOOK ACTION

Click here to let us know if you took action on this case! This is Urgent Action 168.17
Here’s why it is so important to report your actions: we record the actions taken on each case—letters, emails, calls and tweets—and use that information in our advocacy.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

Egypt detains Chinese Uighur students, who fear return to China: rights group

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By Lisa Barrington | CAIRO

Egyptian authorities detained dozens of students from China’s minority Muslim Uighur community living in Egypt this week, raising fears they will be returned to China and arrested, other Uighur students and Human Rights Watch said.

The arrests began July 2 and since then mostly male Uighur students have been detained during raids on shops, restaurants and student accommodation in Cairo, according to Uighur students and New York-based Human Rights Watch.

Uighurs were also detained in Cairo and Alexandria airports as they tried to flee the country after the arrest began, students told Reuters.

There was no immediate comment from Egyptian authorities.

Uighurs speak a Turkic language and live in China’s far western region of Xinjiang. Hundreds have died in Xinjiang in the past few years, mostly in unrest between the around 10 million Uighur people, who call the region home, and the ethnic majority Han Chinese.

The government has blamed much of the unrest on separatist Islamist militants, though rights groups and exiles say that anger over tightening Chinese controls on the religion and culture of Muslim Uighurs is more to blame.

China routinely denies any repression in Xinjiang.

“In the past few months, the Chinese government had ordered Uighur students studying abroad, including those in Egypt, to return home. There are reports that Chinese authorities have detained family members of these students to force them to come back,” Human Rights Watch Asia researcher Maya Wang told Reuters.

Human Rights Watch said it was unclear what caused the mass detentions by Egyptian authorities this week.

“The basis of this treatment, and their whereabouts and well-being, are unclear, but we suspect that many of them face imminent deportations,” she said.

Egypt itself has been fighting a growing Islamist insurgency, mainly in its Sinai region.

Abdallah, a student who asked not to use his real name out of fear for his family in China, fled to Turkey by plane on Wednesday along with about 20 other people including women and children once they heard about the arrests.

He said others were not so lucky. “The Egyptian police detained about 30 people, all young guys, in the airport (on Thursday) and announced they would send them back to China,” he told Reuters via instant messaging platform Whatsapp.

Videos shared on social media by students and activists showed men, said to be Uighur students, handcuffed together in the back of a moving truck. Other videos claimed to show people crouching and standing in groups after having been detained. Reuters could not independently verify the videos’ content.

“The Chinese came to the police station and they are now preparing to send them to China. They will return them to China where they will be accused of terrorism and they will either be imprisoned or executed,” said Fakhr al-Dina Razi, a Uighur student at Cairo’s al-Azhar university.

Razi remains in Cairo and said via Whatsapp the community in Egypt is afraid because they know the fate awaiting them in China.

ISLAMIC STUDIES IN EGYPT

Abdallah came to Egypt in 2011 to study Arabic and Islamic Studies at Cairo’s historic al-Azhar university because such religious studies are not permitted in China. His story is typical of the students rounded up this week.

He said he had all the necessary permissions from Egypt and China to live and study in Cairo, but last year China began a crackdown on Uighur students abroad, and on their families still in China.

Abdallah said he has not spoken to his family in China for about a year because of this. He said Chinese authorities began to arrest people sending money to overseas students.

“Some of us were asked, under pressure, to go back to China, by force applied to their families…Some of my fellow students returned, some remained in Egypt and some fled in fear to surrounding countries like Turkey,” Abdallah said.

He said some of those that returned to China were arrested and sentenced to prison, mainly as a result of their Islamic studies.

This week’s crackdown by Egyptian authorities came as a surprise to him. Those that did not flee Egypt had left their homes to avoid the police, he said.

Another al-Azhar student who managed to flee abroad, but who was scared to give a name, said he wanted to continue his studies, but feared it was impossible to return to Egypt now.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang, when asked whether it was true Egypt had detained Uighur students, told a daily news briefing on Thursday: “According to what I know at present, the Chinese Embassy in Egypt has already sent consular officials to carry out a consular visit.” He did not elaborate.

In September, Egypt’s Interior Ministry and China’s Public Security Ministry signed a technical cooperation deal which included Chinese support for Egypt’s fight against terrorism and closer security cooperation, Egyptian state media reported.

Hundreds, possibly thousands, of Uighurs keen to escape unrest in Xinjiang have traveled clandestinely via Southeast Asia to Turkey, home to a large Uighur diaspora.

In 2015, Thailand sent back to China about 100 Uighurs, a move that sparked anger in Turkey, and fed fears among rights groups and the United States about potential mistreatment. China later said some of that group were suspected of “terror” offences.

“China’s record of torture, disappearance, and arbitrary detention of Uighurs, as well as the politicized nature of judicial proceedings in past cases of forced repatriation, raise serious concerns that if deported, these individuals will be at risk of torture and ill-treatment,” Human Rights Watch’s Wang said.

(Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard and Christian Shepard in Beijing, Eric Knecht in Cairo; Editing by Mark Heinrich)

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-china-uighur-idUSKBN19S2IB