Stop China from Burning Millions of Uyghur Books!

Torchlight Uyghur Group

Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچە )

April 28th, 2018

According to a report by ChinaAid on April 2nd, 2018 ( the Chinese government started confiscating and burning Uyghur-language books in various parts of East Turkestan. The regime ordered the Uyghur students and their parents to bring the Uyghur-language books from their houses, and warned them that they will be arrested if there are any books found when their houses are searched.

As one of the ancient peoples in the heart of Central Asia, Uyghurs have rich cultural heritage and literary tradition. However, Uyghurs are now facing unprecedented and unimaginable ethnic oppression and cultural genocide by the Chinese regime. One heinous example of this cultural genocide is burning of Uyghur language books.

The Chinese communist regime has carried out numerous large-scale book burning and cultural heritage destruction policies after its occupation of East Turkestan in 1949. During the so-called “Cultural Revolution” (1966-1976), most of the historical documents and literary treasures of the Uyghurs were destroyed. The thousand-year old Uyghur Arabic alphabet was outlawed and replaced by an alphabet based on the Chinese Pinyin system. At the same time, the books in the Uyghur Arabic Alphabet were labeled as “reactionary” and were confiscated and burned. After a brief period of revival of Uyghur culture and literature during the 1980s, the Uyghur language books once again started facing inspection and confiscation since the 1990s.

According to a 2002 report by the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) ( the Chinese regime confiscated and burned more than 730 types of books in Kashgar, East Turkestan. Those books included such works as “A Brief History of the Huns” and “Ancient Uyghur Literature” by famous Uyghur author and historian Turghun Almas. Among the hundreds of thousands of books burned, there were 32,320 copies of a single book titled “Ancient Uyghur Craftsmanship”. This book was deemed “dangerous” and banned just because it contained historical documents about traditional Uyghur hand craftsmanship, such as paper making. In the same year, Uyghur language books published by the Kashgar Uyghur Publishing House were inspected and 330 types of books were deemed “problematic”. Those books were stopped from future re-printing and were confiscated and burned.

According to a report by Nicholas Bequelin and published by the Human Rights in China (HRIC) ( in 2002, the Chinese regime banned 52 out of the 118 magazines published in East Turkestan at the time because of their “sensitive” contents. According to a November 2, 2006 report by Tangritagh (Tian’shan) Net, an official Chinese propaganda website, so-called “Autonomous Regional” Government in East Turkestan organized a “One Hundred-Day Crackdown Against Illegal Publications” special meeting and burned 215,943 copies of Uyghur-language books.

After the appointment of Chen Quanguo as the Communist Party chief in East Turkestan in August 2016, the Uyghur language has been outlawed as a medium in the entire educational field. Meanwhile, the Chinese regime stepped up their policy of confiscating and burning Uyghur- language books, including books about Uyghur history, culture and Islam, as well as other cultural and religious materials, such as Uyghur-related pictures, audio-video materials, praying rugs, etc. Not only the Chinese regime is banning and burning the Uyghur language books, but it is also giving out 5 to 20 year jail terms for those Uyghurs who either have read or kept the banned books. In addition, the regime has been arresting Uyghur authors, editors, singers, artists, and religious scholars. Even some retired editors have also been arrested for the work that they did before their retirement. In June, 2017, the Chinese regime broke into the house of 80-year old Uyghur author/writer Mirzahid Kerimi and confiscated historical novels he authored and other books in his house.

In this day and age, there are not many places in the World other than East Turkestan, where people can be arbitrarily detained, arrested and severely punished just because they have read a book. The burning of the Uyghur language books, the eradication of the Uyghur cultural heritage and the punishment of the Uyghur authors are not only an affront to Uyghurs in East Turkestan, but also an unforgivable insult to any human being who loves and cherishes freedom and knowledge. Such criminal action of the Chinese regime against Uyghurs is also a cultural genocide against humanity.

We, the Uyghurs, are powerless and helpless at the moment in our fight against the Chinese government’s atrocities, and cannot fight this battle for our survival alone.  We need the support of all the justice-loving people in the world.  If tens of thousands of people from around the world sign our petition, it may be possible that the United Nations will make a commitment and will act to stop the tragedy that the Uyghur people are facing today.

To read the full text of this petition, please click HERE.

Please join us in our fight to end the appalling atrocities happening in East Turkestan. Please spread the word so that people around the world could learn about the cultural genocide happening in East Turkestan. Please sign and share this petition. Thank you!

Awstraliyede Xitayning Teqiblesh Siyasitige Qarshi Naraziliq Namayishi Ötküzüldi

27-Aprél awstraliyening adlayit shehiride ötküzülgen namayishtin bir körünüsh. 2018-Yil 27-aprél. Adlayit, awstraliye.

27-Aprél awstraliyening adlayit shehiride ötküzülgen namayishtin bir körünüsh. 2018-Yil 27-aprél. Adlayit, awstraliye.

 Social Media

27-Aprél küni bélgiye paytexti biryusséldiki yawropa parlaméntining aldida ötküzülgen “5000 Kishilik namayish” pa’aliyitini qollash shundaqla xitayning nöwette Uyghurlargha élip bériwatqan éghir bésim siyasitige naraziliq bildürüsh meqsiti bilen awstraliyening adlayit shehirining merkizidiki wiktoriye meydanida namayish ötküzülgen. Awstraliye sherqiy türkistan jem’iyiti uyushturghan namayishqa 400din artuq kishi ishtirak qilghan. Biz neq meydan’gha téléfon qilip, namayish heqqide melumat igiliduq. Uyghur pa’aliyetchi perizat gheyret xanim neq meydandin bu namayishning 27-aprél küni chüshtin kéyin adlayit shehirining merkizide ötküzülüwatqanliqini, namayishqa Uyghurlardin sirt, tatar, özbék we qazaqqa oxshash qérindash milletlerdin bolup, 400 etrapida kishining ishtirak qiliwatqanliqini bayan qildi.

Awstraliye uzun yillardin béri Uyghurlar izchil halda xitaygha qarshi naraziliq namayishi ötküzüp kéliwatqan döletlerdin biri hésablinidu. Undaqta bu qétimqi namayishning burunqi namayishqa oxshimaydighan teripi néme? perizat gheyret xanim bu qétimqi namayishqa burun namayishlargha qatniship baqmighan köp sanda Uyghurningmu ishtirak qilghanliqini bayan qildi.

Adlayitta élip bérilghan namayishqa awstraliyede ziyaret élip bériwatqan türkiyediki sherqiy türkistan ma’arip we hemkarliq jem’iyiti re’isi hidayet oghuzxan ependimu qatnashqan. U, namayishning nahayiti yaxshi ötüwatqanliqini, biryusséldiki “5000 Kishilik namayish” pa’aliyitini qollash meqsitide ötküzülgen namayishning zor ehmiyetke ige ikenlikini tekitlidi.
Uyghurlar jenubiy awstraliyening merkizi adlayitta ötküzülgen namayish jeryanida Uyghurlarning nöwettiki éghir weziyiti tonushturulghan köp sandiki waraqchilarni tarqatqan bolup, neq meydandin radiyomizgha melumat bergen perizat gheyret xanim namayishning sheherning eng awat rayonida ötküzülgenlikini, namayish ehlining Uyghurlarning éghir weziyitini kishilerge bir tereptin aghzaki anglatsa, yene bir tereptin waraqche tarqitish arqiliq anglitiwatqanliqini, awstraliyeliklerning Uyghurlargha bolghan hésdashliqlirini ipadileshkenlikini bayan qildi.

Biz namayish axirida namayishni uyushturghan awstraliye sherqiy türkistan jem’iyiti re’isi nurmemet ependi bilen téléfon söhbiti élip barduq. U, namayishning közligen meqsitige yetkenlikini, bu namayish arqiliq nurghun kishining hésdashliqini qolgha keltürgenlikini bayan qildi.

27-Aprél küni yawropa ittipaqining merkizi biryussélda ötküzülgen namayishni qollash üchün awstraliyedin sirt yaponiyening paytexti tokyodiki xitay elchixanisining aldidimu namayish ötküzülgen.erkin tarim

Yawropa Parlaménti Aldida Muhajirettiki Uyghurlarning Zor Namayishi Ötküzüldi

Bélgiye paytexti biryussélda ötküzülgen zor kölemlik namayishtin bir körünüsh. 2018-Yil 27-aprél. Biryussél, bélgiye.

Bélgiye paytexti biryussélda ötküzülgen zor kölemlik namayishtin bir körünüsh. 2018-Yil 27-aprél. Biryussél, bélgiye.


Bügün, yeni 4-ayning 27-küni dunyaning jay-jayliridin kelgen minglighan Uyghurlar bélgiye paytexti biryussélgha jem bolup, Uyghurlarning muhajiret tarixidiki kölimi eng zor bolghan namayishlarning birini ötküzdi.

Bu qétimliq zor namayish biryussél waqti etigen sa’et 10:00 da “Sherqiy türkistan istiqlal marshi” bilen bashlandi.

Namayishning bashlinish murasimigha dunya Uyghur qurultiyi ijra’iye komitétining re’isi ömer qanat ependi riyasetchilik qildi. U, bu qétimliq namayishning bir tarix yaratqanliqini, uning muhajirettiki Uyghurlarning milliy dawa tarixidiki eng chong namayishlarning biri ikenlikini tekitlep ötti.

Bashlinish murasimida tunji bolup d u q ning aliy rehbiri rabiye qadir xanim söz aldi. U, bu qétimliq namayishni chet’eldiki Uyghurlar élip barghan bolsimu, emma ularni qozghatquchi piltining del Uyghurlar wetinide xitayning teqipi astigha élin’ghan milyonlarche Uyghurning échinishliq ré’alliqi bolghanliqini eskertip ötti.

Rabiye qadir xanimdin kéyin d u q ning re’isi dolqun eysa ependi söz qildi. U, bu qétimliq namayishning xitayning “Yighiwélish lagérliri” gha soliwélin’ghan bir milyondek Uyghurgha medet bérish, ularning yalghuz emeslikini, dunyaning ularni tashlap qoymaydighanliqini bildürüp qoyush üchün uyushturulghanliqini alahide tekitlidi.

Neq meydandin namayish heqqide uchur bériwatqan gérmaniyediki ixtiyariy muxbirimiz ekrem bu qétimliq namayishning bashlinish murasimida dunyaning jay-jayliridiki 30 gha yéqin Uyghur teshkilatliri we jama’et wekillirining qisqiche söz qilghanliqini bildürdi.

Ulardin qazaqistandin kelgen Uyghur jama’et wekili dinare xanim, qirghizistandin kelgen Uyghur jama’et wekili rozi hajim, gollandiye sherqiy türkistan ma’arip jem’iyitining re’isi eysa qarim, norwégiye Uyghur komitétining re’isi bextiyar ependi, amérikidin bérip namayishqa qatnashqan roshen abbas xanim, shiwétsiye Uyghur ma’arip uyushmisining re’isi abdulla kökyar ependi we kanadadin kelgen Uyghur jama’iti wekili bextiyar shemshidin qatarliqlar tesirlik nutuqlar sözlep, namayish meydanini lerzige salghan.

Neq meydandin xewer bériwatqan ixtiyariy muxbirimiz ekrem, bügünki namayishqa dunyaning herqaysi elliridin okyan atlap kelgen minglighan Uyghurlarning ishtirak qilghanliqini, hetta bezi a’ililerning bowaq balilirini harwigha sélip namayish meydanigha yétip kelgenlikini bildürdi.

Muxbirimiz ekremning bildürüshiche, Uyghur namayishchilar biryussél kochilirida ajayip daghdughiliq menzire hasil qilghan. Namayishchilar sépi nechche ming métirgha sozulup, ay-yultuzluq kök bayraqlar yawropa parlaménti aldidiki meydanni köp-kök adem déngizigha aylandurghan.

Diqqet qozghaydighan bir nuqta shuki, biryusséldiki bu zor namayish xitayning chet’ellerdiki jasusluq torining diqqet nuqtisida turghanliqidur.

Muxbirimiz ekremning neq meydandin igilishiche, bir jüp xitay qiz-yigit gumandar namayish bashlinishi bilen namayishchilarning arqidin songdiship méngip toxtimastin resimge tartqan we namayishchilarni filimge alghan. Namayish sépini qoghdap mangghan bélgiye saqchiliri ehwalni bayqap, bu bir jüp xitay qiz-yigit gumandarni neq meydanda tutup élip ketken. Neq meydandin süretke élin’ghan bu heqtiki körünüshler féysbuk qatarliq ijtima’iy taratqularda tarqitilghan.

Etigen sa’et 10:00 bashlan’ghan bu zor namayish 4 sa’et dawamliship, chüshtin kéyin sa’et 2:00 din ashqanda axirlashqan.ekrem

Prominent Uyghur Scholar Detained in Uyghuristan Capital Urumqi: Official

Abdulqadir Jalaleddin in an undated photo.

Abdulqadir Jalaleddin in an undated photo.

 Photo courtesy of an RFA listener

Authorities in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) have detained prominent Uyghur professor and poet Abdulqadir Jalaleddin and are believed to be holding him in one of the region’s many “political re-education camps,” according to a local official.

On Monday, Munich-based World Uyghur Congress issued a statement condemning the detention of Jalaleddin, citing reports that police had raided his home on Jan. 29, placed a black hood over his head and arrested him.

“The Chinese government has provided no justification for his arrest and he has not been publicly charged with any crime, despite his continued detention,” the statement said, adding that Jalaleddin is among many Uyghur writers, scholars, academics and journalists held in the XUAR.

The WUC urged the international community to “push back against these efforts” and raise such cases to ensure accountability for human rights violations in the region.

The statement followed reports last month from RFA listeners, as well as from the Munich-based East Turkistan Information Centre, that Jalaleddin—a lecturer at the Xinjiang Pedagogical University in the XUAR capital Urumqi—had been arrested by Chinese State Security Police.

Officials who answered calls from RFA’s Uyghur Service to Urumqi’s Tengritagh (in Chinese, Tianshan) District Police Station, Ulanbay District Police Station, and Xinjiang Normal University in recent days said they were unaware of Jalaleddin’s detention and refused to answer further questions.

But an official who answered the phone at a branch office of the Xinjiang Pedagogical University Security Department told RFA that the professor hadn’t been seen since classes broke for winter vacation—around three months earlier.

“We saw him before the winter vacation, but since we returned from holiday we haven’t seen him,” the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

“We heard that he has been taken for re-education. The university knows about it, but we have not been officially informed yet.”

The official referred further questions to Feng Wenchang, the head of political affairs for the university’s Public Security Office.

During a telephone interview, Feng checked a “list of arrested university staff” and confirmed that Jalaleddin had been detained.

“I can see here that he was taken away by the Urumqi State Security Police on Jan. 29,” he said, adding that “no other information” was available about his case.

Vast network

Since April 2017, Uyghurs accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” views have been jailed or detained in re-education camps throughout the XUAR, where members of the ethnic group have long complained of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

China’s central government authorities have not publicly acknowledged the existence of re-education camps in the XUAR, and the number of inmates kept in each facility remains a closely guarded secret, but local officials in many parts of the region have in RFA telephone interviews forthrightly described sending significant numbers of Uyghurs to the camps and even described overcrowding in some facilities.

Maya Wang of the New York-based Human Rights Watch told The Guardian in January that estimates of XUAR residents who had spent time in the camps went as high as 800,000, while at least one Uyghur exile group estimates that up to 1 million Uyghurs have been detained throughout the region since April 2017, and some Uyghur activists say nearly every Uyghur household has been affected by the campaign.

On the same day Jalaleddin was detained, RFA received reports that prominent Uyghur Islamic scholar Muhammad Salih Hajim had died in Chinese police custody, some 40 days after he was detained at a re-educaiton camp in Urumqi.

The exact circumstances of his death are unknown, but sources have suggested Hajim was subjected to torture and other forms of ill-treatment during his detention.

Since Xinjiang party chief Chen was appointed to his post in August 2016, he has initiated unprecedented repressive measures against the Uyghur people and ideological purges against so-called “two-faced” Uyghur officials—a term applied by the government to Uyghurs who do not willingly follow directives and exhibit signs of “disloyalty.”

China regularly conducts “strike hard” campaigns in Xinjiang, including police raids on Uyghur households, restrictions on Islamic practices, and curbs on the culture and language of the Uyghur people, including videos and other material.

While China blames some Uyghurs for “terrorist” attacks, experts outside China say Beijing has exaggerated the threat from the Uyghurs and that repressive domestic policies are responsible for an upsurge in violence there that has left hundreds dead since 2009.

Reported by by Shohret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by RFA’s Uyghur Service. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Analizchilar: “Wang yaning Sözi Xitayning Uyghurlarni Dawamliq Basturushidin Dérek Béridu”

Uyghur mesilisige mes'ul aliy derijilik emeldari wang yang(solda) bilen  Uyghur rayoni partkom sékrétari chén chüen'go mekteplerni közdin kechürmekte. 2018-Yili 10-aprél, xoten.

Uyghur mesilisige mes’ul aliy derijilik emeldari wang yang(solda) bilen Uyghur rayoni partkom sékrétari chén chüen’go mekteplerni közdin kechürmekte. 2018-Yili 10-aprél, xoten.

Photo: RFA

Xitayning Uyghur mesilisige mes’ul aliy derijilik emeldari wang yang yéqinda Uyghur aptonom rayonigha qilghan ziyaritide mezkur rayondiki yuqiri bésimliq qattiq basturush siyasitini dawamlashturidighanliqini, bingtu’enning jenubiy Uyghur rayonigha kéngiyishini yenimu tézlitidighanliqini tekitligen.

Wang yangning körsitishiche, xitay hökümiti hazirgha qeder Uyghur aptonom rayonida yolgha qoyghan siyaset we tedbirler bu rayondiki “Uzun mezgillik eminlik mesilisini tüp yiltizidin hel qilishning asasini salghan.”

U mezkur rayonda “Diniy ashqunluq” körünerlik cheklinip, téximu muqim we bixeter menzire yaritilghanliqi, “Qanun-tertipning körünerlik yaxshilinip, shinjangdiki her millet kadir we ammisining bixeterlik tuyghusi kücheygenliki” ni tekitligen bolsimu, lékin yerlik emeldarlarning “3 Xil küchler” ge qarshi yuqiri bésimliq siyasetni dawamlashturup, “Xata idiyelerge qarshi turushni, jenubiy shinjangda namratliqqa qarshi turup, diniy ashqunluqni yoqitishi” ni telep qilghan.

Bu wang yangning 2017‏-yili xitay kompartiyesi siyasiy byurosining da’imiy ezaliqigha, bu yil 3‏-ayda ayda xitay memliketlik siyasiy kéngishining re’islikige östürülüp, xitay merkizi hökümitining “Shinjang xizmiti” ge rehberlik qilish hoquqini ötküzüwalghandin béri tunji qétim Uyghur rayonini ziyaret qilishi we Uyghur rayonidiki xitay emeldarlirigha yol-yoruq bérishi iken.

Kishilik hoquq teshkilatlirining ilgiri sürüshiche, ular wang yangning sözige heyran qalmighan. Gérmaniyediki “Tehdit astidiki xelqler teshkilati” ning re’isi ulrix déli’us peyshenbe küni ziyaritimizni qobul qilip, xitay rehbirining “Bashqichirek sözlishini kütmigen iduq,” dédi.

Ulrix déli’us mundaq deydu: “Biz uning bayanatini anglap heyran qalmiduq. Biz xitay aliy rehberlirining, ‘sherqiy türkistandiki siyasitimizni özgertishni oylishimiz, biz siyasitimizni özgertishimiz kérek. Sherqiy türkistandiki Uyghurlar we bizning xelqimizdiki wehimilerni hés qilduq. Biz buninggha köngül bölimiz. Biz oxshimighan étnik milletler bilen bolghan öz ara chüshenchini algha sürüshini, kishilik hoquqqa hörmet qilishni oylishimiz,’ déyishini kütüwatqinimizgha nechche on yillar boldi. Lékin biz hazirqi shara’itta xitay hökümitining siyasitide bir özgirish bolushini kütmeymiz. Hazirche bu hökümetning sherqiy türkistanda kishilik hoquqqa emel qilishining héchqandaq béshariti yoq.”

Wang yangning Uyghur rayonidiki ziyariti amérikining diqqiti bu rayondiki “Yépiq terbiyelesh merkezliri” ge buralghan bir mezgilge toghra keldi. Amérikining muweqqet yardemchi dölet ishlar ministiri lawra ston 18‏-aprél béyjingda “Magnitiskiy qanuni” ni ishqa sélip, Uyghur rayonida kishilik hoquqni depsende qilghan xitay emeldarlirini jazalishi mumkinlikini bildürgen. U, “Tümenligen” Uyghur we bashqa musulmanlarning bu lagérlarda tutup turuluwatqanliqini tekitligen idi.

Mutexessisler, wang yang bezi chet’elliklerning neziride xitay kompartiyesi ichidiki nisbeten libéral xitay emeldari, dep qaralsimu, lékin uning Uyghur rayonida téximu qattiq qol siyaset yürgüzüshi mumkinlikini bildürdi.

Türkiye istratégiyelik chüshenchiler institutining mutexessisi, doktor erkin ekrem mundaq deydu: “Wang yangni yü jéngshingdinmu qattiqraq bolidu, dep oylaymen. Chünki, birinchidin, wang yang bu tüzümning ichidiki adem. U hazirqi tüzümni bir chetke qayrip qoyup, bir ish qilalmaydu. Tüzüm buninggha yol qoymaydu. Ikkinchidin, shi jinpingning siyasitini belgileydighan yaki uninggha meslihet béridighan kishilerning biri wang xuning, yene biri li jenshu. Li jenshu bi’olen wang xuning sherqiy türkistan siyasitide bir nerse démise, wang yang libéral siyaset yürgüzelmeydu, dep oylaymen. U sherqiy türkistan mesiliside bir netije körsitishi kérek. Shunga, netije körsitimen, dep téximu qattiq qol bolushi mumkin.”

Wang yang Uyghur rayonidiki ziyaritide yene bingtu’enning muqimliq mesilisidiki ornini alahide tekitligen. U, bingtu’enning fonkitsiyelik méxanizmi, merkezning “Shinjang xizmitini orunlashturush heqqidiki bash nishani” ni emelge ashurushtiki rolini jari qildurushni, uni Uyghur élining jenubiydiki oblast, wilayetlerge kéngeytishni yenimu tézlitishni tekitligen.

Doktor erkin ekremning qarishiche, xitayning bingtu’enni jenubiy Uyghur élidiki oblast, wilayetlerge kéngeytishtiki meqsiti bu rayondiki xitay nopusining azlap kétishi peyda qilghan boshluqni toldurush iken.

Erkin ekrem mundaq deydu: “Biz eger sherqiy türkistan xeritisige qaraydighan bolsaq, bingtu’enning Uyghurlar merkezlik olturaqlashqan rayonlarni muhasirige alghan weziyetni körighiz. Xitay uningghimu yetmey yene Uyghurlar toplan’ghan rayonlargha xitay nopusini yötkeymiz dégen bolsa, dimekki, yene bir endishisi bar. Ensireshning bir sewebi belkim, 2009‏-yili ‘ürümchi weqesi’ din kéyin nurghun xitaylar sherqiy türkistandin köchüp ketti. Bir chaghlarda xitaylar sherqiy türkistan nopusining 41% ni teshkil qilidu, dep qarilatti. Hazir bezi matériyallarda 37%, bezi matériyallarda 34 % dep yéziliwétiptu. Shunga, qachqan xitay nopusining ornini bingtu’en bilen toluqlisaq, dep oylawatqan bolushi mumkin.”

Lékin “Tehdit astidiki xelqler jem’iyiti” diki déli’usining ilgiri sürüshiche, wang yangning sözi xitayning muqimliq chüshenchisi bilen xelq’araning neziridiki muqimliq chüshenchisining perqlinidighanliqini körsitip bergen. Déli’us xitayning “Sherqiy türkistan” da Uyghurlarsiz muqimliq qurmaqchi boluwatqanliqini bildürdi.

Ulrix déli’us yene mundaq deydu: “Ular kishilik hoquq kürishi qilidighan Uyghurlargha qarshi turupla qalmay, kompartiye ezasi bolghan Uyghurlarghimu qarshi turup, nishanini pütün Uyghurlargha qaratti. Bu xil étnik nuqti’inezerni chüshenmek müshkül. Chünki, ularning meqsiti heqiqeten sherqiy türkistanda muqimliq yaritish bolghan bolsa, kompartiye ezasi Uyghurlarning qollishigha éhtiyaji chüshetti. Biraq ular Uyghurlarda héchkimni ishenchlik yardemchi, dep qarimaywatidu. Bu ehwalda ularning sherqiy türkistanda muqimliqni qandaq emelge ashuridighanliqini chüshinelmeywatimen.”

Wang yang Uyghur rayonidiki hazirqi nispiy timtasliqning sewebini xitay da’irilirining bu rayondiki qattiq amanliq tedbirlirige we idé’ologiyelik kontrolluqning netijisige baghlighan. Lékin kishilik hoquq teshkilatlirining qarishiche, bu nispiy timtasliqning arqisida éghir tragédiyeler yoshurun’ghaniken. Bu teshkilatlar xitay hökümitining az dégende bir milyondek Uyghurni “Yépiq terbiyelesh lagérliri” gha qamap, Uyghur jem’iyitining ijtima’iy, iqtisadi, medeniyet we kündilik hayatini qiyin halgha chüshürüp qoyghanliqini eskertip keldi.


En’gliye Parlaméntida Uyghurlarning Éghir Weziyiti Heqqidimu Guwahliq Bérildi

En'gliye parlaméntida "Eng qarangghu minutlar" mawzuluq guwahliq bérish yighinigha qatnashquchilar. 2018-Yili 18-aprél, london.

En’gliye parlaméntida “Eng qarangghu minutlar” mawzuluq guwahliq bérish yighinigha qatnashquchilar. 2018-Yili 18-aprél, london.

 RFA/Erkin Tarim

4-Ayning 18-küni en’gliye parlaméntida “Eng qarangghu minutlar” mawzuluq guwahliq bérish yighini ötküzüldi. Yighinda Uyghurlarning bügünki weziyitimu anglitildi.

En’gliye parlaménti kishilik hoquq komissiyonining ezasi fi’ona bruké xanim bilen en’gliyediki kishilik hoquq pa’aliyetchisi we yazghuchi bénédékt rogérs uyushturghan bu qétimliq guwahliq bérish yighinida xitay wiyétnamdin tutup kétip ömürlük qamaq jazasigha höküm qilghan wang bingjangning akisi bilen teywenlik kishilik hoquq pa’aliyetchisi li mingchining ayali guwahliq bergen.

Bügünki guwahliq bérish yighinida Uyghurlarning nöwettiki éghir weziyiti toghrisida londondiki Uyghur pa’aliyetchi rahime mexmut xanim bilen “Xitaygha yardem” fondining re’isi bolup fu ependi guwahliq bergen. Rehime mexmut xanim bu heqte ziyaritimizni qobul qilip, en’gliye parlaméntida ötküzülgen guwahliq bérish yighini heqqide melumat berdi.

Arqidin bash shtabi amérikidiki “Xitaygha yardem” fondining re’isi bolup fu ependi xitaydiki diniy bésim toghrisida guwahliq bergen. Rehime mehmut xanimning bildürüshiche, bob fu ependi nöwette Uyghurlarning béshigha kéliwatqan éghir derijidiki diniy cheklimiler, atalmish “Terbiyelesh lagérliri” toghrisida 15 minuttek melumat bergen.

Xewerlerge asaslan’ghanda, ötken yili 7-aydin tartip köp sanda Uyghurlar atalmish “Terbiyelesh merkizi” namidiki lagérlargha qamalghan bolup, bularning ichide chet’elde pa’aliyet élip bériwatqan Uyghur pa’aliyetchilerningmu ata-aniliri, uruq-tughqanliri bar iken. Uyghur pa’aliyetchi rehime mexmut xanim 18-aprélda en’gliye parlaméntida ötküzülgen guwahliq bérish yighinida bu heqte tepsiliy melumat bérgenlikini bayan qildi.

Rahime mexmut xanim ziyaritimiz jeryanida yene parlaménttiki kishilik hoquq komissiyonining bügünki guwahliq bérish yighinlirida chüshken pikirlerni retlep we mexsus doklat teyyarlap, en’gliye parlaméntigha we en’gliye hökümitige sunidighanliqini bayan qildi.

Igilinishiche, en’gliye parlaméntida 2016-yilidin tartip “Eng qarangghu minutlar” témisida guwahliq bérish yighini ötküzülüp kelmekte iken. Uyghur en’gliyediki Uyghur pa’aliyetchi enwer toxti ependi “Eng qarangghu minutlar” namliq guwahliq bérish yighinida xitaydiki organ yötkesh mesilisi boyiche guwahliq bergen iken.

 erkin tarim

Mutexessisler: “Uyghuristandiki Nepes Yoli we Ösme Késelliklirini Muhit Bulghinishi Keltürüp Chiqarghan”

Korla néfitlikining bulghan'ghan hawasi. 2006-Yili 10-öktebir.

Korla néfitlikining bulghan’ghan hawasi. 2006-Yili 10-öktebir.


Chet’ellerdiki bir qisim muhit mutexessisliri bilen tébbiy xadimlar Uyghur diyaridiki muhit bulghinishi heqqide toxtilip, yéqinqi yillardin buyan rayonda barghanséri köpiyiwatqan nepes yoli we ösme késelliklirige muhit bulghinishining biwasite seweb boluwatqanliqini otturigha qoydi.

Ular, yéqinqi 20 yildin buyan xitay hökümitining Uyghur élida shiddet bilen kan bayliqlirini échishi, bolupmu rayondiki kömür, tömür, mis we bashqa qézilma bayliqlarni heddidin artuq qézishi shuningdek kömürgaz zawutlirini köplep qurushi tüpeylidin rayon muhitining éghir derijide bulghan’ghanliqini tilgha élishmaqta. Ular yene bu ehwalning rayonda yashawatqan Uyghur qatarliq yerlik xelqlerde burun yallughi, öpke yallughi, kanay-boghuz yallughi qatarliq nepes yoli késellirini hemde qizil önggech raki, ashqazan raki, üchey raki, limfa raki, jiger raki ayallardiki emchek raki we baliyatqu raki qatarliq yaman süpetlik ösme késellirini keltürüp chiqiriwatqanliqini tekitlimekte.

21-Apréldiki “Dunya yershari küni” munasiwiti bilen Uyghur muhit mutexessisliridin doktor muxter chong radiyomiz ziyaritini qobul qildi. U ilgiri shinjang uniwérsitétining jughrapiye fakultétida xizmet qilghan bolup, kéyinche yaponiyede Uyghur diyarining ékologiyelik muhiti boyiche tetqiqat élip barghan idi. U, Uyghur diyaridiki muhit mesilisi we uning tesiri heqqide öz qarashlirimu bayan qildi.

Uning qarishiche, tarim oymanliqida néfit we tebi’iy gaz qatarliq yer asti bayliqlirini heddidin ziyade échishtek insanlar teripidin sün’iy yosunda peyda qilin’ghan muhit buzghunchiliqi eslidinla hawa kilimati qurghaq bolghan xoten, qeshqer, aqsu qatarliq jenubiy Uyghur diyaridiki bostanliqlarning qumlishishini, su yüzining töwenlishini, toghraq-yantaq qatarliq tebi’iy orman yaki yépincha ösümlüklerning qurup kétishini, boranliq we chang-tozanliq künlerning köpiyishini keltürüp chiqarghan. Buning netijiside Uyghur diyarida, bolupmu jenubiy Uyghur diyarida yashaydighan yerlik ahaliler arisida türlük ösme késelliri we nepes yoli késelliklirining ewj élishidek bir yaman ehwal körülüshke bashlighan.

Tébbiy sahediki Uyghur mutexessislermu bu heqte ziyaritimizni qobul qilip, pikir bayan qildi. Ilgiri Uyghur aptonom rayonluq ösme késellikler doxturxanisining doxturi bolghan, kéyinche yaponiyede gén tetqiqati we ösme késelliri boyiche doktorluq ilmiy unwanigha érishken, hazir washin’gtondiki melum doxturxanida ishlewatqan jür’et obul ependimu bu heqte öz qarashlirini bayan qildi.

Uning bildürüshiche, Uyghur diyaridiki ösme késelliri we nepes yoli késelliklirining nisbiti xitaydiki herqandaq bir ölke we rayondin éghir iken. Buning asasliq sewebini Uyghur diyarida ötken esirning 60-yilliridin 90-yillarning otturilirigha qeder élip bérilghan atom sinaqliri bilen yéqinqi 30 yildin buyan rayonda körülgen éghir derijidiki muhit bulghinishidin izdeshke bolidiken.

Muhajirettiki Uyghurlardin bir qisim kishilermu bu heqte pikir bayan qilip, ilgiri özliri körgen yaki shahit bolghan muhitqa da’ir bezi tepsilatlarni bayan qilip ötti. Kanadada yashawatqan mukerrem xanim ene shulardin biri. U ilgiri Uyghur aptonom rayonluq kömür kan nazaritining ürümchi shorbulaqtiki kömürkan-ximiye zawutida uzun yil ishligen iken. U ilgiri özi ishligen mezkur zawutta körgen ehwallarni bayan qildi.

Uning bildürüshiche, ürümchi shehiridiki ahaliler rayonigha qurulghan bu zawutta kömür kanlarni partlitidighan partlatquch dorilar ishlepchiqirilidiken. Lékin zeherlik madda t n t we zawuttin qoyup bérilidighan paskina sulargha qarita eyni chaghda héchqandaq bixeterlik tedbirliri élinmighan iken. Ürümchi shorbulaqtiki bu zawut etrapida quruqluq armiye mektipi, boghaltir-kadirlar mektipi, ittipaq mektipi qatarliq mektepler bar bolup, nurghun oqutquchi-oqughuchilar we olturaq ahaliler yashaydiken.

Méditsina penliri doktori jür’et obul ependi, Uyghur diyaridiki muhit bulghinishi seweblik rayonda ewj alghan her xil ösme késellikliri bilen nepes yoli késelliklirining istatéskiliq melumatliri xitay hökümiti teripidin üzlüksiz halda yoshurup kéliniwatqan mexpiyetlik bolghini üchün xelq’arada Uyghur diyaridiki késelliklerning kélip chiqish sewebini éniqlash tetqiqatining intayin tes boluwatqanliqini bildürdi.

Halbuki, muxter chong ependining qarishiche, yéqinqi bir ikki yildin buyan xelq’arada Uyghur diyarining muhiti heqqidiki xewerler we doklatlar köpeygen. Bu sewebtin xitay hökümitimu rayondiki muhit bulghinishining ziyan-zexmetliri heqqidiki bir qisim xewer we doklatlarni élan qilish mejburiyitide qalghan.



Uyghuristan Pédagogika Uniwérsitéti Edip Abduqadir Jalalidinning Tutqun Qilin’ghanliqini Delillidi

Shinjang pédagogika uniwérsitétining proféssori, ataqliq sha'ir we edib abduqadir jalalidin.

Shinjang pédagogika uniwérsitétining proféssori, ataqliq sha’ir we edib abduqadir jalalidin.

 Social Media

Shinjang pédagogika uniwérsitétining proféssori, ataqliq sha’ir we edib abduqadir jalalidinning ürümchi shehiridiki dölet amanliqi saqchiliri teripidin tutqun qilin’ghanliqi éniqlandi. Bu uchur mezkur uniwérsitétning amanliq bashqarmisi siyasiy ishlar bölümining mes’uli féng wénchyang teripidin delillendi. Féng wénchyang abduqadir jalalidinning 29‏-yanwar küni ürümchi sheherlik dölet amanliqi saqchiliri teripidin tutup kétilgenlikini bayan qildi.

Sha’ir abduqadir jalalidinning tutulghanliqi buningdin bir ayche ilgiri anglighuchilirimiz teripidin radiyomizgha yetküzülgen idi. Emma ürümchidiki alaqidar idare-organlar abduqadir jalalidin heqqide melumat bérishini izchil türde ret qilip kelgen idi. Ötken heptining axiri gérmaniyediki “Sherqi türkistan uchur merkizi” qatarliq ijtima’iy axbarat wastilirimu abduqadir jalalidinning tutulghanliqi heqqide xewer bergen idi.

Uyghur diyarigha qarita izchil dawamlashqan téléfon ziyaretlirimiz dawamida köpinche xadimlar ehwal heqqide melumat bérishtin özini qachurdi. Shinjang pédagogika uniwérsitéti qoghdash bashqarmisining bir xadimi abduqadir jalalidinning 3 aydin béri mektepte yoqluqini ashkarilidi. U yene abduqadir jalalidinning tutulup ketkenliki heqqide jem’iyette gep tarqalghanliqi, emma mektepning resmiy yosunda bu weqeni ishchi-xizmetchilirige téxi uqturmighanliqini bayan qildi. Mektep qoghdash bashqarmisi siyasiy ishlar bölümining mes’uli féng wénchyang, abduqadir jalalidinning tutqun qilin’ghanliqini delillidi. Téléfon ziyaritimiz dawamida xatirisidiki tutqunlar tizimlikige estayidil qarap chiqqan féng wénchyang, abduqadir jalalidinning ürümchi sheherlik dölet amanliq saqchi etriti teripidin bu yil 1‏-ayning 29‏-küni tutup kétilgenlikini bayan qildi.

Hörmetlik radi’o anglighuchilar, bu uchur delillinishtin awwal, yeni ötken jüme küni dunya Uyghur qurultiyining aliy rehbiri rabiye qadir xanim abduqadir jalalidin heqqide mexsus bayanat élan qilip, muhajirettiki Uyghur teshkilatlirini abduqadir jalalidinning tutulghanliq xewirini xelq’ara jama’etke keng kölemde yetküzüshke dewet qilghan idi. Bügün dunya Uyghur qurultiyi bayanat élan qilip, xitay da’irilirining abduqadir jalalidinni tutqun qilghanliqini eyiblidi.

Muxbirimiz shöhret hoshur

Uyghur Mesilisi Amérikining 2017-Yilliq Kishilik Hoquq Doklatidin Alahide Orun Aldi

Amérikining 2017-yilliq kishilik hoquq doklati élan qilindi.

Amérikining 2017-yilliq kishilik hoquq doklati élan qilindi.

Ötken jüme küni amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqi muxbirlarni kütüwélish yighini ötküzüp, amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining 2017-yilliq kishilik hoquq doklatini élan qildi. Amérikining muweqqet dölet ishliri ministiri jon solliwan doklatning élan qilinish munasiwiti bilen bergen bayanatida xitay, rusiye, iran we shimaliy koréye hökümetlirining insanlarning heq-hoquqlirini qattiq depsende qiliwatqanliqini mexsus tilgha alghan. U sözide bu döletler hökümetlirining her küni kishilik hoquqni éghir depsende qilish arqiliq aqiwette “Muqimsizliq” ni öz qoli bilen peyda qiliwatqanliqini bildürgen we bu döletlerning kishilik hoquq mesiliside tenqidlinishining “Exlaqiy mejburiyet” ikenlikini tekitligen.

U xitaydiki kishilik hoquq depsendichilikini tilgha alghanda mundaq dégen: “Xitay kishilik hoquq pa’aliyetchilirini cheklesh, ijtima’iy jem’iyetlerni, pikir erkinlikini cheklesh, nazaret we teqibni öz meyliche kücheytish qatarliq diktator hakimiyet sistémisining unsurlirini keng qollanmaqta. Edliyening musteqil bolmasliqi, musteqil adwokatlarning zerbige uchrishi we uchurning qattiq qamal qilinishidek ehwallarning hemmisi döletning qanun arqiliq idare qilinishigha tosalghu bolmaqta. Bolupmu xitay hökümitining Uyghurlar we tibetlerning milliy, dini we til-yéziq erkinlikini yoqitish heriketliri bizning alahide diqqitimizni qozghimaqta.”

Doklatning xitaygha a’it qismidimu Uyghurlarning weziyiti keng otturigha qoyulghan. Doklatta xitayda yüz bériwatqan siyasiy arqa körünüshke ige zerbe bérish we öltürüsh heriketliri, mejburiy ghayib qiliwétish, öz meyliche tutqun qilish, qopal mu’amile we öch élish, siyasiy mehbuslar, xususiy mexpiyetlik erkinlikige dexli qilish, axbarat‏-uchur, pikir erkinliki, intérnét erkinliki, erkin sayahet we heriket erkinliki, milliy we dini hoquqlarning depsende qilinishi yaki kemsitilishi qatarliq mesililerning hemmiside Uyghurlar mexsus tilgha élin’ghan.

Amérikidiki “Erkinlik sariyi” ning tetqiqatchisi sarah kuk xanim bügün radiyomizgha qilghan sözide amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining doklatida xitayning dunyadiki kishilik hoquqni eng éghir depsende qiliwatqan dölet qatarida alahide tenqid qilin’ghanliqini qarshi aldi. U bu heqte toxtilip mundaq dédi: “Amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining bu qétimliq doklatida xitayni mexsus halda kishilik hoquqni eng éghir depsende qiliwatqan 4 dölet qatarida kötürüp chiqishi menche intayin toghra bir qarar. Xitay hökümiti kishilik hoquqni sistémiliq halda depsende qilip kéliwatqan bir dölet bolush bilenla qalmay, u hazir özining xitay ichide yürgüzüwatqan diktator tüzümini, pikir we uchur erkinlikige qaratqan qamalini hem shundaqla yuqiri téxnikiliq nazaret sistémilirini bashqa döletlergimu éksport qiliwatidu. Bu jehettin qarighanda, xitay hökümiti dunyada heqiqeten bir muqimsizliqqa asas séliwatidu, dések xata bolmaydu. Uning üstige Uyghur élidiki weziyet kéyinki bir yil ichide misli körülüp baqmighan derijide éghirlap ketti. Zor sandiki Uyghurlarning ‘yépiq terbiye lagérliri’ gha solinishi eng éghir kishilik hoquq depsendichilik misallirining biri. Mana mushularning hemmisini yighip qarighanda, xitayni dunyadiki kishilik hoquqni eng éghir depsende qiliwatqan dölet, dep bahalashqa bolidu. Shunga amérika hökümitining xitayni ochuq-ashkara halda eyiblishi intayin toghra bir heriket.”
Amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining doklatida otturigha qoyulghan mezmunlarda xitay hökümitining Uyghur élida térrorluqqa qarshi turush dégen nam astida héchqandaq ispat körsetmey turup, xitayning “Térrorchi” qalpiqi kiydürülgen kishilerni xalighanche oq chiqirip öltürgenlikini, Uyghur élida nurghun kishilerning iz-déreksiz ghayib qiliwétilgenlikini, bolupmu chet’ellerdin qaytip kelgen kishilerning iz-déreksiz ghayib boluwatqanliqini, Uyghur tutqunlarning türmide qéyin-qistaq we qopal mu’amile körüwatqanliqini shundaqla Uyghurlarning xalighanche tutush nishanigha ayliniwatqanliqini emeliy misallar bilen otturigha qoyghan. Hélihem xitay türmiside yétiwatqan Uyghur ziyaliysi ilham toxti we 2009-yilidiki ürümchi weqesidin kéyin tutqun qilin’ghan “Shebnem” tor békitining sahibi nijat azatlarning isimliri tilgha élin’ghan.

Xitay hökümitining dölet miqyasida yolgha qoyuwatqan yuqiri téxnikiliq nazaret we teqib sistémiliriningmu Uyghur élida eng keng omumlashturulghanliqi, intérnétning qattiq qamal qilinidighanliqi, Uyghur aptonom rayonluq da’irilirining bashqa jaylardin perqliq halda rayondiki kishilerning d n a ewrishkisi qatarliq bi’ologiyilik uchurlirini yighiwatqanliqi, xitay hökümitining yene “Qayta qurush, tüzesh-yasash” dégendek isimlar astida Uyghurlar olturaqlashqan qedimiy makanlarni, tarix we medeniyet iznalirini buzghunchiliqqa uchritiwatqanliqinimu alahide tilgha élin’ghan.

Uyghur élidiki sayahet we heriket erkinlikining qattiq cheklime astigha élin’ghanliqi, Uyghurlarning pasport élip chet’elge chiqish emes, belki Uyghur éli ichide erkin heriket qilishiningmu éghir cheklimige uchrawatqanliqi mezkur doklatta nuqtiliq tilgha élin’ghan mesililerning biridur. Uningda Uyghurlarning bir sheherdin yene bir sheherge barghuche sanaqsiz tekshürüsh ponkitliridin ötidighanliqi, emma xitaylarning bundaq tosaqlardin ötmeydighanliqi bayan qilin’ghan.

Qisqisi, doklatta xitay hökümitining qeghez yüzidiki siyasetliride “Az sanliq milletlerge pilanliq tughut, aliy mektepke kirish, qerz pul élish, ishqa orunlishish jehetlerde étibar bérilidu, az sanliq milletler özining milliy we dini örp-adetlirini qoghdash, uni dawamlashturush hoquqigha ige” dep körsitilgen bolsimu, emma emeliyette xitay hökümitining yerlik milletler rayonlirida “Xitaylashturush” ni yolgha qoyuwatqanliqi, yerlik milletlerning dini we milliy erkinlikige hem shundaqla ularning ana tiligha jiddiy hujum qiliwatqanliqi bayan qilin’ghan.

Doklatta yene “Az sanliq milletler topliship olturaqlashqan aptonom rayonlarda, bolupmu shinjang Uyghur aptonom rayonida xitaylar partiye we hökümetning hoquqluq orunlirining mutleq köp qismini dawamliq igilep turmaqta. Xitay nopusining mezkur rayon’gha téximu köp éqip kirishi yéqinqi yillarda Uyghurlarning naraziliqini qozghashqa bashlidi,” déyilgen.

Yéqindin buyan, amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqi Uyghur élidiki éghir kishilik hoquq weziyiti heqqidiki endishilirini intayin éniq we keskin bir til bilen otturigha qoymaqta. Peyshenbe küni amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqi Uyghur élidiki weziyet heqqide mexsus bayanat bérip, xitay hökümitini Uyghurlargha yürgüzüwatqan bésim siyasetlirini derhal ayaghlashturushqa chaqirghan. Uningdin awwal amérikining mu’awin yardemchi dölet ishliri ministiri lawra ston béyjingda söz qilip, Uyghur aptonom rayonidiki “Yépiq terbiyilesh lagérliri” ni tilgha alghan we Uyghurlargha qaritilghan bundaq depsendichiliklerde rol éliwatqan xitay hökümet emeldarlirini amérikining “Magnétskiy kishilik hoquq qanuni” ni ishqa sélip turup jazalishi mumkinlikini tekitligen.

Jüme küni amérikining muweqqet dölet ishliri ministiri jon solliwan doklatning élan qilinish munasiwiti bilen élan qilghan bayanatidimu kishilik hoquqni éghir depsende qiliwatqan xitay qatarliq döletlerni yene mushu “Magnétskiy qanuni” arqiliq agahlandurdi. U sözide “Yighip éytqanda, amérika dunyadiki kishilik hoquqni teshebbus qilishqa yétekchilik qilidu. Biz kishilik hoquqni depsende qilghuchilarni jazalashni dawam qilimiz. Ötken yillar mabeynide biz ‘magnétskiy qanuni’ arqiliq bezi jaza tedbirlirini alduq. Kishilik hoquqni depsende qilghan herqandaq kishi, meyli u dunyaning qeyiride bolsun, bizning qolimizdin qutulup chiqip kételmeydu,” dep eskertti.irade

China Authorities Use ‘Burial Management Centers’ to Subvert Uyghur Funeral Traditions in Uyghuristan

A file photo shows a Muslim cemetery on the outskirts of Xinjiang's capital Urumqi.

A file photo shows a Muslim cemetery on the outskirts of Xinjiang’s capital Urumqi.

 AP Photo

Authorities in Hotan (in Chinese, Hetian) prefecture, in northwest China’s Xinjiang region, are setting up “burial management centers” as part of what the Uyghur exile community say is a bid to control all aspects of life for members of their ethnic group—even the act of dying.

Recent posts on a social media channel used by the mostly-Muslim Uyghur community included a photo of a notice informing residents of the construction of a center in Keriye (Yutian) county’s Arish township to conduct the burial of local residents.

Officials from two different counties in Hotan told RFA’s Uyghur Service that similar centers had been established in areas under their administration, although they were unsure of what they were being used for, and suggested authorities planned to build additional facilities throughout the prefecture.

The head of Urchi township in Hotan’s Qaraqash (Moyu) county said she had heard “about a month ago” that a burial management center had been constructed and would be “opening soon.”

“I only heard that ıt wıll be openıng soon, but I don’t know why ıt ıs opening or what they do there,” she added.

The ruling Communist Party secretary of No. 1 Village, in Guma (Pishan) county’s Piyalma township, told RFA that a burial management center “opened in July 2017” within the county.

When asked the reason why the center was built, the secretary said that it “[will help us comply with] the four different orders, in order to make it convenient for us” officials, without providing further details.

Officials in Xinjiang routinely refer to four guidelines they are to follow when governing in the region—strengthening propaganda according to the promotion of Chinese-style religion, encouraging residents to self-report and criticize their own behavior, opposing religious extremism, and expressing gratitude to the Communist Party.

While the officials did not explain the specific function of the burial management centers, members of the Uyghur exile community with links to the area told RFA that authorities are using them to subvert Uyghur ethnic traditions and remove the religious context from funerary rites.

Since April 2017, Uyghurs accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” views have been jailed or detained in political re-education camps throughout Xinjiang, where members of the ethnic group have long complained of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

Zumret, a Uyghur political analyst based in Norway, said that in addition to targeting for detention Uyghurs who assert their religious identity, Chinese authorities now seek to take control of the last private aspects of Uyghur lives by regulating their burial practices.

“The Chınese have burial management centers from where corpses are sent for cremation before beıng burıed, and this is the type of procedure the Chınese government wants the Uyghurs to adhere to,” she said.

According to Uyghur tradition, the dead must be cleansed by a member of the local community who is versed in religious knowledge before relatives say a final farewell. Bodies are then transported by “jinaze,” a coffin-like carriage, to a nearby mosque for a closure prayer.

Afterwards, an imam recites a sermon on the meaning of life and death, reminding the congregation that everyone eventually meets their creator, regardless of what they have done on earth. The body is then transported to a cemetery for burial, and a week later, the family holds a mourning ceremony which is attended by members of the community.

“For us Uyghurs, ıt ıs extremely ımportant because we believe that we must send our departed away with a pure mınd on theır fınal journey, and as Muslims, we recite Islamic prayers during the burial service to purify the body and soul,” Zumret said.

“The aım of the Chınese government ıs to suffocate us ın every aspect of our daily lıfe by restricting our cultural and relıgıous tradıtıons, which often leads people to rebel—and that gıves the authorities a legıtımate reason to respond with deadly force.”

Dealing with camp effects

Abdurahman Hesen, a Uyghur busınessman who resıdes ın Turkey, told RFA that the burial management centers are also being set up to deal with the effects the re-education camps have had on the local population.

He said that the centers provide a convenient way for authorities to deal with the bodies of Uyghurs who have died under questionable circumstances while in the camps.

“Havıng a burıal management center ın every vıllage ıs a way to control the services for the dead, because when a person dıes ın detention or a prıson, the authorities [usually] do not return the corpse to the family,” Hesen said.

“When the service ıs carried out by the government, the family doesn’t know what took place or where the body was ınterred. In the future, we may not be able to fınd the graves of our fathers and grandfathers. Thıs ıs completely unethıcal and unacceptable.”

Hesen said that the centers also arrange funerals in communities where most of the adult men—who would normally assist with the ceremonies—are in detention.

“There are very few young people left, as the majorıty of them are beıng held ın re-education camps and there aren’t enough left to carry the bodıes to the graveyard,” he said.

The Communist Party had never previously interfered in Uyghur funerals due to the sensitivity of the tradition, Hesen added, but by using the centers to take over burial services, authorities are now able to remove one more situation in which local religious leaders hold more influence over residents than the government.

“By controlling the whole process, it prevents Uyghur religious figures from preaching on the meaning of life and death, heaven and hell, and thereby controls every aspect of Uyghur life, from birth to death,” he said.

Vast network

China’s central government authorities have not publicly acknowledged the existence of re-education camps in Xinjiang, and the number of inmates kept in each facility remains a closely guarded secret, but local officials in many parts of Xinjiang have in RFA telephone interviews forthrightly described sending significant numbers of Uyghurs to the camps and even described overcrowding in some facilities.

Maya Wang of the New York-based Human Rights Watch told The Guardian in January that estimates of Xinjiang residents who had spent time in the camps went as high as 800,000, while at least one Uyghur exile group estimates that up to 1 million Uyghurs have been detained throughout the region since April 2017, and some activists say nearly every Uyghur household has been affected by the campaign.

Prior reporting by RFA’s Uyghur Service found that as arrests in Xinjiang increased around the sensitive 19th Communist Party Congress in Beijing in October, the region’s re-education camps have been inundated by detainees, who are forced to endure cramped and squalid conditions in the facilities.

Last month, authorities in Kashgar (Kashi) prefecture’s Yopurgha (Yuepuhu) county told RFA that a 17-year-old Uyghur boy named Yaqupjan Naman, who was detained for “traveling overseas,” had died of unknown causes at a local re-education camp. His father was not provided with the cause of the boy’s death and was forced to bury his body under police supervision, the sources said.

Reported by Shohret Hoshur for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by Alim Seytoff. Written in English by Joshua Lipes.

Amérika Dölet Ishliri Ministirliqi Uyghurlar Weziyiti Heqqide Mexsus Bayanat Berdi

Erkin asiya radi'osi muxbirliri amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining axbarat élan qilish yighinida. 2018-Yili 19-aprél. Washin'gton, amérika.

Erkin asiya radi’osi muxbirliri amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining axbarat élan qilish yighinida. 2018-Yili 19-aprél. Washin’gton, amérika.


Peyshenbe küni amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqi Uyghur élidiki weziyet heqqide mexsus bayanat bérip, xitay hökümitini Uyghurlargha yürgüzüwatqan bésim siyasetlirini derhal ayaghlashturushqa chaqirdi. Bu amérika hökümitining Uyghurlarning kishilik hoquq mesiliside hazirghiche bildürgen eng keskin bir ipadisi, dep qaralmaqta.

Amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining bayanatchisi xezér nutrét teripidin bérilgen bayanatta munular tekitlendi: “Amérikining muweqqet mu’awin yardemchi dölet ishlar ministiri lawra ston bu heptining béshida xitaygha bérip, bizge xitaydiki kishini intayin bi’aram qilidighan bir weziyet heqqide qisqiche doklat berdi. Shinjangdiki zoriyip méngiwatqan bésim amérika hökümitining endishilirini yenimu kücheytmekte. Xitay hökümitining din we étiqad erkinlikige qiliwatqan chékidin ashqan bésimi bizni qattiq oylandurmaqta. Biz yene xitay hökümitining bashqa dölet hökümetlirige Uyghurlarni mejburi qayturushqa bésim qiliwatqanliqigha yaki chet’eldiki Uyghurlarning uruq-tughqanlirigha bésim qiliwatqanliqigha yéqindin diqqet qilmaqtimiz! xitay hökümitining keng kölemlik tutqun herikitini qanat yaydurushi we misli körülüp baqmighan nazaret we teqibni yolgha qoyushi bizning endishilirimizni téximu kücheytti. Biz xitay hökümitini eks tesir peyda qilidighan bundaq siyasetlirini derhal ayaghlashturushqa we xalighanche tutqun qilin’ghanlarni derhal qoyuwétishke chaqirimiz.”

Peyshenbe künidiki axbarat élan qilish yighinigha erkin asiya radiyosi muxbirliri alahide teklip qilin’ghan bolup, ularning Uyghur élidiki a’ile tawabi’atlirining tehditke we tutqun’gha uchrash mesilisimu axbarat élan qilish yighinida tilgha élin’ghan yene bir muhim mesile idi. Xezér xanim meydandikilerge erkin asiya radiyosi muxbirlirini, ularning a’ile-tawabi’atlirining ularning amérikidiki kündilik xizmiti tüpeylidin xitay hökümitining tutqunigha uchrighanliqini tonushturup ötti.

Xezér xanim mundaq dédi: “Men tünügün amérikida turushluq 6 neper muxbir bilen tonushtum. Ular bilen bir sa’etke yéqin paranglishish pursitige érishtim. Ularning a’ililirining béshigha kelgen künler kishining könglini tolimu yérim qilidu. Amérikidiki erkin asiya radi’osining bu muxbirliri mushu yerde olturghan hemminglar erkin-azade halda qiliwatqan kündilik xizmetni qilghanliqi üchün ularning Uyghur élidiki uruq-tughqanliri tutqun’gha uchrighan. Biz erkin asiya radi’osining qehriman zhurnalistlirining xizmitige minnetdarliq bildürüsh bilen birge, ularning mesilisini xitaygha dawamliq türde otturigha qoyidighanliqimizni tekitlep ötmekchimen.”

Amérika hökümiti mushu bir hepte ichide Uyghurlarning weziyiti heqqidiki endishilirini bir qanche qétim küntertipke élip keldi. Melum bolushiche, yuqiridiki bu bayanat hazirghiche amérika hökümitining Uyghurlarning kishilik hoquq weziyitige bildürgen eng éniq we eng keskin ipadisi iken. Amérikidiki Uyghur adwokat nuriy türkel ependi bu bayanatning amérika tashqi siyasitige belgilik tesir körsitidighanliqini, buning ehmiyitining intayin chongluqini bildürdi.

Kishilik hoquqni közitish teshkilatining xitay ishliri diréktori sofi richardson amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining yuqiridiki bayanatini qarshi élish bilen birge, emdiki nöwet xitaygha tedbir élishta, dédi. U mundaq dédi: “Amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqining shinjang heqqidiki köz qarashlirini ipade qilishi bolupmu san-sanaqsiz kishining tutqun qilinishi heqqidiki endishilirini otturigha qoyushi kishini intayin ilhamlanduridighan bir ehwal. Emdiki so’al bolsa amérika hökümitining buninggha qandaq tedbir élishidur. Amérika hökümiti xitay hökümitining bu heriketliri üchün bir jaza tedbiri alamdu‏-qandaq? menche bu weziyetni özgertishtiki birdin-bir usul uninggha derhal bir tedbir élishtur.”

Derweqe, amérikining muweqqet mu’awin yardemchi dölet ishlar ministiri lawra ston charshenbe küni béyjingda qilghan sözide amérika hökümitining Uyghurlarning kishilik hoquqini depsende qilghan xitay emeldarlirini “Magnétskiy qanuni” bilen jazalishi mumkinlikini bildürgen. U muxbirlargha bayanat élan qilip, xitayning Uyghur aptonom rayonida az dégende “On minglighan” Uyghur we bashqa musulmanlarni “Yépiq terbiyilesh lagérliri” gha qamighanliqini, amérikining buningdin chongqur endishe qiliwatqanliqini bildürgen. Eng muhimi u, amérika hökümitining “Xelq’ara magnétskiy qanuni” ni ishqa sélip, Uyghurlarning kishilik hoquqini depsende qilishqa ishtirak qilghan xitay emeldarlirini jazalishi mumkinlikini bildürgen.

Sofi richardson xanim bolsa Uyghur élidiki mesililer hel bolmighuche amérikining xitay bilen söhbet ötküzmesliki kéreklikini bildürdi. U sözide “Menche, amérika hökümiti amérikadiki Uyghurlarning yurtida tutqun qilin’ghan uruq-tughqanlirini birmu-bir tizimlap chiqishi kérek. Buni xitaygha bildürüshi kérek. Andin qachan Uyghur élida körülüwatqan mesililer hel bolmighuche, xitay bilen dawam qilip kéliwatqan söhbetlirini toxtitishi kérek,” dédi.

Téxi yéqinda, amérika kéngesh palata ezasi marko rubiyo we amérika awam palata ezasi kiris simis amérikining béyjingdiki bash elchisi térry brandstandqa mektup yézip, uning Uyghur rayonidiki “Yépiq terbiyilesh lagérliri” ni tekshürüp chiqishini telep qilghan. Ular mektubida bash elchi brandstandning Uyghurlarni depsende qiliwatqan xitay emeldarlirining uchurini toplishini we amérika dölet ishlar ministirliqining “Magnétskiy qanuni” gha asasen bu emeldarlarning tizimlikini turghuzup, ularni jazalishini telep qilghan.

Nuriy türkel ependi bolsa amérika dölet ishliri ministirliqi teripidin bériliwatqan yuqiridiki bayanatlarning siyasetke aylinish éhtimalining yükseklikini bildürüp, buni amérikaning tashqi siyasiti, xitay bilen bolghan alaqilirige munasiwetlik kün tertiplirige tesir körsitidighan “Bösüsh xaraktérlik bir bayanat,” dep sherhlidi. U shundaqla amérika hökümitining bu mesilidiki bundaq éniq pozitsiyisining bashqa démokratik ellergimu tesir körsitidighanliqini eskertip, “Bu intayin ümidlinerlik bir tereqqiyat,” dédi.Muxbirimiz irade

Shahitlardin Biri Ghulja Shehiridiki “Terbiyilesh Lagérliri” ning Orni We Sani Heqqide Melumat Berdi


Ikki neper xitay saqchisining "Terbiyelesh merkizi" ning aldida turghan körünüshi. 2017-Yili 2-noyabir, korla.

Ikki neper xitay saqchisining “Terbiyelesh merkizi” ning aldida turghan körünüshi. 2017-Yili 2-noyabir, korla.

 AP Photo/Ng Han Guan

Nöwette chet’elde yashawatqan, ötken yilning axiri bir saqchi dostining hemrahliqida “Yépiq terbiyilesh lagérliri” ni körüsh pursitige ige bolghan bireylen ghulja shehiridiki “Yépiq lagér” larning orni heqqide toxtilip, lagérdikilerning ehwali heqqide bir qisim melumatlar bilen teminlidi. U, “Terbiyilesh merkizi” dep atalghan 5 orundiki lagérning emeliyette bir türme ikenlikini, lagérdikilerning mehbus kiyimi kiyidighanliqini bayan qildi.

Melum bolushiche, ghulja shehiride yamachang, partiye mektipi, maliye mektipi, su derwaza doxturxanisi we qaradöng 7‏-xang qatarliq az dégende 5 orunda “Yépiq terbiyilesh lagéri” tesis qilin’ghan. Bir dostining himayisi bilen bu lagéridin birini körüsh pursitige ige bolghan bir muhajirning bayan qilishiche, nöwette ghulja shehiridiki bu lagérlarda oqutquchilar, dölet xizmetchiliri, diniy zatlar, déhqanlar, fabrika ishchiliri qatarliq hersahe kishiliri “Terbiye” lenmektiken.

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Bultur küz mezgilide ghuljida bolghan we nöwette chet’elde yashawatqan bu kishi mezkur “Terbiyilesh merkizi” dégen isimning pütünley saxta isim ikenlikini, mezkur orunning bir jaza lagéri, yeni türmidin héch perqi yoqluqini ilgiri sürdi. U lagérdiki tutqunlarning mehbus kiyimi kiyidighanliqi, u yerde oqutush emes, peqet jaza ijra qilinidighanliqini bayan qildi. U yene lagér qorusida özi körgen kishilerning salametlikide éghir mesile barliqini, hetta ularning es-hushiningmu jayida emeslikige a’it chiray ipadisi we körünüshlerge shahit bolghanliqini bayan qildi.

 Shöhret Hoshur

Thousands of Uyghurs To Protest Against ‘Re-education’ Camps in Brussels on 27 April 2018

Friday 27 April 2018 | 10:00 — 14:00From Meeus Square to Schuman Square


The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) together with the World Uyghur Congress have the honour to announce a large-scale demonstration in Brussels, Belgium on 27 April 2018 against the continued use of draconian ‘re-education’ camps for nearly one million Uyghurs in East Turkestan. The demonstration that is widely supported by the Uyghur community will start at Meeus Square at 10:00am where participants will gather and begin to march to Schuman Square at 11:00am and end following speakers at Schuman Square at 14:00.

Demonstrators are demanding that the EU:

• Call on the Chinese government to release all Uyghurs held in arbitrary detention or who have been detained without being charged

• Send an official envoy to investigate the situation on the ground

• Overhaul and strengthen EU-China Human Rights Dialogue going forward

The demonstration will build on previous efforts to bring attention to the fact that upwards of one million Uyghurs are currently being held in ‘re-education’ camps across East Turkestan. The international community has been largely muted to this fact and the European Union, who outwardly profess the importance of human rights and democracy, have remained remarkably silent.

Demonstrators are expecting the EU to adhere to international standards in terms of religious and cultural rights, freedom of expression and assembly, freedom of movement, access to justice, and freedom from arbitrary detention for the Uyghur population.

For more information, contact us at:

The EU’s Strategic Framework on Human Rights and Democracy sets out guiding principles with regards to foreign policy, outlining the fact that the EU is founded upon the shared principles of “respect for human rights, democracy and the rule of law.” In addition, the document sets out the intention of the EU to “promote human rights in all areas of its external action without exception.”

China began sending thousands of Uyghurs to what they have called ‘re-education’ centers in late 2016. The camps have quickly grown to an unimaginable size since then with current estimates putting the number of detainees at one million in 2018. In Kashgar prefecture alone, it is reported that 120,000 Uyghurs are being held.

The camps are eerily reminiscent of China’s Re-Education Through Labour (RTL) system that was officially outlawed in 2013, though Amnesty International has argued that similar centers exist across the country by other names.

The camps in East Turkestan function effectively as prisons, where detainees are forced to undergo political indoctrination classes that aim to erode fundamental aspects of Uyghur identity. Uyghurs are not officially charged with a crime or provided explanations for detention, though Uyghurs with religious affiliations, students who have studied abroad or have ties to anyone living abroad have been targeted.

Most recently, a number of relatives of Radio Free Asia journalist Gulchehra Hoja disappeared and were presumably sent to these camps. In addition, former WUC president, Rebiya Kadeer, has said that a number of her family members may have been sent to the camps in retaliation for her work.

Conditions in the camps are very poor, with overcrowding and squalid living spaces. In December 2017, two young Uyghurs died in custody under uncertain circumstances. A prominent Uyghur scholar and religious figure Muhammad Salih Hajim died in a camp in January 2018, another was driven to suicide in February 2018, and a teenager died under mysterious circumstances in March 2018.


Uighur minority shackled by digital technology as thousands are detained for ‘vocational training’in China

People are being imprisoned without trial and placed in secretive detention camps for alleged political crimes


Nobody knows what happened to the Uighur student after he returned to China from Egypt and was taken away by police.

Not his village neighbours in China’s far west, who haven’t seen him in months. Not his former classmates, who fear Chinese authorities beat him to death.


Not his mother, who lives in a two-story house at the far end of a country road, alone behind walls bleached by the desert sun. She opened the door one afternoon for an unexpected visit by APreporters, who showed her a picture of a handsome young man posing in a park, one arm in the wind.

“Yes, that’s him,” she said as tears began streaming down her face. “This is the first time I’ve heard anything of him in seven months. What happened?”

“Is he dead or alive?”

The student’s friends think he joined the thousands — possibly tens of thousands — of people, rights groups and academics estimate, who have been spirited without trial into secretive detention camps for alleged political crimes that range from having extremist thoughts to merely travelling or studying abroad. The mass disappearances, beginning the past year, are part of a sweeping effort by Chinese authorities to use detentions and data-driven surveillance to impose a digital police state in the region of Xinjiang and over its Uighurs, a 10-million strong, Turkic-speaking Muslim minority that China says has been influenced by Islamic extremism.

Along with the detention camps, unprecedented levels of police blanket Uyghuristan’s streets. Cutting-edge digital surveillance systems track where Uighurs go, what they read, who they talk to and what they say. And under an opaque system that treats practically all Uighurs as potential terror suspects, Uighurs who contact family abroad risk questioning or detention.

The campaign has been led by Chen Quanguo, a Chinese Communist Party official, who was promoted in 2016 to head Xinjiang after subduing another restive region — Tibet. Chen vowed to hunt down Uighur separatists blamed for attacks that have left hundreds dead, saying authorities would “bury terrorists in the ocean of the people’s war and make them tremble.”

Through rare interviews with Uighurs who recently left China, a review of government procurement contracts and unreported documents, and a trip through southern Xinjiang, the AP pieced together a picture of Chen’s war that’s ostensibly rooting out terror — but instead instilling fear.

Most of the more than a dozen Uighurs interviewed for this story spoke on condition of anonymity for fear that Chinese authorities would punish them or their family members. The AP is withholding the student’s name and other personal information to protect people who fear government retribution.

Chen and the Uyghuristan regional government did not respond to repeated requests for comment. But China’s government describes its Xinjiang security policy as a ‘strike hard’ campaign that’s necessary following a series of attacks in 2013 and 2014, including a mass knifing in a train station that killed 33. A Hotan city propaganda official, Bao Changhui, told the AP: “If we don’t do this, it will be like several years ago — hundreds will die.”

China also says the crackdown is only half the picture. It points to decades of heavy economic investment and cultural assimilation programmes and measures like preferential college admissions for Uighurs.

Officials say the security is needed now more than ever because Uighur militants have been fighting alongside Islamic extremists in Syria. But Uighur activists and international human rights groups argue that repressive measures are playing into the hands of the likes of al-Qaida, which has put out Uighur-language recruiting videos condemning Chinese oppression.

“So much hate and desire for revenge are building up,” said Rukiye Turdush, a Uighur activist in Canada. “How does terrorism spread? When people have nowhere to run.”

The government has referred to its detention program as ‘vocational training,’ but its main purpose appears to be indoctrination. A memo published online by the Xinjiang human resources office described cities, including Korla, beginning ‘free, completely closed-off, militarised’ training sessions in March that last anywhere from 3 months to 2 years.

Uighurs study Mandarinlaw, ethnic unity, de-radicalisationpatriotism and abide by the ‘five togethers’ — live, do drills, study, eat and sleep together.

In a rare state media report about the centres, a provincial newspaper quoted a farmer who said after weeks of studying inside he could spot the telltale signs of religious extremism by how a person dressed or behaved and also profess the Communist Party’s good deeds. An instructor touted their “gentle, attentive” teaching methods and likened the centres to a boarding school dorm.

But in Korla, the institutions appeared more daunting, at least from the outside. The city had three or four well-known centres with several thousand students combined, said a 48-year-old local resident from the Han ethnic majority. One centre the AP visited was, in fact, labelled a jail. Another was downtown on a street sealed off by rifle-toting police. A third centre, the local Han resident said, was situated on a nearby military base.

While forced indoctrination has been reported throughout Xinjiang, its reach has been felt far beyond China’s borders.

In April, calls began trickling into a Uighur teacher’s academy in Egypt, vague but insistent. Uighur parents from a few towns were pleading with their sons and daughters to return to China, but they wouldn’t say why.

“The parents kept calling, crying on the phone,” the teacher said.

Chinese authorities had extended the scope of the program to Uighur students abroad. And Egypt, once a sanctuary for Uighurs to study Islam, began deporting scores of Uighurs to China.

Sitting in a restaurant outside Istanbul where many students had fled, four recounted days of panic as they hid from Egyptian and Chinese authorities. One jumped out a window running from police. Another slept in a car for a week. Many hid with Egyptian friends.

“We were mice, and the police were cats,” said a student from Urumqi, Xinjiang’s regional capital.

All who returned were intensely grilled about what they did in Egypt and viewed as potential terror suspects, the students said. Many were believed held in the new indoctrination camps, while some were sentenced to longer prison sentences.

The young man from Korla rarely went out in the two years he spent studying Islam in Egypt. He played some soccer — a beloved sport among Uighurs — but wasn’t particularly athletic or popular.

Instead, he kept to himself in an apartment that he kept fastidiously clean, steeped in his studies at the revered Al Azhar University, the 1,000-year-old seat of learning in Sunni Islam. He freely discussed Quranic verses with his Uighur friends but mostly avoided politics, one friend said. He spoke of one day pursuing a PhD in comparative religion.

“He had big dreams,” said the friend who is now hiding in Turkey to avoid being sent to China. “He wanted to be a religious scholar, which he knew was impossible in China, but he also wanted to stay close to his mother in Korla.”

He was fluent in Arabic and but also in Chinese. When they huddled around a smartphone to watch a Taiwanese tear-jerker about a boy separated from his mother, he would be the one weeping first.

When homesickness got to him, he would tell his friends about how his mother doted on him, and about Korla and the big house he grew up in. And when he gets married, God willing, he would say, he’d start a family in that house, too.

“If my wife doesn’t agree, then we don’t marry,” he declared.

He returned to China when he was called back in 2016 and taken away in February, according to three students and a teacher from Cairo. They say they heard from reliable sources in China — but cannot prove — that he died in detention.

Southern Xinjiang, the vast desert basin from where many of the students came, is one of the most heavily policed places on earth.

Deep in the desert’s southern rim, the oasis town of Hotan is a microcosm of how Chen, the Xinjiang party boss, has combined fearsome optics with invisible policing.

He has ordered police depots with flashing lights and foot patrols be built every 500 meters (yards) – a total of 1,130, according to the Hotan government. The AP saw cavalcades of more than 40 armoured vehicles including full personnel carriers rumble down city boulevards. Police checkpoints on every other block stop cars to check identification and smartphones for religious content.

Shopkeepers in the thronging bazaar don mandatory armoured vests and helmets to sell hand-pulled noodles, tailored suits and baby clothes.

Uyghuristan’s published budget data from January to August shows public security spending this year is on track to increase 50 per cent from 2016 to roughly 45 billion yuan ($6.8 billion) after rising 40 per cent a year ago. It’s quadrupled since 2009, a watershed year when a Uighur riot broke out in Uyghuristan, leaving nearly 200 members of China’s Han ethnic majority dead, and security began to ratchet up.

Adrian Zenz, a researcher at the European School of Culture and Theology who tracks Chinese public security staffing levels based on its recruiting ads, says Xinjiang is now hiring 40 times more police per capita than populous Guangdong Province.

“Xinjiang has very likely exceeded the level of police density seen in East Germany just before its collapse,” Zenz said. “What we’ve seen in the last 12 to 14 months is unprecedented.”

But much of the policing goes unseen.

To enter the Hotan bazaar, shoppers first pass through metal detectors and then place their national identification cards on a reader while having their face scanned.

The facial scanner is made by China Electronics Technology Group (CETC), a state-owned defence contractor that has spearheaded China’s fast-growing field of predictive policing with Xinjiang as its test bed. The AP found 27 CETC bids for Xinjiang government contracts, including one soliciting a facial recognition system for facilities and centres in Hotan Prefecture.

Hours after visiting the Hotan bazaar, AP reporters were stopped outside a hotel by a police officer who said the public security bureau had been remotely tracking the reporters’ movements.

“There are tens of thousands of cameras here,” said the officer, who gave his name as Tushan. “The moment you took your first step in this city, we knew.”

The government’s tracking efforts have extended to vehicles, genes, and even voices. In February, authorities in Uyghuristan’s Bayingol prefecture, which includes Korla, required every car to install GPS trackers for real-time monitoring. And since late last year, Xinjiang authorities have required health checks to collect the population’s DNA samples. In May, a regional police official told the AP that Uyghuristan had purchased $8.7 million in DNA scanners — enough to analyse several million samples a year.

In one year, Kashgar Prefecture, which has a population of 4 million, has carried out mandatory checks for practically its entire population, said Yang Yanfeng, deputy director of Kashgar’s propaganda department. She characterised the check-ups as a public health success story, not a security measure.

“We take comprehensive blood tests for the good of the people, not just record somebody’s height and weight,” Yang said. “We find out health issues in citizens even they didn’t know about.”

A biometric data collection program appears to have been formalised last year under “Document No. 44,” a regional public security directive to “comprehensively collect three-dimensional portraits, voiceprints, DNA and fingerprints.” The document’s full text remains secret, but the AP found at least three contracts referring to the 2016 directive in recent purchase orders for equipment such as microphones and voice analysers.

Meiya Pico, a security and surveillance company, has won 11 bids in the last six months alone from local Xinjiang jurisdictions. It won a joint bid with a DNA analysis company for 4 million yuan ($600,000) in Kargilik and has sold software that automatically scans smartphones for “terror-related pictures and videos” to Yarkent.

Meiya and CETC declined comment.

To monitor Xinjiang’s population, China has also turned to a familiar low-tech tactic: recruiting the masses.

When a Uighur businessman from Kashgar completed a six-month journey to flee China and landed in the United States with his family in January, he was initially ecstatic. He tried calling home, something he hadn’t done in months to spare his family unwanted police questioning.

His mother told him his four brothers and his father were in prison because he fled China. She was spared only because she was frail.

Since 2016, local authorities had assigned ten families including theirs to spy on one another in a new system of collective monitoring, and those families had also been punished because he escaped. Members from each were sent to re-education centres for three months, he told the AP.

“It’s worse than prison,” he said. “At least in prison you know what’s happening to you. But there you never know when you get accused. It could be anytime.”

A document obtained by U.S.-based activists and reviewed by the AP show Uighur residents in the Hebei Road West neighbourhood in Urumqi, the regional capital, being graded on a 100-point scale. Those of Uighur ethnicity are automatically docked 10 points. Being aged between 15 and 55, praying daily, or having a religious education, all result in 10 point deductions.

In the final columns, each Uighur resident’s score is tabulated and checked ‘trusted,’ ‘ordinary,’ or ‘not trusted.’ Activists say they anecdotally hear about Uighurs with low scores being sent to indoctrination.

At the neighbourhood police office, a woman who gave her surname as Tao confirmed that every community committee in Urumqi, not just Hebei Road West, needed to conduct similar assessments. She said there were no statistics on how many residents had been deemed ‘not trusted,’  nor were there official procedures to deal with them.

“What is happening is every single Uighur is being considered a suspect of not just terrorism but also political disloyalty,” said Maya Wang, a researcher at Human Rights Watch who is studying how Chinese police are using technology to track political dissidents as well as Uighurs.

This month, Uyghuristan announced it would require every government employee in the region to move into a Uighur home for a week to teach families about ideology and avoiding extremism.

What pains most, Uighurs abroad say, is the self-imposed barrier of silence that separates them from loved ones, making efforts to say happy birthday or find out whether a relative is detained risky.

When Salih Hudayar, an American Uighur graduate student, last called his 70-something grandfather this summer, he spoke in cryptic but reassuring tones.

“Our phones will not work anymore,” his grandfather said. “So, don’t try calling and don’t worry about us. We’ll be fine as long as you’re all fine.”

He later heard from a cousin in Kyrgyzstan that his grandfather had been sent to re-education.

A Uighur student who moved to Washington following the crackdown this summer said that after his move, his wife, a government worker still in Urumqi, messaged to say the police would show up at her home in 20 minutes. She had to say goodbye: after that she would delete him permanently from her contacts list.

A month later he received calls on WhatsApp from a man who introduced himself as Ekber, a Uighur official from the international cooperation office of the Xinjiang regional public security bureau, who wanted him to work for them in the U.S. — and warned him against saying no.

“If you’re not working for us then you’re working for someone else. That’s not a road you want to take,” he snapped.

A week after that, he couldn’t help himself placing one last call home. His daughter picked up.

“Mom is sick but she doesn’t want me to speak to you. Goodbye,” she said.

For the past year, Chen’s war has meant mass detentions, splintered families, lives consumed by uncertainty. It has meant that a mother sometimes can’t get an answer a simple question about her son: is he dead or alive?

A short drive from Korla, beyond peach plantations that stretch for miles, the al-Azhar student’s mother still lives in the big house that he loved. When the AP arrived unannounced, she said she had not received any court notices or reasons about why her son and his father were suddenly taken months earlier. She declined an interview.

“I want to talk, I want to know,” she said through a translator. “But I’m too afraid.”

AP reporters were later detained by police, interrogated for 11 hours, and accused of “illegal reporting” in the area without seeking prior permission from the Korla government.

“The subjects you’re writing about do not promote positive energy,” a local propaganda official explained.

Five villagers said they knew authorities had taken away the young student; one said he was definitely alive, the others weren’t sure.

When asked, local police denied he existed at all.


Proféssor Sultan Mexmutning “Ömrümning Teqdir-Qismet Xatiriliri” Namliq Kitabi Neshirdin Chiqti

Proféssor sultan mexmutning "Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri" namliq kitabining muqawisi.

Proféssor Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriyning “Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri” namliq kitabining muqawisi.

RFA/Erkin Tarim

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi yazghan “Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri” namliq eser türkiyede oqurmenler bilen yüz körüshti.

Istanbuldiki “Teklimakan Uyghur neshriyati” teripidin neshr qilin’ghan eser jem’iy 8 bab, 823 bettin terkib tapqan bolup, eserde aptor özining Uyghurlar wetinide ötken hayati bilen 1980-yillardin kéyin muhajirette yashighan hayat kechmishlirini bayan qilghan. Bolupmu mezkur kitabning kéyinki qismi, yeni aptorning chet’elge chiqqandin kéyin eysa yüsüp alptékin we général mehmet riza békin ependiler bilen birlikte türkiyede élip barghan 30 yilliq siyasiy we ilmiy xizmetliri alahide diqqetke sazawerdur.

Mezkur kitabta aptor özining türkiyege chiqip kétishtin burunqi hayat musapisini teswirlesh arqiliq Uyghur diyarining ötken esirdiki siyasiy we ijtima’iy weziyitini yorutup béridu we oqurmenlerni muhajirettiki Uyghurlarning 30 yilliq weten dewasidin xewerdar qilidu.

Melumki, mu’ellip Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi 80-yillarning béshida türkiyege kelgendin buyan türkiyediki Uyghurlarning siyasiy pa’aliyetlerge aktip qatnishidu hemde weten dewasi yolida az bolmighan xizmetlerni körsitidu.

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi kitab toghrisidiki ziyaritimizni qobul qilip, yéshi 80 yashqa tolghanda kéyinki ewladlarning paydilinishi üchün “Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri” namliq bi’ografik eser yézishni pilanlighanliqini we 2 yil emgek serp qilip bu eserni yézip tamamlighanliqini bayan qildi.

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi 1936-yili qeshqerde tughulghan bolup, u hayatida 3 hakimiyetning dewrini béshidin ötküzgen. Uning bayan qilishiche, bularning birinchisi shéng shisey we gomindang dewri, ikkinchisi sherqiy türkistan jumhuriyiti dewri, üchinchisi bolsa kommunist xitay hakimiyiti dewridin ibaret iken. Proféssor sultan mexmut ependi özi béshidin ötküzgen bu dewrlerde nurghun hadisilerge shahit bolghanliqini, kitabida bu kechmishlirini tepsiliy bayan qilghanliqini bildürdi.

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi bashlan’ghuch mektepni qeshqerde püttürgendin kéyin, ottura mektepni ghuljida oqughan. 1956-Yili shinjang darilfununining til-edebiyat kespini püttürgendin kéyin taki 1982-yilighiche mezkur mektepning dawami bolghan shinjang uniwérsitétida oqutquchiliq qilghan. 1982-Yili türkiyege kélip istanbul uniwérsitéti, kéyinche tirakya uniwérsitétida oqutquchiliq qilghan shundaqla türkiyediki Uyghur dewasigha aktip awaz qoshqan. U kitabida bu mezgillerde béshidin ötküzgen weqelerni tepsiliy bayan qilghanliqini éytti.

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi türkiyege kelgendin kéyin Uyghurlarning muhajirettiki lidéri eysa yüsüp alptékin we général mehmet riza békin ependiler bilen birlikte küresh qilghanliqini, 1992-yili istanbulda chaqirilghan “Sherqiy türkistan milliy qurultiyi” échilishidimu aktip rol oynighanliqini bayan qildi.

Proféssor, Dr. Sultan Mexmut Qeshqiriy Ependi “Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri” namliq bi’ografik esirining Uyghurlarning muhajirette élip barghan ötken 30 yilliq küresh musapisini tetqiq qilish üchünmu bezi qimmetlik matériyallar bilen temin étidighanliqini tekitlidi.

Izmirdiki ége uniwérsitétining proféssori Alimjan Inayet ependi, sha’ir we edebiyatchi sultan mexmut ependining Uyghur edebiyatining türkiyede tonulushigha zor töhpe qoshqan kishi ikenlikini, uning yéngidin yoruq körgen bi’ografik esirining yash ewladlarning muhajirettiki Uyghur dewasining tarixini bilishide muhim ehmiyetke ige ikenlikini bayan qildi.

“Ömrümning teqdir-qismet xatiriliri” namliq kitab hazir istanbul zeytinburnu rayonidiki “Teklimakan kitabxanisi” bilen “Satuq bughraxan kitabxanisida” sétilmaqta.