Tetqiqatchilar dunya jama’etchilikini Uyghur diyarida qurulghan yighiwélish lagérlirini taqashqa yardem qilishqa chaqirdi


2018-11-26

Xitayning lagér we türmiliridiki türlük qiynashlargha shahit bolghan méhrigül tursun guwahliq bermekte. 2018-Yili 26-noyabir, washin'gton.

Xitayning lagér we türmiliridiki türlük qiynashlargha shahit bolghan méhrigül tursun guwahliq bermekte. 2018-Yili 26-noyabir, washin’gton.

 RFA00:00/00:00

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Awazni köchürüsh

Bügün, yeni 26-noyabir küni washin’gtondiki amérika döletlik axbarat kulubida dunyaning herqaysi jayliridin teshkillen’gen Uyghur we ottura asiya tetqiqati sahesidiki bir türküm tetqiqatchilar wekillirining birleshme axbarat élan qilish yighini ötküzüldi.

Ular bayanatida dunyadiki döletlerni, xelq’araliq teshkilatlarni we ilmiy organlarni türlük usullar arqiliq xitay hökümitige bésim ishlitishke chaqiriq qildi. Shuning bilen bir waqitta yene ularni özlirining emeliy herikiti arqiliq xitayning Uyghur diyarida qurghan we milyonlighan insanlarni qamiwalghan yighiwélish lagérlirini taqashqa mejburlashqa dewet qildi.

Axbarat élan qilish yighinda dunyaning herqaysi jayliridin kelgen 9 artuq alim-tetqiqatchi bir yerge jem bolup, xitayning bir milyondin artuq Uyghur we bashqa türkiy tilliq milletlerni yighiwélish lagérlirigha qalmighanliqini qattiq eyiblidi. Ular axbarat yighinida élan qilghan birleshme imzaliq bayanatida döletler, shirketler we uniwérsitét qatarliq ilim organlirini xitay Uyghur qatarliq milletlerge séliwatqan misli körülmigen derijidiki zulumlargha jiddiy inkas qayturushqa chaqirdi.

Axbarat élan qilish yighinda jorj washin’gton uniwérsitéti proféssori shan wébérts, rus holman téxnologiye uniwérsitéti proféssori timoty gros, en’gliye newkasil uniwérsitéti oqutquchisi jo’an simit finly, washin’gton shtatliq uniwérsitéti tetqiqatchisi derin baylér, agusta uniwérsitéti proféssori sandérayn katris, awstraliye döletlik uniwérsitéti dotséntni maykél klark, indi’ana uniwérsitétida oquwatqan doktirant kandidati elis andérson, kagoshima uniwérsitéti tetqiqatchisi seyji nishihara, firansiye döletlik sherqshunasliq instituti tetqiqatchisi dilnur reyhan qatarliq tetqiqatchi alimlar we xitay lagérliridin térik qutulup chiqqan shahit méhrigül tursun qatarliqlar söz qildi. 

Yighinda aldi bilen sözge chiqqan shan robérts birleshme bayanatni oqup ötti we xitay hökümiti Uyghur diyarida yolgha qoyghan atalmish qayaqta terbiyelesh lagérliri we uning nöwettiki ehwali heqqide chüshenche berdi we alimlarning teklipini oqup ötti.

Dunyaning herqaysi jayliridiki Uyghur weziyitige yéqindin köngül bölgen 26 dölettiki 278 alim-tetqiqatining imzasi bilen élan qilin’ghan mezkur bu bayanatta mundaq déyildi: “Xitay, shinjang Uyghur aptonom rayoni, merkiziy asiya we dunyadiki shuninggha munasiwetlik rayonlarni tetqiq qilidighan alimlar bolush süpitimiz bilen bu weziyettin qattiq endishilenduq. Biz bu bayanatni élan qilish arqiliq mezkur mesilidin qattiq endishe qiliwatqanliqimizni ipadilesh bilen birge dunya jama’etchilikini xitay shinjang Uyghur aptonom rayonida yürgüzüwatqan éghir derijidiki kishilik hoquq depsendichiliki hemde yerlik medeniyetke qarishi gherezlik élip bériliwatqan hujumlargha qarita heriket qollinishqa chaqirish”.

Bu qétimi axbarat élan qilish yighinidiki özgichilik bolsa, yighinda söz alghan her bir tetqiqatchining özi bilidighan, emma nöwette lagérlargha élip kétilgen birdin Uyghurning hékayisini tesirlik shekilde anglitishi boldi. 

Bularning arisida derin baylér nöwette namelum bir tutup turush ornida iztirap chékiwatqan Uyghur folklor tetqiqatchisi doktor rahile dawut xanimning hékayisini bayan qildi. Timoty gros bolsa, bu yil yanwardin bashlap lagérlargha bengit qilin’ghan meshhur Uyghur zhurnalist qurban mamontni tilgha alghandin kéyin özi turpanda turghan mezgilde öyide méhman bolghan, kéyin lagérgha élip kétilgen 62 yashliq Uyghur ana sayit nyazxanning hayati we uning tutulush jeryanlirini anglatti.

Yighinda shan robérts, derin baylér, timoty gros qatarliqlar söz qilip bolghandin kéyin, guwahliq bergüchi méhrigül tursun sehnige chiqti, hemde salam we teshekkürliridin kéyin, til mesilisi tüpeyli özining bayanatini Uyghur kishilik hoquq pa’aliyetchisi irade jélilgha oqup bérishke hawale qildi.

Uning bayanati oquluwatqanda yighin sehniside olturghan bir qisim tetqiqatchilar bolupmu indi’ana uniwérsitéti doktururanti elis andérson xanim köz yashlirini tutalmay qaldi. Yighin qatnashquchiliri arisidimu yighlap ésedigen awazlar anglinip turatti.

Elis andérson xanim yighin sehniside köz yashlirini tutalmighanliqidiki sewebler heqqide toxtilip mundaq dédi: 
Bügünki pa’aliyetke Uyghur ziyaliylar enjümenining qurghuchisi we yétekchiliridin biri bolghan memtimin elamu awstraliyedin kélip qedem teshrip qilghan idi. Uning bildürüshiche, mezkur pa’aliyetni Uyghur ziyaliylar enjümeni we jorj washin’gton uniwérsitéti proféssori shan wébérts qatarliqlar birliship uyushturghan. U, bu yighinning teshkillinishi we yighinning omumiy ehwali heqqide toxtaldi.

Axirida ziyaritimizni qobul qilghan proféssor shan robérts bu yighin ariliq bashqilarning, bolupmu axbarat sahesining diqqitini Uyghur diyarida kölemleshken lagér mesilige téximu jelp qilish meqsitige yetmekchi bolghanliqini bildürdi.

Bu qétimqi yighin’gha roytérs agéntliqi we eljezire qatarliq nopuzluq axbarat agéntliqlirini öz ichige alghan bir nechche axbarat orgini muxbir ewetken idi.

26-Noyabir amérika döletlik axbarat kulubida ötküzülgen axbarat élan qilish yighini “Xitayning Uyghurlarni kölemlik tutqun qilishi” témisida uyushturulghan ikki künlük pa’aliyetning birinchi böliki bolup, pa’aliyetning ikkinchi böliki 27-noyabir jorj washin’gton uniwérsitétida toluq bir kün dawam qilidu.
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China ‘Buying’ Positive News Coverage From Foreign Journalists: Report

2018-11-2Print

A television screen shows Chinese President Xi Jinping delivering a speech at the closing session of the annual National People’s Congress at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, March 20, 2018.Associated Press

The Chinese government is inviting foreign journalists to Beijing on international relations fellowships, on the understanding that they write “positive stories” about China, an online newspaper in India reported.

The Chinese foreign ministry has been running the 10-month programs for journalists from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and more than a dozen countries from Southeast Asia and Africa since 2016, The Print news website reported.

“They have been given the red-carpet treatment: Apartments in one of Beijing’s plush residences … and free tours twice every month to different Chinese provinces,” the article said.

The initiative follows a call from Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2016 for journalists to “tell China’s story better” to the rest of the world, it said.

Participants are also given language classes, access to Chinese government officials and ministries, and degrees in international relations from a Chinese university, the paper said.

The journalists carry accreditation from regional press centers run by the Chinese government, rather than from their own organizations, but some news organizations, including the Indo-Asian New Service (IANS), Jansatta, and The Indian Express, have run stories that were written as part of the programs.

Journalists who take part in the programs travel everywhere with a government “minder” and are therefore unable to cover more “sensitive” stories, The Print reported.

It quoted The Indian Express as saying that it had paid its participating journalists full salaries on top of a Chinese government stipend, and was satisfied with their coverage.

“There are no terms or conditions, no ‘caution’ or advisory imposed on what they report from there,” it said.

According to Cédric Alviani, East Asia director for the Paris-based press freedom group Reporters Without Borders (RSF), China actually started buying foreign journalists before 2016, with attempts to influence international media reporting dating back to 2011.

“The Chinese authorities are constantly trying and influencing journalists’ narratives about China,” Alviani told RFA on Monday.

“Inviting these journalists to go China, where everyone is very nice to them, is one way to make friends with journalists and to train up supporters,” he said.

Buying shares of media companies

But the government has other ways of influence overseas media coverage, Alviani said.

“The Chinese government and Chinese companies have been aggressively buying shares in foreign media organizations in the past year,” Alviani said.

Andrew Nathan, professor of political science at Columbia, said China has also boosted its influence overseas by providing free news.

“They also have a lot of influence in the Chinese media in Africa,” Nathan said. “Take, for example, Xinhua News Agency. More than 90 percent of its news is fairly objective, and contains valuable information, but about 10 percent of it is information that has a pro-China bias.”

“Xinhua is huge in Africa, because African news organizations don’t have much money, so Xinhua supplies a lot of stories to them free of charge,” he said. “So, of course, they are going to use Xinhua copy.”

Xinhua News Agency is directly controlled by the ruling Chinese Communist Party and answers to the country’s cabinet, the State Council, while CGTN is the English-language network of Beijing-based state broadcaster CCTV, under the direct control of the ruling party’s Central Propaganda Department.

In September, the U.S. Justice Department demanded that Xinhua and state-owned international broadcaster CGTN register as foreign agents, which could limit their access in Washington, according to media reports at the time.

The power of propaganda

In March, the administration of President Xi Jinping strengthened its hold on all forms of public expression, enlarging its powerful propaganda department to absorb agencies responsible for regulating the mass media, as the president himself embarked on an unlimited — and controversial — term in office.

‘The new leadership structure was introduced to “strengthen the party’s centralized and unified leadership in public opinion work by the media,” the party’s central committee said in a directive at the time.

“After this adjustment, the main responsibility of the Central Propaganda Department will be to implement the party’s propaganda guidelines,” it said, adding that the department will also formulate and implement media and publication policy and manage the sectors.

The country’s international broadcasters will be tasked with “propagating the party’s theories, directions, principles and policies” as well as “telling good China stories,” it said.

Reported by Lin Ping for RFA’s Mandarin Service. Translated and edited by Luisetta Mudie.

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https://www.rfa.org/english/news/china/china-buying-positive-news-coverage-11272018114512.html

US Lawmakers Unveil Bill Calling For Release of Uyghurs From China’s Detention Camps

2018-11-14

A photo posted to the WeChat account of the Xinjiang Judicial Administration shows Uyghur detainees listening to a speech at a re-education camp in Hotan prefecture's Lop county, April 2017.

A photo posted to the WeChat account of the Xinjiang Judicial Administration shows Uyghur detainees listening to a speech at a re-education camp in Hotan prefecture’s Lop county, April 2017.Wikipedia

U.S. lawmakers introduced legislation on Wednesday calling for the release of over a million ethnic Uyghurs detained by China in re-education camps and urging Washington to study the scope of Beijing’s crackdown on the Muslim minority group.

In a press release announcing the launch of the bipartisan bill, in which Republican Representative Chris Smith was joined by Democrat Thomas Suozzi and eight other members of Congress, Smith said the internment of Uyghurs in camps in northwestern China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region “should be treated by the international community as a crime against humanity.”

“The Chinese government’s creation of a vast system of what can only be called concentration camps cannot be tolerated in the 21st century,” said Smith, co-chair of the Congressional Executive Commission on China.

“The brutal, religious based persecution of the Uyghurs in China is alarming,” Congressman Suozzi added in prepared remarks on Wednesday. “Xinjiang province has become nothing short of a police state.”

Among other recommendations, the proposed legislation calls on the U.S. Secretary of State to create a special position at the State Department to coordinate the U.S. response to China’s abuses in Xinjiang and to sanction Chinese officials responsible for the crackdown. 

The U.S. established a Special Coordinator for Tibetan Issues in 2002 in response to repression in that Chinese-ruled region.

The bill also calls on the FBI to track and report on the harassment by China of Uyghurs and other Chinese nationals studying or working in the United States.

‘Historic significance’

Speaking on Wednesday to RFA’s Uyghur Service, Dolkun Isa—president of the Germany-based exile World Uyghur Congress—called the introduction of the bill a measure of “historic significance at a time when the Chinese government is committing ethnic cleansing against the Uyghur people.”

“This is a powerful step taken by the U.S. to address the crimes against humanity that are taking place in East Turkestan,” Isa said, using a name preferred by many Uyghurs to refer to their historic homeland.

“I hope this bill will become legislation soon with the support of both Houses of Congress,” Isa said.

Also speaking to RFA on Wednesday, Uyghur human rights advocate and lawyer Nury Turkel—board chairman of the Washington, D.C.-based Uyghur Human Rights Project—called the bill’s introduction “the first time in history a Western government is deliberating a legislative mandate to protect Uyghur and other Turkic Muslims in China.”

“On the occasion of this historic day, I call on the other liberal democracies to put in place similar legislative mandates to protect the Uyghur people who are facing an existential threat in China,” Turkel said, adding,  “I also urge the other members of Congress to support this bill in the remainder of this legislative session.”

The proposed legislation was introduced a week after the United States, France, Germany, and 10 other Western countries used a session of the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of China’s human rights record to issue a call on Beijing to close down the political re-education camps.

“We are alarmed by the government of China’s worsening crackdown on Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and other Muslims in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region,” U.S. charge d’affaires Mark Cassayre was quoted by Reuters news agency as saying at the Geneva meeting.

The United States urged China to “abolish all forms of arbitrary detention, including internment camps in Xinjiang, and immediately release the hundreds of thousands, possibly millions, of individuals detained in these camps,” he said.

In late August, Smith led a bipartisan group of nearly 20 U.S. lawmakers in writing a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of the Treasury Steven Mnuchin, urging them to level sanctions against officials and entities in China deemed responsible for abusing the rights of ethnic Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities in the XUAR.

Harsh policies


The lawmakers identified for sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act—created to address human rights abuses by the Putin regime in Russia—XUAR Communist Party secretary Chen Quanguo, who has implemented a litany of harsh policies attacking the rights and freedoms of ethnic Uyghur Muslim residents of Xinjiang since he was appointed to run the region in August 2016.

Beginning in April 2017, Uyghurs accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” ideas have been jailed or detained in re-education camps throughout Xinjiang, where members of the ethnic group have long complained of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

While Beijing initially denied the existence of re-education camps, the Uyghur chairman of Xinjiang’s provincial government, Shohrat Zakir, told China’s official Xinhua news agency last month that the facilities are an effective tool to protect the country from terrorism and provide vocational training for Uyghurs. 

China’s state media have followed Zakir’s remarks with a massive propaganda campaign promoting the camps, while foreign reporters investigating Xinjiang have reported constant harassment by authorities. Uyghur activists called on China to prove the facilities are for vocational training by opening then up to visitors.

Reporting by RFA’s Uyghur Service and other media organizations has shown that those held in the camps are detained against their will, are subjected to political indoctrination and rough treatment at the hands of their overseers, and endure poor diets and unhygienic conditions in the often overcrowded facilities.

Adrian Zenz, a lecturer in social research methods at the Germany-based European School of Culture and Theology, has said that some 1.1 million people are or have been detained in the camps—equating to 10 to 11 percent of the adult Muslim population of Xinjiang.

Reported by Alim Seytoff and Mamatjan Juma for RFA’s Uyghur Service. Translated by Alim Seytoff. Written in English by Richard Finney.

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The Vatican’s Agreement With China Looks Even Worse Now

The Vatican’s Agreement With China Looks Even Worse NowPosted by Nina Shea on Wednesday Nov 21st, 2018 at 12:30 PMCOMMENTARY: The provisional agreement, now two months old, is being used to suppress the faithful.

Two months out, the China-Holy See provisional agreement on episcopal appointments is proving to be yet another tool for Beijing to suppress the Chinese faithful. And its damage goes even deeper than the Chinese government’s selection of Catholic bishops, as critical as that is for the hierarchically structured Roman Catholic Church.

In asserting state control over religion, Chinese President Xi Jinping continues the harshest crackdown since the Cultural Revolution against all religions, the Catholic Church included, as documented by the Congressional-Executive Commission on China. Meanwhile, the agreement gives the Chinese regime moral cover and provides it with new opportunities for influencing religious matters at home and in Rome.

Vatican Secretary of State Cardinal Pietro Parolin, who oversaw the Church’s negotiations, concedes that it is “not a good agreement,” but stresses its historic significance for unifying the Chinese Catholic Church with the Pope as head. Beijing, however, seems intent on seeing unity on its terms and relegating the Pope as a figurehead of the Church in China.

The text of the agreement remains secret, but it reportedly gives the officially atheist Chinese government the right to nominate bishops and grants the Pope veto power. A papal veto could lead to more vacant dioceses than the 12 at present. And, if September is a precedent, then the Pope has only the right to rubber-stamp: Pope Francis admitted into full ecclesial communion all seven government bishops who were excommunicated or otherwise deemed canonically illegitimate in Church eyes and appointed two of them to replace “underground” bishops as diocesan heads. No other appointments were made. Pope Francis teared up in welcoming these bishops into the Church and for the unity this seemed to suggest.

China’s some 30 underground bishops — appointed by the Vatican over Beijing’s objection — as Pope Francis said, “will suffer” from the deal. Reportedly the new agreement omits all reference to them, and none has yet been accepted by Beijing.

Cardinal Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, the bishop emeritus of Hong Kong, bitterly denounced the agreement as a “betrayal” by the Vatican. But one wonders if the Vatican wasn’t the party betrayed — by Beijing.

One day after the Sept. 22 signing, the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association and the Council of Chinese bishops, the two state structures that oversee some 60 Chinese bishops recognized by both the Vatican and Beijing, posted on their websites a vow to adhere to the principles of “independence” from the Vatican and “sinicization,” a term for the state’s push to consolidate control over religion. The persecution of underground Catholics is now demonstrably “more than before” the Sept. 22 agreement, according to an assessment of the Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions.

A Sept. 29 report describes a state notice of the closure of underground Catholic establishments in Hebei province, home to one of China’s largest such communities. Four underground priests — Fathers Zhang Guilin, Wang Zhong, Su Guipeng and Zhao He — were detained during October and November. Furthermore, in November, Bishop Peter Shao Zhumin of the Diocese of  Wenzhou in Zhejiang province was arrested and detained. Church sources state that this Vatican-consecrated underground bishop is being held in isolation for indoctrination and interrogation.

Twelve other Catholic bishops and priests remain imprisoned or missing. China refuses to provide information on them. They include Baoding Bishop James Su Zhimin, detained for 20 years, and Father Liu Honggeng, arrested three years ago, whose prison diary recently surfaced, revealing his readiness to die for his faith.

The 6 million Catholics in the underground Church remain in a precarious position. They could be detained en masse in re-education camps like the Uighur Muslims are now in western China. These faithful wait for papal instruction on whether to submit to the state’s Patriotic Association, I was told by the Cardinal Kung Foundation. (The foundation was founded in Connecticut by the family of the first underground bishop, the late Cardinal Kung Pin-Mei, of Shanghai, imprisoned for 30 years for refusing to renounce papal authority and whose 1951 arrest ruptured Vatican diplomatic ties with China. )

In October, in Hubei, the Chinese Communist Party’s United Front Work Department and the Patriotic Association convened a session to “re-educate the priests.” From Oct. 3-12, authorities toppled the crosses from Catholic churches in Zhumadian, Henan; Lingkun in Wenzhou; and Zhejiang and Luoyang, Henan; respectively. On Oct. 25, authorities finished demolishing two popular Catholic pilgrimage shrines, Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows in Shanxi and Our Lady of the Mountain in Guizhou.

But all 12 million Chinese Catholics, not only the underground half, are suppressed. Youth under age 18 are banned from churches, under new religious-law regulations. In September, the Communist Party previewed a cybersecurity law that will censor from the internet mention by nongovernmental sites of Catholicism, including the Mass and baptism.

The Catechism is subject to censorship. Online Bible sales were banned in April. Catholic sources deem it an “all-around strangulation” of evangelization. Some Catholic churches have replaced Jesus’ picture with President Xi’s, and the congregation is led in songs of praise to the Communist Party.

China’s new Orwellian social credit score system, to control behavior and based on government-gathered data, also poses a threat to the Church. Civil authorities in Zhejiang and Jiangxi Sept. 26 forced their employees, including in schools and hospitals, to pledge not to hold any “religious beliefs.”

Since July, priests in Henan must register and turn over the numbers of the faithful and their socioeconomic conditions to the government. Surveillance cameras are inside some churches and police are outside. Chinese Catholics will think twice about going to confession when their priests must report on them. Clerics will not dare to preach Church teachings against abortion and the death penalty.

Being too enthusiastic about religion can also be punished, as Father Liu Jiangdong, from the government-recognized Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Zhengzhou (Henan), found out on Sept. 23. The priest was detained for a week and then suspended from the priesthood by the Patriotic Association, reportedly for organizing too many youth and elderly parish groups.

Francis’ Sept. 26 letter to the Chinese faithful asked for their trust but provided no further agreement details. Cardinal Zenresponded with a question, bringing into crystalline focus just how damaging the agreement is to papal authority. He said:

“So, what is the message the Holy See intends to send to the faithful in China with this statement? he asks in the letter. ‘Have faith in us, accept what we have decided’(?) And what will the government say to Catholics in China? ‘Obey us, the Holy See already agrees with us’(?)”

China can now gain influence and legitimacy through Vatican soft power, such as exchanges that Cardinal Parolin proffered as a plus of the agreement. The first occurred in Rome in October, when two Chinese bishops, including one who was formerly excommunicated, participated in the Vatican’s youth synod. A synod attendee told me that there was no apparent mention of Chinese persecution — not even a single question on youth being banned from churches.

In late October, three more Chinese bishops arrived for an Italian Catholic peace conference. George Weigel has written extensively of the Vatican’s Cold War Ostpolitik policy, which allowed communist apparatchiks to infiltrate similar conferences, the Second Vatican Council and Vatican Radio.

The welcome mat is out for Chinese government officials, too. Pontifical Academies of Sciences chancellor Bishop Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo made headlines praising China’s “moral leadership” on the environment, for “best implementing” Church social doctrine, and as a “model” of freedom. This year, he invited China’s Organ Transplantation Committee chairman, Huang Jiefu, to speak on organ trafficking, despite China’s reported harvesting of organs from imprisoned Falun Gong practitioners. In October, an exhibitionin Switzerland was canceled over evidence that the dissected human bodies on display were likely those of killed Falun Gong prisoners.

Meanwhile, a coveted papal visit to China will take further negotiations and concessions (possibly severing diplomatic relations with Taiwan, a country respecting religious freedom).

The Vatican has put its moral and teaching authority on the line in its agreement with China. It has done so when China is doubling down on its goal of controlling religion until it is eliminated, adding high-tech tactics to time-worn primitive ones. The only saving grace of this agreement is that it is “provisional.”

Nina Shea is the director of the Center for Religious Freedom at the Hudson Institute.

http://m.ncregister.com/daily-news/the-vaticans-agreement-with-china-looks-even-worse-now?fbclid=IwAR2-NWedN6oNxCMcAQyqls6PpFe6N2m1JuZFWGTxZW_gM4Ezbm6NF6CB1kw

UYGURLARIN VİCDANI DR.TOHTİ’YE TURAN YAZGAN TÜRK DÜNYASI BÜYÜK ÖDÜLÜ VERİLDİ


Doğu Türkistanlı Uygur  bilim insanı ve insan hakları aktivisti ve yaptığı  mücadeleleri ile  Uygurların Vicdanı olarak anılan Çin zindanlarındaki Uygur Hukuk Hareketi Lideri Doç.Dr.İlham Tohtı’ye 2018 Turan Yazgan Türk Dünyası büyük ödülü verildi.

Türk Dünyası’nın büyük fikir ve dava adamı Prof. Dr. Turan Yazgan’ın  vefatının  altıncı yıl dönümü münasebetiyle İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi Kültür Daire başkanlığı işbirliğiyle 24 Kasım 2018 Cumartesi günü saat 14:00’te, İBB Fatih Ali Emiri Kültür Merkezi’nde “Anma Programı ve ‘Türk Dünyası Turan Yazgan Büyük Ödülü’ Takdim Töreni” gerçekleştirildi.
1980 yılında kurduğu Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı aracılığıyla İsmail Gaspıralı’dan sonra Türk Dünyası’nda bugün de devam eden çok büyük eğitim, kültür ve bilimsel çalışmalara imza atan Turan Yazgan’ın ideallerini dostlarıyla, sevenleriyle, sayanlarıyla bir kere daha vurgulayıp geleceğe ışık tutmak için her yıl düzenlediğimiz programımız, bu yıl da Türk Dünyası’nın her bir yöresinden yoğun bir katılımla gerçekleşti.
Davetliler öncelikle Hocamızın hayatından kesitlerin yer aldığı “Fotoğraflarla Turan Yazgan Sergisi”ni gezdiler.
Sunumunu Aybala Polat’ın yaptığı program Türk Büyüklerine ve şehitlerimize saygı duruşu ve İstiklal Marşı’mızın okunmasıyla açıldı.

Görüntünün olası içeriği: 1 kişi

Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı Genel Başkanı Közhan Yazgan yaptığı açılış konuşmasında Doğu Türkistan’da insan hakları ihlallerine dikkat çekti. Bir zamanlar Doğu Türkistan Türkiye’de yapılan toplantılar ve basın yayın yoluyla durmadan gündeme getirilirken, bugün son derece bir duyarsızlık sergilendiğini belirten Yazgan, Çin tarafından uygulanan baskı ve zulümleri her türlü yolla dünya kamuoyuna taşıyıp, kardeşlerimiz sahip çıkmamız gerektiğini söyledi. Hiçbir zaman “Doğu Türkistan’da iş işten geçmiştir.” dememeliyiz; yılmadan, usanmadan çalışmalıyız diyen Yazgan, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı olarak Turan Yazgan’ın, Atatürk’ün çizdiği ve büyük çaba sarf ettikleri Türk Birliği Ülküsü yolunda kararlı bir şekilde yürümeye devam edeceklerini söyledi.
Açılış konuşmalarından sonra Turan Hocamızı fikirleri ve yaptığı faaliyetleriyle bir kere daha gözler önüne seren kısa belgesel gösterimi yapıldı.
Belgesel gösteriminin ardından, Türk Dünyası’nın değişik yörelerinden gelen konuklara söz verildi. Bu bağlamda kürsüye gelen Tataristanlı yazar ve devlet adamı Rinat Muhammediyev, Makedonya Türk Millî Birlik Hareketi Başkanı Erdoğan Saraç, Macar Turan Vakfı Başkanı Andras Biro, Rumeli Üniversitesi Rektörü Prof. Dr. Ahmet Gökçen, Makedonya Vizyon Üniversitesi Rektörü Prof. Dr. Fadıl Hoca, Afganistan Reşad Üniversitesi Rektörü Prof. Abdürreşad Raşid ve Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Öğretmen Okulları Genel Müdürü Ömer Balıbey; Turan Yazgan’ın Türk milletinin birliği dirliği için yaptığı gayretli ve verimli çalışmalarına vurgu yapan konuşmalar yaptılar.
Programın ilerleyen kısmında, Doğu Türkistan başta olmak üzere “Türk Dünyası’nda İnsan Hakları İhlalleri” ni ele alan panele geçildi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Öğretim Üyesi ve Erzurum Güneş Vakfı Başkanı Prof. Dr. Alpaslan Ceylan ile Avrasya Türk Dernekleri Federasyonu Başkanı İsmail Cengiz’in konuşmacı oldukları panelde öncelikle söz alan Alpaslan Ceylan, Birleşmiş Milletler’de İnsan Haklarının kabulünden bu yana geçen 70 yılda, dünyada olumlu anlamda birçok gelişmeler yaşanırken, maalesef Türk Dünyası’nın bu konuda görmezden gelindiğini söyledi. Bunun yakın tarihimizde Irak, Kıbrıs, Bulgaristan Azerbaycan gibi birçok yerde Türklerin aleyhine bir çifte standart olarak geliştiğini belirten Ceylan, son aldıkları kararda Terör Örgütü Destekçisine arka Çıkan Avrupa İnsan Hakları Mahkemesi’nin Yasin Börü ve kırk arkadaşının insan haklarını koruma yolunda kılını kıpırdatmadığını söyledi.


Daha sonra söz alan ve kendisi de bir Uygur Türkü olan İsmail Cengiz ise; Türk’ün yaşadığı her yerde yoğun bir insan hakları ihlali yaşandığını; bu yoğunluğun bugün Doğu Türkistan, Irak, Suriye ve Kırım’da daha da ağırlaştığına dikkat çekti. Sözlerinin devamında ağırlıklı olarak Doğu Türkistan’daki Uygur Türkleri üzerinde adeta soykırım sınırlarına varan zulümlerin yaşandığını çarpıcı örneklerle bizlere aktaran Cengiz; konunun Birleşmiş Milletler gündemine taşınması sürecinde, maalesef Müslüman kardeşlerimizden destek bulamadıklarını, Türkiye’nin ise konuyu birkaç diplomatik cümleyle geçiştirdiğini söyledi. Cengiz, konuşmasının sonunda sıkıntıya düşen Türk Dünyası’nın umudunun Türkiye’de olduğunu belirterek, Sayın Cumhurbaşkanımız Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’a Doğu Türkistan’a sahip çıkılması çağrısında bulundu. 
Türk Dünyası Turan Yazgan Büyük Ödülü İlham Tohti’ye Verildi
Programın Turan Yazgan Ödülü bölümünde, daha önce Türk Dünyası’na yaptıkları büyük hizmetleri için bu ödüle layık görülen, Mustafa Cemil Kırımoğlu (2013), Andras Biro (2014), Olcas Süleyman(2015), Stefan Topal (2016), Erşat Salihi (2017)nin adları zikredilerek, “2018 Türk Dünyası Turan Yazgan Büyük Ödülü”ne Doğu Türkistanlı insan hakları savunucusu Dr. İlham Tohti’nin layık görüldüğü ilan edildi.
Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı Gençlik Kolları Başkanı Funda Kılınçarslan’ın İlham Tohti’nin özgeçmişi ve mücadelesini özetleyen konuşmasından sonra ödül takdimine geçildi.

Görüntünün olası içeriği: 2 kişi, ayakta duran insanlar

İlham Tohti, Çin yönetimi tarafından hapiste tutulduğu için, ödül, Genel Başkanımız Közhan Yazgan ile 2014 Turan Yazgan Ödülü sahibi Andras Biro tarafından, Dr.İlham Tohti adına,  İngiltere’de yaşayan Uygur sanatçı ve  aktivist  Rahima Mahmud’a takdim edildi. Ödülü alırken büyük heyecan yaşayan Rahima Mahmud şunları söyledi:
“Bu önemli günde bizleri yalnız bırakmadığınız için sizlere ve bu programı düzenleyen Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Vakfı’na teşekkür ederim. Rahmetli Turan Yazgan Hoca, bütün Türk Dünyası’nda olduğu gibi, biz Uygur Türkleri için de bir hoca ve bir büyük şahsiyettir. Hem onun hem de yüreği Türk Dünyası için çarpan bütün geçmişlerimize ve sizlere selam olsun. Bu önemli günde biz Uygur Türklerini unutmadığınız ve şu an Çin hapislerinde tutsak olan Prof. İlham Tohti’yi bu önemli ödülle yad ettiğiniz için bütün Uygur Türkleri adına sizlere çok teşekkürler ederim. Bu ödülü keşke kendisi alabilse.. ama yine de onun ve öz vatanında esir tutulan bir milyondan fazla Uygurların ruhları ve gönülleri şu an bizimle. Bu mukaddes görevi yerine getirmenin şerefini ömür boyu kalbimde taşıyacağım. Yaşasın bağımsız Doğu Türkistan!.. Yaşasın Türk milleti!.. Yaşasın Turan!”

Program, Doğu Türkistanlı sanatçı Rahima Mahmut ile Uludağ Üniversitesi Konservatuarı Öğretim Üyesi Dr. Erdem Özdemir’in; Esat Kabaklı’nın “Ol Deyince Olduran’nın Doksan Dokuz Adı İle”, Abdürahim Ötkür’ün “Dedim-Dedi” ve Ahmed Cevad’ın “Çırpınırdı Karadeniz” gibi daha birçok Türk Dünyası ezgilerinin seslendildiği bir konser sona erdi.

https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/world-powers-know-they-want-business-with-china-they-dont-know-how-to-handle-its-crackdown-on-millions-of-muslim-citizens_us_5b771105e4b05906b4136645?fbclid=IwAR3ppWu_LQEaTeDrtHvsyX7rCDcedxXU6c8LvCoBOuJmDAoHi2UUXJMZhkY

World Leaders Opt For China’s Money Over The Rights Of 1+4 Million Jailed Muslims

From the U.S. to Russia, Saudi Arabia to Iran, the desire for Chinese cash unites the international community and leaves the Uighurs’ prospects looking bleak.

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By Akbar Shahid Ahmed

WASHINGTON ― Now that United Nations experts have endorsed widespread reports that China is holding 1+4 million members of its Muslim minority Uighur community in internment camps, the Chinese government’s denials of a crackdown look flimsier than ever. Activists and reporters who have documented the repression appear vindicated and awareness about the crisis seems to be growing ― but there’s no certainty of resulting international pressure from governments like the United States that experts see as essential to forcing change.

“There’s very few countries in the world that have been vocal about the Uighur situation, even historically,” said Sean Roberts, a George Washington University professor and former U.S. Agency for International Development official. “The United States might have more leverage over China than any other country that might seek to sanction China but China also has a lot of leverage over the [U.S.] economically … I really think that in the end this can only be addressed by the [U.N.], which requires a lot of states coming together.”

The dilemma for world leaders is that so much of the global economy now relies on China ― Chinese manufacturing, Chinese consumers and Chinese investment. Since the Chinese government is so enmeshed in the country’s economy, to criticize even policies far removed from business like human rights violations is to risk becoming a target of political retribution through economic means. Beijing has exploited that fear to avoid even acknowledging its excesses. In some cases, it has even successfully forced other governments to aid its repression by handing over Uighurs living within their borders.

For years, particularly since a new top Chinese official took over the predominantly Uighur region of Xinjiang in 2016 and began instituting harsh new surveillance and measures like forcing families to host Communist Party officials in their homes, Beijing has felt it can treat the estimated 10 million Uighurs and other members of Muslim-minority communities as it pleases despite international law.

“There has not been comparable foreign government pressure” to the criticism from rights groups and analysts, said Maya Wang, a senior researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The Chinese government continues to act with impunity … The camps’ very existence and construction shows the government thinks it can continue to do so.”

In some cases, small but influential countries with business ties with China have helped shield it from criticism. Greece last summer blocked a disparaging European Union statement on China’s human rights record, and it aligned with Hungary against a separate EU statement on Chinese regional expansionism in 2016.

The argument from Chinese partners like Greece is that such issues are better discussed in private. But advocates argue general silence around the targeting of Uighurs is the very reason their communities now exist in what U.N. expert Gay McDougall called a “no-rights zone.” 

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (R) chats with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras (L) during a signing ceremony held at the Great
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang (R) chats with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras (L) during a signing ceremony held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China on July 4, 2016. 

“If one million Tibetans were arbitrarily detained in camps, there would be much stronger condemnation from the international community, which is a testament to the work of Tibetan advocacy groups around the world and people speaking strongly about rights issues there,” Peter Irwin of the World Uyghur Congress told HuffPost in an email. “This is perhaps why the Chinese government hasn’t gone to this extreme in Tibet.”

“The reason that we’ve seen things escalate to this extent … is at least in part because of the lack of response from the international community over the last three decades when [Uighurs] were targeted by discriminatory policies,” he added.

The Chinese policy in Xinjiang is now perhaps “more acute” than even the brutal upheavals during the country’s Cultural Revolution because it is planned in such detail and so specifically targeted on an ethnic and religious minority group, Roberts said.Subscribe to The Morning Email.Wake up to the day’s most important news.

The U.S. has been one of the few governments to at least pay lip service to *the need for change, through its support of a well-respected Uighur news service run by state-funded broadcaster Radio Free Asia and a consistent line for years from officials and lawmakers.

For Zubayra Shamseden, a Xinjiang native now working with the Uighur Human Rights Project in Washington, D.C., even that counts: “If there was no U.S. government or no U.N. to stand up, imagine what’s going to happen to Uighurs,” she said.  

Uighur groups estimate that more than a million members of the community now live outside China. They are primarily in Central Asia, but 10,000 are scattered around Europe, while about 5,000 are in the U.S., around 3,000 in Australia and up to 50,000 in Turkey, a country with which they share historical and cultural ties.

As a result, the crisis affects citizens in foreign countries as well. With arrests of Uighurs in China having surpassed the 1 million mark, essentially every family has a member or a friend who has been detained, subjected to lectures about loyalty to the Communist Party or even torture, Shamseden said.

“What’s happening inside the country is obstructing normal living” for Uighurs trying to live as productive citizens in countries abroad, she continued. In nations ranging from Egypt and Malaysia, they now also live in fear of being forced back to China.

The perceived lack of concern for Uighurs is especially striking coming from governments in Muslim-majority countries, given their rallying around the cause of the Palestinians and to some degree that of the persecuted Rohingya minority in Myanmar. Some of the most powerful of those governments, like Iran and Pakistan, are hoping to benefit from China’s massive Belt and Road Initiative, a transnational development plan seeking to tie Europe and Asia closer together.

“I’m not very religious, but at least I know the principles of our religion: If your brothers and sisters are suffering, you are too,” Shamseden said. “I don’t know why the Muslim world won’t really follow what that religion told me.”

The spike in attention to the Uighur cause thanks to the U.N. session that ended Monday could create momentum, particularly because it comes a few months ahead of another big international review of China’s approach to human rights scheduled for November. With the Trump administration eager to confront China on all fronts as it ramps up its trade war, Washington could see a benefit to highlighting the issue even more, for instance by using evidence of mass detention to place sanctions on powerful Chinese officials, Roberts said.

But the Trump administration has made that task potentially more difficult through its withdrawal from the U.N. Human Rights Council, which forfeited its official role in the November review. That makes it more important for governments like those in Europe to speak out, said Sarah Brooks, a program manager at the International Service for Human Rights.

Still, she and other experts believe the unprecedented U.N. finding could make China so wary of further criticism and damaging revelations that the government will become a little more receptive to external calls for change.

“You can’t necessarily stop a government from oppressing its own people,” Roberts said. “It’s a question of whether the tide could be turned to at least put enough pressure on China to … at the very least shut down those camps.”

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Muslim Woman Reveals Details of Her Life in Detention

10/30/2018 LI ZAILI

Detained for praying, the conditions inside the “transformation through education” camp proved to be life-threatening for her.

As the reports of detention of Uyghurs at “transformation through education” camps continue to spill out across the world, the Chinese government has had to face widespread condemnation. However, its functionaries continue to defend the camps adamantly.

The editor-in-chief of the government-controlled Global Times, Hu Xijin, recently uploaded a video on his Twitter account, claiming that life inside camps is a happy one and centered on providing vocational training to Uyghurs.

However, Bitter Winter recently spoke to a Hui Muslim woman in her sixties who was detained for practicing namāz (prayer) at home. Ayshna (pseudonym) was then put in a “transformation through education” camp at an unknown location in Xinjiang in November last year.

She revealed that she was held in a basement, where she was locked up with more than 40 others in a single room. The detainees included the Uyghurs, Huis, and Hans. She adds, “We were always confined to the basement. The only time we could see the skies was when it snowed during the winter and they arranged for us to go out to shovel the snow.”

The detainees were forced to sing songs praising the Communist Party and study national policies every day. They were also forced to recite government regulations, and anyone who couldn’t do it correctly would be locked up indefinitely. “They demanded that we only believe in the Communist Party. We are not allowed to have any other faith,” says Ayshna.

The meals at the camp included steamed buns and boiled vegetables only. It was difficult to swallow and not sufficiently nutritious. As a result of the prolonged lack of sunlight and poor dietary conditions, Ayshna’s health started deteriorating. She would often complain of dizziness, but the disciplinary guards ignored her until she fainted on the ground one day.

A medical examiner was brought in, and upon inspection, it was found that Ayshna was suffering from low blood pressure and was severely anemic. Worried that she might die if she continued to live at the camp, the guards released her within 50 days of her capture.

However, that did not amount to freedom. The community cadres arranged for someone to stay at her home for five days every month to monitor her and repeatedly remind her that she must obey the Communist Party. She cannot go out without permission and is under constant surveillance.

Ayshna further said that she is not the only one in her family to be going through such harassment. “More than ten of my family members, including my daughter and my son’s wife, are still locked up in camps. I don’t know when they will be released. I hope these days of pain and darkness can pass and that the light will come soon,” she said.

Reported by Li ZailiFacebookTwitterGoogle+Teilen

https://bitterwinter.org/muslim-woman-reveals-details-of-her-life-in-detention/

Free but Not Allowed to Live as They Wish

11/10/2018 LI ZAILI

Destroyed ornaments with religious connotations
Destroyed ornaments with religious connotations.

Xinjiang Muslims that have not yet been sent to “transformation through education” camps are forced to live their lives as dictated by the Communist Party to avoid detention. Indoctrinated and entirely controlled, they exist in prison-like conditions.

The arrest of over a million Muslim Uyghurs in Xinjiang has had many consequences on their families and the livelihood of the entire region. Those who managed to escape detention live their lives in meager existence without their loved ones, deprived of faith, and under strict supervision by the authorities that watch their every step.

According to a Hui Muslim resident from a village in Shawan county’s Daquan township, it is compulsory for local villagers over the age of 18 to attend flag-raising ceremonies regularly. The village’s Party committee conducts these ceremonies, and the attendees are required to sign in their presence.  They also force the locals to sing the national anthem. Anyone who doesn’t obey is put into the so-called “political study classes.” Four government employees have been stationed in the village to supervise that the villagers comply with the new order.

Missing the flag raising ceremonies three times can land one in a “transformation through education” camp. The authorities publish a list of names of such absentees, and if one sees their name on it, it is both a warning and a threat. Failure to heed to it leads to detention, from which there might be no release. Most Muslim villagers cannot afford to take an ideological stand and so end up obeying the diktats of the CCPauthorities.

Meanwhile, in Hotan prefecture, Muslims are forbidden from keeping motifs or symbols related to Islamic faith at their homes. Anyone who is found violating this rule is detained and put into a camp.

Muslims are not allowed to practice their faith even in the privacy of their homes. In this way, the authorities in Xinjiang have been able to create prison-like conditions even for the “free” Muslims who cannot live their lives on their terms.

Reported by Li Zaili

https://bitterwinter.org/free-but-not-allowed-to-live-as-they-wish/

Muslim Children Orphaned as Authorities Detain Parents

09/22/2018 LI ZAILI

In Xinjiang, countless children are being forced to live on their own as their parents are being detained at “transformation through education” camps.

As per recent reports, authorities in Xinjiang have detained over one million Muslims in “transformation through education” camps. One of the most worrying fallout of this has been on children of Xinjiang. Children as young as 2-years-old have been left to fend for themselves as authorities “teach” their parents about the Communist Party and they are forced to learn the Mandarin language.

Some children have been put in orphanages and welfare homes, but without parental care and affection, their situation remains bleak. In July, Bitter Winter reported from Xinjiang’s Bole city where over 200 children were held in welfare homes. They were forced to live like orphans because their parents were sent to “transformation through education” camps.

Bitter Winter visited the homes of several detainees in Xinjiang. All names mentioned in the article are pseudonyms.

In April, Polat and his wife were detained at a camp where they remain in custody to date. The couple had three children, two of whom were still in school. Their youngest, a daughter, is not even 8-years-old and used to cry for her mother every day before the local Civil Affairs Bureau forcibly put her in an orphanage.

In another case, elderly grandparents have to look after the children. Sadiq, an Uyghur from Korla city, revealed that his son and daughter-in-law were taken away in May. While his son is detained in a camp, his son’s wife remains unaccounted for to date. The couple had a 3-year-old daughter and an 11-year-old son, both of whom are now looked after by their grandfather, Sadiq.

Today, there are countless households in Xinjiang where one will find only little children and elderlies. The adult married couples, which would ideally take care of their children and parents, are forced away from their households to “study” at camps. This will inevitably have a severe psychological impact on the entire population of Xinjiang.

However, this is something that has been going on since last year. In May 2017, AZa and his wife were detained from their home in Hami city. The authorities claimed they would be held for a year only, but the couple is still in custody. Further, their three children have been forced to return to their home in the countryside.

The eldest, a daughter, wanted to look for a job in the city but now she has to stay at home to look after her younger siblings.

Reported by Li Zaili

https://bitterwinter.org/muslim-children-orphaned-as-authorities-detain-parents/

Husband Detained, Wife Raises Three Children Alone

11/15/2018 LI ZAILI

The Uyghur couple from Urumqi city in Xinjiang is one of the many undergoing untold miseries due to the state’s discriminatory policies against minorities.

Bitter Winter recently spoke to Gülistan (pseudonym), an Uyghur woman from Xinjiang who has to bear the severe burden of raising three children by herself. Her husband is currently under detention.

Gülistan is a naan-baker by profession. The naan is an oven-baked flatbread, which is a staple food in a traditional Uyghur household. The couple arrived in Urumqi city in 2010 and made their living selling lamb and naan bread.

Last year in July, her husband was arrested while he was visiting his hometown in Xinjiang’s Hotan prefecture. Along with 30 other Muslims, he was put in a “transformation through education” camp. It wasn’t until four months later that Gülistan was allowed to speak with him on the phone.

With him gone, the burden of managing work and home suddenly fell on her. In addition to daily living expenses, she also had to take care of the shop rent and school tuitions of their children, both of which total up to 8,500 RMB or 1,200 USD per year.

While being interviewed, Gülistan kept patting her neck and knees, and upon being asked about it, she revealed that she had developed a condition of arthritis last winter. Baking the naan bread requires one to stand for long hours, and to get by, she had to keep at work longer than usual. She shared that she has lost 13 kilograms of weight since last year due to stress and poor health.

During the interview, she also received a phone call from her husband. He had reached out to ask for winter clothes because he still did not know when he might be released. At the camp, he is being forced to learn how to make the naan bread and stuffed buns (baozi) even though he already knows it. Gülistan thinks this is the government’s way of justifying his prolonged detention.

“I wouldn’t dare to say that arresting him is wrong. Otherwise, I, too, will be locked up in a ‘study class,” Gülistan said wryly. Ever since his arrest, her life has been on lockdown as well. “Home-stay cadres” show up now and then to question about her daily activities and interactions with other people. She cannot leave town without seeking permission from these cadres. In the middle of extreme emotional and financial burden, she is also forced to attend flag-raising ceremonies every Monday.

Gülistan is one of the countless women in China’s Xinjiang where the CCP has put over a million Uyghurs in detention for no reason other than their religious faith. In doing so, the state has inflicted unimaginable emotional and psychological burden on women and children who have been left behind as a result.

Reported by Li Zaili

https://bitterwinter.org/husband-detained-wife-raises-childrens-alone/

Government Buildings Converted into Camps for Muslims

08/03/2018 LI ZAILI

Wusu Municipal Party School converted into a “transformation through education” camp
Wusu Municipal Party School converted into a “transformation through education” camp

Schools and other state-owned buildings in Wusu city, Xinjiang, are being converted into “transformation through education” camps for Uyghur Muslims.

According to an informed source, a Party school in Wusu has recently been turned into a “transformation through education” camp for the local Muslim minority due to the overcrowding of the old camps that cannot accommodate the ever-growing number of the new arrivals. The facilities are divided into blocks, each containing 300 detainees.

Even the new camp in the Party school has soon filled up, and the administration is making the detainees to take turns sleeping in the same bed: while some sleep, others are “studying.”

According to some scholars, one million Muslims are held in “transformation through education” camps. Chinese Muslims are arrested and taken to the camps en masse under the pretext of “study,” Communist Party authorities claiming that it is the prevention against “religious extremism.” Inmates are required to memorize Chinese Communist Party (CCP) texts, including speeches at the 19th National Congress of the CCP and those by President Xi Jinping, and to be able to recite them in Mandarin, a language most of them do not speak at all.

The number of detained Muslims is growing so fast that the Wusu municipal government has recently converted the city’s Second Middle School into one of the camps.

Local sources report that hospitals in Wusu have been accommodating the needs of the camps: seriously ill detainees are taken to the Wusu City Chinese Medicine Hospital where one of the floors has been designated just for this purpose. If a camp inmate dies there, the hospital does not contact families of the deceased; instead, public security officers take care of the burial.

The detainees spend part of their time in forced labor, from which the government, obviously, profits. Insiders report that Wusu city authorities plan to involve the inmates of the “transformation through education camps” in doing the work of a new factory in the city.

Reported by Li Zaili

gates of the Second Middle School
The front gates of the Second Middle School in Wusu after it was converted into a camp
The back door of Wusu City Chinese Medicine Hospital
The back door of Wusu City Chinese Medicine Hospital
The main building of Wusu City Chinese Medicine Hospital
The main building of Wusu City Chinese Medicine Hospital

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TAGGED WITH: ISLAM IN CHINAMUSLIM UYGHURSRE-EDUCATION CAMPS

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https://bitterwinter.org/buildings-converted-into-camps-for-muslims/

Mass Detention of Muslims Impacts Agriculture in Xinjiang

11/03/2018 LI ZAILI

As the authorities put more and more Muslim men in detention, there is hardly anyone left to work on the fields.

In a village in Xinjiang’s Wusu city, more than 40 Hui men were recently arrested and detained at a local school. The school was converted into a  “transformation through education” camp and is currently guarded by SWAT police. The detainees, all of whom are Hui people, are not allowed to meet or get in touch with their family members over the phone.

Wusu No. 2 Middle School in Xinjiang has been converted into a “transformation through education” camp. All of the detainees here are Hui people.
Wusu No. 2 Middle School in Xinjiang has been converted into a “transformation through education” camp. All of the detainees here are Hui people.

Bitter Winter has reported on several aspects of such mass detentions including how it is leading to broken families and psychological trauma. However, another critical issue is its effect on Xinjiang’s agriculture. Most of these Hui men were farmers; but with them locked up, the crops are going to waste, as there is no one sow or harvest them.

A woman who has lost both her son and husband to detention in the past one year revealed how tough things were at her farmland. “My family planted a lot of cotton this year. With only my daughter-in-law and me at home, we find it difficult to manage all the work in the field,” she says. She also has a grandson who needs to be looked after by his mother most of the time.

The woman also revealed that when a few senior women discussed their problems with the village’s Party committee, the cadres not only ignored their plight but also threatened to send them to camps as well.

Most Hui families in the area are in the same boat. Even as the Chinese state continues to attack fundamental human rights of ethnic and religious minorities, the elderly, women, and children have not only been deprived of stable family life but their livelihood as well.

Reported by Li Zaili

https://bitterwinter.org/mass-detention-of-muslims-impacts-agriculture-in-xinjiang/

Children of Arrested Uyghur Families Strictly Supervised

09/29/2018 LI ZAILI

The entrance of Lop County No.3 Elementary School
The entrance of Lop County No.3 Elementary School

Authorities in Lop county of Xinjiang’s Hotan prefecture are strictly supervising about 2,000 Uyghur children from families whose both parents had been taken to “transformation through education” camps.

Families whose both parents were arrested have become a common occurrence in Xinjiang, and such families even have a name now – “double-detained families.” The number of separated children from their parents has been rising dramatically since the beginning of this year.

According to government insiders, to manage the children that had been left alone, the authorities have built several schools where they are being indoctrinated through “Sinicized” education. In Lop county, nearly 2,000 children of “double-detained families” have been placed in specially established nurseries and kindergartens.

Of those, more than 150 children, one to three-years-old, are kept at the Xinhua Loving Heart Boarding Kindergarten. Over 500 children (aged 3-6 years) are supervised at Yudu Loving Heart Kindergarten.

According to informed sources, these children live in a fully-enclosed environment. The gates of the kindergarten are usually locked, and the surrounding fence is fitted with barbed wire, like in a high-security prison. The children are rarely taken outside to play, restricting their movements to the school premises. They can only see their parents once a month through a video call, during which most of the children cry in extreme anguish.

Lop County No. 3 Elementary School has more than 900 students (aged 7-16), most of whom are Uyghur children. This school, too, is heavily guarded. An iron railing and a protective wall surround the school. Sidewalks on both sides are blocked with barriers to prevent pedestrians from approaching. Across from the school, there is a police affairs office, and its officers inspect passing vehicles and observe the surrounding area at all times.

Reported by Li Zaili

https://bitterwinter.org/children-uyghur-strictly-supervised/

Camps for Uyghurs, “Schools” or Jails? Exclusive Report, Photos, and Footage from Bitter Winter

11/12/2018 LI ZAILI

While China tries to defend the indefensible claiming that the transformation through education camps are benign “schools,” one of our reporters secretly visited the new large camp in Yining, Xinjiang, and proved it is undoubtedly a jail.

Exterior view of the re-education camp in Huocheng county

On November 6, the United Nations Human Rights Council conducted its Universal Periodic Review of China. Several countries denounced the transformation through education camps, particularly those for Uyghurs in Xinjiang, as places where the inmates are subjected to psychological pressure, inhumane treatments, and torture. China answered that they are simply “educational” facilities. Bitter Winter has repeatedly documented that this is not the case, and is now in a position to offer unpublished news, images, and footages.

Vehicles entering the re-education camp must pass through two gates
Vehicles entering the transformation through education camp must pass through two gates.
The detainees’ family members who are attending the public trial meeting line up outside the re-education camp, waiting to be summoned
The detainees’ family members who are attending the public trial meeting line up outside the transformation through education camp, waiting to be summoned.

In May of this year, authorities in Xinjiang began to build a large-scale “transformation through education” camp in place of a lumber mill and a free market for buying and selling cattle and sheep, in the city of Yining, Huocheng county. In three months, the construction of this camp was basically completed, covering an area of about 100,000 square meters.

A family member undergoes a security check.
A family member undergoes a security check.

In August, the construction of this camp was in its final stages. When conducting a secret visit inside the camp, one of our reporters discovered that there are altogether nine buildings, where “students,” are detained, surrounded by barbed-wire fences. Each building is four floors high, and each floor has 27 rooms (dormitories) and three “classrooms.” All the dormitories and “classrooms” are fitted with double iron doors, and iron bars have been installed on all the windows. The facility’s structure is obviously very much similar to that of a prison.

Police patrol and stand guard outside the re-education camp.
Police patrol and stand guard outside the transformation through education camp.

A construction worker revealed that most people who would be locked up there, in fact, received prison sentences; some of them were sentenced to five or six years. He also emphasized that the camp was really tantamount to a prison, with little hope for the inmates to be let out or escape.

A large-scale production base has been built adjacent to the re-education camp.
A large-scale production base has been built adjacent to the transformation through education camp.

In September, Uyghurs were already being locked up one after the other in the camp. On September 7, the authorities held a public trial of the detainees there. The camp is now heavily-guarded, with 15 high-definition cameras near the entrance alone. There are also armed police officers guarding the entrance. Vehicles entering the camp must pass through two gateways, and can only enter after passing a security check.

Inside the base, there is a building named “Practical Training Base Service Center.”
Inside the base, there is a building named “Practical Training Base Service Center.”

Besides, adjacent to the camp, there is also a large production base that contains nine factories, including a clothing factory, an electronics factory, and a food processing plant. One of the factory managers confirmed that the “students” detained in the camp are sent there for forced work, something Bitter Winter has repeatedly documented in similar cases. Not only are the transformation through education camps jails, but inmates are also subject to forced labor.

“Chuangfa Innovative Electronics” is written on the wall of one of the factories
“Chuangfa Innovative Electronics” is written on the wall of one of the factories.
Machines and equipment have already been installed in the factory
Machines and equipment have already been installed in the factory.
Workers adjust and test machines in a large factory.
Workers adjust and test machines in a large factory.

Reported by Li ZailiFacebookTwitterGoogle+Teilen

https://bitterwinter.org/camps-for-uyghurs-schools-or-jails/

Why Are Uyghurs Persecuted?

11/22/2018 MASSIMO INTROVIGNE

A street scene in Kashgar, China.
A street scene in Kashgar, China. (Credits: ChiralJon – CC BY 2.0)

The persecution of Muslim Uyghurs is the worst public relation disaster for the CCP since the massive repression of Falun Gong in the 2000s. Why are they doing it?

Massimo Introvigne

The Universal Periodic Review of China on November 6, 2018, confirmed that the internment of roughly one million Uyghurs in the dreaded transformation through education camps is the worst public relation disaster for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after the large-scale persecution of Falun Gong in the 2000s. Chinese diplomats, and the Chinese deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, had to hear country after country denouncing the persecution of the Uyghurs. Why are the Chinese doing it?

There are two easy, but false or at best incomplete, answers. The first is that the CCP does not like religion in general. This is true, but does not explain why the persecution of Uyghurs has escalated to the present dramatic figures in recent years. The CCP always disliked religion. Why does it crack down on the Uyghurs on such a massive scale now?

The second answer is that the CCP is afraid of Uyghur “separatism” and “terrorism.” This is of course the CCP’s own party line. And the CCP spares no effort to sell this to international media and governments. Although results are  increasingly disappointing for the CCP, some media occasionally still repeat this explanation.

There is a kernel of truth in these claims, which are however developed by the CCP propaganda to propose two falsehoods. The kernel of truth is that some small terrorist organizations that preach an ultra-fundamentalist Islam do exist in Xinjiang. All statistics in this field are political. Chinese authorities claim that terrorist attacks in the 21stcenturies have caused some 700 casualties. Uyghurs maintain that the number is inflated. But some terrorist attacks did occur, some Uyghurs did express sympathies for al-Qa’ida (which in turn tried to profit of the Uyghur cause in its propaganda) and a small number of Uyghurs joined ISIS (300 according to the Chinese, slightly more than 100 according to independent observers). There were also riots in 2009 in Xinjiang’s capital, Urumqi, when Uyghurs protested the brutality of the police, which left (according to official statistics) 197 dead, most of them Chinese Han. But the brutal CCP repression that followed may have made just as many victims.

These facts lead CCP propaganda to two false conclusions. The first is that most Uyghur sympathize with the terrorists. This is an unproved claim, used to keep one million Uyghurs in transformation through education camps. In fact, most Uyghur leaders and organizations have firmly rejected terrorism. The second faulty conclusion is that inaugurating a regime of terror in Xinjiang and putting a significant percentage of the population between bars would eradicate terrorism. The opposite is true. Almost all international scholars of terrorism who have studied the Uyghur case have concluded that the current wave of indiscriminate repression is the best recipe for allowing the so far small and  unpopular terrorist groups to find some recruits in Xinjiang.

It should also be noted that the CCP classify as “terrorism” all forms of criticism of the regime, and all political activities calling for independence, or a real autonomy, of the region. This does not correspond to the usual definitions of “terrorism.”

For a better understanding of what is going on, it seems necessary to explain who are the Uyghurs. The name “Uyghurs” designated the subjects of the Uyghur Khaganate, a vast empire that existed in the 8thand 9th centuries. The Chinese Tang Dynasty defeated and conquered the Khaganate, which led to the migration of many Uyghurs from present-day Mongolia to present-day Xinjiang, where they merged with a local population of very ancient origin and later converted to Islam through a gradual process that started in the 10th century. By that time, the name “Uyghurs” was rarely used and the area inhabited by these Turkic Muslims was mostly called Altishahr (“Six Cities”).

The Buddhist Dzungar Khanate (based on what is today the northern part of Xinjiang) conquered Altishahr in the 17th century. This persuaded some Muslim inhabitants of the region (but not all) to side with the Chinese Qing Dynasty when it waged war against the Dzungar Khanate. A succession of wars ended in the 18th century with what historians called the Dzungar Genocide, when Chinese repression, disease, and famine caused the death of 500,000 to 800,000 Dzungars. The Muslims of Altishahr passed from Dzungar to Chinese rule, until Uzbek warlord Yakub Beg (1820–1877) rallied Muslims of the area against China and established a Muslim kingdom. China defeated against Beg in 1866, and in 1874 annexed the region calling it Xinjiang, which means “New Frontier” or “New Borderland.” At this stage, the name “Uyghurs” was used only to designate the medieval inhabitants of the Uyghur Khaganate. The Muslims of what the Chinese had called “Xinjiang” were called “Turki,” “Turban-headed,” or simply “Muslims.”

The name “Uyghurs” resurfaced only in the 20th century, together with a movement that contested the annexation of Xinjiang to China, denounced Chinese colonialism and the use of the word “Xinjiang” for the region (which they proposed to call “East Turkestan”), and called for independence. These claims found an ally in the Soviet Union, which believed that “Uyghuristan” can become just another Soviet Republic with a Muslim majority, as had been the case for nearby Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan. This created a complicated political, diplomatic, and military game between the Soviets and Nationalist China. Twice, with Soviet help and protection, ephemeral independent East Turkestan Republics were established in Xinjiang, the first in 1933–34 and the second in 1944–49.

The CCP’s accession to power in China ended these experiments. Chairman Mao (1893–1976) proclaimed Xinjiang “autonomous,” but the autonomy always existed on paper only. In fact, ethnic Chinese Han were sent to live in Xinjiang en masse, although statistics are a matter of controversy. The number of Uyghurs in Xinjiang is also contested, with scholars believing it to be somewhere in the middle between the 8,6 million of the Chinese census (11 million counting other Muslims living in Xinjiang, including ethnic Kazakhs) and the 15 million claimed by Uyghur organizations abroad. The total number of inhabitants of Xinjiang is 21 million.

Most Uyghurs do not regard themselves as “Chinese,” as they have a different ethnicity, religion, and language. Most of them do not speak Chinese at all. There is no evidence, however, that most Uyghurs are politically “separatist” or support independence from China, although, here again, repression and persecution clearly fuel separatism. Parenthetically, Bitter Winter is a magazine devoted to human rightsand religious liberty. We do not take a position on political issues, such as what regions are or are not part of China. We use “Xinjiang” just as the most common and understandable designation of the area.

There is, also, no evidence that Uyghur separatism became more prevalent in the last decades, while there is ample evidence that persecution of the Uyghurs by the CCP did. Why, again, did this happen? Most scholars believe, and I agree with them, that the reasons are religious more than political. The (slightly) more lenient CCP politics under Deng Xiaoping (1904–1997) allowed the Islamic revival that affected all of Central Asia to extend to Xinjiang. At the same time, the collapse of the Soviet Union eliminated the old Chinese fear that crackdowns on the Muslims in Xinjiang may lead the Soviets to revive their projects of creating a Soviet-controlling “Uyghuristan” in an area of crucial strategic importance. President Xi Jinping’s policy of increasing crackdown on religion in general was the final factor that created the present situation.

Why are Uyghur persecuted? Although fears of “separatism” may play a role, basically the answer is that they are persecuted because the strong revival of Islam among them scared the regime. The CCP was, and is, afraid that the Muslim revival may expand to other non-Uyghur Muslim groups in China, and join forces with a revival of religion in general that may one day overcome the CCP’s rule. The logical conclusion is that, although no persecution is ever purely religious, the Uyghurs are indeed victims of a religious persecution.Facebook

https://bitterwinter.org/why-are-uyghurs-persecuted/