Doğu Türkistan’da toplama kampında tutulan bir Uygur: Çin bize zorla domuz eti yediriyor

 Mustafa Bag  • Son güncelleme: 23/03/2019 – 13:03
Doğu Türkistan'ın Urumçi kenti yakınlarındaki bir toplama kampı

Doğu Türkistan’ın Urumçi kenti yakınlarındaki bir toplama kampı -@ Copyright :Reuters

BU HABERİ PAYLAŞ

METİN BOYUTUAaAa

Çin’in Doğu Türkistan’da inşa ettiği toplama kamplarından birinde aylarca tutulduktan sonra serbest kalan 42 yaşındaki Uygur Türkü Ömür Bekalı, Pekin yönetiminin dünyaya ‘eğitim merkezi’ olarak lanse ettiği kampta yaşadıklarını anlattı.

Sabah saat 7’de kalkıp 40-50 kişilik gruplar halinde, yüzleri duvara dönük bir şekilde 7:30’a kadar Çin ulusal marşını söylediklerini dile getiren Bekalı, güne zorla domuz eti yiyerek başladıklarını söyledi.

Bekalı, AFP’ye verdiği röportajda, Doğu Türkistanlı Uygur ve Kazakların aile üyelerine zarar gelmesinden korktukları için yaşadıklarını medyaya anlatamadıklarını dile getirdi.

Çin’in 1949’dan bu yana hakimiyeti altında tuttuğu Doğu Türkistan’ın Karamay kentinde bir toplama kampında kalan Ömür Bekalı, buralarda Uygurca ya da Kazakça konuşmanın kesinlikle yasak olduğunu sadece Çince konuşulabildiğini belirtiyor.

Delilsiz, kanıtsız terörizm suçlaması

Etrafı yüksek duvarlar ve tel örgülerle çevrili yüksek güvenlikli toplama kampları, 24 saat kameralarla gözetim altında tutuluyor. Kamplara giriş çıkış yasak. İnsan hakları örgütlerinin ‘asimilasyon merkezi’ olarak da tanımladığı toplama kamplarına götürülenlerden haber alınamıyor.

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“Kamplardan çıkabilenlerin çoğu, Türkistan’daki akrabalarının hayatını tehlikeye atmamak için orada yaşadıklarını anlatmamayı ve sessiz kalmayı tercih ediyor.” diyen Ömür Bekalı, kamplardaki ağır günlük yaşamın bir tek amacının bulunduğunu dile getiriyor. Bekalı’ya göre, Çin’in hedefi, Doğu Türkistanlıların hayatından dini inançlarını en ufak bir nokta kalmayıncaya kadar silmek.

Doğu Türkistan’da Uygur bir baba ve Kazak bir anneden dünyaya gelen Ömür Bekalı, 2006 yılında Kazakistan’a göç etmiş ve Kazak vatandaşlığına geçmiş. Ancak 23 Mart 2017’de bir iş gezisi için gittiği Doğu Türkistan’da Çinli güvenlik güçlerince gözaltına alınarak “teröre destek” suçlamasıyla 7 ay cezaevinde tutulmuş. Ardından da toplama kampına gönderilmiş.

Bekalı, “Toplama kamplarında öğretmenler, sanatçılar ve yaşlı insanlar var. Peki onlar terörist mi?” diye soruyor.

Özellikle cuma ve bayram gibi Müslümanlar için kutsal sayılan günlerde zorla domuz eti yedirildiğini söyleyen Ömür Bekalı, “Dua etmek ve hafif sakal bırakmak dahi onlar için radikalleşme belirtisiydi.” diyor.

Geçirdiği travmanın ardından toplama kampından çıkmasına izin verilen ve salıverilmesinde Kazak hükümetinin devreye girmesinin etkili olduğunu düşünen Bekalı, halen İstanbul’da yaşıyor.

‘Uygur Türkleri siyasi baskı ve işkence görüyor’

Pekin yönetiminin “yeniden eğitim” ya da “mesleki eğitim” adı altında en az 1 milyon Uygur ve Kazak Türkünü toplama kamplarında tuttuğu biliniyor.

Birleşmiş Milletler ve İnsan Hakları İzleme Örgütü (HRW) dahil bağımsız kaynaklarsa, herhangi bir yargı kararı olmaksızın bu kamplarda tutulan mahkum sayısının 3 milyonun üzerinde olduğunu belirtiyor.

Kamplarda kalanlar domuz eti yemeye, alkol almaya ve İslam dinini kınamaya zorlanıyor.

‘Aşırılık yanlıları tarafından kandırılan, aldatılan bazı kişilerin yeniden eğitime tabi tutulduğunu’ savunan Pekin yönetimi ise söz konusu uygulamayı, dinci radikallerle mücadele olarak lanse ediyor.

WhatsApp’ta ücretsiz bültenimize abone olun, Türkiye ve dünya gündeminden seçtiğimiz haberler her gün telefonunuza gelsin! Abone olmak için tıklayın

Ek kaynaklar • AFP, Reuters

DAHA FAZLA

BENZER HABERLER

Bir Uygur çocuk

DÜNYA

Doğu Türkistanlı çocukların tutulduğu toplama kampı gizli kamerada

Uygurlara "Çin işkencesi": Doğu Türkistan'da neler oluyor?

DÜNYA

Doğu Türkistan’da “Çin işkencesi”

Çinli güvenlik güçleri 'şüpheli' gördükleri Uygurları gözaltına alıyor

DÜNYA

Çin, Kırgız ve Kazak azınlığı da toplama kamplarına gönderiyor

https://tr.euronews.com/2019/03/23/dogu-turkistan-da-toplama-kampinda-tutulan-bir-uygur-cin-bize-zorla-domuz-eti-yediriyor?fbclid=IwAR2Pr4rsNMc7UNNETja00IswAH9B32RfDXMYAHc0pkth8go8xZAjIfToWY8

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Sürgündiki Hökümitimiz Parlaméntosining Millet Wekili Bolush we Hökümet Saylamigha Qatnishish Heqqidiki Belgülimisi

(Bu qarar hökümitimiz teripidin 2018-yili 10- ayda Türkiyede chaqrilghan Mughla yighinimizdiki shu heqtiki muzakirilerge asasen teyyarlandi)

Sherqi Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümiti Parlamintosi 2004 yili Sentebirde Amerikining payitexti Washingitonda Sherqi Türkistanning muhajirettiki wekilliri(Uyghur, Qazaq, Qirghiz we Özbek…)teripidin qurulghan. Wekillerning ortaq tirishchanliqi netijiside mobarek Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti assasi qanuni tüzüp chiqilghan. Hökümet kabiniti we parlaménti mezkur qanunimizgha assasen tesis qilin’ghan.
Asasiy qanunimizgha köre her 4 yilda saylam élip bérilidu. Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümeti her qetimqi saylamdin keyin teshkillengen yingi Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümeti parlaménto teripidin barliqqa kilidu.
Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümeti 2015- yili ötküzgen qurultiyimizda xelqimizge omumyüzlük chaqiriq bérgen bolsimu, qurultaygha ishtrak qilghanlarning sani her türlük sewepler tüpeylidin 33 kishi bilen cheklinip qalghanidi.Biz bu qétim saylam teyyarliqini teleptikidek qilip, muhajirettiki xelqimiz asasen digüdek seperwer qilinghan resmiy shekildiki saylam élip berish heqqidiki teshwiqatni yaxshi ishlishimiz lazim!
Nöwettiki weziyette wetende yüz bériwatqan paji’elik ehwalimiz muhajirettiki xelqimizning küresh iradisini yükseltti. Xelqimizdin kelgen teleplerge asasen hökümet we parlaméntomizni islahat qilish, toluqlash, zamaniwiylashturush qatarliq xizmetlerni ishlesh heqqide birdek köz qarashqa kelduq.
Hazir weten siritida ikki milyundek Sherqiy Türkistanliq yashaydu.Xelqimiz weten siritida milliy musteqilliq herkitimizde kargha kélidighan kishilerdin kölimi chong bir qoshun shekillendürdi.Biz muhajirettiki xelqimiz arisidin ishenchlik we pakiz (qanuniy yaki exlaqiy xataliqliri tüpeylidin hökümitimizning abruyigha selbiy tesir körsetmeydighan) Sherqiy Türkistanliqlarning parlaméntqa kirishini asasi ölchem qilghan halda parlament ezaliri we hökümetimizge tewe teshkilat ezalirini köpeytmekchi. Xelqimiz muhajirette 30 din artuq dewlette yashawatidu, herbir dölette hökümetke qaraydighan teshkilatlarning bolishini ishqa ashurishimiz we shu teshkilatlar arqiliq herqaysi rayonlarda hökümitimizning milliy heriket yolidiki xizmetlirini tereqqiy qildurushimiz we qanat yaydurishimiz lazim.Herqaysi dewletlerdiki teshkilatlirimiznung reyisliri, aktip teshkilat ezalirining millet wekili süpitide hökümitimizge parlament ezaliqi üchün iltimas qilishini we biz bilen saylamni birlikte teshwiq qilip, qurulltayni birge echishini ümüt qilimiz . Parlament ezaliri Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümetige qaraydighan teshkilatlarda eza sanini köpeytip, ehwaligha qarap bedel puli yighip, asasiy qanunimizning rohigha binanen hökümitimizning asasiy qatlam qurulishigha öz aldigha tedbir belgülep hesse qoshsa bolidu. 
Bu yilqi Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining aliy qurultiyining xizmetlirining muweppiqiyetlik bolishi üchün, xizmetlerge hökümet azaliri, yerlik teshkilat reyisliri we hazirghiche hichqandaq teshkilatqa mensup bolmighan, wetenperwer, milletperwer xeliq wekilliridin terkip tapqan, teyyarliq kommétiti qurup chiqilidu we hökümitimizning saylam xizmetlirige yitekchilik qilidu. Biz Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümiti Parlamentosi bolush süpitimiz bilen dunyaning herqaysi döletliride pa’aliyet qiliwatqan we Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitini milliy dawaning merkizi, aliy siyasiy orgini, dep qaraydighan, wetinimizning milliy musteqilliqining eslige keltürülishini xizmet pirinsipliri we uslubliri jehettin ochuq-ashikare qollaydighan barliq teshkilat we jama’et erbaplirining herketke ötüp, mezkur döletlerdiki sherqi türkistanliq qérindashlirimizni seperwer qilip, Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining bu yil chaqrilidighan qurultiyigha millet wekili saylap bérishini semimiy iltimas qilimiz. 
Millet wekillirimizning Sherqiy Türkistanliqlar yashawatqan her bir dölettin toluq saylap chiqilishi kéreklikini, nopusning az-köplikige qarap muwapiq nisbette pilanlinishining eqilge uyghun ikenlikini,alahiyde eskertimiz.
Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining 2019-yilliq aliy qurultiyigha qatnishidighan millet wekilliri bu yil kechikkendimu 6-ayning 15-künigiche saylinip, özlirini melum qilip bolghan bolushi kirek. Saylan’ghan her bir millet wekilining hökümetiki herqandaq bir wezipige demokrattik asasta namzat bolush heqqi kapaletke ige qilinidu. Hökümet we parlamentining her derijilik teshkili aparati nex meydanda yeni qurultayda millet wekillirining köp sanliqining birdek awazi arqiliq saylinidu.
Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalarning layaqet belgilimiliri töwendikilerdin ibaret:
1- Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Sherqiy Türkistanda tughulghan, yaki Sherqiy Türkistanliqlarning ailiside tughulghan yéshi 21 din ashqan bolushi;
2-Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Sherqi Türkistanning toluq musteqilliq kürishide iradisi mustehkem bolghan bolishi,
3- Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Sherqiy Türkistanning xitayning mustemlikisi astidiki bir dewlet dep qarishi, Xitay tajawuzchilirini qoghlap chiqirip, Sherqiy Türkistanning igilik hoquqini eslige keltürüsh mesiliside milliy musteqilliqtin bashqa yolning yoqliqini étirap qilghan bolushi;
4. Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Sherqiy Türkistandin ayrilip mezkur döletke makanlashqandin keyin milliy dawagha aktip qatnashqan, tejiribe –sawaqlarni yeterlik derijide toplighan bolushi;
5-Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar xeliqara qanunlargha we özi turiwatqan dewletlerning asasiy qanunlirigha xilap ishlarni qilmighan bolishi, xelqarada cheklengen nami terror we etkeschilikke berip chétilidighan teshkilatlar we kommunizimgha ayit partiye-goruhlarning ezasi bolmighan bolishi we tarixida xitaydin bashqa rayonlarda jazalanmighan bolishi; 
6- Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Isim pamilisini, aderisi, milliy kimliki we kespi alahiydiliki qatarliqlarni nopus kimliki yeni pasporti arqiliq qayil qilarliq ispatliyalighan bolishi;
7- Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurultiyigha wekil körsütülgen ezalar Sherqi Türkisyan Jumhuriyiti asasi qanunidiki maddilarni telepke uyghun halda hürmet qilidighan bolishi qatarliqlar telep qilinidu;
Herqaysi dewletlerdiki musteqqilliq kürishimizni qollaydighan teshkilat, jemiyet we meshreb qatarliqlarni Sherqiy Türkistan xelqining aliy siyasiy orgini Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining saylimigha qizghin awaz qoshushqa chaqriq qilimiz! Sherqiy Türkistan teshkilatlirining rehberlirini, jamaet erbapiri we milliy dawadiki aktip shexislerning Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitige dadil ige chiqishini we Sherqi Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining qurulush aldida turiwatqan Saylami Teyyarliq Kommétitining xizmetlirige aktip awaz qoshup, öz-ara masliship xelqimizni hökümet saylimining bu muhim xizmetliri üchün seperwer qilishini semimi ümit qilimiz.

Hörmet bilen:

Sherqi Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümiti Parlamentosi

Küresh Atahan

2019-yili 16-mart

Letter to Tibetan Parliament in Exile CTA,

 DetailsWritten by AdministratorCategory: Government Files Published: 22 March 2019 Hits: 36

Tibetan Parliament in Exile CTA,
Gangchen Kyisong,
Distt Kangra, Dharamsala

On behalf of the East Turkistanis in and outside of East Turkistan, the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile expresses our utmost gratitude to the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile and the Tibetan Government-in-Exile (Central Tibetan Administration) for taking a great initiative by passing a resolution to officially recognize Tibet and East Turkistan as occupied countries under China’s colonial rule.

This recognition of Tibet and East Turkistan as occupied countries accentuates the fact that Tibet and East Turkistan were independent states prior to China’s invasion and illegal occupation of our respective countries. While much of the world, has yet to officially recognize the East Turkistani nation’s struggle to restore East Turkistan’s independence, it is heartwarming to see our Tibetan neighbors take the lead in acknowledging our nation’s aspirations and struggle.

Recognizing Tibet and East Turkistan as occupied countries under China’s colonial rule shows that it of critical importance to the future of Tibet and East Turkistan and our mutual struggle for regaining our independence. It also shows China’s revisionist nature to the world and that their claims to Tibet and East Turkistan is completely baseless and false. It signals to the world that Tibet and East Turkistan are both countries which have been invaded and occupied by China in violation of international law and territorial sovereignties of Tibet and East Turkistan.

It is a historic moment for the people of East Turkistan, especially for the East Turkistanis that are suffering unprecedented level of oppression under Chinese occupation, it sends a strong message of hope to all of us that in the near future both Tibet and East Turkistan will be able to regain their freedom and independence. It also sends a signal to the international community to follow suit and recognize the desire of the people of Tibet and East Turkistan to end Chinese colonial occupation and regain their independence.

We are extremely grateful for your support of our movement and on behalf of the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile, I would like to extend our warm greetings of friendship and cooperation for the mutual benefit of Tibet and East Turkistan.  

Warm regards,

Ghulam Osman Yaghma

President

East Turkistan Government-in-Exile

https://etge.org/en/index.php/all-categories/8-all-articles/government-files/3-letter-to-tibetan-parliament-in-exile-cta?fbclid=IwAR1sQ0AIOINFXwc11jOZ0BaaZ6PdsPv4wJO3CzMKenxgKqJWF_2ZW4PJcDM#!/ccomment

China to prosecute top-ranking Uighur official for corruption

2 MIN REA

SHANGHAI (Reuters) – China’s anti-corruption watchdog said on Saturday it would prosecute Nur Bekri, one of the highest-ranking Uighur officials in the country, over allegations of graft and corruption during his time as governor of Xinjiang province.Nur Bekri, Chairman of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, attends a news conference during the annual session of China’s parliament, the National People’s Congress (NPC), in Beijing March 7, 2010. Picture taken March 7, 2010. REUTERS/Jason Lee

The decision comes after authorities launched an investigation in September into Bekri, who as governor between 2008-2014 held the second-highest position of power in the region behind party secretary.

Bekri, who until December was director of China’s National Energy Administration, could not be reached for comment.

The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) said in a statement that Bekri obstructed the investigations and did not tell the truth during the probe.

It said the investigation had found that he took advantage of his position to obtain “a huge amount of wealth”, either directly or through relatives. He also allegedly demanded the provision of luxury sedans and chauffeur services to his family members, and received bribes.

Bekri “led an extravagant life, was morally corrupt, and used his power for sex,” the statement alleged.

His prosecution comes as the Chinese government ramps up surveillance and suppression of Uighurs in Xinjiang, a group it has long considered prone to dangerous religious extremism.

Researchers estimate that as many as 1.5 million Uighurs are in detention centers, where they are subject to political indoctrination programs.

The Chinese government has tried to counter this, saying the Uighurs are being sent to vocational training centers.

Bouts of ethnic violence took place over the course of Bekri’s tenure between the Uighurs in Xinjiang and the Han Chinese national ethnic majority that led to the deaths of hundreds of people.

As governor, Bekri supported policies that restricted religious practices of the Muslim Uighurs, who make up a majority of the overall Uighur population.

He was also a proponent of educating Xinjiang’s Turkic-speaking school children in Mandarin.

Reporting by Josh Horwitz; Editing by Clelia Oziel

https://ca.reuters.com/article/topNews/idCAKCN1QX0BU-OCATP?fbclid=IwAR2qaNUd7MutJyFkrkNQvbVoss5ispy9ccI7mm1Fp8vJ4lHp_rZATrBgtOo

Pelosi Signals Strong US Congress Concern Over Uyghur Political ‘Re-education Camps’

2019-02-13

U.S. House Majority Speaker Nancy Pelosi speaks at an event commemorating 60 years of exile by Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama in Washington, Feb. 12, 2019.

U.S. House Majority Speaker Nancy Pelosi speaks at an event commemorating 60 years of exile by Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama in Washington, Feb. 12, 2019.

 RFA

U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi wants Washington to “call out” Beijing for its mass incarceration of ethnic Uyghurs in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), signaling strong concern in Congress, where legislation has been introduced to hold those responsible to account.

Speaking at an event in Washington on Tuesday commemorating 60 years of exile by Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, Pelosi said she had talked with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo at the conclusion of the U.S. National Prayer Breakfast on Feb. 7 and urged him to bring up the issue of China’s political “re-education camps” in the XUAR with his counterparts in Beijing.

“When I went to the Prayer Breakfast the other day, [U.S. President Donald Trump] talked about religious freedom, and we all applauded … But afterwards, I went up to Secretary Pompeo and I said, ‘how come we’re not talking about the Uyghurs?’ and he said, ‘we should—let’s drum it up,’” Pelosi said.

She said that the camps, where more than 1 million Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” ideas are believed to have been held since April 2017, are relevant to the situation in Tibet because Tibetans have endured “decades of repression of religion,” and Chinese authorities are now using the same tactics of cultural eradication in the XUAR.

“What has been happening in Tibet now is happening in the Uyghur region of China, and it has to be called out,” Pelosi warned.

“A million Uyghurs in [what is] effectively prison labor camps for the same purpose … assimilation. They want to purge the great individuality of the … culture there.”

According to Pelosi, Washington is obligated to bring up the Uyghur issue, and other examples of religious repression, with Beijing, and “shouldn’t hesitate because of any commercial interest with China.”

“If we don’t, we lose all moral authority to speak about human rights any place in the world,” she added.

Post editorial

Pelosi’s comments came on the same day that the Washington Postpublished an opinion piece by its editorial board calling on the international community to “demand justice” for the Uyghurs and other Muslims detained in camps in the XUAR.

The Post cited a rare statement of criticism against China from a majority Muslim nation issued by Turkey over the weekend, urging authorities to close the camps, and saying it had been prompted to act, in part, by reports of the death in prison of prominent Uyghur musician Abdurehim Heyit, who had served two years of an eight-year jail sentence “for one of his songs.”

On Sunday, Chinese state media published a video online that purportedly shows Heyit alive, and in which the musician claims he is “in the process of being investigated for allegedly violating the national laws,” and China’s embassy in Ankara called Turkey’s statement “completely against the truth.”

But the Post’s editorial board noted that other nations, “fearful of Chinese bullying and eager to preserve economic ties, have been slow to condemn or even acknowledge this ongoing crime against humanity,” and urged additional governments to speak out against what it called “cultural genocide” in the XUAR.

“China must be held to account” for crimes against the Uyghurs, the article said, adding that “the time has come for the rest of the world to demand admission to the camps, in search of a lost Uyghur musician and more than 1 million others.”

Proposed legislation

The Post specifically mentioned the bipartisan “Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act,” put forward last month by U.S. Senators Marco Rubio of Florida and Bob Menendez of New Jersey, which would dedicate new resources from the U.S. State Department, FBI, and other intelligence agencies to documenting abuse of Uyghurs and other ethnic Muslims in the XUAR, as well as Beijing’s intimidation of U.S. citizens and residents on American soil.

The “Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act” would require the Director of National Intelligence to issue a report in coordination with the State Department on the security threat posed by China’s crackdown on the Uyghurs, as well as a list of Chinese companies involved in the construction and the operation of re-education camps in the XUAR.

The act calls for “high-level U.S. engagement” on the issue, as well as the application of travel and financial sanctions against Chinese officials who are responsible for the policies in the XUAR under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act.

Last month marked the second time legislation aimed at holding China accountable for its treatment of the Uyghurs was proposed, following the announcement of a similar act in November 2018, which was not taken up by the Senate before the end of the congressional session.

At the time, China’s Ambassador to the U.S. Cui Tiankai threatened retaliation if Washington sanctions Beijing over human rights abuses in the XUAR, telling Reuters news agency in an interview that China is working to “re-educate” terrorists and should not be punished for what he suggested is a more humane approach to counter-terrorism.

Global Magnitsky Act

U.S. financier Bill Browder, whose campaign to ensure Russian officials involved in the 2008 death in custody of Russian tax lawyer Sergei Magnitsky were held accountable led to Congress passing the Magnitsky Act in 2012, said Wednesday that sanctioning Chinese officials under the Global Magnitsky Act—an extrajudicial expansion of the legislation—is the best way to begin holding Beijing responsible for its policies in the XUAR.

Speaking to RFA’s Uyghur Service, the founder and CEO of Hermitage Capital Management called sanctions “the first step in creating consequences,” as those responsible for organizing the camps “may find themselves a little more uncomfortable about it if all of a sudden there are punishments for them.”

“The Magnitsky Act is no ultimate solution for this, but it’s better than the current situation, which is that they just do it without any penalty,” he said.

“The two things that need to happen are transparency and punishment … We need as much information as we can get about what’s going on so that the world can react, and then the world should react with punishments starting with the Magnitsky Act and other types of sanctions as they’re available.”

According to Browder, the threat of sanctions to lower level officials overseeing the camps would have a powerful impact on the system.

“Let’s say the U.S. and Canada sanction the top 15 officials involved in this,” he said.

“This will scare thousands of other officials supporting them, and it may loosen the grip or lessen the terror, because they don’t want to end up becoming sanctioned as well.”

In order to pass the supporting legislation, he said, the Uyghur exile community needs to win “the information war” with China and ensure that individual cases are being heard.

“The key is to find the cases that are the most urgent and get as much information out about them as you can,” he said.

“At the end of the day, the West can only react if they have information. And the more information, the more outrage, and the more outrage, the more consequences.”

Camp network

Though Beijing initially denied the existence of re-education camps, Shohrat Zakir, chairman of the XUAR, told China’s official Xinhua news agency in October 2018 that the facilities are an effective tool to protect the country from terrorism and provide vocational training for Uyghurs.

Reporting by RFA’s Uyghur Service and other media organizations, however, has shown that those in the camps are detained against their will and subjected to political indoctrination, routinely face rough treatment at the hands of their overseers, and endure poor diets and unhygienic conditions in the often overcrowded facilities.

Adrian Zenz, a lecturer in social research methods at the Germany-based European School of Culture and Theology, has said that some 1.1 million people are or have been detained in the camps—equating to 10 to 11 percent of the adult Muslim population of the XUAR.

In November 2018, Scott Busby, the deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor at the U.S. Department of State, said there are “at least 800,000 and possibly up to a couple of million” Uyghurs and others detained at re-education camps in the XUAR without charges, citing U.S. intelligence assessments.

Citing credible reports, U.S. lawmakers Marco Rubio and Chris Smith of the bipartisan Congressional-Executive Commission on China recently called the situation in the XUAR “the largest mass incarceration of a minority population in the world today.”

Reported by Joshua Lipes and Gulchehra Hoja for RFA’s Uyghur Service.

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Xinjiang ‘Re-education Camps’ Target Cultural, Religious Identity of Uyghurs: US Envoy

By Joshua Lipes
2019-03-08

Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback speaks on Religious Freedom at the Foreign Correspondents' Club in Hong Kong, March 8, 2019.

Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom Sam Brownback speaks on Religious Freedom at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club in Hong Kong, March 8, 2019.

 AFP

Political “re-education camps” in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) were “created to wipe out the cultural and religious identity” of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities as part of Beijing’s wider “war with faith,” U.S. Ambassador for Religious Freedom Sam Brownback said Friday.

Delivering remarks on religious freedom at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club in Hong Kong, Brownback noted that authorities in the XUAR have detained more than one million Uyghurs and other Muslims accused of harboring “strong religious views” and “politically incorrect” ideas in the camp network since April 2017, often for common religious practices, including praying and attending services.

Though Beijing initially denied the existence of re-education camps, Shohrat Zakir, chairman of the XUAR, told China’s official Xinhua news agency in October 2018 that the facilities are an effective tool to protect the country from terrorism and provide vocational training for Uyghurs.

Reporting by RFA’s Uyghur Service and other media organizations, however, has shown that those in the camps are detained against their will and subjected to political indoctrination, routinely face rough treatment at the hands of their overseers, and endure poor diets and unhygienic conditions in the often overcrowded facilities.

On Friday, Brownback suggested that it is time to “call these camps what they are—they’re internment camps created to wipe out the cultural and religious identity of minority communities.”

“Authorities force innocent people into these camps often based primarily on their religious beliefs and ethnic identity … They are then held for an indeterminate amount of time and subjected to physical and psychological torture, intense political indoctrination, and forced labor.”

Brownback also highlighted repression in the XUAR beyond the camp system, as authorities restrict travel, monitor movement through what he referred to as “a high-tech Orwellian surveillance system,” and banning certain religious practices.

He urged governments to speak out against the abuses in the XUAR, despite China’s economic might, and applauded a rare statement of criticism against Beijing from a majority Muslim nation issued by Turkey in February, urging authorities to close the camps.

“China justifies its use of internment camps and other repressive practices by claiming that it is rooting out terrorism preemptively,” Brownback said.

“But China is not solving a terrorist problem by forcibly moving women, children, the elderly, and the highly educated intelligentsia into mass detention centers and internment camps,” he said.

“Instead, they are creating one. The magnitude of these detentions is completely out of proportion to any real threat China faces from extremism, even according to China’s own official media and police reports.”

According to Brownback, the Chinese government’s actions are intended to ensure that distinct ethnic and religious peoples “are brutally and forcefully controlled.”

“Somehow, men and women of faith are viewed as a threat to the Chinese Communist Party,” he said.

“It is clear that China’s misguided and cruel policies in Xinjiang are creating resentment, hatred, division, poverty, and anger.”

‘War with faith’

Brownback said that Beijing’s policies in the XUAR were part of the government’s wider “war with faith” in the country, which he warned is “a war they will not win.”

He cited the government’s destruction of houses of worship, imprisonment of unsanctioned religious leaders, and actions to silence dissent, which he said demonstrates its “disregard for the individual dignity of every Chinese citizen.”

The ambassador also cited religious restrictions on both lay people and Buddhist monks and nuns in Tibet that have led 155 Tibetans to self-immolate since the wave of fiery protests against Chinese rule of their homeland began in 2009.

He noted that China amended regulations for religious affairs last year that gave the government more power to control how people worship, and have used the new rules to severely crackdown on Christians in the country.

Administration actions

Following his remarks, Brownback was asked what possible actions U.S. President Donald Trump might take against China over its repressive policies in the XUAR, but he said the administration would not “discuss internal matters.”

The ambassador said he had requested access to camps in the region to investigate reports of abuse, but had been refused.

Earlier this week, a bipartisan group of U.S. lawmakers sent a letter to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, admonishing the Trump administration for failing to hold Beijing to account for its actions in the XUAR.

In January, U.S. Senators Marco Rubio of Florida and Bob Menendez of New Jersey put forward the “Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act,” which would dedicate new resources from the U.S. State Department, FBI, and other intelligence agencies to documenting abuse of Uyghurs and other ethnic Muslims in the XUAR, as well as Beijing’s intimidation of U.S. citizens and residents on American soil.

The act calls for “high-level U.S. engagement” on the issue, as well as the application of travel and financial sanctions against Chinese officials who are responsible for the policies in the XUAR under the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act.

Camp network

Adrian Zenz, a lecturer in social research methods at the Germany-based European School of Culture and Theology, has said that some 1.1 million people are or have been detained in the camps—equating to 10 to 11 percent of the adult Muslim population of the XUAR.

In November 2018, Scott Busby, the deputy assistant secretary in the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor at the U.S. Department of State, said there are “at least 800,000 and possibly up to a couple of million” Uyghurs and others detained at re-education camps in the XUAR without charges, citing U.S. intelligence assessments.

Citing credible reports, U.S. lawmakers Rubio and Chris Smith of the bipartisan Congressional-Executive Commission on China recently called the situation in the XUAR “the largest mass incarceration of a minority population in the world today.”

Since 1999, the U.S. has designated China a “Country of Particular Concern” under the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, for having engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations of religious freedom.

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Türkiyedin Böretalagha Qaytip Kelgen 6 Oqughuchi Qamaqqa Höküm Qilin’ghan


2017-09-19

Sot meydanigha kirishke temshelgen Uyghurlarni saqchilar tosmaqta.

Sot meydanigha kirishke temshelgen Uyghurlarni saqchilar tosmaqta.

 AFP00:00/00:00

Anglash
Awazni köchürüsh

Melum bolushiche xitayning chet’elde oquwatqan Uyghurlargha qaratqan yurtigha qaytip kélish buyruqigha boysunup, türkiyedin yurti bortalagha qaytip barghan 6 oqughuchi aldi 12, keyni 5 yilliqtin qamaqqa höküm qilin’ghan.

Üchi qiz, üchi oghul bolghan bu alte oqughuchi jewlan, kewser, mudesser we süriye qatarliqlardur. Bular qamaqqa höküm qilinishtin burun bir yépiq terbiyilesh merkizide bir mehel terbiyelen’gen. Bortala shehiridiki bir qamaqxana xadimining melum qilishiche, da’iriler, mezkur 6 oqughuchining türkiyede héchqandaq bir siyasiy pa’aliyetlerge qatnashmighanliqi éniqlan’ghan ehwaldimu, ulargha yuqiriqidek éghir jaza bergen.

Bortala Uyghur aptonom rayonining teyinlen’gen sabiq re’isi nur bekrining yurtidur. Biz türkiyedin bortalagha qaytqan oqughuchilarning aqiwiti heqqide melumat élish üchün bortaladiki nur bekrining yéqin tughqanliridin biri bolghan bortala sheherlik qamaqxanigha tewe yépiq terbiyilesh merkizining bir oqutquchisigha téléfon qilduq. Deslepte weziyetni yoshurushqa tirishqan bu xadim, arqidin, yépiq terbiyilesh merkizi heqqide qismen melumatlarni ashkarilidi.

Türkiyedin yurti bortalagha qaytqan oqughuchlarning aqiwitining namelum ikenliki heqqide radiyomizgha uchur yollighan bir anglighuchimiz, ghayib oqughuchilardin ikkisining, yeni jewlan bilen kewserning aka-uka ikenliki heqqide melumat bergen idi. Mezkur qamaqxana xadimi, késiwétilgen 6 oqughuchidin üch nepirining qiz we 3 nepirining oghul ikenliki, ulardin ikkisining ismining mudesser we süriye ikenlikini ashkarilidi. Uning bayan qilishiche, yépiq terbiyilesh merkizide bir mehel terbiyilen’gen bu 6 oqughuchining türkiyediki mezgilde héchqandaq siyasiy ishqa arilashmighanliqi we peqet oqushtin bashqa oy-xiyalda bolmighanliqi aydinglashqan. Yéqinda ghulja nahiyisidiki yépiq terbiyilesh merkizidiki xadimlar, qilmishi jinayetke toshidighanlarning türme we qamaqxanigha, emma qilmishi jinayetke toshmighan, lékin jinayi xahishi bar dep qaralghanlarning yépiq terbiyilesh merkezlirige apiriliwatqanliqini bayan qilghan idi. Bortaladiki bu alte neper oqughuchi awwal terbiyilesh merkizige ewetilgen, terbiyilesh merkizide ipadisi alahide yaxshi bolghan bolsimu arqidin késiwétilgen.

Söhbitimiz dawamida özining nur bekri bilen yéqin tughqanliqini ret qilmighan, bu xadim deslepte yépiq terbiyilesh merkizining shara’itining yaxshiliqi heqqide medhiye oqudi, u arqidin özining mezkur merkezde terbiyiliniwatqanlarning kimlik we qilmishlirini sorash hoquqi yoqluqini ashkarilidi.

Melum bolushiche, xitayning chet’eldiki Uyghur oqughuchilargha qaratqan yurtigha qaytish buyruqigha boysunup, peqet misirdin qaytip ketkenlerning sanila 3 mingdin artuq. Emma bashqa döletlerdinmu bolup, yurtigha qaytqan oqughuchilarning omumi sani we ularning mutleq köp qismining aqiwiti hazirche melum emes.
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