US House passes Uighur Bill urging sanctions on Chinese officials

The Uighur Act of 2019 condemns Beijing’s “gross human rights violations”

  • By AFP NewsDecember 4, 2019 05:11 GMT
  •     

01:13Mike Pence Decries NBA For ‘Kowtowing’ To ChinaMike Pence Decries NBA For ‘Kowtowing’ To China C-span

The US House of Representatives overwhelmingly passed legislation Tuesday that would apply sanctions against senior Chinese officials, triggering a furious response from Beijing.Why advertise with us

The legislation adds to tensions between the two superpowers just as they are locked in negotiations to finalize a “phase one” deal to resolve their protracted trade war.

Washington had already angered Beijing when President Donald Trump signed legislation supporting pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong, prompting China earlier this week to impose sanctions on US-based NGOs and suspend future visits by US warships to the semi-autonomous territory.

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi
US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has accused Chinese authorities of a repressive crackdown on minority Uighurs Photo: AFP / PIERRE-PHILIPPE MARCOU Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP

The Uighur Act of 2019 condemns Beijing’s “gross human rights violations” linked to the crackdown in the northwestern region of Xinjiang, where upwards of one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim minorities are believed to be held in re-education camps.

The measure, which passed 407 to 1, is a stronger version of the bill that cleared the Senate in September. The texts must be reconciled into one bill for Trump’s signature.

The latest House measure condemns the arbitrary mass detention of Uighurs and calls for closure of the re-education camps where, according to rights groups and US lawmakers, they have been held and abused.

The bill notably urges Trump to slap sanctions on Chinese officials behind the Uighur policy, including Chen Quanguo, the Communist Party chief for Xinjiang.

Chinese re-education camp
The outer wall of a complex that includes what is believed to be a re-education camp where mostly Muslim ethnic minorities are detained in Xinjiang Photo: AFP / GREG BAKER Greg Baker/AFP

“Today the human dignity and human rights of the Uighur community are under threat from Beijing’s barbarous actions, which are an outrage to the collective conscience of the world,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told her colleagues shortly before the vote.

Congress “is taking a critical step to counter Beijing’s horrific human rights abuses against Uighurs,” she said.

“America is watching.”

Pelosi lashed out at Chinese authorities for orchestrating a crackdown that includes pervasive mass state surveillance, solitary confinement, beatings, forced sterilization “and other forms of torture.”

Communist Party chief for Xinjiang
The bill urges Trump to slap sanctions on Chinese officials behind the Uighur policy, including Chen Quanguo, the Communist Party chief for Xinjiang Photo: AFP / GREG BAKER Greg Baker/AFP

Beijing called on the United States to prevent the bill from becoming law and warned — without elaborating — that it would respond “according to the development of the situation.”

The bill “deliberately denigrates China’s human rights situation in Xinjiang, wantonly smears China’s efforts to eliminate extremism and combat terrorism (and) viciously attacks the Chinese government’s policy of governing Xinjiang,” foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said in a statement.

Chinese re-education camp
Graphic on ‘re-education’ camps in China’s Xinjiang region, according to research by Washington-based East Turkistan National Awakening Movement. Photo: AFP / Laurence CHU Laurence Chu/AFP

The Chinese state-owned tabloid The Global Times quoted experts as saying Beijing will take “strong countermeasures” including releasing an “unreliable entity list” that could sanction and restrict some US entities in the country and impose sanctions on US officials.

Last month two huge leaks of official documents offered more details about China’s network of internment camps in Xinjiang.

Government papers obtained by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) outlined the need to prevent escape, double lock doors and constantly monitor detainees — even during toilet breaks.

The New York Times reported, based on internal papers it had obtained, that Chinese President Xi Jinping ordered officials to act with “absolutely no mercy” against separatism and extremism in Xinjiang in 2014 following a deadly knife attack blamed on separatists.

Rights groups and witnesses accuse China of forcibly trying to draw Uighurs away from their Islamic customs and integrate them into the majority Han culture.

After initially denying the camps’ existence, Beijing cast the facilities as “vocational education centers” where “students” learn Mandarin and job skills in an effort to steer them away from religious extremism, terrorism and separatism.

The House bill would require the State Department to produce a report within one year on the crackdown in Xinjiang.

And it would require the Commerce Department to ban US exports to entities in Xinjiang that are known to be used in the detention or surveillance of Muslim minorities, including facial recognition technology.

Thomas Massie, the sole member of Congress to vote against both the Hong Kong and Uighur bills, said he did so because he considered the issues to be Chinese domestic affairs.

“When our government meddles in the internal affairs of foreign countries, it invites those governments to meddle in our affairs,” he said in a tweet.

Republican Senator Marco Rubio warned that China’s government and Communist Party are “working to systematically wipe out the ethnic and cultural identities” of Uighurs.

Advocacy organization The Uyghur Human Rights Project (UHRP), said the US action “paves the way for other countries to act.”

“Each and every speech on the House floor tonight was a forceful indictment of crimes against humanity,” said UHRP executive director Omer Kanat.

“Tonight’s action gives Uyghurs hope.”

Copyright AFP. All rights reserved.


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U.S. House approves Uyghur bill demanding sanctions on senior Chinese officials and export bans

MATT SPETALNICK, DAVID BRUNNSTROM AND PATRICIA ZENGERLEREUTERSPUBLISHED 2 DAYS AGOUPDATED 1 DAY AGO7 COMMENTSSHARE

The U.S. House of Representatives on Tuesday overwhelmingly approved a bill that would require the Trump administration to toughen its response to China’s crackdown on its Muslim minority, drawing swift condemnation from Beijing.

The Uyghur Act of 2019 is a stronger version of a bill that angered Beijing when it passed the Senate in September. It calls on President Donald Trump to impose sanctions for the first time on a member of China’s powerful politburo, even as he seeks a deal with Beijing to end a trade war buffeting the global economy.

Just last week, Trump signed into law legislation supporting anti-government protesters in Hong Kong despite angry objections from China.

The Uyghur bill, which passed by 407-1 in the Democratic-controlled House, requires the U.S. president to condemn abuses against Muslims and call for the closure of mass detention camps in the northwestern region of Xinjiang.

It calls for sanctions against senior Chinese officials who it says are responsible and specifically names Xinjiang Communist Party Secretary Chen Quanguo, who, as a politburo member, is in the upper echelons of China’s leadership.

The revised bill still has to be approved by the Republican-controlled Senate before being sent to Trump. The White House has yet to say whether Trump would sign or veto the bill, which contains a provision allowing the president to waive sanctions if he determines that to be in the national interest.

In a statement on Wednesday, China’s Foreign Ministry called the bill a malicious attack against China and a serious interference in the country’s internal affairs.

“We urge the U.S. to immediately correct its mistake, to stop the above bill on Xinjiang from becoming law, to stop using Xinjiang as a way to interfere in China’s domestic affairs,” said the statement, attributed to the ministry’s spokeswoman, Hua Chunying.

China has consistently denied any mistreatment of Uyghurs and says the camps are providing vocational training. It has warned of retaliation “in proportion” if Chen were targeted.

The White House and the Chinese Embassy in Washington did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

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China responded on Monday to the Hong Kong legislation by saying U.S. military ships and aircraft would not be allowed to visit Hong Kong, and announced sanctions against several U.S. non-government organizations.

Analysts say China’s reaction to passage of the Uyghur bill could be stronger, although some doubted it would go so far as imposing visa bans on the likes of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who has called China’s treatment of Uyghurs “the stain of the century” and has been repeatedly denounced by Beijing.

Global Times, a tabloid published by the official People’s Daily newspaper of China’s ruling Communist Party, tweeted on Tuesday that Beijing would soon release a so-called unreliable entities list imposing sanctions against those who harm China’s interests.

It reported that China was expediting the process for the list because the U.S. House bill would “harm Chinese firms’ interests,” and that “relevant” U.S. entities would be part of Beijing’s list.

’MODERN-DAY CONCENTRATION CAMPS’

Republican U.S. Representative Chris Smith called China’s actions in “modern-day concentration camps” in Xinjiang “audaciously repressive,” involving “mass internment of millions on a scale not seen since the Holocaust.”

“We cannot be silent. We must demand an end to these barbaric practices,” Smith said, adding that Chinese officials must be held accountable for “crimes against humanity.”

Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called China’s treatment of the Uyghurs “an outrage to the collective conscience of the world,” adding that “America is watching.”

Chris Johnson, a China expert at Washington’s Center for Strategic and International Studies, said passage of the bill could lead to a further blurring of lines between the trade issue and the broader deteriorating China-U.S. relationship, which Beijing in the past has tended to keep separate.

“I think there’s a sort of piling-on factor here that the Chinese are concerned about,” he said.

Trump said on Monday the Hong Kong legislation did not make trade negotiations with China easier, but he still believed Beijing wanted a deal.

He said on Tuesday, however, that an agreement might have to wait until after the November 2020 U.S. presidential election in which he is seeking a second term.

Johnson said he did not think passage of the Uyghur act would cause the delay, but added: “It would be another dousing of kindling with fuel.”

The House bill requires the president to submit to Congress within 120 days a list of officials responsible for the abuses and to impose sanctions on them under the Global Magnitsky Act, which provides for visa bans and asset freezes.

The bill also requires the secretary of state to submit a report on abuses in Xinjiang, to include assessments of the numbers held in re-education and forced labour camps. United Nations experts and activists say at least 1 million Uyghurs and members of other largely Muslim minority groups have been detained in the camps.

It also effectively bans the export to China of items that can be used for surveillance of individuals, including facial and voice-recognition technology.

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Rights groups voice “real concern” about detention of Uighur Muslims in China

A leading Brussels-based human rights group has voiced concern about ethnic minority groups, most Uyghur Muslims, in China.

Leaked documents about Chinese detention camps are said to dramatically contradict government claims they are voluntary job training centres.

The classified documents, which have been broadcast by Sky TV, appear to confirm the testimony of many former detainees that they are centres for forced ideological and behavioural re-education.

More than a million people from ethnic minority groups, most Uighur Muslims, are in the camps in the far western Xinjiang region. Uighurs are a Turkic minority of about 10 million with their own customs and language.

China, though, has dismissed the leak as a “fabrication and fake news”.  A Chinese government spokesman said religious freedom and personal freedom of people in the camps is “fully respected”.

He said that “since the terror crackdown started in Xinjiang there has not been a single terrorist incident in the past three years”.

However,the documents leaked to a consortium of international journalists – including the Associated Press news agency – detail a strategy to lock up minorities in order to change their beliefs and even their language.

To prevent escapes they stipulate double-locked doors, watch towers and a huge video surveillance operation with no blind spots. Artificial intelligence and mass surveillance technology is also being used on a large scale, with computers issuing the names of tens of thousands of people for interrogation or detention in just one week.

Commenting on the findings, Willy Fautre, head of Human Rights Without Frontiers, based in Brussels, told this website, “Xi Jinping is the new Mao and the so-called ‘sinicization’ campaign is nothing else than a new Cultural Revolution implemented with all the technological weapons of the 21st century that Beijing can use to track all those who need to be ‘reeducated politically’.”

“Over one million Uighurs are deprived of their freedom of movement and kept behind barbed wires for an indefinite time until the brainwashing is successful. The objective of the sinicization is not the revival of the ancestral Chinese culture but Communist political correctness, the choking of the people’s opium and the cultural genocide of the Uighur Muslims.”

Further comment came from Marco Respinti, Director-in-Charge of Bitter Winter, a magazine on religious liberty and human rights in China who said, “The leaked videos document what we all know and China, and its allies, pretend to hide. Xinjiang – that Uyghur prefer to call East Turkestan – is filled with detention camps where people are treated horribly. Indeed, Xinjiang itself is becoming a huge open-air detention camp, where people are surveilled in every single movement through highly sophisticated technology.

“These videos seem to date mostly back to 2017. But reality hasn’t changed, as we at Bitter Winter documented with the publication of the first and so far the only video from inside one of those camps [here is the video] where up to 3 million Uyghur (as recent researches say), plus thousand and thousand of other Turkic people, are unlawfully detained and severely ill-treated just because they are believers and because of their ethnicity. China has tried first to deny the existence of these camps.

“Secondly, when it couldn’t do it any more due to evidence, it changed its communication strategy saying that camps are professional school to “re-educate” terrorists. As a matter of fact, there the Chinese communist regime is for sure re-educating people -with terror, and to Communist ideology. As to the so-called “professional schools”, among detained people there are also accomplished professionals, sometimes even retired… So what?… Indeed, those camps are just are prison of the worst kind, and thy should not be in place. In recent weeks, after The New York Times and other published evidence of what is going in Xinjiang no one can pretend not to know any longer.

“This situation must stop, now. The international community has no excuse: it must act.”


Read also: 

Rights groups condemn China over “torture” of religious minorities


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‘America is watching’: US House passes Uighur bill urging sanctions on Chinese officials

4 December 2019 09:23 AFP3 min read

The US House of Representatives voted overwhelmingly Tuesday to toughen Washington’s position against China regarding its treatment of minority Uighurs, calling on President Donald Trump to apply sanctions against senior Chinese officials.

The Uighur Act of 2019 condemns Beijing’s “gross human rights violations” linked to the crackdown in the western region of Xinjiang, where as many as one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim minorities are being held in re-education camps.

uighur act

Photo: C-Span.

The measure, which passed 407 to 1, is a stronger version of the bill that cleared the Senate in September. The two versions must be reconciled into one bill that gets sent to Trump’s desk.

The vote is sure to draw China’s ire. Beijing has already threatened retaliation against Washington for Trump signing legislation last week supporting Hong Kong pro-democracy protesters, just as the world’s top two economies edge towards a trade truce.

Tom Cotton@SenTomCotton

A string of terror attacks hit Xinjiang province in 2014.

Instead of bringing the perpetrators to justice, the Chinese Communist Party adopted the tactics of terror themselves. They used the attacks as an opportunity to stamp out all dissent.30522:47 – 3 Dec 2019Twitter Ads information and privacy222 people are talking about this

The latest House measure condemns the mass arbitrary detainment of Uighurs and calls for closure of the re-education camps where they have been held and abused, according to rights groups and US lawmakers.

The bill notably urges Trump to slap sanctions on Chinese officials behind the Uighur policy, including Chen Quanguo, the Communist Party chief for Xinjiang.

“Today the human dignity and human rights of the Uighur community are under threat from Beijing’s barbarous actions, which are an outrage to the collective conscience of the world,” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told her colleagues shortly before the vote.

Congress “is taking a critical step to counter Beijing’s horrific human rights abuses against Uighurs,” she said.

“America is watching.”

Rep. Jim McGovern@RepMcGovern · 4 Dec 2019Replying to @RepMcGovern

2/ In the last year, Chinese authorities have expanded their network of mass internment camps, where it is now estimated that 1.8 million or more #Uyghur and other Turkic Muslims have been involuntarily detained.

Rep. Jim McGovern@RepMcGovern

3/ This is a systematic, widespread, and shocking violation of basic human rights for which the Government of China must be held accountable. The UIGHUR Act is an essential update to U.S. policy in response to human rights abuses in #Xinjiang.38802:24 – 4 Dec 2019Twitter Ads information and privacy167 people are talking about this

Pelosi lashed out at Chinese authorities for orchestrating a repressive crackdown that includes pervasive mass state surveillance, solitary confinement, beatings, forced sterilization “and other forms of torture.”

Rights groups and witnesses accuse China of forcibly trying to draw Uighurs away from their Islamic customs and integrate them into the majority Han culture.

After initially denying their existence, Beijing now defends the camps, which it calls “vocational education centers,” as a necessary measure to counter religious extremism and terrorism.

The House bill would require the State Department to produce a report within one year on the crackdown in Xinjiang.

xinjiang camp detention

File photo posted by the Xinjiang Judicial Administration to its WeChat account. File photo: Xinjiang Judicial Administration.

And it would require the Commerce Department to ban US exports to entities in Xinjiang that are known to be used in the detention or surveillance of Muslim minorities, including facial recognition technology.

Republican Marco Rubio, a sponsor of the legislation in the US Senate, warned that China’s government and Communist Party “is working to systematically wipe out the ethnic and cultural identities” of Uighurs.

He applauded the House passage and said he looked forward to getting a reconciled bill to Trump’s desk.


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Congress Condemns China Over Brutal Crackdown on the Muslim Minority

Congress Condemns China Over Brutal Crackdown on the Muslim MinorityCongress overwhelmingly approved a bill Tuesday aimed at pressuring China over a brutal mass crackdown on ethnic Muslims in the far west of the country.SharePauseMuteCurrent Time 0:19/Duration 0:24Loaded: 100.00% FullscreenDECEMBER 4, 2019

(WASHINGTON) — Congress overwhelmingly approved a bill Tuesday aimed at pressuring China over a brutal mass crackdown on ethnic Muslims in the far west of the country, legislation that follows a similar measure over human rights abuses in Hong Kong that angered the Chinese government.

The House of Representatives voted 407-1 to approve the Uighur Human Rights Policy Act, which has already passed the Senate.

The legislation condemns the detention of more than 1 million Uighurs, Kazakhs and other minorities in so-called reeducation camps, where they are subjected to political indoctrination, torture, beatings, and food deprivation, as well as denial of religious and linguistic freedom.

It would require the State Department to evaluate whether Chinese officials would meet the criteria for sanctions for their roles in the crackdown in the Xinjian region.

“The Chinese Government and Communist Party is working to systematically wipe out the ethnic and cultural identities of Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang,” said Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., one of the backers of the legislation. “Today, Congress took another important step to hold Chinese officials accountable for egregious and ongoing human rights abuses.”

Last month, Congress passed — and President Donald Trump signed — legislation supporting anti-government protests in Hong Kong. China said Monday that it will suspend U.S. military ship and aircraft visits to the semi-autonomous city and sanction several American pro-democracy and human rights groups in response to the move.

CONTACT US AT EDITORS@TIME.COM.

Surviving China’s Uighur camps

“Uyghur 2019 namliq” qanun layihisi amérika dölet mejliside maqulluqtin ötti



2019-12-03
ÉlxetPikirSharePrint
PrintHembehrPikirÉlxet
“Uyghur 2019 namliq” qanun layihisi amérika dölet mejliside awazgha qoyuluwatqan körünüsh. 2019-Yili 3-dékabir, washin’gton.house.gov
•••••••••
Tüzitip yéngidin tonushturulghan “Uyghurlargha ige chiqish we dunyawi insanperwerlikning ortaq inkasi” yeni “Uyghur 2019 namliq” qanun layihisi 3-dékabir amérika dölet mejliside mutleq üstün awaz bilen maqulluqtin ötti.
Qanun layihesi awam palatasida 1 ge qarshi 407 awaz bilen maqulluqtin ötti.

Mezkur qanunning yene bir wariyanti yeni “Uyghur kishilik hoquq siyasiti qanun layihisi” kéngesh palata ezasi marko rubiyo qatarliqlar teripidin tonushturulup, bu yil 11- séntebir kéngesh palatasida maqulluqtin ötken idi.
Halbuki, bu nöwet tonushturulghan qanun layihesi awam palatasida ilgiri tonushturulghan “Uyghurlargha ige chiqish we dunyawi insanperwerlikning ortaq inkasi qanun layihisi” bilen kéngesh palatasida tonushturulup maqulluqtin ötken “Uyghur kishilik hoquq siyasiti qanun layihisi” biriktürülgen yéngi qanun layihisi hésablinidiken.

Qanun layihisi dölet mejliside 40 minut etrapida munazire qilindi we shu küni kech sa’et 7 din 12 minut ötkende qanunning maqulluqtin ötkenliki resmiy jakarlandi.

Qanun layihisi kelgüside kéngesh palatasida awazgha qoyulidu we kéngesh palatasida maqulluqtin ötkendin kéyin, prézidéntning imzalishigha yollinidu we prézidént imza qoyghandin kéyin resmiy qanun bolup maqullinidu.

Munasiwetlik xewerler
Xitay amérikaning “Uyghur kishilik hoquq qanuni” seweblik “Bedel töleydighanliqi” ni bildürdi
Amérika awam palatasi “Uyghur kishilik hoquq qanun layihesi” ni resmiy maqullidi
Amérika awam palatasining “Uyghur kishilik hoquq qanun layihesi” ni maqullishi xelq’ara taratqularda keng inkas qozghidi
“Uyghur 2019 namliq” qanun layihesining amérika dölet mejlisidin ötüshi Uyghurlarni hayajanlandurdi
Amérika dölet mejlis ezaliri “Uyghur 2019” qanun layihesining awam palatadin ötkenlikini qizghin tebriklidi
Amérikadiki Uyghurlar “Uyghur kishilik hoquq qanun layihesi” ning maqullinishi üchün heriketke ötti
Amérika dölet xewpsizlik meslihetchisi robért obrayén: shinjangda bir milyondin artuq adem yighiwélish lagérlirida yatmaqta. Bu bir qebihlik
“Wal-sitrit zhurnili” : “Xitayning shinjangdiki qilmishlirigha qandaq inkas qayturush kérek?”
Amérikaning tashqi ishlar mu’awin ministiri namzati: “Uyghur rayonida musulman tawapgahlirining chéqiliwatqanliqigha da’ir xewerlerning chinliqida mesile yoq”
Obzorchi gordon chang: mexpiy höjjetler lagér siyasitide shi jinpingning qoli barliqini ashkarilidi. Muxbirimiz jüme

Lebenslänglich für Uiguren-Funktionär in China

Dem Politiker Nur Bekri wird Korruption vorgeworfen. Er war sechs Jahre lang Gouverneur der chinesischen Provinz Xinjiang. Dort sollen Hunderttausende muslimische Uiguren in Internierungslagern leben.

China Prozess gegen ehem. Gouverneur Nur Bekri (AFP/Shenyang Municipal Intermediate People's Court )

Nur Bekri im Juli im Gerichtssaal in Shenyang

Der ehemalige Gouverneur Nur Bekri war einst einer der ranghöchsten uigurischen Politiker Chinas. Das Mittlere Volksgericht der Stadt Shenyang verurteilte ihn wegen Korruption zu einer lebenslangen Haftstrafe. Zusätzlich würden ihm seine politischen Rechte aberkannt und sein Vermögen beschlagnahmt, hieß es. Bekri sagte noch im Gerichtssaal, er werde keine Berufung gegen das Urteil einlegen. Es ist einer der prominentesten Fälle im Zuge der Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne des chinesischen Staatschefs Xi Jinping.

Zuletzt war Bekri Direktor der Energieagentur und stellvertretender Leiter der Nationalen Entwicklungs- und Reformkommission, Chinas wichtigster Aufsichtsbehörde für Wirtschaftsplanung. Zwischen 2008 und 2014 war Bekri Gouverneur der Provinz Xinjiang. Während seiner Zeit im Amt gab es in der Region Gewaltausbrüche zwischen den vorrangig muslimischen Uiguren und den herrschenden Han-Chinesen. Im Jahr 2009 wurden bei Unruhen 200 Menschen getötet. Damals sagte Bekri, er werde die Gewalt mit “eiserner Hand” niederschlagen.

China Uiguren in der Provinz Xinjiang (AFP/G. Baker)

In Xinjiang lebt eine große muslimische Minderheit (Archivbild)

Repressalien und politischer Druck

Nach der Amtszeit von Bekri sind nach Schätzungen von Menschenrechtlern in den vergangenen Jahren bis zu eine Million Uiguren in Umerziehungslager gesteckt worden. Die Bundesregierung hat von China gefordert, internationalen Experten Zugang zu der Region zu ermöglichen. Vergangene Woche hatte das Konsortium Investigativer Journalisten (ICIJ) Dokumente veröffentlicht, die von der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas stammen sollen und die Anleitungen zur massenhaften Internierung der muslimischen Minderheit in Nordwestchina enthalten.

Die Ermittlungen gegen Bekri, die bereits vor mehr als einem Jahr starteten, erfolgten im Rahmen der Anti-Korruptions-Kampagne Xi Jinpings, die schon Sicherheitschef Zhou Yongkang und Handelsminister Bo Xilai zu Fall brachte. Insgesamt sollen bislang 1,3 Millionen Beamte und Politiker auf allen Ebenen bestraft worden sein. Kritiker werfen Xi vor, die Kampagne zur Beseitigung politischer Gegner und zur Festigung seiner Macht zu missbrauchen.

lh/jj (dpa, afp) 

DIE REDAKTION EMPFIEHLT

Uiguren-Konflikt: Opfer chinesischer MachtinteressenVerfolgt und weggesperrt: Die China Cables enthüllten jüngst das Ausmaß der Unterdrückung der Uiguren in China. Die wichtigsten Fragen in einem Konflikt, in dem es um Macht, Wirtschaftsinteressen und Menschenrechte geht. (29.11.2019)  “China Cables” belegen systematische Verfolgung von Uiguren in ChinaChina hat in der Autonomieregion Xinjiang nach Angaben internationaler Journalisten einen riesigen Unterdrückungsapparat etabliert. Interne Dokumente zeigen, wie die massenhafte Internierung von Uiguren organisiert wird. (25.11.2019)  China verstößt in Xinjiang gegen eigene GesetzeChina sieht sich nach den jüngsten Enthüllungen über seine Repression gegen die Uiguren international auf der Anklagebank. Eine Verteidigung: Alles sei gesetzeskonform. Dem ist nicht so, wie Experten klarstellen. (27.11.2019)  Immer mehr Uiguren wollen Asyl in DeutschlandIn China wird die muslimische Minderheit mit wachsender Härte verfolgt. Das spiegelt sich auch in den Zahlen des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge wider. (29.11.2019)  China empört sich über Uiguren-KritikEs ist ein klarer, diplomatischer Fingerzeig: 23 Nationen haben China wegen der Unterdrückung der uigurischen Minderheit kritisiert. Die Führung in Peking fühlt sich empfindlich getroffen – und reagiert prompt. (30.10.2019)  Uiguren-Lager in China: Maas fordert KonsequenzenDer deutsche Außenminister Heiko Maas fordert eine UN-Untersuchung in der chinesischen Provinz Xinjiang. Ein Journalistenkonsortium hatte erstmals die Existenz von “Umerziehungslagern” für Millionen Menschen belegt. (26.11.2019)  China, die Uiguren und deutsche UnternehmenDie Fragen sind nicht neu, aber in diesem Fall besonders bedrückend: Was wissen deutsche Firmen, die in der Uiguren-Provinz Xinjiang aktiv sind, von Lagern und Unterdrückung dort? Und warum sind sie eigentlich da? (27.11.2019)  

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Sacharow-Preis für Uiguren Ilham Tohti   

Wanted: Chinese cadres to hold Beijing’s line in Xinjiang as Han Chinese head for the exits

  • Beijing’s officials are leaving the troubled region where – by some estimates – up to a million Uygurs have been held in detention centres
  • While Muslim communities are in lockdown, people of Han Chinese ethnicity are voting with their feet and leaving the region, sources say
Mimi Lau

Mimi Lau  

Published: 9:45pm, 4 Dec, 2019464

Illustration: Brian Wang

Illustration: Brian WangChina’s Xinjiang autonomous region has attracted international attention for all the wrong reasons – police crackdowns and reports that local ethnic Uygur people are being held in internment camps. What hasn’t gained much attention is the difficulty Beijing has drafting in staff to execute its policies in the far northwest area.The measures targeting Muslim ethnic minorities in Xinjiang have triggered “widespread discontent among Han Chinese officials and citizens”, a source close to the central government told the South China Morning Post. The source said Chinese President Xi Jinping was aware of the problem because he had been briefed by the country’s chief Xinjiang policy coordinator, Wang Yang.

And as the United Nations wants to send in officials to inspect the internment camps, which some estimates say have held as many as 1 million Uygurs, members of the Han Chinese ethnicity – which dominates both China as a whole and the Chinese Communist Party – are leaving the region in increasing numbers.

“[Wang has] said in his briefings that even the Han people are deeply dissatisfied,” the source said, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue. “Life is harsh [in Xinjiang] even for cadres. Officials are exhausted as nobody is allowed days off [even after working for weeks].”These reports come as China faces increasing pressure to allow international monitors into the internment camps. That’s especially since news outlets in November published reports based on the so-called China cables, or a leak of classified documents that indicate the camps were set up as forced indoctrination centres.

The UN Human Rights Council in July released a statement calling for an end to what it called “arbitrary detention” of Uygurs and other Muslim groups in the region.SUBSCRIBE TO US CHINA TRADE WARGet updates direct to your inboxSUBMITBy registering, you agree to our T&C and Privacy Policy

Beijing has said criticism of its policies in Xinjiang ignore that from 2009 it faced a separatist and terrorist insurgency in the region that killed hundreds of Han Chinese and wounded many more.China has said the internment centres are for vocational education and training to combat the spread of extremist views and terrorism. In November, foreign ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said Xinjiang had not suffered a terrorist attack in three years, which he argued showed its methods were working.

And on Tuesday, China Youth Daily published an article by Shohrat Zakir, the autonomous region’s chairman, making the same argument and urging Western politicians and media to give up their “double standards” in criticising the vocational centres in Xinjiang.

Still, for the officials on the ground in charge of carrying out Beijing’s Xinjiang policies, life is increasingly unpleasant, according to the source. China has set up what is called a “sent-down system” in the region that requires cadres to live in the homes of Uygurs as part of surveillance programmes.

“The cadres sent down must bring gifts and pay out of their own pocket and anyone refusing to go is sacked right on the spot. Measures like these have triggered widespread resentment,” the source said.

Xinjiang authorities regularly advertise jobs with lucrative packages, but it is hard to retain people and an increase in requests for early retirement have been rejected in the past year.

“The children of Han Chinese officials in Xinjiang are sent away to live and study, so this adds to the drain of people leaving the region,” the source said.

China’s ethnic groups face end to affirmative action in education, taxes, policing

Wang, Xinjiang’s policy chief, has made three public inspection trips to the region: once in April 2018 and twice this year in March and July. He ranks fourth in the ruling Communist Party’s seven-member Politburo Standing Committee and is the head of the Central Committee’s Xinjiang Work Coordination Small Group, a body deciding Xinjiang policies.

During his April visit, Wang said the region needed to “perfect” its stability maintenance measures. While calling for a crackdown on ethnic separatist forces and religious extremism, Wang said traditional ethnic culture should be protected and the normal religious customs of believers should be ensured.The United States was not persuaded and the US House of Representatives voted through the Uygur Intervention and Global Humanitarian Unified Response Act this week, a bill that would allow the US administration to sanction officials it deems involved in the mass internment of ethnic minority groups in Xinjiang.

The number of Han Chinese in Xinjiang stood at 8.83 million, or about 40 per cent of the region’s population, in 2010. The figure fell to 8.6 million in 2015, or about 36 per cent, according to the latest population census, indicating that Beijing’s policy of encouraging more Han Chinese to move to the region is not working.

A Chinese academic studying Xinjiang confirmed that Han Chinese are leaving the region’s capital of Urumqi.

Urumqi had 3.5 million permanent residents in 2018, a decline from the 3.52 million reported in 2016, according to the National Bureau of Statistics. While the bureau did not give a breakdown by ethnic background, it’s Han Chinese that are leaving.

China must meet human rights obligations in Xinjiang, says Germany

“The [Han] people can’t voice their discontent, but they vote with their feet. Xinjiang is facing a severe problem of Han population outflow,” the academic said, declining to be named in order to discuss the issue.

Peking University sociology professor Li Jianxin has released research showing that a low birth rate among Han Chinese is another factor in their declining population in Xinjiang over the past five years. Ethnic Muslims in the region have a significantly higher birth rate, according to the research.

Besides the network of “vocational training centres” built and operated since early 2017, Beijing has strict restrictions on the movement of the Muslim population in Xinjiang.

“Since last summer, the Urumqi public security authorities have suspended all applications to move household registration away from the city in a bid to curb migration out of the region,” one of the sources said.

These measures were not publicly announced, but Urumqi authorities posted a reply to a citizen inquiry on People.com.cn, the official website of party mouthpiece People’s Daily, that offered some indications of the policy.

Are Xinjiang camps training centres? China’s own documents say otherwise

“Due to an ongoing population census, applications to relocate household registration have been suspended until further notice,” the Urumqi public security bureau said in the post.

Experts studying the region say the root of Xinjiang’s ethnic tensions lies within a basket of unresolved structural development problems, including dominance of state enterprises, Uygur job discrimination, corruption and barriers to ethnic integration.

The monopoly of state conglomerates in the economy and the difficulty Uygurs have finding work remain the thorniest issues, according to another of the sources.

The three pillars of Xinjiang’s economy are energy, transport and cultural industries. All of them are dominated by state enterprises, especially in oil, chemicals, railways and aviation. Into this mix is the collusion of some of the nation’s most powerful state enterprises and Uygur political and business elites.

This structure has led to a decline in Xinjiang-based corporations and an increase in Uygur unemployment rates.

“We must figure out the components that make up the soil breeding extremism in Xinjiang before we can solve it, otherwise it will only be a mess on top of another mess,” the source said.

“Even as more Chinese factories are built, Uygurs are still jobless. One can’t help but feel that they are being robbed of their land and resources even as the local economy expands. They don’t get a piece of the pie.”

Illustration: Brian Wang

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/politics/article/3040628/wanted-chinese-cadres-hold-beijings-line-xinjiang-han-head

Bir Millet, Bir Bayraq, Bir Weten !

Aperin Nebiyjan, biz üchün hawadinmu, sudinmu we nandinmu muhim bolghanni eytipsiz. Uyghurlargha rabbimiz bir dewlet ata qilsa, Uyghurilide qazaq qerindashlar, qazaqistandiki Uyghur qerindashlardek hozur ichide yashaydu. Tarixta hem biz shundaq yashighan. Muhimi xitaydin wetinimizni qayturiwelish. Nebijan Ala Allah sizden razi bolsun!

Geheime Dokumente zeigen Chinas brutale Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit

24.11.2019 | 20:00

Ein „Umerziehungslager“ in der chinesischen Region Xinjiang

GREG BAKER / AFPEin „Umerziehungslager“ in der chinesischen Region Xinjiang

Ein wahnwitziges Verbrechen, ein „kultureller Genozid“: Die chinesische Regierung sperrt mehr als eine Million Menschen der muslimischen Minderheit der Uiguren in Internierungslagern ein. Geheime Dokumente aus den inneren Zirkeln der chinesischen Machthaber belegen jetzt nicht nur die Existenz dieser Lager, sondern zeigen auch das erschütternde Ausmaß von Chinas Unterdrückungsapparat.

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Geheim eingestufte Dokumente aus dem Inneren der chinesischen Kommunistischen Partei zeigen erstmals im Detail, wie die massenhafte Internierung von religiösen Minderheiten in der Volksrepublik organisiert und durchgeführt wird. In der Autonomieregion Xinjiang im Nordwesten Chinas werden nach Einschätzung von Experten mehr als eine Million Menschen in Lagern festgehalten, weitgehend ohne gerichtliche Verurteilung. Betroffen sind vor allem Angehörige der muslimischen Minderheit der Uiguren.

Die Dokumente, die dem Internationalen Konsortium Investigativer Journalisten (ICIJ) zugespielt wurden, belegen, dass die von der Regierung als Weiterbildungseinrichtungen bezeichneten Lager tatsächlich abgeschottete, engmaschig bewachte Umerziehungslager sind. Die Insassen werden gegen ihren Willen gefangen gehalten. Damit widersprechen die zugespielten Regierungsdokumente fundamental öffentlichen Aussagen der chinesischen Regierung, wonach der Aufenthalt in den Lagern freiwillig sei. Außerhalb der Lager werden den Dokumenten zufolge Uiguren gezielt überwacht mit dem Ziel, sie in einer Datenbank zu erfassen.

Die Unterlagen stammen aus den Jahren 2017 und 2018. Weltweit haben mehr als 75 Journalistinnen und Journalisten von 17 Medienpartnern die Dokumente geprüft und ausgewertet. In Deutschland waren Reporterinnen und Reporter von NDR, WDR und „Süddeutscher Zeitung“ an den Recherchen beteiligt. Sie werden unter dem Schlagwort „China Cables“ veröffentlicht.

Uigurische Demonstranten im Juni beim G20-Gipfel in Osaka

Laurent FIEVET / AFPUigurische Demonstranten im Juni beim G20-Gipfel in Osaka

Überwachung selbst beim Toilettengang

Die geheimen Unterlagen beinhalten unter anderem eine detaillierte Anweisung, unterschrieben von dem damals obersten Sicherheitschef der Autonomieregion Xinjiang. Darin wird dargelegt, wie die in den Lagern internierten Minderheiten selbst bei alltäglichen Dingen wie dem Toilettengang, beim Schlafen und beim Unterricht zu überwachen sind. Auch von Züchtigungsmaßnahmen ist dort die Rede. Außerdem soll ein Punktesystem eingeführt worden sein, mit dem die einzelnen Internierten zu bewerten und selbst kleine Vergehen zu bestrafen seien.

Zuletzt hatte die New York Times, die auch Teil des China-Cables-Projekts ist, über Dokumente der chinesischen Kommunistischen Partei berichtet, in denen vor allem die politische Grundlage der Repressionspolitik gegenüber religiösen Minderheiten in China thematisiert worden ist. Demnach soll das harte Vorgehen gegen Muslime von Präsident Xi Jinping persönlich angeordnet worden sein. Dabei solle „keine Gnade“ gezeigt werden, zitiert die Zeitung eine Rede des Staatschefs aus dem Jahr 2014.

70. Jahrestag der Gründung der Volksrepublik China

dpaXi Jinping, Präsident von China, steht während einer Parade zum 70. Jahrestag der Gründung der Volksrepublik China in einer Limousine und betrachtet das aufgereihte Militär

„Kultureller Genozid“

Die „China Cables“ erlauben einen tiefen Einblick in die Mechanik der Unterdrückung, die die Kommunistische Partei Chinas in der Autonomieregion Xinjiang etabliert hat. Der China-Experte Adrian Zenz spricht von einer „systematischen Internierung einer ganzen ethno-religiösen Minderheit“ und einem „kulturellen Genozid“.

Zenz hat die Dokumente überprüfen können; für ihn belegen sie „im Detail, dass die Regierung seit 2017 eine Massenkampagne der Umerziehung in dieser Region durchführt, unter dem Namen der Berufsbildung“. Gleichzeitig, so der Experte, „geben die Dokumente aber auch eine schockierende Gewissheit, dass das Ganze eine systematische und vor allem eine geheime Kampagne ist“.

Eine Datenbank für alle Minderheiten

Neben den Anweisungen des Sicherheitschefs umfassen die nun veröffentlichten Dokumente auch vier zusammenfassende Ausschnitte der sogenannten „Integrationsplattform für gemeinsame Einsätze“, verfasst von der „Kommandostelle des Parteikomitees des Autonomen Gebietes für energisches Niederschlagen und Stürmen an der Gefechtsfront“ – eine Art interne Nachrichten-Plattform der Überwacher. Das Dokument zeigt, wie die Kommunistische Partei Chinas gegen religiöse Minderheiten vorgeht, die nicht in Lagern interniert sind.

Die „Integrationsplattform“, eine Datenbank zur Verfolgung und Beobachtung einzelner Angehöriger von religiösen Minderheiten im In- und Ausland, ist dabei offenbar eines der wichtigsten Werkzeuge. Um die Datenbank zu füllen, werden demnach nicht nur Ausweise erfasst und Reisetätigkeiten überwacht, sondern auch Mitarbeiter in uigurische Dörfer, zum Teil sogar in die Familien geschickt, um genau herauszufinden, wie die Menschen über die Kommunistische Partei denken.

Dazu sollen „Spezialgruppen (…) in die Haushalte eindringen, jede Person aufsuchen, sie befragen, Erkundigungen über sie einziehen und sie gründlich überprüfen“. Dabei gewonnene Informationen seien dann wiederum in die “Integrationsplattform” einzuspeisen. Einzelne Einwohner sollen zudem in „Gefahrenkategorien“ eingeteilt werden: „Zu problematischen Personen, die sich vor Ort befinden, ist eine Rückmeldung über die ergriffenen Maßnahmen zu geben; zu problematischen Personen, die sich nicht vor Ort befinden, ist anzugeben, wo sie sich befinden, konkret, ob sie sich im Ausland, außerhalb von Xinjiang oder innerhalb von Xinjiang befinden, außerdem sind die Verwaltungs- und Kontrollmaßnahmen anzugeben, die gegen sie ergriffen wurden.“

China und die Uiguren

epa Oliver Weiken/EPA/dpaUigurische Demonstranten wehren sich gegen einen Polizeieinsatz in der Stadt Ürümqi

Chinas Regime schweigt

Die Anweisungen des Sicherheitschefs und die Zusammenfassungen der „Integrationsplattform“ sind als „geheim“ eingestuft, die mittlere von drei Geheimhaltungsstufen innerhalb des chinesischen Verwaltungsapparats. Ein weiteres Dokument ist nicht eingestuft. Es handelt sich dabei um ein Gerichtsurteil aus dem Jahr 2018, aus dem hervorgeht, dass ein männlicher Uigure zu einer zehnjährigen Haftstrafe verurteilt worden ist. Die Staatsanwaltschaft hatte ihm „ethnischen Hass und ethnische Diskriminierung“ vorgeworfen, weil er Arbeitskollegen unter anderem dazu aufgefordert haben soll, aus religiösen Gründen keine Pornographie zu schauen und regelmäßig zu beten.

Die Medienpartner des ICIJ haben eine gemeinsame Anfrage an die chinesische Regierung gesendet und sie mit den Vorwürfen, die sich aus den Dokumenten ergeben, konfrontiert. Diese Anfrage blieb unbeantwortet. Reporter von NDR, WDR und „Süddeutscher Zeitung“ haben zusätzlich eine Anfrage an die chinesische Botschaft in Berlin gerichtet. Fragen zu den Dokumenten beantwortete die Botschaft nicht, sie verwies lediglich auf offizielle Stellungnahmen zu den „Bemühungen von Xinjiang zur Terrorbekämpfung und Entradikalisierung sowie zur beruflichen Aus- und Weiterbildung“.