SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN JUMHURIYITI ASASI QANUNI

Monday, December 28, 2009

11097_455386391269258_7584251139139249125_n (1)
SHERQIY TÜRKISTAN JUMHURIYITI ASASI QANUNI
Birinchi Bölüm

Dölet ismi, Dölet Tüzümi, Dölet Bayriqi, Dölet Giribi, Istiqlal Marshi, Milli Marshi, Dölet Tili, Dölet Dini we Paytexti

1- Madda: Dölet Ismi: Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti, dunyadiki milletler we xeliqler özlirining tillirida Sherqiy Türkistan  dégen isimni öz tillirigha uyghun shekilde terjime qilip ishletsimu we yaki Uyghuristan dep éniq atisimu bolidu.Meselen Türükchide Dogu Türkistan….Üzbekche we Germanchide Uyghuristan.

2-Madda: Dölet Tüzümi démokratiye we kishilik hoquqqa hörmet qilidighan, ijtima’i, demokratik bir pütün hoquq dölitidur. Sherqiy Türkistan dölitining zimin pütünligini, millitining birligini parcilashqa bolmaydu we yol qoyulmaydu.

3-Madda: Dölet bayrighi Ay-yultuzluq kök bayraqdur. (Qoshumche resim A gha qarang)

4-Madda: Dölet Giribi, hilal ayning ong teripide toqquz we sol teripide toqquz dane noqta bolup, bu noqtilarning, hilal ayning eng töwen qismidiki uchliri bughuch bilen baghlan’ghan. Hilal ayning otturisida hösnixet bilen yezilghan “Bismillahhirrahmanirrahim”, hilal ayning ikki uchining uchrishidighan yeride üch dane yultuzdin teshkil tapqan bir shekildin ibarettur. (Qoshumche B ge qarang)

Belgüler, Sherqiy Türkistan yashawatqan tört chong Türki xeliqlerning simwolidur. Üch yultuz bolsa tarixta Sherqiy Türkistan qurulghan Kök Türk dewliti, Uyghur  Emparaturluqi, we Qaraxanilar dewletlirining simwolidur.

5-Madda: Döletning Istiqlal we Milliy Marshi,Milliy Qesimi

Döletning Istiqlal Marshi,1933-yili Memtili Ependi (Tewpiq) teripidin yezilip, Sherqiy Türkistanliqlar teripidin oqulghan “Qurtulush Yolida” namliq she’iridur. Döletning milliy marshi yene Memtili ependining “Tarixtin Ewwel Biz Iduq, Tarixtin Songre Yene Biz” digen she’iridur. (Qoshumche C we D ge qarang)

6-Madda: Dölet Tili, Dini we Paytexti

Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyitining dölet tili-Uyghur türkchisidur. Qazaq türkchisi bilen Qirghiz türkchisi milliy til qatarida qollinilidu.

Dini: Islamdur.Dölet bashqa dinlarnimu hörmet qilidu, qoghdaydu, herxil diniy hoquqlargha kapaletlik qilidu.

Döletning paytexti: Ürümchi.

7-Madda: Asasi Qanunning yuqurda yezilghan birinchi, ikkinchi, üchinchi, tötinchi, beshinchi we altinchi maddilliri herqandaq shara’itta özgertilmeydu we özgertishke teshebbus qilinmaydu.

Ikkinchi Bölüm Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyitining Sürgündiki Hökümiti

8 – Madda: 2004-yili 14-sentebirde Amerika Qoshma Shitatlirining paytexti Washin’gitonda qurulghan Sürgündiki Sherqiy Türkistan Hökümiti-wetinimiz tajawuzchi Xitay kommunist hakimiyitining qolidin azat bolghan’gha qeder Sherqiy Türkistan xelqighe wakaliten hoquq yürgüzidighan, Sherqiy TürkistanJumhuriyitige wekillik qilidighan birdin bir hoquqluq organ bolup hesaplinidu.

9-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining asasi wezipisi-dunyadiki barliq demokratiyini, heqqaniyetni, tenchliqni söyidighan, kishilik hoquqqa hörmet qilidighan döletler, Birleshken Döletler Teshkilati bashchilighidiki barliq xelq’ara teshkilatlar, xelq’aradiki kishilik hoquq organliri bilen hemkarliship, ularning yardimini qolgha keltürüp,Sherqiy Türkistan xelqini tajawuzchi kommunist Xitay hakimiyiti yürgüziwatqan dölet terrorizimigha qarshi küreshke teshkillep, wetinimiz Sherqiy Türkistanning musteqilliqini qolgha keltürüshtin ibaret.

10-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümitining ministirliri bash ministirning qol astida Ministirlar kabineti bolup teshkillinidu. Ministirlar kabinetida hökümet programmilirigha xilapliq qilghan ministirlar üch qetim agahlandurilidu. Bu agahlandurushlargha etibar qilmighan teqdirde ministirlar kabinetining qarari we dölet reisining testiqi bilen bash minister teripidin kabinettin chiqirilidu.

11-Madda: Hökümetning ministirlar kabeniti yilda bir yaki ikki qetim yighilish ötküzüp, hökümet programmilirining ijra qilinish ehwalidin bash ministir we kabenitqa doklat sunidu we hökümet programmilirini emeliyleshtürüshning chare-tedbirlirini muzakire qilip bekitidu.

Xitay bilen siyasi we iqtisadi munasiwiti bolghan herqandaq Sherqiy Türkistanni parlament ezasi we ministir qilip saylashqa bolmaydu. Parlament we hökümet ezalirining wezipe ötewatqan muddet ichide herqanadaq sewep bilen Xitaygha, Xitay mustemlikisi astidiki dölet we rayonlargha berishi men’i qilinidu.

Üchinchi Bölüm Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyitining Parlament Saylimi we Wetendashliq

12-Madda: Parlament özige bir re’is, bir mua’win re’is, bir bash katip, ikki katipni parlament ezaliri ichidin töt yilliq muddet üchün üchte ikki awaz bilen saylap chiqidu. Parlament ezalirining tekliwi bilen qanunlashqan we herqaysi rayonlardin demokratik usulda saylan’ghan wekillerdin teshkillen’gen Parlament alahide ehwallardin sirt her töt yilning birinchi yilining 11-ayning 10- küni echilip, tötinchi yilining 11-ayning 11-küni axirlishidu. Parlament bu asasi qanunning 17-, 18-, 19- maddilirigha asasen parlament ezalirini saylap chiqip Parlamentni wujutqa keltüridu. 11-ayning 12- küni saylan’ghan parlament ezaliri qesem berip wezipe tapshurup alidu. Yengi Parlamentning wujutqa kelishi, hoquqliri we eza sani qurghuchi tunji parlamentning belgilimilirini asas qilidu.

13-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyitining ichide yurtning ishghal qilinishigha chetishliq bolghan, düshmen’ge yaki yurtni ishghal qilghuchilargha yardem bergen, ulargha qolayliq yaritip bergenligi sezilgen herqandaq kishining Parlament ezaliqigha saylinishigha yol qoyulmaydu.

14-Madda: Döletning ishghal qilinishi bilen munasiwiti bolmighan, düshmenlerge yaki tajawuzchilargha yardem bermigen, ularni qoghdap qalmighan, Sherqiy Türkistanda tughulghan, yette ejdadighiche Uyghuristanda yashighan herqandaq kishi Uyghuristanliq hesaplinidu. Sherqiy Türkistanning sirtida özini Sherqiy Türkistanliq dep hesaplighan, Sherqiy Türkistanni ana wetinim dep qobul qilghan herqandaq muhajir Sherqiy Türkistanning tebi’i wetendishidur.

Tötinchi Bölüm Parlament Ezaliri

15-Madda:Parlament saylan’ghan parlament ezaliridin teshkil qilinidu. Parlament ezalirini 18 yashtin ashqan herbir Sherqiy Türkistan wetendishi, jinsiy perqige qarimay demokratik usullar bilen awaz berish arqiliq saylap chiqidu.
16-Madda: Esker we saqchilarni wezipe ötewatqan muddet ichide parlament ezaliqigha saylashqa bolmaydu. Emma, saylam mezgilidin az digende üch ay burun istipa berish sherti bilen saylash we saylinish hoquqigha ige bolalaydu.

17-Madda: Dölet ichide her 60 ming nopustin bir parlament ezasi saylinidu. Sürgündiki Parlament üchün parlament ezaliri yashawatqan döletlerdiki Sherqiy Türkistanning nopus sanigha we ularning emili ehwaligh asasen, tunji qurghuchi Parlamentning testiqi bilen qanunlashqan belgilimiler boyiche saylinidu. Emma, sürgündiki parlament ezalirining sani 60 kishidin kem bolmaslighi kerek.
18-Madda: Parlament xadimliri parlament re’isi teripidin teyinlinidu.

19-Madda: Parlament ezaliri ichide wapat bolghan yaki herqandaq sewep tüpeylidin wezipisidin ayrilghanlarning ornigha Parlamentning qarari boyiche belgilen’gen muddet ichide shu wekil teweligidiki rayon teripidin parlament ezaliri toluqlap saylinidu. Emma sürgündiki parlamentning ezasi wapat bolghan yaki istipa bergen teqdirde, shu parlament ezasi turushluq dölettiki Sherqiy Türkistanliqlar ichidin toluqlap saylinidu.

Beshinchi Bölüm Qanunlar we Qararlar

20-Madda: Barliq qanunlar parlament teripidin tüzüp chiqilidu. Bu qanunlar üchte ikki awaz bilen maqullinidu. Maqullan’ghan qanunlarni hökümet ijra qilidu.

21-Madda: Barliq qararlar hökümet teripidin chiqirilidu. Bash ministir bir yaki ikki ministirni hökümet bayanatchisi qilip teyinleydu.

Altinchi Bölüm Parlament we Dölet Armiyisi

22-Madda: Dölet re’isi dölet armiyisining ali bash qomandanidur.

23-Madda: Tenchliq mezgilliride dölet re’isi teripidin körsitilgen eng tejribilik, abroyluq, dölet armiyisi ichide hörmetke sazawer we ishenchlik bir yuquri derijilik ofitser dölet armiyisige dölet reyisige wakaliten qomandanliq qilidu we bash qomandan qilip teyinlinidu.

24-Madda: Parlament döletning musteqilliqini qoghdash üchün herbi seperwerlik, urush elan qilish, dölet menpe’etini asas qilish sherti astida chet’eller bilen bolidighan shertnamilarni tüzüsh we imzalash hoquqini üchte ikki awaz bilen hökümetke beridu.

Yettinchi Bölüm Dölet Re’isining Saylinishi we Hoquqliri

25-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan musteqilliq dawasigha özini atighan, Sherqiy Türkistan xelqining menpe’eti üchün pidakarliq bilen ishleydighan, ali mektepni tamamlighan, parlament ezasi bolup saylan’ghan, wetendashlar arisida hörmetke sazawer, milliy alahidiliklirini saqlighan, 40 yashqa toshqan Türk neslidin bolghan herqandaq Sherqiy Türkistanliq ichidin saylam arqiliq dölet re’isi saylinidu we saylan’ghan dölet re’isi qesem bilen öz ezipisini tapshurup alidu.(Qoshumche E ke qarang)

26-Madda: Dölet re’isining hoquqliri: Dölet re’isi bash minister namzatini körsitidu, bash ministir teripidin sunulghan hökümet kabinetini testiqlaydu. Ministirlikke teyinlen’gen namzatlarni ispat bilen yenggüshlesh yaki emeldin qaldurush heqqide bash ministirge yazma teklip beridu.

Dölet re’isi kesellik, sayahet yaki bashqa sewepler bilen wezipisini ada qilalmighan waqitlarda, parlament ezasi bolghan mua’win dölet re’isi dölet re’isining salametliki eslige kelgen’ge yaki sayahettin qaytqan’gha qeder dölet re’isining barliq hoquqlirini öz üstige elip uni bejiridu. Dölet re’isi wapat bolghan teqdirde, parlament teripidin yengi dölet re’isi saylan’ghan’gha qeder dölet re’isining wezipisini bejiridu. Bu madda Sürgündiki Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyitining re’isi üchünmu küchke ige bolidu.

Dölet re’isi dölet birligining simwolidur. Dölet re’isi Parlament testiqlighan qanun, Shertnamilar, qararlarni imzalaydu, chet’ellerge elchilerni teyinleydu we chet’el elcilirini qobul qilidu. Edilye ministirining tekliwi bilen eghir gunahkarlarni kechürüm qilidu, yaki jazasini yeniklitidu.

Sekkizinchi Bölüm Bash Ministirning Saylinishi we Hoquqliri

27-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistanmusteqilliq dawasigha özini atighan, bu dawagha ishenchisi kamil bolghan, 40 yashqa toshqan, wetendashlar arisida hörmetke sazawer bolghan, milli alahidiliklirini saqlighan, Parlament ezasi bolup saylan’ghan, Türk neslidin bolghan her qandaq Sherqiy Türkistanliq Sherqiy Türkistan Dölet re’isi teripidin bash ministirlik namzatliqigha körsitilidu. Bash ministir ministirlar kabinetini teshkillep dölet re’isining testiqidin keyin parlamentqa sunudu. Parlament uning hökümet programmisini maqullighandin keyin, bu ministirlar kabinetini üchte ikki awaz bilen testiqlaydu. Bu jeryanda eslidiki kabinet öz xizmitini dawamlashturidu.

28-Madda: Bash ministir parlamentqa wetenning omumi ehwali, hökümetning siyasiti heqqide az digende yilda bir qetim melumat beridu we özi toghra tapqan teqdirde parlamentning saylimi elip berilip bir dewr axirlashqandin keyin, Sherqiy Türkistan xelqini yengi wekillerni saylash üchün, saylam waqtini bekitishke, urush we tenchliq zamanlirida dölet armiyisini seperwer qilishqa, kabinet ezalirining paaliyetlirini nazaret qilishqa, ministirlar kabinetining qararlirigha zit heriket qilghan ministirlarni üch qetim agahlandurushqa we bu agahlandurushlargha etibar bermigen teqdirde, bash ministir dölet re’isining testiqi bilen bularni kabinettin chiqirishqa, qanunlarning adil ijra qilinishigha we wetenning pewqul’adde ehwal astida qalghan mezgilliride qanun küchige barawer qararlarni chiqirishqa, parlament qarari bilen herbi halet élan qilishqa hoquqluqtur.

Toqquzinchi Bölüm Parlamentning Hoquqliri

29-Madda: Mezkur parlament hemme qanun we nizamlarni chiqirishqa, baj qanunini chiqirishqa, qerzlerni töleshke we omumning menpe’etini qoghdashqa, omumi baj bilen import-ekisport towarliridin elinidighan baj qanunini chiqirishqa, bajning Sherqiy Türkistan teritoriyisi ichide barawer we bir xil ölchemlik bolushigha munasiwetlik qanunlarni chiqirishqa hoquqluqtur. Parlament yene töwendiki sahelerge munasiwetlik qanunlarni chiqiridu:

30-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Hökümitining chet’eldin qerz elishigha, soda-setiq ishliri bilen tashqi sodini kontirol qilishigha;

31-Madda: Wetendashliqqa qobul qilish, wetendashliqtin chiqirish, hemde kiriziske sewepchi bolidighan banka pul paxallighining aldini elishqa we bankilar qanunini chiqirishqa;

32-Madda: Pul besish we pulning qimmitini qoghdash, chet’el pullirining kursini belgileshke, ölchem birliklirini bekitishke;
33-Madda: Saxta pul yasighuchilarni jazalashqa;
34-Madda:Pochtixana, doxturxana, mekteplerni echish we binakarliq-qurulushlirini elip berishqa;

35-Madda: Yazghuchi we sen’etchiler, ilim-pen sahesidikilerge qelem heqqi berish, ularning ijadiyet hoquqini qoghdash we erkin paaliyet qilishigha kapaletlik qilishqa;

36-Madda: Ali sot mehkimisi we uningdin töwen bolghan sot mehkimilirini qurushqa;
37-Madda: Dölet chegrisidiki etkeschilik, tamojnidiki köz boyamchiliq hadisilirini eniqlash we bulargha munasiwetlik qanunlargha xilapliq qilghuchilarni jazalashqa;

38-Madda: Sirtqa urush elan qilish, weten’ge qilin’ghan yaki qilinish ehtimali bolghan tajawuzchiliqlargha taqabil turushqa;

39-Madda: Dölet armiyesini terbiyilesh, kücheytish we uni bashqurushqa;
40-Madda: Döletning bir pütünligini qoghdash, topilangni tinjitish, tajawuzni tosash üchün armiyeni herbi wezipige seperwer qilishqa;

41-Madda: Eskerlerni teshkillesh, qorallandurush, bashqurush, ofitsirlerni wezipige teyinlesh, Parlamentning herbi tüzümige bina’en herbi telim- terbiye elip berishqa;

42-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Parlamenti Uyghuristan Jumhuriyiti Hökümitining we uning herqaysi organlirining yaki hökümet erbaplirining yuqurida bayan qilin’ghan qanunlarni ijra qilishi üchün zörür bolghan barliq qanunlani chiqirishqa we qanunlashturushqa hoquqliqdur.

Oninchi Bölüm  Wetendashlarning Heqliri we Parlamentning Heqliri

43-Madda: Parlament Sherqiy Türkistan xelqining hoquqlirigha, qanun aldida barawerlikige, dini etiqadlirigha kapaletlik qilidu. Parlament töwendiki ishlar heqqide qanun chiqarmaydu:

Herkimning étiqad qilghan dinigha erkin ibadet qilishigha cheklime qoyidighan, chüshenche we söz erkinligini, neshiriyat erkinligini chekleydighan, yighilish erkinligi bilen hökümetke xalighan temida iltimas sunush erkinligini chekleydighan, wetendashlarning imtiyaz we alahidiligini töwenlitidighan qanunlar.

44-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Hökümitining ruxsiti bilen xelq qoral saqlash we qoral elip yürüsh erkinlikige ige.

45- Madda: Tajawuzchilargha hemkarliship wetenning ishghal qilinishigha wastichiliq qilghan, düshmenlerge yaki wetenni ishghal qilghuchilargha ashkara yaki yoshurun yardem bergenler, jinayitining eghir-yeng’gillikige qarap sotqa tartilidu we jazalinidu.

46-Madda: Qanunda ruxset qilin’ghan ehwaldin bashqa meyli tenchliq dewride bolsun yaki urush dewride bolsun, herqandaq esker yaki saqchining mülk igisining maqullughini almay turup we sot mehkimisining qararini körsetmey turup herqandaq kishining mülkini tekshürüsh yaki musadire qilish hoquqi bolmaydu.

47-Madda: Kishiler yanlirini, öylirini, xet-cheklirini, chong-kichik buyumlirini we özini qanunsiz axturush we cheqilishqa qarita qanuni qoghdunush hoquqigha ige bolup uning’gha dexli qilinmaydu.

48-Madda: Urush yüz bermigen, herbi halet elan qilinmighan yaki omumi xelqning bixeterligi tehditke uchirimighan ehwallarda hechkim sot mehkimisining qararisiz we teptishning yazma eyiplishi bolmay turup jinayi jawapkarliqi üchün qolgha elinmaydu. Herqandaq kishini oxshash jinayiti üchün ikki qetim eyipleshke bolmaydu. Heckim qanuni jeryanlardin ötküzülmey turup erkinlikidin, mal–mülkidin , hayatidin mehrum qilinmaydu. Adil tölem tölenmey turup hechkimning xususi mülki musadire qilinmaydu yaki xelqqe teqsim qilip berilmeydu.

49-Madda: Herqandaq jinayi deloni birterep qilishta, jawapkar biterep bir sot mehkimiside qanun boyiche sotlinidu, gunahliri we qarilinish sewepliridin xewerlendurulidu, guwahchilar bilen yüzleshtürilidu, öz menpe’eti üchün shahid körsitip bereleydu we özini aqlas üchün adwukat tutalaydu.

50-Madda: Qarilan’ghuchini qebih we gheyri- normal usulda jazalashqa, uningdin artuqche kapalet puli yaki jerimane telep qilishqa yol qoyulmaydu. Gunahkar jinayi ishlar qanunidiki jinayitining eghir-yeng’gillikige asasen jazalinidu.

51-Madda: Wetendashlarning asasi qanunda berilgen hoquqliri, behriman bolushqa tegishlik qanunluq hoquqliri inkar qilinmaydu.

52-Madda: Sotta jinayetchige berilgen jazadin sirt yene uni malay qiliwelish, mejburi emgekke selish we ijtima’i ornigha qarap kemsitish men’i qilinidu. Sherqiy Türkistan wetendashliri qanun aldida barawerdur.

On Birinchi Bölüm Hökümetning Hoquq Cheklimisi

53-Madda: Hökümetning qanunda körsitilgen da’iridin sirt pul serp qilishigha ruxset qilinmaydu. Emma döletni tonutush we uning bixeterligini saqlash üchün bash ministir parlamentning maqulliqidin ötküzüp muwapiq miqdardiki mebleghni saqlash, xirajet qilish hoquqigha ige. Parlament döletning bir yilliq xamchot we rasxot pilanini közdin kechürüp testiqlaydu, munasiwetlik ministirlik we organlardin her yili rasxotlarning chiqim qilinish ehwalidin teptish hey’iti arqiliq hesap alidu. Teptish hey’iti parlament ezaliri ichidin awazgha qoyup saylap chiqilidu, hey’etler 3,5,7,9,…kishidin teshkil tapidu.

54-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan hökümiti hichkimge alahide imtiyazliq mensepni hediye qilmaydu. Hökümette wezipe ötigüchi shexs yaki parlament ezasi parlamentning ruhsitisiz dölet ichi we sirtidiki hechkimdin hediye yaki mensep qobul qilmaydu. Emma döletning milliy menpe’eti yüzisidin bir qisim dölet xadimliri, ziyalilar sherep unwanliri we xatire buyumlirini elish we berish hoquqigha ige.

On Ikkinchi Bölüm Edliye

55-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Hökümitining edliye sestimisi parlament teripidin alahide chiqirilghan qanun’gha asasen qurulghan musteqil asasi qanun mehkimisi, ali sot mehkimisi we sot mehkimiliri arqiliq paaliyet qilidu. Sotchilar we teptishler edliye ministiri teripidin ali mektepning qanun fakoltetlirini püttürgen, xizmet tarixi pak, xelq ichide abroyluq qanunshunaslar ichidin teyinlinidu. Sodiye we teptishler biterep turup wezipilirini adilliq bilen bejiridu.

56-Madda: Sotlan’ghanlar töwen derijilik sot mehkimilirining chiqarghan qarari we hökümnamiliri heqqidiki naraziliq erzlirini yuquri sot mehkimisi hesaplan’ghan ali sot mehkimisige sunush hoquqigha ige.

57-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan edliye sestimisi asasi qanunda belgilen’gen barliq qanunlarni biterep ijra qilidu, xelq’ara kelishimlerde Uyghuristan Jumhuriyiti terepte turup xelq’ara qanunlarni közde tutqan asasta ish bejiridu.

Sherqiy Türkistan hökümiti asasi qanunda belgilen’gen pütün qanunlarning terepsiz halda edliye teripidin ijra qilinishigha, xelqara qanuni kelishimlerning we Sherqiy Türkistan jumhuriyiti imzalighan barliq xelqara qanuni ehdinamilarning emelge ashurilishigha mes’ul bolidu.

58-Madda: Barliq jinayi ishlar deloliri teptishning qanuni shikayetnamisige asasen biterep sotqa tapshurilidu.

59-Madda: Dölet ichide Uyghuristan dölitige qarshi urush élan qilish, dölet düshmenlirining yaki döletni ishghal qilghuchilarning iradisi boyiche ulargha yardem qilish, ulargha qolayliq yaritip berish- weten’ge asiliq qilish jinayiti bolup hesaplinidu. Ikki neper guwahchining guwahliqi bolmighan we biterep sot mehkimisining etirap qilishi bolmighan ehwalda heckimni weten’ge asiliq qilish jinayiti bilen eyipleshke bolmaydu.

60-Madda: Parlament “weten’ge asiliq qilish jinayiti” heqqidiki qararlarni testiqlash hoquqigha ige.

On Üchinchi Bölüm Asasi Qanun’gha Tüzitish Kirgüzüsh

61-Madda: Mezkur parlament herqandaq waqitta parlamentning üchten ikki awazi bilen asasi qanunning maddilirigha tüzitish kirgüzse bolidu. Emma Asasi qanunning deslepki birinchi, ikkinchi, üchinchi, tötinchi, beshinchi we altinchi maddilirigha tüzitish kirgüzüshke bolmaydu we tüzitish kirgüzüsh heqqide teklip berishke bolmaydu. Tüzitish kirgüzülgen maddilar asasi qanunning qoshumche qismida eniq körsitilidu.

62-Madda: Bu asasi qanun we uning’gha asasen tüzülgen Sherqiy Türkistanning qanunliri, Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti teritoriyiside muqeddestur. Sotchilar mushu qanunlar boyiche ish bejiridu. Uyghuristan ning parlament ezaliri, dölet rehberliri, edliye xizmiti ishleydighanlar qesem berip wezipe tapshurup alidu.

63-Madda: Sherqiy Türkistan Parlamentining ezaliri her töt yilda bir qetim 10-ayning 1-heptiside Sherqiy Türkistan wetendashliri teripidin domokratik usulda awazgha qoyush arqiliq saylinidu. Sherqiy Türkistan azat qilghandin keyin parlament saylimi her töt yilda bir qetim, 11-ayning deslepki heptiside elip berilidu. 11-Ayning 12-küni yengi parlament eng peshqedem parlament ezasining riyasetchilikide qesem bilen wezipe tapshurup alidu. Qesem murasimidin keyin parlament 14-maddigha asasen paaliyetlirini elip baridu.

64-Madda: 2004-yili 9-ayning 14-küni awazgha qoyush arqiliq saylan’ghan parlament ezaliri we ministirlar töt yil keyinki saylamghiche wezipiside qalidu we wezipisini öteydu.

On Tötinchi Bölüm Asasi Qanun Mehkimisi

65-Madda:Asasi qanun mehkimisi-Sherqiy TürkistanParlamenti teripidin chiqirilghan mexsus qanun’gha asasen qurulghan bolup, bu mehkime qanunlarning, qanun hökmi boyiche chiqirilghan qararlarning we Sherqiy Türkistan parlamenti nizamnamilirining shekil hem mahiyet jehettin asasi qanun’gha uyghun bolghan yaki bolmighanliqi heqqide nazaret elip baridu.

Asasi qanun mehkimisi 11 neper resmi eza, 4 neper kandidat ezadin terkip tapidu. Asasi qanun mehkimisi ezaliri öz ichidin bir kishini asasi qanun mehkimisi bashliqi, bir kishini bashliq wekili qilip saylap chiqidu.

66-Madda: Asasi qanun mehkimisi eng ali mehkime süpitide siyasi partiyilerning emeldin qaldurulishi we melum siyasi partiyini emeldin qaldurushqa tegishlik dawalarda jumhuriyet bash teptishining emeldin qaldurush heqqidiki yazma doklat we tekliwini közdin köchürüp bu heqte qarar ciqiridu. Qarar chiqirishtin awal, u partiyening re’isi yaki re’is wekilining özini aqlash heqqidiki bayanatlirini anglaydu.

67-Madda: Asasi qanun mehkimisi jumhuriyet bash teptishining yazma shikayiti we parlamentning testiqi bilen döletning milliy menpe’etini eghir ziyan’gha uchratqan dölet re’isi, bash ministir we ministirlarni asasi qanun mehkimisining bir terep qilishigha tapshuridu. Asasi qanun mehkimisi chiqarghan qarar keskin bolup, uning’gha etiraz bildürüshke bolmaydu.

68-Madda: Ushbu asasi qanun 14 bölüm 68 maddidin teshkil tapqan bolup, Miladiye 2004-yili 11-ayning 20-künidin 22-künigiche Washin’gitonda chaqirilghan qurultayda parlament ezaliri teripidin maqullandi we elan qilindi. Bu asasi qanunning Uyghurche nusxisi asas qilinidu.

Qoshumchilar

Qoshumche A:
Dölet Bayriqining Shekli

(1933-yil 12-noyabir qurulghan Sherqiy Türkistan  jumhuriyitining dölet bayriqi)

Qoshumche B:Dölet Girbining Shekli

11097_455386391269258_7584251139139249125_n (1)
(1933-yili 12-noyabir qurulghan Sherqiy Türkistan jumhuriyitining dölet girbi)

Qoshumche C: Döletning Istiqlal Marshi

Qurtulush Yolida

Qurtulush yolida sudek aqti bizning qanimiz,

Sen üchün ey yurtimiz bolsun pida bu janimiz.

Qan kechip hem jan berip axir qutuldurduq seni,

Qelbimizde qutquzushqa bar idi imanimiz.

Yar hemdem boldi bizning himmitimiz sen üchün,

Dunyani sorighan idi ötken ulugh ejdadimiz.

Yurtumiz biz yüz-közüngni qan bilen pakizliduq,

Emdi hech kirletmigeymiz chünki Türktur namimiz.

Atilla, Ching’giz, Tömür dunyani titretken idi,

Qan berip nam alimiz biz ularning ewladibiz.

Chiqti jan hem aqti qan düshmendin alduq intiqam,

Yashisun hech ölmisun parlansun istiqbalimiz.

Qoshumche D: Döletning Milliy Marshi

Tarixtin Ewwel Biz Iduq, Tarixtin Songre Yene Biz

Tarixtin ewwel biz iduq, tarixtin songre yene biz,

Qelbimizde wijdanimiz, bu bizning imanimiz.

Türk biz, ana yurtimizning köksi biz tuch suferi,

Bash kesilse qaytmas basqan izidin Türk erliri.

Yurtimizning altunidur taghi birle tashliri,

Her biri bir arslandur, bu wetenning yashliri.

Yurtimiz üchün qurbandur yashlirimizning bashliri,

Imani, issiq qani, ularning yoldashliri.

Ordimiz hem yurtimiz, meshhur Türkdur namimiz,

Dinimiz, imanimiz, bu bizning wijdanimiz.

Yurtimiz Türkning yurti, biz uning qurbanimiz,

Bayriqimiz kök bayraq otturisida ay-yultuz.

Qoshumche F: Dölet Re’isi(Parlament ezaliri) ning Qesimi

Dölet Reyisi (Parlament ezasi) bolush süpitim bilen, döletning dawasini, istiqlalini we wetenning, milletning bölünmes pütünligini qoghdishimgha, wetenning istiqlalini mudapiye qilishimgha, qanuni asasta hoquqning aliliqigha we kishilik hoquq pirinsiplirigha hörmet qilishimgha, Uyghuristan Dölitining shan-sherepini qoghdishimgha, döletni tereqqi qildurush üchün pütün kücüm bilen xizmet qilishimgha, Ulugh Allah we Sherqiy Türkistan xelqi aldida ar-nomus we sheripim bilen qesem qilimen.

Qoshumce G

Bu asasi qanun eyni chaghda -Sürgündiki Sherqiy Türkistan Parlament ezaliridin Enwer Yüsüp Turani, Xizirbek Gayretullah, Sultan Maxmut Qeshqeri, Henife Erbash Ketene, Demiyan Rehmet, Aydoghan Qubilay, İsmayil Jeng’giz, Sultan Muhemmet, Erkin Ezizi qatarliqlar teripidin tüzüp chiqilghan bolup,bu qétimmu  parlamentimizgha sunulup muwapiq dep qarilip maqullandi we elan qilindi.

Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti Sürgündiki Hökümiti We Parlaménti
Xatime: 
Bu asasi qanun 1949-yili 10-ayda tajawuzchi Xitay komunist hökümiti teripidin ishghal qiliwelin’ghan Sherqiy Türkistan tupraqliridin chet’elge chiqip ketishke mejbur bolghan Sherqiy Türkistan/Uyghuristanliq muhajirlarning ortaq milliy iradisi bilen tüzüp chiqildi.

Ushbu asasi qanun Sherqiy Türkistan/Uyghuristan xelqining we ularning ewladlirining milliy musteqilliq we höriyitini qolgha keltürüshini kapaletlendürüshni we höriyetke erishkendin keyin dölitimizning emel qilishqa tegishlik siyasi tüzümi we yolini körsitip berishni meqset qilidu.
Sherqiy Türkistanning asasiy qanunining 1- Maddasida dewlet Ismi Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti dep békitildi. Sherqiy Türkistan  dégen isimni dunyadiki milletler we xeliqler özlirining tillirida  Sherqiy Türkistan dep ishletsimu öz tillirigha uyghun shekilde terjime qilip ishletsimu we yaki Uyghuristan dep éniq atisimu boliwéridu.  Meselen Türükche qatarliq bir qisim qérindash türkiy tillarde Sherqiy Türkistan/Dogu Türkistan….Ortaasya we Yawropa tillirida Uyghuristan.
20O4-yili 11-ayning 12-küni  Amerika Qoshma Shitatliri 

 

 

Uighurs call on MBS to condemn persecution of Muslim minority during China visit

Activists say Saudi leader must stop ignoring plight of Uighur Muslims persecuted for practising their faith in China

About one million Uighurs are said to be held in internment camps in China’s northwest province (AFP/File photo)By Azad Essa in New York CityPublished date: 21 February 2019 17:49 UTC | Last update: 7 hours 57 min ago

History will judge Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman (MBS) for staying silent in the face of China’s harsh treatment of millions of Uighur Muslims in the country’s Xinjiang province.

That’s the message Omer Kanat, director of the Uyghur Human Rights Project, a leading Uighur rights organisation in the United States, wants to send to MBS as the de facto Saudi leader embarks on a two-day visit to Beijing this week.

“As the Communist Party bulldozes mosques and removes the crescent and star from the mosques left standing, all Muslim leaders need to ask hard questions,” Kanat told Middle East Eye on Thursday.

“Further silence from the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and Muslim-majority states will invite allegations of acquiescence with Chinese rights violations against the Uighurs and history will judge these actions.”‘If we remain silent, it might get worse’: Uighurs fear for loved ones in ChinaRead More »

Following trips to Pakistan and India over the past week, MBS is currently in Beijing for talks that are likely to focus on energy as trade relations between Saudi Arabia and China expand.

China is the Gulf kingdom’s biggest trading partner, with Saudi imports from China totalling about $46bn last year.

Still, the Uighur issue is unlikely to feature on the agenda.

Peter Irwin, programme manager for the Uyghur World Congress, based in Munich, Germany, said that while members of the Uighur diaspora don’t think MBS will raise the issue with Chinese President Xi Jinping, failing to do so would be an insult to Muslims around the world.

“It would be quite an affront to the dignity of Muslims if the leader of the country tasked with the custodianship of the holiest site in Islam would remain silent on the arbitrary detention of at least one million Muslims targeted for their adherence to Islam,” he said.

Irwin said it’s also important to note that Uighurs in China’s Xinjiang province, an area they refer to as occupied East Turkistan, “have been jailed in China for years simply for travelling to Saudi Arabia to complete the Hajj without expressed authority from the Chinese government”.

Internment camps

Since 2014, the Chinese government has embarked on a campaign against the Muslim minority group in the country’s northwestern province. The region borders Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia, and it has been under Chinese control since 1949.

The Chinese government’s programme against the Uighurs accelerated in 2017, when it was mandated that any public or private display of religious affiliation could warrant arrest.

The Uighurs, who total about 10 million people in their home province, have beensystematically rounded up by the state.

About one million Uighurs are said to be held in internment camps where they are undergoing political “re-education”. The region is also under intense and intrusive surveillance.

Salih Hudayar, the international and political officer of the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement, a Uighur advocacy group in the US, told MEE that Islam as a religion is now banned in the region.

“We are being forced to eat pork. They collect our Qurans and desecrate them,” he said.

China has consistently denied allegations that it is persecuting the minority group. Instead, it has accused human rights groups of interfering in China’s internal affairs.

The Saudi embassy in Washington, DC has not responded to MEE’s request for comment about MBS’s trip to China.

MBS ‘weak in the eyes of Muslims’

Irwin said there was a possibility that the Saudi government delegation to China may raise the Uighur issue privately.

MBS’s Asia tour throws up a golden gun, a redirected flight and Uighur silenceRead More »

He said if that’s the case, then “no progress will be made to close the [internment] camps”.

“Chinese authorities will undoubtedly provide the same lame response to the mountains of reports on horrendous rights violations of Uighurs, including torture and numerous deaths in detention – that they are simply benign facilities set up to facilitate job-skills training,” Irwin said.

Hudayar, of the Uighur advocacy group in the US, said that if MBS did not raise the issue, “it would make him appear weak in the eyes of Muslims”.

“He has a duty. We are surprised he hasn’t said anything, given the talk that he cares about human rights. I hope he changes his mind.”

In Central Asia’s forbidding highlands, a quiet newcomer: Chinese troops

 

Villagers say dozens, maybe hundreds, of Chinese troops have been posted for three years at an outpost near Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan. (Gerry Shih/The Washington Post)By Gerry ShihFebruary 18 at 8:09 PM

NEAR SHAYMAK, Tajikistan — Two miles above sea level in the inhospitable highlands of Central Asia, there’s a new power watching over an old passage into Afghanistan: China.

For at least three years, Chinese troops have quietly monitored this choke point in Tajikistan just beyond China’s western frontier, according to interviews, analysis of satellite images and photographs, and firsthand observations by a Washington Post journalist.

While veiled in secrecy, the outpost of about two dozen buildings and lookout towers illustrates how the footprint of Chinese hard power has been expanding alongside the country’s swelling economic reach.

Tajikistan — awash in Chinese investment — joins the list of Chinese military sites that includes Djibouti in the strategic Horn of Africa and man-made islands in the South China Sea, in the heart of Southeast Asia.

Meanwhile, Chinese President Xi Jinping’s economic ambitions over the past seven years have brought a wave of major investment projects, from the resource-rich Caspian Sea to Cambodia’s coastline.

The modest facility in Tajikistan — which offers a springboard into Afghanistan’s Wakhan Corridor a few miles away — has not been publicly acknowledged by any government.

But its presence is rich in significance and symbolism.

[Watch: U.S. Navy ship sails in disputed South China Sea]

At a moment when the United States might consider a pact that would pull American troops out of Afghanistan, China appears to be tiptoeing into a volatile region critical to its security and its continental ambitions.

Already, the retreat of old powers and arrival of the new are on display in Tajikistan, a tiny, impoverished country that served as a gateway into Afghanistan for U.S. units in the early phases of the 2001 invasion.

During a recent trip along the Tajikistan-Afghanistan border, The Post saw one of the military compounds and encountered a group of uniformed Chinese troops shopping in a Tajik town, the nearest market to their base. They bore the collar insignia of a unit from Xinjiang, the Chinese territory where authorities have detained an estimated 1 million Uighurs, a mostly Muslim ethnic minority.

The crackdowns against the Uighurs have been internationally condemned as a violation of human rights, but the Chinese government says they are part of a campaign to insulate its restive far west from Islamic extremism seeping in from Central Asia.

“We’ve been here three, four years,” a soldier who gave his surname as Ma said in a brief conversation while his Chinese comrades, guided by a Tajik interpreter, bought snacks and topped up their mobile SIM cards in Murghab, a sprawl of low-rises about 85 miles north of the base.

When asked whether his unit had intercepted anyone crossing from Afghanistan, Ma smiled.

“You should be aware of our government’s policies about secrecy,” he said. “But I can say: It’s been pretty quiet.”Scarce public information

Details about China’s activities at the facilities, some of which bear the Chinese and Tajik emblems, are not made public. Also unclear are the arrangements over their funding, construction and ownership. Satellite imagery shows what appear to be two clusters of buildings, barracks and training grounds, about 10 miles apart near the mouth of the Wakhan Corridor, a narrow strip of territory in northeastern Afghanistan. 

A Chinese soldier with the surname Ma buys goods in the Murghab bazaar. He told The Post that Chinese forces have been in Tajikistan for three to four years. (Gerry Shih/The Washington Post)

The Post separately spoke to members of a German mountaineering expedition who said they were interrogated in 2016 by Chinese troops patrolling the Afghan corridor, near the settlement of Baza’i Gonbad. Photos provided by Steffan Graupner, the expedition leader, showed Chinese mine-resistant armored vehicles and equipment embossed with the country’s paramilitary logo. Taken together, the findings add weight to a growing number of reports that China, despite public denials, has been conducting security operations inside Afghanistan.

[China’s military advances have Pentagon on edge]

China’s Foreign Ministry declined to comment and directed questions to the Defense Ministry, which did not respond to requests for comment.

In a statement, Tajikistan’s Foreign Ministry said there are “no People’s Republic of China military bases on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan,” nor “any talks whatsoever” to establish one. 

Analysts say the Chinese encountered by The Post may be paramilitary units under the command of the central military leadership but technically distinct from the People’s Liberation Army, China’s main war-fighting force.

U.S. officials say they are aware of the Chinese deployment but do not have a clear understanding of its operations. They say they do not object to the Chinese presence because the United States also believes that a porous ­Afghan-Tajik border could pose a security risk.

China’s encroachment into Afghanistan is “fascinating but not surprising — and should be welcomed by Washington,” said Ely Ratner, executive vice president at the Center for a New American Security, who was a deputy national security adviser to then-Vice President Joe Biden.

A satellite view of one of the Chinese outposts at the border between Tajikistan and Afghanistan on Sept. 29. (Planet Labs)

“We can and should foist more responsibility for Afghanistan on China,” Ratner said. “They don’t want a target on their back, but they’ve been free-riding on U.S. dollars and lives for security.”

[Watch: U.S. general says China’s military rise is on all fronts]

Despite harboring concerns about militants in Afghanistan for decades, China has been loath to be seen as siding with any party in the conflict, much less to put boots on the ground.

Instead, China’s state-owned companies and banks have inked infrastructure deals, mining concessions and loans across Central and South Asia, the poor and turbulent belt that makes up its backyard. Its diplomats, who have robust ties with Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Taliban, have talked up China’s role as a regional peace broker — never a peacekeeper.

But China’s global posture is changing under Xi, who has shed the country’s long-standing isolationism and spoken loftily about restoring its great-power status.

People’s Liberation Army (PLA) strategists increasingly advocate for pushing beyond the Chinese mainland with deployments that follow in the wake of the country’s expanding “haiwailiyi,” or interests abroad, said Andrew Scobell, a Chinese security expert at the Rand Corp.

“China’s peaceful rise has encountered a complicated and severe situation,” Maj. Li Dong wrote in a 2016 journal article as part of a PLA assessment of China’s overseas military strategy. He pinpointed the Central Asian frontier as one of three top flash points along with the Korean Peninsula and the East and South China seas.

China’s deployments abroad lack strength and “flexibility,” Li wrote. “China should push the construction of its overseas military presence gradually.”A rugged chessboard

In 2017, China unveiled a naval base in Djibouti that gave it a foothold in the Middle East and Africa. It steadily installed infrastructure — and later, weaponry — in the contested South China Sea. A recent Pentagon report predicted a PLA base could appear soon in Pakistan — a prospect China has denied.

Chinese troops visit the Murghab bazaar. (Gerry Shih/The Washington Post)

Beijing’s moves have been similarly opaque in the rugged mountains spanning Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and China: the same chessboard where czarist Russia and the British Empire vied for influence 150 years ago.

There will be “no Chinese military personnel of any kind on Afghan soil at any time,” Col. Wu Qian, the Defense Ministry’s spokesman, told reporters in August.

[Opinion: The awkward romance of China and Russia]

In private, the Chinese tell a slightly different story.

In late 2017, the Development Research Center, an influential think tank under China’s cabinet, invited a handful of Russian researchers to its central Beijing offices. In what was billed as a private seminar, the Chinese explained why China had a security presence in Tajikistan that extended into the Afghans’ Wakhan Corridor, according to Alexander Gabuev of the Carnegie Moscow Center, a Russian participant. 

The Chinese researchers took pains to describe the outpost as built for training and logistical purposes — not a military occupation. They also sought to gauge Russia’s reaction with questions: How would Moscow view China’s move into its traditional sphere of influence? Would it be more palatable if China deployed private mercenaries instead of uniformed men?

“They wanted to know what Russia’s red lines were,” said Gabuev, who has held similar conversations with scholars working under the Chinese intelligence agency. “They don’t want Russia blindsided.”

In the 1990s, a Uighur separatist group, calling itself the East Turkestan Independence Movement, rose in Afghanistan under the protection of the Taliban and threatened attacks against China. Although Western officials and analysts question the ETIM’s ability to carry out significant attacks, it heralded the beginning of an extremist threat facing China.

Since 2014, hundreds, or most likely thousands, of Uighurs have left China for Syria, and Chinese officials, like their Western counterparts, have warned about the prospect of fighters there decamping for Central Asia as they lose territory. In 2016, the Chinese Embassy in Kyrgyzstan was targeted in a suicide bombing that Kyrgyz authorities attributed to the al-Nusra Front in Syria.’You never saw us here’

To make the days-long overland journey across Tajikistan, from the capital, Dushanbe, to the remote canyon held by Chinese soldiers, is to witness a landscape altered by an even more irrepressible force than the troops: Chinese money.

In the west, Chinese-built coal-fired plants loom over the skyline, providing electricity and heat to the capital’s residents. In the east, Chinese-funded hospitals and schools rise from the hardscrabble countryside. In the south, Chinese-financed tracks circumvent a crucial Soviet-era railway that had been shut down by Tajikistan’s neighbor, Uzbekistan. Stitching it all together are Chinese-bored tunnels and ­Chinese-laid asphalt that cut hours off trips along the country’s winding east-west highway.

Murghab, established as an army outpost in the 1890s by Russian Cossacks, is about 85 miles north of the remote Chinese border outpost. (Gerry Shih/The Washington Post)

The projects reflect Tajikistan’s strategic position in China’s Belt and Road Initiative, or BRI, an ambitious infrastructure investment plan to pull the Eurasian land mass into its economic embrace. China, through a single state bank, held more than half of Tajikistan’s external debt as of 2016, up from none in 2006, according to 2017 Tajik Finance Ministry data.

In the soft-power stakes, the United States and Russia both appear to be losing relative ground to China, which provides scholarships for undergraduate Tajiks and military academy training for up-and-coming defense officials.

Susan M. Elliott, former U.S. ambassador to Tajikistan, said China’s generous aid and funding should be applauded but viewed with skepticism. In the past year, a handful of countries that have taken Chinese investments have reconsidered BRI deals amid allegations of corruption and low feasibility.

[China’s charm offensive in Asia]

“If someone’s offering money to build roads and help put power lines up, it’s hard to turn that down when you have no alternative,” Elliott said. “This is a strategic and important part of the world, and we need to continue our strong partnerships with Tajikistan and other countries in the region.”

In many ways, the shifting geopolitical currents play out on the windy streets of Murghab, established as an army outpost in the 1890s by Russian Cossacks. 

These days, it is Chinese troops who are dropping by in their unassuming minivans to pick up provisions.

Aiperi Bainazarova, a part-time manager at the only hotel in town, said locals believed there were scores, maybe hundreds, of Chinese troops who stayed on base. They mostly come to town to buy phone credit. Sometimes they buy hundreds of kilograms of yak meat at the price of 30 somoni — about $3 — a kilo, she said.

“It helps the economy,” said Bainazarova, 21, an ethnic Kyrgyz who studied on a Chinese government scholarship in Shanghai.

Despite the Chinese government’s insistence on keeping things secret, its troops’ periodic visits to Murghab’s bazaar, a row of shipping containers converted into storefronts, are anything but.

Safarmo Toshmamadov is a shopkeeper in Murghab. Some of her customers are Chinese troops. (Gerry Shih/The Washington Post)

Safarmo Toshmamadov, a 53-year-old ethnic Pamir shopkeeper, said they have come to her for maybe three years. Some attempt a few words of Russian — although they always come accompanied by Tajik interpreters, she said.

“We don’t think about them, and they don’t bother us,” Toshmamadov said, shrugging. “They buy my water and snacks. It’s good.”

One afternoon outside Toshmamadov’s store, a Post reporter saw Ma, the Chinese soldier, who was initially surprised to encounter another Chinese speaker.

He spoke guardedly but affably about his deployment, which he explained was secret.

“You should know our government’s standard policies around revealing information,” he said. “So don’t tell your friends.”

When asked to pose for a photo together, Ma recoiled.

“Remember,” he said, walking away. “You never saw us here.”

Anton Troianovski in Moscow, Yuan Wang in Beijing and Dan Lamothe in Washington contributed to this report.

Read more:

 Xi takes swipe at Trump’s economic ‘law of the jungle’

 With eye on China and U.S., Japan looks to invest in its naval defenses

 Analysis: A new space power is born as China lands on far side of moon

 Today’s coverage from Post correspondents around the world

 Like Washington Post World on Facebook and stay updated on foreign news

Thermo Fisher to Stop Sales of Genetic Sequencers to China’s Xinjiang Region

NATASHA KHAN FEBRUARY 20, 2019

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. said Wednesday it will no longer be selling or servicing genetic sequencers in China’s Xinjiang region, following mounting criticism that its products were used for state surveillance of citizens there that enabled human rights abuses.

The Waltham, Mass.-based company said the decision to stop supporting customers of its human identification technology in the area—where police have rolled out one of the most extensive state surveillance programs ever built—was “consistent with Thermo Fisher’s values, ethics code and policies” and followed “fact-specific assessments.”

“We recognize the importance of considering how our products and services are used—or may be used—by our customers,” the company said in a statement. It didn’t specify whether it would continue to sell these sequencers elsewhere in China.

The devices were described in a December 2017 Wall Street Journal article that highlighted the ways Chinese police gather DNA samples from many citizens who aren’t criminal suspects. Earlier that month, a report by Human Rights Watch identified Thermo Fisher as a supplier of some DNA sequencers to Xinjiang police.

The use of Thermo Fisher’s devices was then questioned by members of Congress. Last February, Florida Sen. Marco Rubio urged the company to ensure that its products weren’t being misused. In May, the bipartisan Congressional-Executive Commission on China—of which Mr. Rubio was then co-chairman—wrote a letter asking the U.S. Department of Commerce to take steps to prevent U.S. technology from being used for questionable practices by Chinese police, saying “ the government there is using technology, including U.S. made, to systematically crackdown on its people.”

Chinese companies rely on U.S. suppliers for high-tech DNA sequencers as well as microchips and other components needed to build artificial-intelligence equipment used for state surveillance.

Few locations in China are as extensively surveilled as Xinjiang. The province on China’s western frontier is at the forefront of Beijing’s deployment of surveillance technology and aggressive policing, to deal with what it sees as antigovernment, terrorist violence fueled by militant Islam. Up to one million people, or about 7% of the Muslim population there, have been incarcerated in an expanding network of “political re-education” camps, according to U.S. officials and United Nations experts.

Beijing backs ‘patriotic actions’ of Chinese students who reported Uygur activist in Canada

  • But embassy in Ottawa says the incident at McMaster University – as well as a separate case in Toronto – had nothing to do with Chinese officials
  • Students were infuriated Rukiye Turdush had been given a chance to deliver a speech on campus and sent video and photos to consulate
Lee Jeong-ho

Lee Jeong-ho  

Updated: Saturday, 16 Feb, 2019 11:30pm91545

China’s embassy in Ottawa said the two incidents at Canadian campuses this week had “nothing to do with the Chinese embassy and Chinese consulate general”. Photo: EPA-EFE
China’s embassy in Ottawa said the two incidents at Canadian campuses this week had “nothing to do with the Chinese embassy and Chinese consulate general”. Photo: EPA-EFE

China’s embassy in Ottawa said the two incidents at Canadian campuses this week had “nothing to do with the Chinese embassy and Chinese consulate general”. Photo: EPA-EFE

Beijing backed the “patriotic actions” of Chinese students who reported a Uygur activist’s talk at a Canadian university to the consulate, but said they were not told to do so by officials.

“We strongly support the just and patriotic actions of the Chinese students,” the Chinese embassy in Ottawa said in a statement on Saturday.

“Safeguarding sovereignty and opposing separatism are the common position of the international community, and they are also the position that the Canadian government upholds,” it said.

“[But] what happened recently at the University of Toronto and McMaster University has nothing to do with the Chinese embassy and Chinese consulate general in Canada.”

Uygur activist Rukiye Turdush gave a talk at McMaster University in Ontario this week. Photo: Handout

Uygur activist Rukiye Turdush gave a talk at McMaster University in Ontario this week. Photo: HandoutShare:Earlier this week, a group of Chinese students at McMaster University in Ontario were infuriated when they found out Rukiye Turdush – a Uygur woman they considered a separatist – had been given the opportunity to deliver a speech on campus about the mass internment of Muslimsin the Xinjiang region, in China’s far west.

They took to Chinese social network WeChat to rally support, then attended the event, filming and taking photos, which were later sent to the Chinese consulate in Toronto.SUBSCRIBE TO US CHINA TRADE WARGet updates direct to your inboxSUBMITBy registering for these newsletters you agree to our T&C and Privacy Policy

Also this week, a Tibetan woman seeking to become student union president at the University of Toronto at Scarborough was targeted in a petition signed by nearly 10,000 people who were unhappy about her pro-Tibet stance.

Beijing is facing a growing outcry from the United Nations and Western governments over its treatment of the mostly Muslim Uygur minority in Xinjiang. The UN has said it received credible reports that as many as 1 million ethnic Uygurs were being held in mass internment camps there.

Turkey’s row with China over Uygurs unlikely to affect relations in long term, analysts say

At a regular UN review of the country’s human rights record last year, Beijing characterised the far west region as a former hotbed of extremism that had been stabilised through “training centres” that helped people to gain job skills.

The embassy statement repeated Beijing’s explanation of its treatment of Uygurs, saying there had been no human rights violations in Xinjiang and dismissing the Uygur activists’ movement in Canada.

It added that the training centres had been set up to protect China’s national security from the “three evils” of terrorism, extremism and separatism.

“The Chinese government protects the freedom of religious belief and all related rights of people of all ethnic groups in Tibet and Xinjiang in accordance with the law,” the statement said, adding that the authorities had taken “necessary measures to counter terrorism and extremism in Xinjiang”.

“Canada is a multicultural country advocating freedom of speech … People who oppose [separatism] should also be entitled to enjoy the freedom of speech,” it said. “We hope that the Canadian people could correctly view the relevant issues and will not be misled by the wrong information.”

China releases video of ‘dead’ Uygur poet Abdurehim Heyit but fails to silence critics

A large number of Chinese students are enrolled at Canadian universities. According to the Canadian Bureau for International Education, there were more than 140,000 students from China in Canada in 2017.

As the number of Chinese students at foreign universities has grown, the Washington Post reports that educators have expressed concern that student activism carried out with the support or direction of Chinese officials could corrode free speech by making students and scholars, particularly those with family ties to China, afraid to criticise the Communist Party line.This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: ‘patriotic’ students in canada hailed

Muhajirettiki Uyghurlar qozghighan “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitige gherblik Uyghurshunaslarmu awaz qoshti


2019-02-14

"Menmu Uyghur" pa'aliyitige nöwette amérikining indi'ana uniwérsitétida doktorluq aspirantliqida oquwatqan Uyghur muzika-medeniyet tetqiqatchisi élis andérson xanimmu qatnashqan.

“Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitige nöwette amérikining indi’ana uniwérsitétida doktorluq aspirantliqida oquwatqan Uyghur muzika-medeniyet tetqiqatchisi élis andérson xanimmu qatnashqan.

 Social Media00:00/00:00

Anglash
Awazni köchürüsh

Sen’etkar abduréhim héyitning xitay türmiside ölgenlik xewiri tarqalghandin kéyin türkiye tashqi ishlar ministirliqi xitayning milyonlarche Uyghurlarni lagérgha qamighanliqini eyiblep bayanat élan qilghan idi. Xitay buninggha qarita naraziliq bayanati élan qilip, abduréhim héyt sözlitilgen sin körünüshini ashkarilidi hemde türkiyeni yalghan xewer tarqitish bilen eyiblidi. Bu weqe muhajirettiki Uyghurlar qozghighan “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyiti arqiliq xelq’araning diqqitini yene bir qétim Uyghur diyaridiki lagérlar mesilisige merkezleshtürdi.

Melum bolushiche, bu pa’aliyetke Uyghurlardin bashqa gherb döletliridiki Uyghurlar mesilisige yéqindin köngül bölüp kéliwatqan kishilik hoquq pa’aliyetchiliri we bir qisim Uyghurshunas tetqiqatchilarmu awaz qoshqan.

Bélgiye biryussél höriyet uniwérsitétining xitaydiki az sanliq milletler medeniyiti tetqiqatchisi, dotsént wénisa fan’gwillé xanim ziyaritimizni qobul qilip, özining mezkur pa’aliyetke awaz qoshushidiki sewebler heqqide toxtaldi. U “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitige qatnishish “Chet’ellerdiki Uyghur tetqiqatchiliri üchün wijdaniy mejburiyet” dédi. 

U bayanida ikki yildin buyan xitaydiki mezgilide yéqin dostluq munasiwiti ornatqan Uyghur bilim ademlirining xitay da’iriliri teripidin tutqun qilin’ghanliqi heqqidiki xewerlerni anglighan bolsimu, emma ular üchün héch qilip bérelmigenlikini bildürdi. U bu qétim finlandiyediki xalmurat Uyghur teshebbus qilghan “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitidin xewer tapqandin kéyin, bu pa’aliyetken awaz qoshush qararigha kelgenlikini bayan eskertip ötti.

Wénisa fan’gwillé xanim yene mezkur pa’aliyetning xitaygha téximu qattiq bésim peyda qilish roli barliqini tekitlidi. 

“Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitige nöwette amérikining indi’ana uniwérsitétida doktorluq aspirantliqida oquwatqan Uyghur muzika-medeniyet tetqiqatchisi élis andérson xanimmu qatnashqan.

Élis andérson xanim 2012-2013-yillarda Uyghur diyarida ötküzülgen “Yipek yoli sadasi” namliq naxsha musabiqisige Uyghurche “Nazaket” dégen isim bilen qatniship, özining Uyghur naxshilirini eynen orunlash mahariti we rawan Uyghurche sözliri bilen Uyghurlar arisida tonulghan idi.

U “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyitige awaz qoshup, twittérgha yollighan yazmisida xitayda iz-déreksiz ghayib bolghan Uyghur folklor tetqiqatchisi doktor rahile dawut bilen bille chüshken resimini yollighan. Resimning astigha “Rahile dawut hazir qeyerde? uninggha oxshash tetqiqatchilarning insan qélipidin chiqqan mu’amilige uchrishigha néme seweb boldi?” dégen so’allarni qoyghan.

Élis andérson xanim bügünki künde Uyghur xelqi uchrawatqan bu xil éghir zulumlargha süküt qilalmaydighanliqini, özining “Menmu Uyghur” pa’aliyiti we bashqa usullar arqiliq naheq türmilerge qamalghan Uyghurlar üchün öz awazini anglitidighanliqini bildürdi.
méhriban

Munasiwetlik xewerler

Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyon kishining shexsiy uchurliri pütünley ashkarilan’ghan


2019-02-18

Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyon kishining shexsiy uchurlirining ashkarilan'ghanliqi heqqide 17-féwral roytérs agéntliqida bérilgen xewer.

Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyon kishining shexsiy uchurlirining ashkarilan’ghanliqi heqqide 17-féwral roytérs agéntliqida bérilgen xewer.

Photo: RFA00:00/00:00

Anglash
Awazni köchürüsh

Gollandiyediki bir neper intérnét mutexessisining bildürüshiche, Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyondin artuq kishining chiray perqlendürüsh téxnikisi arqiliq xitayning sün’iy eqil kontrol sistémisigha kirgüzülgen shexsiy uchurliri pütünley ashkarilinip ketken.

Bu xewer bügün etigen, yeni 17-féwral roytérs agéntliqi, “Jenubiy xitay etigenlik pochtisi”, “El-jezire” we “Amérika awazi” qatarliq köp sandiki dunyawi taratqularda ulap xewer qilindi.

Xewerde déyilishiche, gollandiyediki GDI fondining tor bixeterliki mutexessisi wéktor géwérs aldinqi küni tasadipiy halda shénjéndiki bir xitay yuqiri téxnika shirkitining sandani, yeni sanliq melumat ambirida saqliniwatqan milyonlighan kishilerning shexsiy uchurlirini bayqighan. Mezkur sandanda Uyghur diyardiki 2 yérim milyondin artuq kishining kimlik nomuri, isim-familisi, jinsi, adrési, tughulghan yil-ay-küni, ish orni hemde ularning ötken 24 sa’et ichidiki chiray tonush téxnikisi arqiliq kaméra arxipigha yollan’ghan heriket haliti we yürüsh-turushi qatarliq shexsiy uchurliri xatirisi bar iken. 

Xewerde déyilishiche, bu peqet xitaydiki sün’iy eqil we yuqiri téxnika uchur sistémisi bilen shughullinidighan birla shirketning sandanining tasadipiy ashkarilinishi iken. Xitay taratqulirining ilgiri sürüshiche, xitay hökümet terep nöwette shénjéndiki mezkur shirketke qarita jiddiy halda tekshürüsh élip barmaqtiken.

Radiyomiz 2016-yilining axirliridin bashlap xitay hökümitining “Omumiy xelq salametlik tekshürüshi” dégen nam astida Uyghur diyaridiki yerlik ahalilerning shexsiy uchurliri, yeni ularning qan ewrishkisi, chiray körünüshi, köz almisi we köz qarichuqi, a’ile ezaliri we uruq-tughqanlar zenjiri shundaqla bashqa her türlük xususiy uchurlirini arxiplashturuwatqanliqi heqqide köpligen melumatlarni ashkarilighan idi. Uningdin bashqa xitay da’irilirining oxshash waqitta yene Uyghur diyardiki barliq matorluq qatnash wasitilirige iz qoghlash apparati ornatqanliqi, shexslerning yanfonlirigha hökümet meblegh sélip ishlep chiqqan kontrol eplirini qachilighanliqi melum bolghan idi.

Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyon kishining xitay hökümitining yuqiri téxnikiliq kontrol sistémisida saqliniwatqan shexsiy uchurlirining ashkarilinishi xelq’arada küchlük ghulghula qozghidi. Bu xewer xitay hökümitining Uyghur diyarida milyonlighan Uyghur, qazaq we bashqa yerlik musulman xelqlerni jaza lagérlirigha qamap, insaniyetke qarshi jinayet sadir qiliwatqanliqi ilgiri sürülüwatqan, xelq’ara jem’iyetning xitaygha bolghan inkasi küchiyiwatqan bir mezgilde ashkarilandi.

Közetküchiler, shénjéndiki peqet birla xitay shirkitining sandanida saqliniwatqan Uyghur diyaridiki 2 yérim milyon kishining shexsiy uchuri bizge xitay hökümitining Uyghur diyarida ghayet zor yuqiri téxnikiliq kontrol sistémisini qurup bolghanliqini, emdi dunya buninggha dawamliq süküt qilsa insaniyet tarixidiki mölcherligüsiz bir meydan paji’ening yüz bérishidin saqlan’ghili bolmaydighanliqini körsitip bermekte, dégenlerni ilgiri sürmekte.
qutlan

Munasiwetlik xewerler

Ichki mongghuldiki türme xadimi: “Bir türküm shinjangliq mehbuslar alte ay burun yötkep kélindi”


2019-02-18

Uyghur rayonidin mehbuslarning yötkep kélin'genliki delillen'gen ichki mongghul wutachi türmisi.

Uyghur rayonidin mehbuslarning yötkep kélin’genliki delillen’gen ichki mongghul wutachi türmisi.

 Social Media00:00/00:00

Anglash
Awazni köchürüsh

“Zimistan” torining Uyghur rayonidin xitay ölkilirige yötkelgen mehbuslar heqqidiki xewiride uchur yetküzgüchilerdin birining ichki mongghulluq ikenliki qeyt qilin’ghan. Muxbirimiz bu yip uchigha asasen ichki mongghul aptonom rayonidiki türme we türme bashqurush orunlirigha qarita téléfon ziyariti élip bardi. Türme bashqurush xadimliri birdek Uyghur rayondin yötkep kélin’gen mehbuslar mesilisining dölet mexpiyetliki ikenlikini tekitlesh arqiliq ichki mongghuldiki türmilerdimu Uyghur rayonidin yötkep kélin’gen mehbuslarning barliqini delillidi. Ichki mongghul aptonom rayonluq türme bashqurush idarisining bir xadimi Uyghur rayonidin bir türküm mehbuslarning ötken yili 8 ‏-ayda yötkep kélin’genlikini ashkarilidi.

Hörmetlik radi’o anglighuchilar, “Zimistan” torining mezkur xewiride bayan qilinishiche, Uyghur rayonidiki mehbuslar yötkilishtin awwal rayondin yötkeshke qatnishidighan saqchilargha mexpiyetlik heqqide mexsus ders bérilgen we ehwalni ashkarilimasliq heqqide toxtam tüzülgen. Toxtamda “Eger birer uchurni ashkarilap qoysa az dégende 3 yil türmide yatidighanliqi” belgilen’gen. Xewerde yene ichki mongghulluq bir shahitning melumatlirigha asasen bayan qilinishiche, mehbuslar yötkep kélinish aldida türme aldidiki we ichidiki barliq wiwiska we lozunkilar éliwétilgen. Bu arqiliq mehbuslardin özliri yötkelgen orunning qeyerliki yoshurulghan. Téléfonimizni qobul qilghan ichki mongghul aptonom rayonluq türme bashqurush idarisining bir xadimi Uyghur rayonidin yötkep kélin’gen mehbuslar heqqide türme siyasiy bölümi qatarliq alaqidar orunlardin melumat élishimizni tewsiye qildi.

Téléfonimizni qobul qilghan ichki mongghul ayallar 1‏‏-türmisining bir xadimi bu türmide Uyghur rayonidin ekélin’gen mehbuslarning bar-yoqluqi heqqidiki so’alimizgha bu uchurlarning “Dölet mexpiyetliki” ikenlikini eskertip, bu heqte melumat bérelmeydighanliqini éytti. Biz uningdin özlirining Uyghur rayondin yötkelgen mehbuslarni bashqurushta qandaq qiyinchiliqlargha duch kelgenlikini sorighinimizda u özining xizmet da’irisining cheklikliki seweblik u mehbuslar bilen uchrishish pursitining bolmighanliqini tilgha aldi. Biz uningdin mezkur mehbuslarning herqandaq bir kishi bilen körüshüshining cheklen’genliki heqqidiki uchurning toghra-xataliqini sorighinimizda u ehwalning undaq emeslikini bayan qildi. 

“Beydu” uchur ambiridiki bir matériyalda ichki mongghulda 11 orunda türme barliqi bayan qilin’ghan. Deslepki éniqlashlirimiz dawamida melum bir xadim ichki mongghuldiki 4 türmide Uyghur mehbuslarning barliqini bayan qilghan idi. Ichki mongghul aptonom rayonluq türme bashqurush idarisining siyasiy bölüm xadimi Uyghur rayonidin yötkelgen mehbuslarning wutachi we shalachi namidiki ikki türmide barliqini tilgha aldi. Biz uningdin ene shu ikki türmide qanchilik Uyghur mehbus barliqini sorighinimizda u sirttin yötkelgen mehbuslar mesilisining mexpiyetlik ikenlikini eskertti. “Zimistan” torining bu heqtiki xewiride ichkirige yötkelgen Uyghur mehbuslarning adette 10 yilliqtin yuqiri késilgenler ikenliki bayan qilin’ghan. Biz mezkur xadimdin bu toghruluq so’al sorighinimizda, u bu so’algha peqet alaqidar rehberlerdin ruxset alghandin kéyinla jawab béreleydighanliqini éytti. Biz uningdin öz xizmet ornida échilghan “Shinjangdin mehbus yötkesh xizmiti” toghrisidiki yighin’gha qatnashqan-qatnashmighanliqini soriduq. Bu xadim özining bu yighin’gha qatnashqanliqini bayan qildi. Uning déyishiche, shu yighinda xadimlar Uyghur rayondin kelgen mehbuslar heqqide herqandaq orunning so’aligha jawab bermeslik, jawab bérishke toghra kelse peqet rehberlikning testiqidin kéyin jawab bérish heqqide agahlandurulghan iken. 

Téléfonimizni qobul qilghan wutachi türme xadimi özliride Uyghur rayonidin yötkelgen mehbuslarning yoq bolushi mümkinlikini éytti, emma yoq dep késip éytalmidi. Ilgiri bezi xewerlerde ichki mongghulning Uyghur rayonidin yötkelgen mehbuslarni herqaysi ölkilerge yolgha sélishta bir öteng ornida qollinilghanliqimu tilgha élin’ghan. Biz alaqidar xadimdin Uyghur rayonidin mezkur mehbuslarning ichki mongghulgha waqitliq ekélin’genliki we yaki uzun muddetlik ekélin’genlikini soriduq. U özining bu heqte melumati yoqluqini éytti. 

“Zimistan” torining xewiride yene ichki mongghulluq guwahchining bayanlirigha asasen Uyghur rayonidin yötkelgen mehbuslarning heddidin ziyade qattiq bashquruluwatqanliqi, bu sewebidin ölüm hadisiliriningmu yüz bergenliki tilgha élin’ghan. Biz rayonluq türme bashqurush idarisi xadimdin Uyghur mehbuslar bilen türme xadimliri arisida til mesilisi yüz bériwatqan yaki bermeywatqanliqini soriduq. Bu xadim Uyghur mehbuslar qamalghan shalachi we wutachi türmilirining alahide bashqurulidighanliqi, u yerde yüz bergen mesilerning özlirige melum qilinmaydighanliqini éytti. Biz uningdin Uyghur rayonidin mehbuslarning qachan yötkelgenlikini sorighinimizda, u “Buningdin alte ayche burun” dep jawab berdi. Emma shu qétimda qanchilik kishining yötkelgenliki we qeyerlerge teqsim qilin’ghanliqi heqqide alaqidar rehberlerningla melumatliq ikenlikini eskertti. 

Biz axirida Uyghur rayonidin mehbus yötkeshning yene dawam qiliwatqan yaki toxtighanliqini soriduq. U bu uchurlarning “Tamamen mexpiyetlik” ikenlikini eskertip, adettiki kadirlarning bu ehwallardin xewer tépishining mumkinsizlikini éytti.
shöhret hoshur

Munasiwetlik xewerler